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2017

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Characteristics And Enrollment Factors Of Post-Degree Students At A Large, Public, Community College In The Midwest, Kelly L. Friesleben Jan 2017

Characteristics And Enrollment Factors Of Post-Degree Students At A Large, Public, Community College In The Midwest, Kelly L. Friesleben

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The traditional transfer pathway model has been challenged over the past few decades in more than one way through various forms of reverse transfer. Reverse transfer students are a large general category of students that begin at a four-year institution and transfer to a two-year institution. Townsend and Dever (1999) write that the term reverse transfer does not adequately describe the many different types within this subpopulation of community college students, and that early research failed to identify reverse transfer subgroups. Post-baccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTS)—are a group of students that challenge the general perception of the traditional education ...


Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson Jan 2017

Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for schools to develop and implement actions that will clearly improve the academic performance of all children is of great importance. Schools face pressure to improve K-12 mathematics instruction to reach all students, regardless of economic, linguistic, or cultural background (NCSM, 2008, 2016). Supporting academic excellence and equity in school mathematics requires strong leadership (Blankstein & Noguera, 2015). Recognizing that leadership in a school does not fall on the shoulders of just one person (Spillane & Healey, 2010, p. 256), the purpose of this case study was to explore the “how” of leadership, specifically the leadership practices that get us to the “why” (e.g., equity) and “what” (e.g., leadership for excellence) of mathematics education. The overarching question driving this research was: “What are the leadership practices that are intended to promote equity and excellence in mathematics education?” Using Spillane, Halverson, & Diamond’s Distributed Leadership Perspective (2004), the goal was to understand the respective distributed roles teachers and other individuals took in the process of achieving equity and excellence in mathematics at one elementary school. Formal (e.g., Head of School, Central Office Administrator) and Informal (e.g., teachers and parents) leaders were interviewed and observed. Data analysis focused on identifying the macro-functions (e.g., overall leadership practices) and micro-tasks (e.g., day-to-day, short-term tasks) that leaders engaged in to promote equity and excellence. Leadership practices were focused in three areas: Supporting the Teaching/Learning of all Students; Supporting the Teaching of Diverse Students; and Parent/Family Connection. Five primary categories of leadership practices were identified: Relationship, Instruction Support, School Climate, and Parent Involvement.

Despite the importance of family engagement, teachers faced challenges communicating to parents, getting them to help with ...


Faces In The Crowd: A Narrative Inquiry Into The Relationship Violence Experienced By Four Black College Women, Lorraine D. Acker Jan 2017

Faces In The Crowd: A Narrative Inquiry Into The Relationship Violence Experienced By Four Black College Women, Lorraine D. Acker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Relationship violence among Black college women is becoming a serious concern. However, the face of relationship violence in higher education has been predominantly that of White women, which subsequently has excluded the voices of Black college women and other women of color. The rationale for this study came from my desire to uncover how Black college women make meaning of their experiences of relationship violence. Therefore, this narrative study explored (a) how four Black college women experienced relationship violence in college, (b) how they made meaning of their relationship violence experience in college, and (c) how they navigated campus resources ...


Pedagogical Design Principles For Online Learning About The Use Of Sources In Academic Writing: Materials Development And Evaluation In A College-Level Writing Course, Huong Thi Tram Le Jan 2017

Pedagogical Design Principles For Online Learning About The Use Of Sources In Academic Writing: Materials Development And Evaluation In A College-Level Writing Course, Huong Thi Tram Le

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project formulated pedagogical principles for designing teaching materials on source use for students in college-level writing courses through major stages of materials development and evaluation. The pedagogical design principles in the development stage were theoretically informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics, Corpus Linguistics including the hypotheses in the data-driven language learning approach, and the Noticing Hypothesis in Second Language Acquisition. In the evaluation stage, the theory of action framework, which integrated the four criteria in Chapelle’s (2011) CALL task appropriateness framework into the linear logic model by Patton (2008), was used to investigate how the materials on source use ...


