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2017

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Volume 23 Issue 2 Introduction, Elsa Loftis Oct 2017

Volume 23 Issue 2 Introduction, Elsa Loftis

OLA Quarterly

Libraries and archives are community spaces that acquire, organize, preserve, and make available resources for our patrons. Library workers connect people to these resources in various ways (technical services, reference, instruction, and more). It is noble and wonderful work, and it begs some interesting questions: is acquisition, organization, preservation, or dissemination a series of passive acts? Are libraries impartial spaces that give the real estate on their shelves to the words and ideas of others without judgment or context?

So, what does critical librarianship mean, exactly, and how is it practiced? To think about this, we look at librarianship through ...


But How Do We Do Critical Librarianship?, Kelly Mcelroy Oct 2017

But How Do We Do Critical Librarianship?, Kelly Mcelroy

OLA Quarterly

Critical librarianship asks us to look more closely at the sociopolitical world both inside and out of our libraries. Indeed, a lot has happened in the world since I first saw the call for this special issue of OLA Quarterly. First, there was the exposure of an internal memo from a Google employee that denied that women were capable tech workers. Last week, there were escalating threats between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un about possible nuclear detonations. I finished writing in the wake of white supremacist demonstrations and violence in Charlottesville, Virginia, and as an unprecedented storm geared up ...


Working Class In The Library, Robert Schroeder Oct 2017

Working Class In The Library, Robert Schroeder

OLA Quarterly

Portland State University is an urban, access university. This means that students don’t face nearly as many academic barriers, such as entrance exams, in order to attend PSU as opposed to other colleges. Nevertheless, students do encounter many hidden barriers that affect their chances of getting into, staying at, and graduating from PSU—barriers associated with race, gender, citizenship, abilities, and the topic of this article—socioeconomic status. We need to acknowledge that all of these characteristics intersect and play out differently, so it’s hard to look at just one of these characteristics at a time. “Working class ...


Volume 23 Issue 2 Table Of Contents Oct 2017

Volume 23 Issue 2 Table Of Contents

OLA Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Storytime Can Be Social Justice Time, Natasha F. Campbell Oct 2017

Storytime Can Be Social Justice Time, Natasha F. Campbell

OLA Quarterly

Library storytimes are resources through which children can learn literacy skills, but they also have the potential for even greater impact. Families also use storytimes to gain valuable social interactions.

Libraries currently offer storytimes in response to community needs and values, and looking at storytime through a social justice lens gives library staff an opportunity to share and model valuable lessons in acceptance, inclusion, kindness, and empathy.

Resources exist to help storytime providers re-evaluate their storytimes and make incremental changes that can reap big benefits for attendees.


Critical Librarianship Oct 2017

Critical Librarianship

OLA Quarterly

Libraries and archives are community spaces that acquire, organize, preserve, and make available resources for our patrons. Library workers connect people to these resources in various ways (technical services, reference, instruction, and more). It is noble and wonderful work, and it begs some interesting questions: is acquisition, organization, preservation, or dissemination a series of passive acts? Are libraries impartial spaces that give the real estate on their shelves to the words and ideas of others without judgment or context?

Libraries and archives are community spaces that acquire, organize, preserve, and make available resources for our patrons. Library workers connect people ...


Letting Our Values And History Guide Us: Inspiration For Libraries From Myles Horton, Annie Downey Oct 2017

Letting Our Values And History Guide Us: Inspiration For Libraries From Myles Horton, Annie Downey

OLA Quarterly

In the aftermath of the horrifying racist marches, violence, and murder at the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in August 2017, people across the country have looked to history and shared values to help them clear their heads and find ways to move America forward. In explaining his decision to take down a statue of Robert E. Lee from Duke University’s campus, president Vincent E. Price argued that removing the statue was a way to express Duke’s institutional values, including a “commitment to justice, not discrimination; to civil protest, not violence; to authentic dialogue, not rhetoric; and to ...


Critically Interrogating Oregon History In The Archives: Spanish Heritage Learners In The Pcun Records, David Woken Oct 2017

Critically Interrogating Oregon History In The Archives: Spanish Heritage Learners In The Pcun Records, David Woken

OLA Quarterly

Critical librarianship has emerged over the past decade or so as one of the main thrusts of the library profession’s longstanding commitment to social justice. Growing from the application of insights from critical theory to libraries as an institution, the critical librarianship movement explores how hierarchies of power, particularly those around race, gender, sexuality, and class, shape our work, and how we can challenge our profession’s complicity in those hierarchies. Critical librarianship’s insights have been applied perhaps most thoroughly in the areas of cataloging and classification and, especially, information literacy instruction (Garcia, 2015). Critical information literacy instruction ...


