Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2016

Western University

Series

Discipline
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Education

Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman Dec 2016

Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman

Health Studies Publications

Undergraduate students are becoming increasingly involved in research. They already posses the skills required to make meaningful contributions to their field of interest. Some important components of their success relates to a student's ability to stay up to date in the research of their field, and to learn practical skills pertaining to the publishing process. This article hopes to help with this through presenting easy-to-follow summary tables and short paragraphs on tips for success. Topics include staying up to date in a practical way, getting involved, reaching out for help, and publication. For students, by students, this report is ...


International Comparison Of Media Usage Among University Students, Luiz Fernando Capretz, Gerd Gidion Sep 2016

International Comparison Of Media Usage Among University Students, Luiz Fernando Capretz, Gerd Gidion

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

A survey on media usage was conducted at Western University, followed by similar surveys in Germany, Spain and Thailand. It seems that the usage of IT-devices is more popular in Thailand and Germany than in Canada. The use of social network related applications in academia seems to be more common in Thailand compared to Canada and Germany. The competitiveness of the Internet-based market of academic education might be more intensive in Canada because of the proximity of the U.S. market. An international comparison is, nevertheless, problematic, because the circumstances are really diverse and in constant change. Future plans involve ...


Communication Intervention For Individuals With Down Syndrome: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nicole Neil, Emily A. Jones Aug 2016

Communication Intervention For Individuals With Down Syndrome: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nicole Neil, Emily A. Jones

Education Publications

A systematic review was conducted to identify effective intervention strategies for communication in individuals with Down syndrome. We updated and extended previous reviews by examining: (1) participant characteristics; (2) study characteristics; (3) characteristics of effective interventions (e.g., strategies and intensity); (4) whether interventions are tailored to the Down syndrome behavior phenotype; and (5) the effectiveness (i.e., percentage non-overlapping data and Cohen’s d) of interventions. Thirty-seven studies met inclusion criteria. The majority of studies used behaviour analytic strategies and produced moderate gains in communication targets. Few interventions were tailored to the needs of the Down syndrome behaviour phenotype ...


Trends In Students Media Usage, Gerd Gidion, Luiz Fernando Capretz, Michael Grosch, Ken Meadow Jul 2016

Trends In Students Media Usage, Gerd Gidion, Luiz Fernando Capretz, Michael Grosch, Ken Meadow

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Trends in media usage by students can affect the way they learn. Students demand the use of technology, thus institutions and instructors should meet students’ requests. This paper describes the results of a survey where drivers in the use of media show continuously increasing or decreasing values from the first to the fourth year of study experience at the Western University, Canada, highlighting trends in the usage of new and traditional media in higher education by students. The survey was used to gather data on students’ media usage habits and user satisfaction from first to fourth year of study and ...


Carrying On With Wayward Sons, Erika Simpson, Henrik Lagerlund May 2016

Carrying On With Wayward Sons, Erika Simpson, Henrik Lagerlund

Political Science Publications

With their brains not maturing until their mid-20s, it's time to use a different approach to life and learning with our young men.


Selection Of Apps For Teaching Difficult Mathematics Topics: An Instrument To Evaluate Touch-Screen Tablet And Smartphone Mathematics Apps, Immaculate Kizito Namukasa, George Gadanidis, Vera Sarina, S Scucuglia, Kinful Lartebea Aryee Jan 2016

Selection Of Apps For Teaching Difficult Mathematics Topics: An Instrument To Evaluate Touch-Screen Tablet And Smartphone Mathematics Apps, Immaculate Kizito Namukasa, George Gadanidis, Vera Sarina, S Scucuglia, Kinful Lartebea Aryee

Education Publications

Manipulatives—including the more recent touch-screen mobile device apps—belong to a broader network of learning tools. As teachers continue to search for learning materials that aid children to think mathematically, they are faced with a challenge of how to select materials that meet the needs of students. The profusion of virtual learning tools available via the Internet magnifies this challenge. What criteria could teachers use when choosing useful manipulatives? In this chapter, we share an evaluation instrument for teachers to use to evaluate apps. The dimensions of the instrument include: (a) the nature of the curriculum addressed in the ...


