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Full-Text Articles in Education

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau Dec 2007

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often ...


How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler Dec 2007

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the information students are required to learn in school consists of isolated facts and discrete bits of specific information and involves a process that incorporates both comprehension and memorization. Students need to learn strategies that work within their style of learning, and then apply them, to create and reinforce the links to acquired information. The concept of mnemonic devices as an aid in learning and recalling information is the focus of this research project, not as a teaching strategy but as an enhancement for students to create long-term memory associations. Mnemonic devices include rhyming, key words, peg words ...


Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush Sep 2007

Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research shows the effectiveness of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) at identifying students in need of reading intervention compared to two other reading assessments, the Observation survey (OS) and Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA). The percent of time DIBELS agreed or disagreed with OS or DRA was used to determine the effectiveness. DIBELS was found to agree with the OS and DRA for the majority of the data. This shows that the school does not need to waste time and money on an assessment that is not needed. There were a few participants in which DIBELS determined ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton Aug 2007

The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Growing expectations surround early elementary skills regarding reading for meaning and writing – namely phonemic awareness and its impact on developing readers and writers. One of the purposes of this thesis project was discovering and understanding the relationship between phonemic awareness and the development of reading skills in early elementary students. In addition, an investigation into the effect of direct instruction in phonological awareness on struggling readers and writers was undertaken. The literature review explores phonemic awareness methods and practices including – whole language, basal, phonics, reading for meaning, small group vs. whole class instruction, and intervention strategies for at-risk students.

A ...


How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty Aug 2007

How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how teacher modeling of fluent reading strategies impacted students' fluency. This research was conducted because in my class in which I am interning I noticed that students were excelling in oral reading when specific strategies were modeled first. I used the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) as well as observational notes to determine whether or not modeling is an effective teaching strategy.

Five third grade students, three males and two females, provided usable data for this study. Students were assessed prior to data collection using the DRA. The DRA was used to determine ...


What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio Aug 2007

What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research done in this study is looking at emergent readers' metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. This study was largely influenced by Catherine Compton-Lilly's study, "Sounding out": A pervasive cultural model of reading. This study brought to my attention that emergent readers tend to say that they just sound out words when the word is unknown. However, emergent readers are implementing a variety of strategies when reading. The students involved in the research all received extra reading support outside of their regular classroom. The research was conducted in the small reading groups that took place during their extra reading ...


The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord Apr 2007

The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to determine the effect that storytelling, drama and theater have on reading comprehension . Past research has shown that integrating the arts in the core subjects results in higher academic achievements with students (Dickinson et al., 1997). Further research has shown that incorporating drama and theater in the curriculum help children to construct meaning in a real way (Furman, 2000). Storytelling in the classroom is also a way to get students actively involved in their learning. In this paper a four week curriculum was set up to determine if incorporating storytelling, drama and theater during the students ...


Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise Mar 2007

Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy intervention for bilingual adolescent special education students is a much needed reality but rarely identified as a primary need for school districts who serve this academic population. This thesis project defines and discusses the challenges inherent in serving such a diverse population, given the many variations of dialect in Spanish-speakers, and the learning disabilities of the students. The project states that teachers need to be knowledgeable about: the linguistic background of the students, the sociocultural influences, the process of second language acquisition and the relationship of native language proficiency as it bears on the development of English skills, the ...