Critical Library Management: Administrating For Equity, Candise Branum, Turner Masland Oct 2017

Critical Library Management: Administrating For Equity, Candise Branum, Turner Masland

OLA Quarterly

Social justice and critical theory frameworks have been utilized to discuss library pedagogy and cataloging, but librarians have been slow in applying critical theory to how we actually manage libraries and lead staff. Management is not glamorous; rather, many still hold the traditional view of management as upholding hierarchical values. At its core, both libraries and management are about people, and library managers and administrators have the power to formulate and uphold the library’s values.

Libraries do not exist in a vacuum; we work to empower the communities we work with, and social justice issues directly impact our patrons ...


Volume 23 Issue 2 Back Matter Oct 2017

Volume 23 Issue 2 Back Matter

OLA Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Health Literacy Instruction Gap Analysis. College Of Health Professions, Pacific University., Michele Spatz Oct 2017

Health Literacy Instruction Gap Analysis. College Of Health Professions, Pacific University., Michele Spatz

Health Literacy Instruction Gap Analysis

Using a standard question set, a total of 16 deans/directors, clinical coordinators or faculty members across eight of Pacific University’s College of Health Professions schools were interviewed regarding health literacy instruction. The results of the health literacy instructional gap analysis are highlighted and recommendations for possible next steps shared.


Contrast Sensitivity Testing In Normal Vision: Performance With Letter Vs. Continuous Text, Kristen Davis, Marc Taub, Patricia Cisarik Aug 2017

Contrast Sensitivity Testing In Normal Vision: Performance With Letter Vs. Continuous Text, Kristen Davis, Marc Taub, Patricia Cisarik

Interprofessional Optometry

Introduction: Contrast sensitivity is a visual element used in optometric examinations to help assess visual capacity. This study compared two formats of contrast sensitivity tests, ETDRS Letters and Continuous Text.

Methods: Contrast sensitivity was measured in 75 subjects, who met inclusion criteria, using the Adult Near Contrast Test. Patients’ verbal readings provided data for the formats at five contrast levels. Results: Average visual acuity and number of lines/paragraphs read correctly decreased with decreasing contrast. ANOVAs showed significant differences by contrast level in total words and total letters (ps< 0.001) and a Pearson correlation gave high correlations between the contrast sensitivity readings of the two formats except at 100% contrast (ps< 0.05; p= 0.69).

Conclusion: Analysis revealed that contrast sensitivity readings from the different formats ...


Volume 23 Issue 1 Introduction, Lynne Stahl Aug 2017

Volume 23 Issue 1 Introduction, Lynne Stahl

OLA Quarterly

I feel honored and fortunate to have been asked to introduce this issue of the OLA Quarterly, and, having lived in Oregon for less than two years, not a little daunted in light of my relative newness to the state. Neither a longtime Oregonian nor even yet a fully credentialed librarian, I am hardly the fittest person imaginable to introduce a journal issue focused on Oregon librarians’ response to broad and dramatic changes. And yet, in the same way that one can benefit greatly from the distanced perspective of a different set of eyes looking over a draft of writing ...


Volume 23 Issue 1 Table Of Contents Aug 2017

Volume 23 Issue 1 Table Of Contents

OLA Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Guns And America And The Library And Us: What We Learned From The Worst Library Program … Ever!, Barratt Miller, Jane Scheppke Aug 2017

Guns And America And The Library And Us: What We Learned From The Worst Library Program … Ever!, Barratt Miller, Jane Scheppke

OLA Quarterly

On a dark and stormy night in Prineville, fifty members of the community gathered in Crook County Library’s meeting room. The program facilitator walked in the door five minutes before go-time. The Assistant Director introduced him to the room. And then all hell broke loose. The program topic? Guns and America.

Guns and America was offered as part of the Conversation Project series of community discussion programs given by Oregon Humanities. Conversation Project programs are intended to be open-ended discussions run by a trained facilitator who is an expert in the topic at hand. The facilitator creates a neutral ...


Ola Today: Oregon Librarians Respond To Changing Times Aug 2017

Ola Today: Oregon Librarians Respond To Changing Times

OLA Quarterly

This issue’s contributors and topics span academic and public institutions, rural and metropolitan libraries, political activism and personal narrative, and programming as well as abstraction. Considering instances of political action and librarianship, Oregon Library Association President Elsa Loftis begins this issue by profiling the organization. She cites its Legislative Agenda and its advocacy body, the Library Development and Legislation Committee, offering resources and steps toward political action that align with such guiding principles as Intellectual Freedom, Equitable Access, and Stewardship of Public Resources. Donna L. Cohen details a series of civic education workshops she has offered in recent months ...


