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Academic achievement

2014

Eastern Michigan University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Inclusion Of Students With Disabilities In General Education Classrooms And Student Success As Measured By Public School District Graduation Rates, Dropout Rates, And Act Mathematics Performance, Renee Anne Rudloff Feb 2014

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Inclusion Of Students With Disabilities In General Education Classrooms And Student Success As Measured By Public School District Graduation Rates, Dropout Rates, And Act Mathematics Performance, Renee Anne Rudloff

Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

The accountability of No Child Left Behind (NCLB, 2001) provided assurance that “all children (would) have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments” (Section 1001). According to research, subgroups such as students with disabilities have historically underperformed on state assessments (Darling-Hammond & Rustique-Forrester, 2005; Eckes & Swando, 2009). Measuring their progress holds the school district, teachers, and students accountable for the results, thereby raising expectations, improving teaching, and increasing learning.

In Michigan, students seeking a standard diploma must meet rigorous curriculum standards, which include Algebra I and Algebra II (MDE-MMC, 2012). Additionally, Michigan public school students take a battery of state-mandated assessments, including the ACT in their 11th grade school year. To provide exposure to these courses, students with disabilities are placed in general education classrooms to receive the same instruction as their non-disabled peers (IDEIA, 2004). The term inclusion describes this arrangement, consistent with the terminology stated in Section 612(a) (5) (a) of IDEIA (2004). With graduation tied to rigorous curriculum requirements, high-stakes testing, and greater stipulations to receive a school diploma, engaging students with disabilities at the secondary level through inclusion has become a priority (Bost & Riccomini, 2006; Christenson, & Thurlow, 2004; Johnson, Stout, & Thurlow, 2009; Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2001; Thurlow & Johnson, 2000).

The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between the percentage of time students with disabilities spend in general education classrooms and student success. Student success was ...