Intercultural Teaching Competence In The Disciplines: Teaching Strategies For Intercultural Learning, Nanda Dimitrov, Aisha Haque Jan 2016

Intercultural Teaching Competence In The Disciplines: Teaching Strategies For Intercultural Learning, Nanda Dimitrov, Aisha Haque

Centre for Teaching and Learning Publications

As universities continue to internationalize their curricula and recruit a growing number of international students, instructors facilitate learning in increasingly diverse classrooms. This chapter explores the application of Intercultural Teaching Competence (ITC) by faculty members across the disciplines at a large Canadian research university. Based on focus group interviews with instructors in eighteen disciplines, it provides varied and concrete examples of how instructors mobilize intercultural teaching competence to navigate diverse classrooms, promote perspective-taking and global learning goals among students, practice culturally relevant teaching, and validate different ways of knowing and communicating among students through assessment practices. Placing disciplines at the ...


Review Of The Book Negotiating Critical Literacies With Young Children, 10th Anniversary Edition, By Vivian Maria Vasquez, Lori Mckee Jan 2016

Review Of The Book Negotiating Critical Literacies With Young Children, 10th Anniversary Edition, By Vivian Maria Vasquez, Lori Mckee

Education Publications

Review of Negotiating Critical Literacies with Young Children, 10th anniversary edition, by Vivian Maria Vasquez.


Vocabulary Learning Exercises: Evaluating A Selection Of Exercises Commonly Featured In Language Learning Materials, Tatsuya Nakata, Stuart Webb Jan 2016

Vocabulary Learning Exercises: Evaluating A Selection Of Exercises Commonly Featured In Language Learning Materials, Tatsuya Nakata, Stuart Webb

Education Publications

This chapter examines common second language (L2) vocabulary learning activities using a framework proposed by Nation (2013a). In particular, Nation’s first guideline, which focuses on efficacy, will be examined in detail. Nation and Webb’s (2011) Technique Feature Analysis (TFA) will be used to determine which components of the activities contribute to learning. The chapter aims to gauge the relative efficacy of three vocabulary learning activities: Learning from flashcards, cloze exercises, and crossword puzzles; shed some light on their strengths and weaknesses; and show how they might be modified to be made more effective.


Making An Essential Word List For Beginners, Thi Ngoc Yen Dang, Stuart Webb Jan 2016

Making An Essential Word List For Beginners, Thi Ngoc Yen Dang, Stuart Webb

Education Publications

This chapter describes a word list study which expands on earlier studies and creates a practical wordlist that would provide a starting point for L2 beginners’ lexical development. An initial aim is to identify which words should be included in an essential wordlist for L2 beginners. A second aim is to determine how many items should be included in a wordlist for L2 beginners using three criteria: practicability, change in the coverage curve, and amount of lexical coverage. The word list could serve as the foundation for L2 beginner lexical development. The points to note about the study are its ...


Questioning The Global Scaling Up Of Low-Fee Private Schooling: The Nexus Between Business, Philanthropy And Ppps, Prachi Srivastava Jan 2016

Questioning The Global Scaling Up Of Low-Fee Private Schooling: The Nexus Between Business, Philanthropy And Ppps, Prachi Srivastava

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Host Community Voices And Community Experiences: Tanzanian Perspectives On A Teacher Education International Service-Learning Project, Marianne A. Larsen, Michelle Searle Jan 2016

Host Community Voices And Community Experiences: Tanzanian Perspectives On A Teacher Education International Service-Learning Project, Marianne A. Larsen, Michelle Searle

Education Publications

Teacher education programs are increasingly integrating aspects of international service-learning (ISL) into student experience. While studies about teacher-candidate experiences are published, less is known about the effects of these ISL initiatives on the host communities. There is a need to hear from and integrate host community voices into all dimensions of the ISL experiences. We honor the voices of ISL host participants by turning our attention to those involved in an ongoing ISL project in Tanzania. Our analysis is grounded in our experiences as ISL practitioners and teacher educators. We utilize the concepts of Freire and Dewey to provide an ...


Higher Education Leadership And The Internationalization Imaginary: Where Personal Biography Meets The Socio-Historical, Marianne A. Larsen, Rashed Al-Haque Jan 2016

Higher Education Leadership And The Internationalization Imaginary: Where Personal Biography Meets The Socio-Historical, Marianne A. Larsen, Rashed Al-Haque

Education Publications

In this chapter, we explore how higher education institution (HEI) leaders perceive the relationship between their international background and their commitment to and vision for internationalization. Our 10 Canadian HEI participants thought there was a direct link between their international backgrounds and commitment to internationalization. While all spoke of the benefits of internationalization, some viewed internationalization through an ethical, socio-cultural lens whereas others privileged internationalization’s instrumental values. We point to tensions facing some leaders in reconciling their ideal visions of internationalization with neoliberal pressures facing HEIs in a global era. We demonstrate the importance of attending to the inter-relationships ...