International Student-Athlete Adjustment Experience At Community Colleges In The Midwest, Jennifer Sabourin Jan 2017

International Student-Athlete Adjustment Experience At Community Colleges In The Midwest, Jennifer Sabourin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Each academic year, the number of international students attending colleges and universities in the United States increases. Of the nearly 1 million international students coming to the United States for education, just under 10% enroll at community colleges; international student-athletes are among that total. In addition to the cultural and academic adjustments that all international students face, international student-athletes have the added pressures of athletics to adjust to when attending their community college. In the past, limited research focusing on the international student-athlete adjustment experience at 4-year universities has been conducted.

In this study, I emulated previous research, focusing more ...


The Absences Of Lgbtq-Related Language In Iowa School Handbooks: School Handbooks As A Catalyst For Change, Joy Marie Linquist Jan 2017

The Absences Of Lgbtq-Related Language In Iowa School Handbooks: School Handbooks As A Catalyst For Change, Joy Marie Linquist

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

It is the intention of schools to meet the needs of each student, including students who identify as lesbian, bi-sexual, gay, transgendered, or questioning (LGBTQ). However, practices that discriminate against marginalized populations and a long history of inequities exist in the school system, where the status quo is perpetuated. It is the responsibility of school leaders to be social change agents for justice and equity. School leaders can use school handbooks as a catalyst to make our schools more inclusive, and equitable for each. Student handbooks alone won’t promote equity, but they do serve an important role, as ...


Transitions In The Design Process, Monica Lynn Amman Jan 2017

Transitions In The Design Process, Monica Lynn Amman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The proposed research uses empirical methods to investigate designers’ use of research

throughout the design process with an emphasis on research and idea generation. The goal is to explore the factors which impact the various phases of the design process. The early phase of the design process is often referred to as the “fuzzy front end” where many variables are still in play and the design direction is not completely agreed upon. This is also when the designer is conducting user research. The connection between the user research and the design solutions that designers move forward is critical. This connection ...


Principals' Early Career Instructional Leadership Experiences In Rural Schools, Carolyn Suzanne Manard Jan 2017

Principals' Early Career Instructional Leadership Experiences In Rural Schools, Carolyn Suzanne Manard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

I reported on findings from a phenomenological study intended to investigate the leadership experiences of 12 novice, rural public school principals in a Midwestern state. I utilized data from semi-structured interviews to analyze how novice, rural principals engaged in instructional leadership activities in a rural setting. I also focused on how new principals managed the challenges of leadership as they transitioned into their new positions in a rural setting. Framed by sensemaking, I situated the analysis within existing research on instructional leadership, particularly the context of principals’ work and how they thought about and prioritized instructional leadership goals. My findings ...


Sleep Health, Resources, Stress, And Academic Performance: Comparing Hospitality And Non-Hospitality Undergraduate Students, Yu-Chih Chiang Jan 2017

Sleep Health, Resources, Stress, And Academic Performance: Comparing Hospitality And Non-Hospitality Undergraduate Students, Yu-Chih Chiang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, there have been an increasing number of sleep studies in both science and social science. One explanation could be that sleep researchers’ focus has extended from sleep diseases to sleep health; this has expanded study populations beyond “unhealthy” patients to healthy people. In parallel, brain scientists have connected sleep with cognitive and emotional function, which intensified the discussion of sleep issues in daily life. Existing literature suggests a linkage between sleep and performance, but relative evidence is not solid. In particular, hospitality students’ sleep health should be studied given the potential impact of program requirements and industry ...


Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar Jan 2017

Promotion Of Student Engagement By Online Community College Faculty, Alicia Vance Aguiar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Online higher education courses continue to attract students across the U.S. However, online student persistence, particularly in community colleges, continues to lag traditional delivery. It is well known that student engagement may lead to improved academic performance and persistence. Previous research has identified how faculty communication and teaching strategies promote student engagement, yet it is not always clear to what extent these strategies are implemented. In virtual education, faculty are often the primary connection online students have with the institution. Additional study was needed to determine to what extent online faculty implement strategies that promote student engagement and how ...


