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Full-Text Articles in Education

Interaction Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Emerging Literacy And Literacy Skills Among Pre-Kindergarten And Kindergarten Children: A Comparison Study, Kasey Thompson, Lydia P. Richardson, Heather Newman, Kathleen George Feb 2019

Interaction Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Emerging Literacy And Literacy Skills Among Pre-Kindergarten And Kindergarten Children: A Comparison Study, Kasey Thompson, Lydia P. Richardson, Heather Newman, Kathleen George

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

Socioeconomic differences in children’s reading and educational outcomes have been thoroughly documented throughout literature. Bobalik, Scarber, and Toon (2017) examined the link between socioeconomic status (SES) and classroom instruction on emerging literacy skills in pre-kindergarten children. The results supported the theory that children identified as belonging to a low socioeconomic status enter school with lower emerging literacy skills and benefit most from academic instruction; these children’s literacy skills substantially increased throughout the academic year, growing closer to those of their peers who were identified with a high socioeconomic status. The aim of the present study was to expand ...


Scholastic Liberation: Schools' Impact On African American Academic Achievement, Aaron M. Johnson Aug 2018

Scholastic Liberation: Schools' Impact On African American Academic Achievement, Aaron M. Johnson

Language Arts Journal of Michigan

This article addresses some of the factors that contribute to low achievement observed in African American students. It is common that either schools or school districts are unable to fix the problem or they are unaware about how the beliefs and attitudes about African American students can contribute to their low performance in school. Furthermore, this article encourages school institutions to examine themselves and change school environments to align to the identities of African American students. African American students must be liberated from negative assumptions about them and to do that, individuals and the institution of school as a whole ...


The Relationship Between English Language Proficiency And Academic Achievement For English Language Learners, Laura Grisso Aug 2018

The Relationship Between English Language Proficiency And Academic Achievement For English Language Learners, Laura Grisso

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quantitative correlational research study was to test the threshold hypothesis as it applied to the performance of English language learner students on the Oklahoma Core Curriculum Test (OCCT) in third grade reading and the Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State to State for English language learners assessment, also known as the ACCESS for ELLs. The OCCT assesses student performance on third grade reading content and the ACCESS for ELLs assesses the English language proficiency levels in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. This study specifically proposed to analyze the relationship between the ACCESS for ELLs reading ...


The Effect Of Digital Tablets' Applications On Reading Achievement Of First Graders In Two Private Schools, Sean Corcoran Jul 2018

The Effect Of Digital Tablets' Applications On Reading Achievement Of First Graders In Two Private Schools, Sean Corcoran

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The focus of this research study was to determine the impact of integrating tablets into reading instruction in four first-grade classrooms in two private elementary schools in the southeastern United States. This is important because many schools are utilizing tablets in the instructional process and this seeks to determine if there is an academic value to their use in the classroom. The study was based on the cognitive theory of multimedia learning by Richard Mayer. The researcher sought to identify any possible differences in standardized test scores of students who used tablet applications during reading instruction versus students who did ...


Review Of Think Big With Think Alouds: A Three-Step Planning Process That Develops Strategic Readers, Susan J. Chambre Jun 2018

Review Of Think Big With Think Alouds: A Three-Step Planning Process That Develops Strategic Readers, Susan J. Chambre

The Language and Literacy Spectrum

In Think Big with Think Alouds: A Three-step Planning Process That Develops Strategic Readers (2017), Molly K. Ness provides classroom teachers with a detailed three-step process for developing think aloud procedures during classroom literacy instruction. The book assists teachers in identifying stopping points in narrative and expository text. Ness also includes multiple scripted think alouds with comprehensive explanations for both narrative and expository text. Additionally, practical tips for promoting student adoption of higher order thinking skills are provided in the form of sentence starters and strategy symbols. The procedures outline in Think Big with Think Alouds will empower classroom teachers ...