Term Evaluator: A Tool For Terminology Annotation And Evaluation, Diana Inkpen, T. Sima Paribakht, Farahnaz Faez, Ehsan Amjadian Jan 2016

Term Evaluator: A Tool For Terminology Annotation And Evaluation, Diana Inkpen, T. Sima Paribakht, Farahnaz Faez, Ehsan Amjadian

Education Publications

There are several methods and available tools for terminology extraction, but the quality of the extracted terms is not always high. Hence, an important consideration in terminology extraction is to assess the quality of the extracted terms. In this paper, we propose and make available a tool for annotating the correctness of terms extracted by three term-extraction tools. This tool facilitates term annotation by using a domain-specific dictionary, a set of filters, and an annotation memory, and allows for post-hoc evaluation. We present a study in which two human judges used the developed tool for term annotation. Their annotations were ...


Globalisation And Internationalisation Of Teacher Education: A Comparative Case Study Of Canada And Greater China, Marianne A. Larsen Jan 2016

Globalisation And Internationalisation Of Teacher Education: A Comparative Case Study Of Canada And Greater China, Marianne A. Larsen

Education Publications

This article begins with a brief overview of the relationship between globalisation and the internationalisation of higher education. This serves as a backdrop for the focus of the article, which is the internationalisation of teacher education. In order to see the diverse ways that teacher education programs have been internationalised over the past 15 years, a case study comparing internationalisation initiatives in Greater China and Canada is presented. This comparative case study demonstrates how different globalising processes influence various forms of internationalisation. Comparison also sheds light on the importance of attending not only to broader, global processes, but specific, local ...


Empowered To Name, Inspired To Act: Social Responsibility And Diversity As Calls To Action In The Lis Context, Sarah T. Roberts, Safiya Umoja Noble Jan 2016

Empowered To Name, Inspired To Act: Social Responsibility And Diversity As Calls To Action In The Lis Context, Sarah T. Roberts, Safiya Umoja Noble

FIMS Publications

Social responsibility and diversity are two principle tenets of the field of library and information science (LIS), as defined by the American Library Association’s Core Values of Librarianship document, yet often remain on the margins of LIS education, leading to limited student engagement with these concepts and to limited faculty modeling of socially responsible interventions. In this paper, we take up the need to increase the role of both in articulating the values of diversity and social responsibility in LIS education, and argue the field should broaden to put LIS students and faculty in dialog with contemporary social issues ...


Supporting Beginning Readers In Reading To Learn: A Comprehension Strategy, Lori Mckee, Gay Carr Jan 2016

Supporting Beginning Readers In Reading To Learn: A Comprehension Strategy, Lori Mckee, Gay Carr

Education Publications

This teaching tip outlines a comprehension strategy designed to support early primary students in reading to learn while learning to read. The strategy is borne of our classroom practices and is designed to support young children in reading and understanding informational texts by facilitating close interactions between text and reader. Through the steps, Read, Stop, Think, Ask, Connect, the strategy supports beginning readers in recognizing and responding to the challenges that informational texts hold for reading and comprehending. The strategy is designed to be used flexibly to account for the diversity of readers and of texts within early primary classrooms ...


Repetitive Behavior In Children With Down Syndrome: Functional Analysis And Intervention, Nicole Neil, Emily A. Jones Jan 2016

Repetitive Behavior In Children With Down Syndrome: Functional Analysis And Intervention, Nicole Neil, Emily A. Jones

Education Publications

Children with Down syndrome frequently display repetitive behavior including unusual routines, rituals, and stereotypy. Literature on intervention for repetitive behavior in individuals with Down syndrome frequently includes aversive procedures and interventions not informed by functional assessments. We used an analogue functional analysis to evaluate reinforcers maintaining repetitive behavior in 3 children with Down syndrome. Following identification of automatic functions, we used an ABAB design and a multiple-baseline design to demonstrate the effectiveness of differential reinforcement of other behavior in reducing repetitive behavior. DRO was effective in decreasing repetitive behavior and, for one participant, repetitive behavior remained low at 1, 2 ...