Intercultural Competence And Employability Of Students At Iowa State University: Outcomes Assessment Of Study Abroad, Katie Marie Davidson Jan 2017

Intercultural Competence And Employability Of Students At Iowa State University: Outcomes Assessment Of Study Abroad, Katie Marie Davidson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to answer questions pertaining to the design of study abroad programs at Iowa State University and determine which types of programs result in positive change in student development as it relates to intercultural competence and employability. The study implements the administration of an assessment instrument selected as part of a Capstone project with study abroad stakeholders at the university. The instrument selected, memo©, was piloted with groups of Iowa State University students studying abroad in the spring, spring break, and summer terms of 2016; of the 1221 students studying abroad during ...


Modeling Of Filament Deposition Rapid Prototyping Process With A Closed Form Solution, Steven Leon Devlin Jan 2017

Modeling Of Filament Deposition Rapid Prototyping Process With A Closed Form Solution, Steven Leon Devlin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM™) or fused filament fabrication (FFF) systems are extrusion-based technologies used to produce functional or near functional parts from a wide variety of plastic materials. First patented by S. Scott Crump and commercialized by Stratasys, Ltd in the early 1990s, this technology, like many additive manufacturing systems, offers significant opportunities for the design and production of complex part structures that are difficult if not impossible to produce using traditional manufacturing methods. Standing on the shoulders of a twenty-five year old invention, a rapidly growing open-source development community has exponentially driven interest in FFF technology. However, part ...


Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley Jan 2017

Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study is to examine current Midwestern community college leaders’ demographics, educational backgrounds, career pathways, career preparation, diversity and inclusion competencies, and competencies in accord with the 2013 American Association of Community Colleges’ (AACC’s) Competencies for Community College Leaders as well as the leaders’ transformational skills embedded in those competencies. This research study expands upon the work of Duree (2007), which included research on community college presidents’ or chief executive officers’ (CEOs’) informal and formal leadership preparation, educational backgrounds, experiences, and self-ranking of the importance as well as their level of preparation in the AACC ...


Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer Jan 2017

Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parenthood and graduate school require significant investments of time and energy. Those who engage in both roles simultaneously are at risk for increased stress, feelings of guilt, and marginalization, which may impact their ability to succeed as parents and scholars. Faculty behaviors and faculty-student relationships are known to predict student academic and emotional outcomes, yet the influence of faculty on graduate student parents has been unexamined in the literature. Guided by role conflict and role enhancement theories, the current study explores graduate student parents’ experiences, with special attention to the ways in which faculty affect those experiences. Sixteen participants who ...


L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami Jan 2017

L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Form-focused automated Corrective Feedback (CF) is widely used in general-purpose and specialized writing software and research indicates a positive effect for automated CF on second language (L2) learning (AbuSeileek, 2013; AbuSeileek & Abualsha’r, 2014). As any educational practice, preferences and perceptions of learners are expected to influence how automated CF is used by L2 learners (Amrhein & Nassaji, 2010; Brown, 2009; Schulz, 2001). However, preferences and perceptions of automated CF are poorly understood due to paucity of relevant research. This study contributes to this line of investigation by exploring three pertinent topics. First, it explores L2 learners’ preferences and perceptions of automated CF and four different CF strategies: identification, direct correction, metalinguistic CF, and graduated CF. Second, it examines learners’ preferences between different CF timings and frequency choices ...


Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari Jan 2017

Measuring The Testing Mode In General Chemistry: The Effect Of Computer Versus Paper Mode On Test Performance, Cognitive Load, And Scratch Paper, Anna Agripina Prisacari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to study the effect of testing mode (giving a test on computer versus paper) in authentic classroom environments. Specifically, this work sought to broaden the pedagogical implications of testing mode by examining variations between computer and paper mode in student test performance, cognitive load, and use of scratch paper. Data were collected from students who were enrolled in undergraduate general chemistry courses. Students took multiple proctored general chemistry tests that included a variety of chemistry topics and three question types: algorithmic, conceptual, and definition. After each test students were provided with correct-answer feedback. The ...


Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan Jan 2017

Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

During the 2013-2014 school year, approximately 5 million students in U.S. public schools (K-12) were heritage language speakers (HLSs), which represented almost 10% of total enrollment. The HLS population is expected to keep growing for the next decade (National Education Association, 2011). Teachers play a critical role in the learning and teaching process of students. Teachers’ beliefs and classroom practices toward children’s maintenance of heritage language and culture can have a powerful influence on HLSs’ beliefs and their performance. Researchers have found several factors can predict teachers’ beliefs about students’ heritage language maintenance, including teachers’ personal beliefs and ...


Virtual Learning Community: Utilizing Learning Communities In Hybrid And Online Graduate Programs, Amy J. Pilcher Jan 2017

Virtual Learning Community: Utilizing Learning Communities In Hybrid And Online Graduate Programs, Amy J. Pilcher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Learning communities are well-established on-campus practices with evidence supporting their effectiveness in increasing student learning outcomes, student retention efforts, and student satisfaction. Students who enroll in online and hybrid programs have limited access to their classmates and institutional resources, which can cause feelings of isolation and frustration (Shelton & Saltsman, 2005); therefore, institutions are looking for ways to reduce this isolation and frustration by attempting to create community within online courses and programs. It has been demonstrated that establishing a robust online community allows students to interact with each other, builds a support network of fellow students, improves persistence and retention; increases perceived ...


The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat Jan 2017

The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite their importance, teacher’s manuals (TM) have never drawn much attention in language teaching research, and therefore they have not been researched from the perspective of pronunciation teaching. It may be that they have not been perceived as having a role more than being an answer key for student materials (Sheldon, 1987). However, TMs deserve attention since curriculum materials - including TMs - have a positive impact on teachers’ learning and professional development (Grossman & Thompson, 2008). TMs may especially be crucial in supporting teachers in pronunciation teaching since many teachers find this skill challenging because of lack of training (Foote, Holtby, & Derwing, 2011), lack of experience (Burns, 2006), lack of knowledge (Baker & Murphy, 2011), and lack of confidence (Bernat, 2008).

This study investigated native and non-native English-speaking teachers’ (NEST and NNEST) cognitions – mainly knowledge –in relation to (1) pronunciation teaching and (2) pronunciation teaching materials. In addition, the study explored (3) how teachers used an online teacher’s manual (OTM) and (4) what kind of influences the OTM had on pronunciation teachers’ cognitions about and confidence in pronunciation teaching. Data of this study for the first two research questions came from the survey responses of 54 teachers (NEST=34; NNEST=20) and interview responses of 24 teachers (NEST=14; NNEST=10). Data for the third and fourth research questions came from the weekly journal responses and ...


First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams Jan 2017

First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, community college attendance has continued to be the first stop and school of choice for over half of the college student population, particularly for first-generation students. However, despite their enrollment, degree attainment remains low for first-generation students. It is not enough to get them in the door—it is critical that they belong. A college experience that provides a sense of belonging and sense of place for first-generation students is crucial. Sense of belonging has been shown to contribute to a positive student identity and experience that leads to higher retention and graduation rates. Student belonging ...


The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson Jan 2017

The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study’s purpose is to examine how institutional intervention and college readiness impact GED (General Education Development) credentialed students’ intent to persist at community college. Specifically, the study examines a) differences in background information between students possessing GED credentials vs. traditional high school diploma regarding intent to persist at community college, b) factors influencing persistence, and c) possession of a GED credential’s impact upon intention to persist.

Three theories were foundation of this study’s conceptual framework including 1) Knowles’ (1984) andragogy, Ryan & Deci’s (2000) self-determination, and Ajzen’s (1991) planned behavior. The theory of andragogy informs ...