Third Grade Literacy Recall, Annie Layden Apr 2018

Third Grade Literacy Recall, Annie Layden

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Recall of content knowledge is a skill that every elementary-aged student uses throughout the school day. This skill is practiced in each content area that is associated with collecting information from any oral or written text. Students who are able to recall important knowledge are then able to synthesize that information so it is adequately stored as schema for future learning. Recall can be practiced with literacy and nonfiction texts in the literacy content area. The ability to recall is a skill that is practiced in creating sequels of literacy works along with synthesizing research from two article sources in ...


Enhancing Literacy Instruction Through Technology, Kaylin M. Haugen Apr 2018

Enhancing Literacy Instruction Through Technology, Kaylin M. Haugen

Senior Honors Theses

Technology has altered how children experience language. As technology has taken root in society, literacy skills have expanded beyond simply reading and writing print texts to include interacting with digital texts and media. To prepare students to operate in this digital environment, teachers should integrate technology into language arts instruction; however, many teachers feel unprepared to do so effectively. Additionally, some teachers hesitate to implement technology into language arts instruction as a tool because of its supposed negative effects on literacy. Despite beliefs about technology inhibiting reading and writing, teachers can utilize technology to enhance literacy instruction. The digital age ...


Impact Of Literacy On Student Readiness In Math And Science Classroom, Mackenzie Alexandra Rittner Apr 2018

Impact Of Literacy On Student Readiness In Math And Science Classroom, Mackenzie Alexandra Rittner

Honors Projects

Lack of literacy, specifically disciplinary literacy, is an epidemic in education today. Here, I will illustrate how this problem presents itself in our student’s reading every day in every class. Within a literature review, many accounts are detailed about the impact literacy has on a student’s educational career. From the outset, literacy is a key factor in a student’s success in school. A research study was conducted that asked students to give varied definitions of the word ‘volume’ based on prior experience. These results showed that direct instruction in how a word can change based on its ...


A Program For Teacher Induction, Patricia Lager 7701725, Katherine Bertolini Jan 2018

A Program For Teacher Induction, Patricia Lager 7701725, Katherine Bertolini

Empowering Research for Educators

Even though many novice teachers are prepared academically to deal with subject matter, many of them enter the teaching field unprepared for many of the other aspects of teaching such as dealing with grading programs, insurance claims, inventory and various other matters that differ from school-to-school. Often these new teachers feel isolated and unsupported and possibly do not realize what they do not know or the proper questions to ask. This results in nearly 29% of them leaving the field within their first three years and around 39% leaving within their first five years. This project proposes creating a teacher ...


Environmental Print: From Context To Comprehension, Alexandra E. Hinkel Jan 2018

Environmental Print: From Context To Comprehension, Alexandra E. Hinkel

Lewis Honors College Capstone Collection

The purpose of this research is to further our understanding of the role played by environmental print in the literacy development of emergent readers. Environmental print is defined as any print that can be seen in public such as logos, signs, products names and billboards. One of the main things we already know about environmental print is that it helps young children understand that the words in print mean something, or that some message is communicated through them. This connection is crucial to developing early literacy skills. This research identifies young readers’ abilities to recognize these words out of context ...


The Influence Of Participation In The Leveled Literacy Intervention Program On The Sustained Literacy Achievement For Students In Grades One Through Threev, Veronica Anne Glover Dec 2017

The Influence Of Participation In The Leveled Literacy Intervention Program On The Sustained Literacy Achievement For Students In Grades One Through Threev, Veronica Anne Glover

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This study evaluated the efficacy of Fountas & Pinnell’s Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) program and its effect on struggling readers in the first grade, as well as the sustaining effects of the intervention over a two-year period. The students in the study attended an elementary school in a Central New Jersey public school district and received the LLI supplemental pull out reading program five days a week for 30 to 45 minutes per session as prescribed. The study hypothesized that the LLI program would have a significant effect on the reading progress of struggling first-grade students in the districts’ first ...