Fake News And Information Literacy: Creating Resources To Develop Source Evaluation Skills At The University Of Oregon Libraries, Carolina Hernandez Aug 2017

Fake News And Information Literacy: Creating Resources To Develop Source Evaluation Skills At The University Of Oregon Libraries, Carolina Hernandez

OLA Quarterly

In the months following the 2016 presidential election, much discussion has occurred regarding the proliferation of “fake news” and what impact it may have had on the election results. Regardless of whether there was an actual increase in fake news in the last year, it is certainly true that interest in the topic has increased dramatically. Interest appeared to peak in January, according to Google Trends (Google Trends, n.d.). Widespread concern over how to prevent the spread of this problem has lead to possible solutions cropping up often.

Though often excluded from these recommendations, libraries have the opportunity to ...


Volume 23 Issue 1 Back Matter Aug 2017

Volume 23 Issue 1 Back Matter

OLA Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Political Action And Your Library Association, Elsa Loftis Aug 2017

Political Action And Your Library Association, Elsa Loftis

OLA Quarterly

Political action. Libraries. The two seem to intersect more often than one might expect (unless one is a library worker, supporter, or patron; in which case it doesn’t seem terribly unusual). People in our line of work are often called upon to assume the mantle of library-worker-activists. These calls to action affect us in our various roles as professionals, as private citizens, and as members of the Oregon Library Association.

Our association supports Oregon libraries, the people who work in them, and the communities we serve. That commitment casts a wide net in a large state full of people ...


Enhancing Civic Knowledge/Inspiring Political Engagement: The Role Of Public Libraries In Civic Participation, Donna Cohen Aug 2017

Enhancing Civic Knowledge/Inspiring Political Engagement: The Role Of Public Libraries In Civic Participation, Donna Cohen

OLA Quarterly

For the past several months I have been conducting “civic education” workshops under the umbrella title: Civics for Adults—To Enhance Civic Knowledge and Inspire Political Engagement. I doubt there is anyone in the library community who is not concerned about the public’s level of civic understanding, political discourse and civic engagement. As Robert Putnam pointed out in his book Bowling Alone, the cohesive function of social and civic groups—as with the simple bowling league—has withered, and along with the demise of those groups a correlative decline in political activities like voting. Public libraries should be primary ...


The Right Tool For The Job? Ignorance, Evolution, Reflection, And The #Resistance, Lynne Stahl Aug 2017

The Right Tool For The Job? Ignorance, Evolution, Reflection, And The #Resistance, Lynne Stahl

OLA Quarterly

“Librarians are Swiss Army knives for the #Resistance,” tweeted musician and activist Neko Case on January 27, 2017, a characterization both fortifying and thought provoking for library workers everywhere. Like any tool, a knife is useless without an agent to wield it—and destructive if applied incorrectly or to the wrong material. If library workers are instruments to be plied to all manner of social ills, what are the potentialities and limits of our agency, and how can we best equip those who would put us to use? This essay works to unpack Case’s metaphor within the context of ...


It’S A Long Drive And Learning Experience, Victoria Cross Aug 2017

It’S A Long Drive And Learning Experience, Victoria Cross

OLA Quarterly

Victoria Cross moved to Oregon in 1998 with her husband, Richard, and her daughter, Olga. She quickly realized that reading American literature and watching American movies and television shows can only educate immigrants so much about what is in store for them in the American workforce. Refugees and other displaced people often experience hardships adjusting to their new culture, particularly at work. They face language gaps, along with different rules and customs. In this article, Victoria remembers when she first arrived in the United States and joined a carpool to Portland from her home in Scappoose, Oregon. Through listening, observing ...


Volume 22 Issue 4 Table Of Contents May 2017

Volume 22 Issue 4 Table Of Contents

OLA Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Volume 22 Issue 4 Introduction, Martin Blasco May 2017

Volume 22 Issue 4 Introduction, Martin Blasco

OLA Quarterly

During the 2014 OLA Annual Conference in Salem, a group of librarians met informally for lunch to discuss the idea of creating a chapter of REFORMA (The National Association to Promote Library and Information to Latinos and Spanish Speaking) in Oregon.

In our second meeting at the end of 2014 in the Gresham branch of the Multnomah County Library (MCL), we formalized the creation of the REFORMA Oregon Chapter. By mid-2015, we became a Round Table in OLA. During this short period of time, we have increased in numbers, organized well-attended presentations during OLA conferences, held Mock Pura Belpré Awards ...