Reverse Transfer Credit: A Case Study Of The Perceived Influence On Degree Recipients, Shawna Saad Jan 2017

Reverse Transfer Credit: A Case Study Of The Perceived Influence On Degree Recipients, Shawna Saad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers have consistently attested that those who earn a college degree experience numerous personal and professional benefits that can greatly influence their lives. Degree completion has been linked to multiple individual benefits including financial benefits, overall health benefits, increased civic engagement, social mobility, and overall job satisfaction (Baum, Ma, & Payea, 2013). In addition to the benefits indicated in the research, degree completion has also become more important than ever as institutions of higher education work to respond to President Barack Obama’s administration completion agenda which set a goal to increase the nation’s degree attainment rate to 60% by 2020 (Kanter, Ochoa, Nassif, & Chong, 2011), and adding at least “…10 million more graduates from community colleges and four year colleges and universities” (Kanter et al., 2011).

The reverse transfer credit agreement has been increasingly looked at as one opportunity to increase degree completion numbers. The new reverse transfer is defined as students who transfer from a two-year college to a four-year institution and retroactively receive an associate’s degree with their newly earned four-year college credits (Friedel & Wilson, 2015). As the implementation of the new reverse transfer program has been revamped in higher education institutions across the U.S., many students have participated and received their associate’s degree through this program. Although students have completed their associate’s degree through the new reverse transfer credit agreement, little research has been completed to explore the influence the receipt of a degree through reverse transfer has had from the perspective of the student.

The purpose of this case study was to explore the perceived influence the receipt of an associate’s degree through the new reverse transfer credit agreement had on a student’s economic status as it relates to position, sense of belonging within a community, and social well-being. After the data obtained were transcribed, coded and analyzed, five thematic findings emerged: (1) all participants of this study indicated every transfer student should opt-in to the new reverse transfer credit agreement as it was perceived as a benefit; (2) all of the participants exhibited key characteristics of persistence and self-sufficiency that informed the participant’s perception within this study; (3) all participants believed earning an associate’s degree through the new reverse transfer program had a beneficial influence on their sense of belonging within a community; (4) all participants ...


Young Alumni Perspectives About Philanthropically Supporting Their Alma Mater, Kimberly Mae Mcdonough Jan 2017

Young Alumni Perspectives About Philanthropically Supporting Their Alma Mater, Kimberly Mae Mcdonough

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Declines in the public funding of higher education have made philanthropic support from alumni an important component in the financial health of institutions, and this issue is not likely to go away. Previous research has indicated that alumni are more likely to philanthropically support their alma mater through financial giving, volunteering, and advocacy if they were philanthropically engaged in the institution as young alumni. However, little research has been done to understand young alumni philanthropic support of their alma maters.

Using social exchange theory, this basic interpretive study explored how young alumni philanthropically support their alma mater and how they ...


Leadership Competencies In Data Driven Decision Making, Brett Monaghan Jan 2017

Leadership Competencies In Data Driven Decision Making, Brett Monaghan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Data-driven decision making has become increasingly important in the world of education. According to the American Association of Community Colleges, the ability to not only use data in decision making processes, but to understand best practices has become a competency that community college leaders must have or obtain in order to be considered a sufficient leader at this level of higher education.

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of data literacy among community college leaders. Further, the study defines best practices for leaders who use data driven decision making within their current position. Specifically, the purpose ...


User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer Jan 2017

User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organizations interested in increasing their user experience (UX) capacity lack the tools they need to know how to do so. This dissertation addresses this challenge via three major research efforts: 1) the creation of User Data Spectrum theory and a User Data Spectrum survey for helping organizations better invest resources to grow their UX capacity, 2) a new UX method and model for organizations that want to capitalize on spoken words from end users called Rapid Meaningful Scenarios (RMS), and 3) a recommendation for UX education in response to the current ACM SIGCHI education Living Curriculum initiative. The User Data ...