Pirls 2016: Reporting Australia's Results, Sue Thomson, Kylie Hillman, Marina Schmid, Sima Rodrigues, Jessica Fullarton Dec 2017

Pirls 2016: Reporting Australia's Results, Sue Thomson, Kylie Hillman, Marina Schmid, Sima Rodrigues, Jessica Fullarton

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)

The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an international comparative study of student achievement directed by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). PIRLS 2016 represents the fourth such study since PIRLS was first conducted in 2001. Australia has participated in the two most recent cycles – PIRLS 2011 and 2016. In Australia, PIRLS is managed by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) and is jointly funded by the Australian Government and the state and territory governments. The goal of PIRLS is to provide the best policy-relevant information about how to improve teaching and learning ...


Highlights From Pirls 2016: Australia's Perspective, Sue Thomson, Kylie Hillman, Marina Schmid, Sima Rodrigues, Jessica Fullarton Nov 2017

Highlights From Pirls 2016: Australia's Perspective, Sue Thomson, Kylie Hillman, Marina Schmid, Sima Rodrigues, Jessica Fullarton

Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS)

The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is an international study of reading literacy directed by the IEA (International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement). In Australia, PIRLS is implemented by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER), which is Australia’s representative to the IEA. In Australia, PIRLS is part of the National Assessment Program. PIRLS has been conducted internationally at Year 4 on a five-year cycle since 2001, however, Australia participated for the first time in 2011. The main goal of PIRLS is to assist countries to monitor and evaluate their teaching of reading across time ...


Literacy Tutoring Strategies Of America Reads University-Level Tutors, Mauricio Cadavid Jun 2017

Literacy Tutoring Strategies Of America Reads University-Level Tutors, Mauricio Cadavid

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore, study, outline and describe tutoring strategies applied by American Reads (AR) tutors and non-America Reads (nAR) tutors helping young tutees develop early literacy skills. There is limited research on the implementation of effective tutoring strategies during one-on-one tutoring with elementary school children in terms of early literacy development. Most of the literature is split between peer tutoring and program tutoring. This lack of research presents a particular challenge when it comes to identifying an effective tutor and effective tutoring methodologies. Using a qualitative approach, this study utilizes survey data, session recordings, and ...


First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin May 2017

First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study investigated the literacy educational practices of five general education first grade teachers in a charter school in Western New York. Charter schools typically hire teachers with less experience; therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how first grade teachers in English Language Arts (ELA) and reading modified their literacy instruction to support all students, including, but not limited to, students with a variety of different disabilities. Through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations, this study focused on how specific literacy instructional tools and teaching methods, such as the arts and/or technology, impacted students’ literacy ...


Lit Symposium Presentation.Pptx, Karyn Allee-Herndon, Annemarie Kaczmarczyk Apr 2017

Lit Symposium Presentation.Pptx, Karyn Allee-Herndon, Annemarie Kaczmarczyk

Karyn Allee-Herndon

This presentation discusses the importance of family partnership in young children’s foundational literacy and executive function skill development. We will begin with the research rationale behind parental and caregiver involvement and move into practical (and affordable!) activities that can be done at home. 


Critical Thinking In The Upper Elementary Grades: A Program Evaluation Of Write From The Beginning And Beyond: Response To Literature, Ginger C. Black Jan 2017

Critical Thinking In The Upper Elementary Grades: A Program Evaluation Of Write From The Beginning And Beyond: Response To Literature, Ginger C. Black

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact the integration of critical thinking through Write from the Beginning and Beyond: Response to Literature had on planning, instruction, and assessment. Based on the school’s end-of-grade reading tests scores, educators determined students struggled in reading and designed an action plan using a logic model. The teachers at the intermediate school in the piedmont of North Carolina were previously trained to use the program and determined the program was being implemented as intended. The logic model guided this study to meet medium-term goals. The impact of the program was measured ...


