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Full-Text Articles in Education

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler Dec 2007

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the information students are required to learn in school consists of isolated facts and discrete bits of specific information and involves a process that incorporates both comprehension and memorization. Students need to learn strategies that work within their style of learning, and then apply them, to create and reinforce the links to acquired information. The concept of mnemonic devices as an aid in learning and recalling information is the focus of this research project, not as a teaching strategy but as an enhancement for students to create long-term memory associations. Mnemonic devices include rhyming, key words, peg words ...


Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush Sep 2007

Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research shows the effectiveness of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) at identifying students in need of reading intervention compared to two other reading assessments, the Observation survey (OS) and Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA). The percent of time DIBELS agreed or disagreed with OS or DRA was used to determine the effectiveness. DIBELS was found to agree with the OS and DRA for the majority of the data. This shows that the school does not need to waste time and money on an assessment that is not needed. There were a few participants in which DIBELS determined ...


Writing Across The Curriculum: Designing Science Lessons Using The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences To Promote Literacy, Bonita E. Flournoy, Ollie Manley Aug 2007

Writing Across The Curriculum: Designing Science Lessons Using The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences To Promote Literacy, Bonita E. Flournoy, Ollie Manley

Perspectives In Learning

As science teacher educators, whose task is to facilitate learning for teachers of science, we impress upon our pre-service teachers to engage their students in writing activities to promote literacy in science. One of the issues that our teachers frequently express in class is that students don’t like to read their textbooks or engage in traditional writing exercises. As we work with these pre-service teachers we assist them with developing a repertoire of strategies that can be used to engage students in reading and writing as they learn science. One way to actively engage students in reading and writing ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton Aug 2007

The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Growing expectations surround early elementary skills regarding reading for meaning and writing – namely phonemic awareness and its impact on developing readers and writers. One of the purposes of this thesis project was discovering and understanding the relationship between phonemic awareness and the development of reading skills in early elementary students. In addition, an investigation into the effect of direct instruction in phonological awareness on struggling readers and writers was undertaken. The literature review explores phonemic awareness methods and practices including – whole language, basal, phonics, reading for meaning, small group vs. whole class instruction, and intervention strategies for at-risk students.

A ...


How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty Aug 2007

How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how teacher modeling of fluent reading strategies impacted students' fluency. This research was conducted because in my class in which I am interning I noticed that students were excelling in oral reading when specific strategies were modeled first. I used the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) as well as observational notes to determine whether or not modeling is an effective teaching strategy.

Five third grade students, three males and two females, provided usable data for this study. Students were assessed prior to data collection using the DRA. The DRA was used to determine ...


What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio Aug 2007

What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research done in this study is looking at emergent readers' metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. This study was largely influenced by Catherine Compton-Lilly's study, "Sounding out": A pervasive cultural model of reading. This study brought to my attention that emergent readers tend to say that they just sound out words when the word is unknown. However, emergent readers are implementing a variety of strategies when reading. The students involved in the research all received extra reading support outside of their regular classroom. The research was conducted in the small reading groups that took place during their extra reading ...


Improving Reading Acquisition In Elementary Boys, Rachel Ann Stork Jul 2007

Improving Reading Acquisition In Elementary Boys, Rachel Ann Stork

All Graduate Projects

The purpose of this project was to develop a guide for teachers and parents to improve reading acquisition in elementary-aged boys. The project will summarize current research and a brochure gives practical solutions for education professionals and parents to help increase the interest and acquisition of elementary boys in reading. Current literature and research shows an alarming problem in elementary boys' reading acquisition. This project analyzes best practices, brain research, and parent involvement that lead to improved literacy acquisition in elementary-age boys.


An Opportunity Gap: Focusing On The Issue Of Boys’ Underachievement In School Literacy, Whitney Ann Cromwell Jul 2007

An Opportunity Gap: Focusing On The Issue Of Boys’ Underachievement In School Literacy, Whitney Ann Cromwell

All Graduate Projects

Male students statistically have not been as successful as females on standardized test scores or literacy activities. The discrepancy between literacy achievement between boys and girls at the elementary level is cause for concern. This gap between the literacy achievement of girls and boys will continue unless we change the way we teach. "All educators share the common goal of providing equitable learning opportunities for every student in the classroom. Providing equitable opportunities for girls is a familiar topic; providing them for boys is a relatively recent issue, but one that is appearing with increasing urgency on education agendas around ...


A Guidebook Of Resources And Interactive Literacy Activities For Use By Parents With Primary Students, Cheryl Ann Youngblood Jul 2007

A Guidebook Of Resources And Interactive Literacy Activities For Use By Parents With Primary Students, Cheryl Ann Youngblood

All Graduate Projects

The purpose of this project was to create a home Literacy Guidebook to increase children's reading and writing skills. By encouraging parental support at home through the use of children's literature and relevant activities, the lessons are intended to make learning fun and meaningful for children and their parents. Research reviewed supported the significance of the parents' role in literacy development at home and at school. Parents who read to their children and practice related activities contribute to their children's success in school. The guidebook includes children's literature selections, book lists for future readings, step-by-step instructions ...