Student Perceptions Of Teacher Care: Experiences And Voices Of Recent High School Graduates, Jared Rodger Smith Jan 2017

Student Perceptions Of Teacher Care: Experiences And Voices Of Recent High School Graduates, Jared Rodger Smith

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was two-fold: 1) to describe, analyze, and interpret how recent high school graduates characterize the phenomenon of teacher care as they reflect upon their high school experiences, and 2) to explore how features of Noddings’ ethic of care theory compare to the elements of teacher care as described by recent high school graduates. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews with 20 participants between the ages of 18 and 22 were conducted. Findings revealed five activities that are consistently utilized by caring high school teachers. These activities are: 1) Providing descriptive feedback on student work; 2) Responding when ...


The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman Jan 2017

The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous laboratory studies have shown that the use of prequestions (questions deployed prior to a learning episode) improves students’ learning. The current study addressed whether these same effects would occur when using prequestions in a classroom setting. In a classroom study the effects of prequestions on immediate and on delayed retention were assessed where some students received questions before lecture (Prequestion Group) and other students did not (Control Group). To determine the immediate effects of prequestions all students were given an end of class quiz in which students in the Prequestion Group had to answer the prequestions as well as ...


Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen Jan 2017

Positive Youth Development Programs Build Civically Engaged Leaders, Brenda S. Allen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Youth participation in meaningful and purposive civic organizations and activities not only impacts the participants’ development, but also influences their involvement in their communities both today and in the future. The combination of the two studies included in this dissertation examine just that. Both studies were conducted utilizing original research by the author utilizing the frameworks of Positive Youth Development (PYD) and experiential learning. The first study is a program evaluation of the Iowa State 4-H Council, assessing the participants’ outcomes in the common measure Life Skill constructs critical to the development of civically engaged individuals, including: citizenship, communication, leadership ...


Intergenerational Relationships Of Korean Older Adults And Implications For Their Health And Well-Being: Co-Residence And Grandchild Care, Jaeeon Yoo Jan 2017

Intergenerational Relationships Of Korean Older Adults And Implications For Their Health And Well-Being: Co-Residence And Grandchild Care, Jaeeon Yoo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines inter-generational families in the contemporary Korean cultural context and their connections with health and well-being. The dissertation is comprised of two studies. The first study investigates the changes in patriarchal kinship structure centered on the eldest son across periods and cohorts. The second study explores the association between caring for grandchildren and grandparents’ health over time.

Using the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA), the first study compares parent-child co-residence in the Korean War after Liberation Day (KWALD) cohort born between 1945 and 1953 and the Korean Baby Boomer (KBB) cohort born between 1954 and 1962 at ...


The Relationship Between Smartphone Use, Symptoms Of Depression, Symptoms Of Anxiety, And Academic Performance In College Students, Elizabeth Mae Longnecker Jan 2017

The Relationship Between Smartphone Use, Symptoms Of Depression, Symptoms Of Anxiety, And Academic Performance In College Students, Elizabeth Mae Longnecker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study aims to research the relationship between smartphone use, symptoms of anxiety, symptoms of depression, and academic performance. Previous literature suggests that smartphone usage is related to mental health (Ha, Chin, Park, Ryu, and Yu, 2008; Rosen, Whaling, Rab, Carrier, and Cheever, 2013; Rosen, Whaling, Carrier, Cheever, & Rokkum, 2013; Van Ameringen, Mancini, & Farvolden, 2003). Studies have also linked mental health to academic performance in college students (Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009; Hysenbegasi, Hass, & Rowland, 2005). Young adults ages 18-29 years old are most likely to own and use a smartphone compared to any other age group (Anderson, 2015; Smith, 2015); additionally, 75% of mental health disorders have their first onset before the age of 24. Therefore, the subject sample for this study focuses on college students. It is necessary to examine this relationship to understand possible predictors and provide recommendations on how academic institutions ...