Using The Ideological Model Of Literacy To Approach Early Childhood, Instruction, And Assessment, Kelly M. Horn Dec 2016

Using The Ideological Model Of Literacy To Approach Early Childhood, Instruction, And Assessment, Kelly M. Horn

Literacy Education Plan B

This paper explores the ideological model of literacy as a means to perceive early childhood literacy development as well as inform instruction and assessment in the classroom. This model suggests that literacy and its uses are dependent on social contexts whereas the autonomous model views literacy as a set of defined skills to be mastered. Young children have developed as literate people before formal schooling begins because they have grown up observing the literate behaviors of adults. By becoming culturally- and socially-responsive, teachers can use this knowledge to advise their instruction and incorporate outside of school literacies into the classroom ...


An Exploration Into The Gender-Based Achievement Gap In Literacy: Deficiency, Difference, And Teacher, Researcher And Measurement Bias, Theresa Orlandi May 2015

An Exploration Into The Gender-Based Achievement Gap In Literacy: Deficiency, Difference, And Teacher, Researcher And Measurement Bias, Theresa Orlandi

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This paper provides a review of the research pertaining to various explanations and causes for boys' underachievement in literacy.


Engaging Readers, Engaging Families : How Can Current Research And Thinking About Reading Engagement And Motivation Translate To The Family Context?, Erin Gordon May 2015

Engaging Readers, Engaging Families : How Can Current Research And Thinking About Reading Engagement And Motivation Translate To The Family Context?, Erin Gordon

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This paper will provide a review of the research that pertains to reading engagement and motivation in general and offer some ways of considering the research through the lens of the family as a part of the larger educational community. The author also introduces readers to a website for families called "Engaging Readers." This website aims to empower families with resources, information, and opportunities for conversation and collaboration so that they can support their young readers with enthusiasm, confidence, and heart.


Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider Jan 2014

Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider

Library Faculty Papers

This articled describes ways in which teachers may use young adult and children's literature as touchstone texts to enhance children's ability to successfully navigate the transition process and develop literacy skills. An overview of the transition process is shared before turning to a discussion on the relationship between transitions and literacy. A bibliography of literature with themes related to topics surrounding transitions is included as a resource for educators. The article also provides a variety of instructional techniques that use touchstone texts to engage students in response to transition-related literature in order to promote growth in literacy. These ...


Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider Dec 2013

Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider

Kelly Heider

This articled describes ways in which teachers may use young adult and children's literature as touchstone texts to enhance children's  ability to successfully navigate the transition process and develop literacy skills. An overview of the transition process is shared before turning to a discussion on the relationship between transitions and literacy. A bibliography of literature with themes related to topics surrounding transitions is included as a resource for educators. The article also provides a variety of instructional techniques that use touchstone texts to engage students in response to transition-related literature in order to promote growth in literacy. These ...


Literature Response Blogs And Summer Literacy: Exploring Summer Reading Setback And Reading Motivation Of 3rd Grade Developing Readers, Joanne Donnelly Galdo May 2013

Literature Response Blogs And Summer Literacy: Exploring Summer Reading Setback And Reading Motivation Of 3rd Grade Developing Readers, Joanne Donnelly Galdo

Education Dissertations

This study investigated the impact of Web 2.0-based literature response blogs on summer reading loss and student reading motivation. There is limited empirical research that connects summer reading and the use of social media as a means of maintaining reading levels of elementary aged students during out-of-school time. This study attempted to explore whether the use of blogging as a means of written response with summer reading curbed summer reading loss and influenced student motivation to read for students identified as developing readers.

The research took place in two small, suburban towns in the Northeast from May 2011 to ...