Direct And Indirect Forms Of Childhood Maltreatment And Nonsuicidal-Self-Injury Among Clinically-Referred Children And Youth, Jenna Armiento, Cloe Hamza, Shannon Stewart, Alan Leschied Jan 2016

Direct And Indirect Forms Of Childhood Maltreatment And Nonsuicidal-Self-Injury Among Clinically-Referred Children And Youth, Jenna Armiento, Cloe Hamza, Shannon Stewart, Alan Leschied

Education Publications

Importance: Although exposure to direct forms of childhood maltreatment is among the most widely studied risk factors for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), research on NSSI has largely neglected the role of exposure to indirect forms of child maltreatment (i.e., exposure to intimate partner violence).

Objective: To address this gap in the literature, the present study examined associations among both direct and indirect forms of maltreatment and NSSI among clinically referred children and youth. It was expected that exposure to both forms of maltreatment would be associated with increased risk for NSSI engagement.

Design: Data was collected from September 2014 – August ...


Local-Global Vectors To Improve Unigram Terminology Extraction, Ehsan Amjadian, Diana Inkpen, T. Sima Paribakht, Farahnaz Faez Jan 2016

Local-Global Vectors To Improve Unigram Terminology Extraction, Ehsan Amjadian, Diana Inkpen, T. Sima Paribakht, Farahnaz Faez

Education Publications

The present paper explores a novel method that integrates efficient distributed representations with terminology extraction. We show that the information from a small number of observed instances can be combined with local and global word embeddings to remarkably improve the term extraction results on unigram terms. To do so, we pass the terms extracted by other tools to a filter made of the local-global embeddings and a classifier which in turn decides whether or not a term candidate is a term. The filter can also be used as a hub to merge different term extraction tools into a single higher-performing ...


Les Classes D’Accueil Et D’Immersion : Strate´Gies, Pratiques Et Croyances, Shelley K. Taylor, Cecelia Cutler Jan 2016

Les Classes D’Accueil Et D’Immersion : Strate´Gies, Pratiques Et Croyances, Shelley K. Taylor, Cecelia Cutler

Education Publications

Dans un article publie´ il y a quinze ans dans cette revue, Vivian Cook affirmait qu’il e´tait temps de remettre en question le principe bien e´tabli selon lequel il fallait e´viter d’utiliser la langue maternelle (LM) des apprenants en contexte d’apprentissage d’une langue seconde (LS) ou d’une langue e´trange`re (LE). Cette vision de´coulait d’une croyance discutable voulant que les langues soient compartimente´es diffe´remment dans le cerveau. On a longtemps cru que l’utilisation de la LM n’avait pas sa place dans les classes d’immersion ...


Showcasing The Translingual Sl/Fl Classroom: Strategies, Practices, And Beliefs, Shelley K. Taylor, Cecelia Cutler Jan 2016

Showcasing The Translingual Sl/Fl Classroom: Strategies, Practices, And Beliefs, Shelley K. Taylor, Cecelia Cutler

Education Publications

In an article published in this journal 15 years ago, Vivian Cook argued that it was time to question the time-honoured view that the native language (NL) should be avoided in the classroom by teachers and students. The justifications for this perspective hinged on a questionable compartmentalization of the two languages in the mind. The conventional wisdom has been that the NL has no place in the second language (SL) or foreign language (FL) classroom and that teachers should focus on getting students to think and interact exclusively in the target language (TL). In Linguistic Imperialism, Phillipson debunks five fallacies ...


The Enactment Of Professional Learning Policies: Performativity And Multiple Ontologies, Augusto Riveros, Melody Viczko Jan 2016

The Enactment Of Professional Learning Policies: Performativity And Multiple Ontologies, Augusto Riveros, Melody Viczko

Education Publications

While teacher learning has become a locus of school reform across many international settings, there is relatively little examination of the idiosyncratic ways in which policy discourses on teacher learning are enacted in schools. In this paper, we aim to investigate how these policy discourses are translated and configured into practices and thus, enacted into concrete realities. Using the conceptual notion of multiple ontologies proposed by Mol (1999; 2004), we argue that teacher learning is actualized in a multiplicity of socio-material entanglements, not as a single reality, but as a multiplicity of realities that coexist, simultaneously, in the mesh of ...