The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord Apr 2007

The Effects Of Using Storytelling On Reading Comprehension Through Drama And Theater, Marie Milord

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to determine the effect that storytelling, drama and theater have on reading comprehension . Past research has shown that integrating the arts in the core subjects results in higher academic achievements with students (Dickinson et al., 1997). Further research has shown that incorporating drama and theater in the curriculum help children to construct meaning in a real way (Furman, 2000). Storytelling in the classroom is also a way to get students actively involved in their learning. In this paper a four week curriculum was set up to determine if incorporating storytelling, drama and theater during the students ...


Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise Mar 2007

Developing An Effective Bilingual Literacy Program For Adolescents With Learning Disabilities, Kelly M. Wise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy intervention for bilingual adolescent special education students is a much needed reality but rarely identified as a primary need for school districts who serve this academic population. This thesis project defines and discusses the challenges inherent in serving such a diverse population, given the many variations of dialect in Spanish-speakers, and the learning disabilities of the students. The project states that teachers need to be knowledgeable about: the linguistic background of the students, the sociocultural influences, the process of second language acquisition and the relationship of native language proficiency as it bears on the development of English skills, the ...


Research Digest Edition 2007/1 : Writing To Learn, Marion Meiers, Pat Knight Jan 2007

Research Digest Edition 2007/1 : Writing To Learn, Marion Meiers, Pat Knight

Research Digest

This edition of the Research Digest summarises key research studies that provide evidence of the potential of writing-to-learn approaches in improving student learning in a range of subject areas. The research tells us that writing-to-learn strategies can be used by any teacher, in all subject areas, and at all levels of schooling. Throughout the digest there are descriptions of a range of writing-to-learn strategies that demonstrate possibilities for classroom practice. This research digest is based on searches of a number of databases and bibliographic resources, including the Australian Education Index, ERIC, Education Research Complete, British Education Index and Scopus. The ...


A Reading Apprenticeship Model For Improving Literacy: A Pre-Service Teacher Case Study, Divonna M. Stebick, Diana J. Pool, Jonelle Pool Jan 2007

A Reading Apprenticeship Model For Improving Literacy: A Pre-Service Teacher Case Study, Divonna M. Stebick, Diana J. Pool, Jonelle Pool

Education Faculty Publications

A major challenge of today's standards-based assessment movement targets the need to address and improve the achievement of struggling readers. As teacher education programs must prepare content teachers to address the challenges of teaching students who lack reading skills, we need to prepare out pre-service teachers to help students make meaning while reading any text. To accomplish such a goal, comprehension instruction must be explicit, direct, and effective. As VanDeWeghe (2004b) notes, even though students may still need development as readers at the secondary level, there may be confusion surrounding where reading instruction is addressed in the secondary curriculum ...


Carving A Niche: Graphic Novels In The English Language Arts Classroom, James Carter Dec 2006

Carving A Niche: Graphic Novels In The English Language Arts Classroom, James Carter

James B Carter

An introduction to the roles that graphic novels can play in the secondary English Language Arts classroom.


Teaching Students With Autism To Read Pictures, David Cihak Dec 2006

Teaching Students With Autism To Read Pictures, David Cihak

David F Cihak

This study examined the use of teaching three students with autism how to comprehend pictures. Students were elementary-aged, did not speak, and needed communication training. Students were provided systematic visual literacy instruction. Visual literacy instruction consisted of comprehending familiar people, objects, actions, and sequences through motor demonstration. Students successfully acquired how to read pictures and generalize its understanding. Visual literacy skills were maintained at a 100% level for up to nine weeks.


Boys' Education Lighthouse Schools : Stage Two Final Report 2006, Peter Cuttance, Wes Imms, Sally Godhino, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Jean Thompson, Keryn Mcguinness, Gregory Neal Dec 2006

Boys' Education Lighthouse Schools : Stage Two Final Report 2006, Peter Cuttance, Wes Imms, Sally Godhino, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Jean Thompson, Keryn Mcguinness, Gregory Neal

Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

In 2004, schools involved in BELS Stage Two focused on trialling effective approaches to addressing boys' education, and establishing appropriate evaluation tools and methodologies to monitor the impact of these interventions. In 2005, BELS clusters implemented interventions across their clusters and measured their impact on their target group of boys. The Final Report provides a detailed analysis and discussion of the key findings and experiences of the 350 project schools in stage two of the Boys' Education Lighthouse Schools Programme. The BELS program followed almost a decade of public enquiries into issues associated with boys' learning in Australian schools