I Too Have A Voice: The Literacy Experiences Of Black Boys Engaging With And Responding To African American Literature Depicting Black Males, Merle B. Rumble May 2013

I Too Have A Voice: The Literacy Experiences Of Black Boys Engaging With And Responding To African American Literature Depicting Black Males, Merle B. Rumble

Education Dissertations

This study examined how the use of African American literature that depicts Black males influences the reading comprehension and the reading motivation of Black boys as demonstrated through oral, written, and creative expressions. Studies have been conducted using children’s literature with Black boys to examine their social interaction with the literature. However, there is limited research with Black boys interacting with African American literature depicting African American males. This research built upon and extended previous studies to determine the impact of the use of African American literature depicting Black males as an instructional strategy to influence the reading comprehension ...


Cyberbullying: Taking Control Through Research-Based Letter Writingdents, Vicky Giouroukakis Ph.D., Maureen Connolly Jul 2012

Cyberbullying: Taking Control Through Research-Based Letter Writingdents, Vicky Giouroukakis Ph.D., Maureen Connolly

Faculty Works: Education

According to a 2009 AP-MTV survey of 1,247 people ages 14–24, 50% of those surveyed have experienced cyberbullying (Gatti 1). Victims were twice as likely to need help from a mental health professional and were three times more likely to drop out of school than those surveyed who did not report being cyberbullied (5).Given this alarming social context and in light of the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for ELA/Literacy, we—Maureen (a high school English teacher) and Vicky (a teacher educa-tor)—decided to collaborate on a standards-based writing assignment that gives adolescent students strategies ...


The Effects Of Literacy Coaching On Teacher Strategy Use And Student Reading Comprehension, Jennifer Falcone Mitchell May 2008

The Effects Of Literacy Coaching On Teacher Strategy Use And Student Reading Comprehension, Jennifer Falcone Mitchell

Education Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of literacy coaching on teacher strategy use and student reading comprehension. A convenience sample of 20 third-grade teachers and their students (n=330) participated in this study. Literacy coaches were identified as experts in the area of literacy, reading, and teaching methodologies. They provided job-embedded staff development to teachers with the intent of improving teacher effectiveness and student learning. The coaching consisted of three levels (in-class coaching, consultant coaching, and no coaching). Before treatment, the researcher provided an initial 3-hour presentation on summarization, the instructional focus of the study. Then ...


Effect Of A Balanced Literary Program In Kindergarten, Holly Parker Jan 2005

Effect Of A Balanced Literary Program In Kindergarten, Holly Parker

The Corinthian

The purpose of this study was to show the effect of a balanced reading instruction on kindergartners. The subjects were students from 10 kindergarten classes in 2 consecutive school years. This was a causal-comparative study with 129 students in the control group and 151 students in the experimental group. Both the control group and the experimental group were pretested in the the fall and posttested in the spring, using the Lexia Comprehensive Reading Test. The posttest mean of the experimental group (M = 28.0, SD = 10.3) was higher than the mean of the control group (M = 24.1, SD ...


The Effects Of Lexia Phonics Based Reading Software On First Graders' Lexia Comprehensive Reading Scores, Paula Snider Jan 2005

The Effects Of Lexia Phonics Based Reading Software On First Graders' Lexia Comprehensive Reading Scores, Paula Snider

The Corinthian

The research conducted in this paper provides information about using computer software to remediate reading skills in first grade. The pre- and posttest is the Lexia Comprehensive Reading Test (2001). This research was conducted in a first grade classroom with 22 students of which half were in the experimental group. Students were matched using Lexia Comprehension Reading test scores and randomly divided into the two groups. The experimental group used the Lexia Phonics Based Reading Program (2004) for 30 minutes a day 3- 4 times a week to build upon individual needs. After one month, the posttest was administered. The ...


Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin Apr 2003

Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of a graphic organizer, the Venn Diagram, on fourth graders' writing projects. The students' views and attitudes towards the effectiveness of the graphic organizer were considered and were determined by a student survey. This information was used to determine if the students felt the organizer improved their writing compared to a previously written essay that was created without, the organizer. Students received direct instruction on several different types of graphic organizers. In February, the students took the New York State English Language Arts exam where the students wrote an essay based on two stories. There ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...