Change Is The Only Constant: Serving The Latinx Community With Help From Reforma Oregon, Gabriela Martínez Mercier May 2017

Change Is The Only Constant: Serving The Latinx Community With Help From Reforma Oregon, Gabriela Martínez Mercier

OLA Quarterly

Part of the reason “change is the only constant” is cliché is because it holds true in many different contexts. Libraries are not what they were one hundred years ago. One could argue they are not even what they were fifty years ago. Societies evolve, populations fluctuate, and norms shift. As librarians, we are called to meet the needs of our patrons, though who or what falls under the umbrella term of “patrons” often depends on the library’s mission statement.

For the last few decades, the Latinx community has been seen as flourishing. Even with the recent decline in ...


Las Historias De Latinos En Oregón: Canby, Oregón An Oral History Project Collaboration Between A Librarian And An Archivist, Natalia M. Fernandez May 2017

Las Historias De Latinos En Oregón: Canby, Oregón An Oral History Project Collaboration Between A Librarian And An Archivist, Natalia M. Fernandez

OLA Quarterly

In the spring of 2015, I began the oral history project Latinos en Oregón to document the stories of Oregon’s Latino/a communities. As the curator and archivist of the Oregon Multicultural Archives (OMA) at the Oregon State University (OSU) Special Collections and Archives Research Center, my job is to assist in preserving the histories and sharing the stories that document Oregon’s African American, Asian American, Latino/a, and Native American communities (Oregon Multicultural Archives, 2005). There are gaps in the historical record as it pertains to people of color in Oregon, and the OMA seeks to address ...


Libros For Oregon: Collections Connect Communities A New Lsta Grant To Help More Oregon Libraries Take Advantage Of The Guadalajara Book Fair, Deborah Gitlitz May 2017

Libros For Oregon: Collections Connect Communities A New Lsta Grant To Help More Oregon Libraries Take Advantage Of The Guadalajara Book Fair, Deborah Gitlitz

OLA Quarterly

Acquiring good books in Spanish for our libraries is a perennial challenge. In the fall of 2015, a discussion arose on some Oregon library listservs about the challenge of connecting our patrons with culturally-appropriate, high-quality Spanish books. Author Gitlitz gathered a team to put together an LSTA grant proposal for a project called “Libros for Oregon,” with a goal of increasing access to high-quality Spanish language books for the users of Oregon libraries, particularly smaller, rural libraries.

The project has three parts: (1) form an Oregon library book-buying cooperative (with new participants each year) to purchase materials for members at ...


Impacting Rural Hispanic Communities By Reaching Out, Connecting And Providing Services At Different Levels, Patty Lara May 2017

Impacting Rural Hispanic Communities By Reaching Out, Connecting And Providing Services At Different Levels, Patty Lara

OLA Quarterly

In my role as an outreach specialist, I have created community events, partnered with various organizations, and participated in nontraditional programs in order to attract the vast Hispanic populations in the area to the various Hood River County libraries.

Hood River County is a rural community, and an estimated 31 percent of the population is Hispanic. The great thing about this community is that it has invested its efforts in honoring and accepting the Hispanic culture and bringing the community together as a whole. There is a little town named Odell, about eight miles south of Hood River, where I ...


Reforma Oregon Chapter May 2017

Reforma Oregon Chapter

OLA Quarterly

During the 2014 OLA Annual Conference in Salem, a group of librarians met informally for lunch to discuss the idea of creating a chapter of REFORMA (The National Association to Promote Library and Information to Latinos and Spanish Speaking) in Oregon.

In our second meeting at the end of 2014 in the Gresham branch of the Multnomah County Library (MCL), we formalized the creation of the REFORMA Oregon Chapter. By mid-2015, we became a Round Table in OLA. During this short period of time, we have increased in numbers, organized well-attended presentations during OLA conferences, held Mock Pura Belpré Awards ...


Collection Diversity Has No Borders: A Librarian’S Experience At Fil, Cilelij And Filij, Patricia Morán May 2017

Collection Diversity Has No Borders: A Librarian’S Experience At Fil, Cilelij And Filij, Patricia Morán

OLA Quarterly

Many public libraries in communities where Spanish is a language preferred by a significant percentage of the population have dedicated Spanish language collections and bilingual/ bicultural staff that provides library services and programs. In Oregon, the Latino population is growing faster than the national average, and nearly half of Oregon Latinos are bilingual (Oregon Community Foundation, 2016). In alignment with best practices, and upholding the core values of our profession, libraries dedicate funds and shelving space to Spanish language materials to serve the informational, educational, and recreational needs of Spanish-speaking communities. Libraries that are dedicated to developing and maintaining rich ...