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Full-Text Articles in Education

Configuring Urban Carbon Governance: Insights From Sydney, Australia, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Harriet Bulkeley, Robyn Dowling Jan 2016

Configuring Urban Carbon Governance: Insights From Sydney, Australia, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Harriet Bulkeley, Robyn Dowling

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In the political geography of responses to climate change, and the governance of carbon more specifically, the urban has emerged as a strategic site. Although it is recognized that urban carbon governance occurs through diverse programs and projects-involving multiple actors and working through multiple sites, mechanisms, objects, and subjects-surprisingly little attention has been paid to the actual processes through which these diverse elements are drawn together and held together in the exercise of governing. These processes-termed configuration-remain underspecified. This article explores urban carbon governance interventions as relational configurations, excavating how their diverse elements-human, institutional, representational, and material-are assembled, drawn into ...


A Systematic Review Of Cognitive Failures In Daily Life: Healthy Populations, Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus Jan 2016

A Systematic Review Of Cognitive Failures In Daily Life: Healthy Populations, Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cognitive failures are minor errors in thinking reported by clinical and non-clinical individuals during everyday life. It is not yet clear how subjectively-reported cognitive failures relate to objective neuropsychological ability. We aimed to consolidate the definition of cognitive failures, outline evidence for the relationship with objective cognition, and develop a unified model of factors that increase cognitive failures. We conducted a systematic review of cognitive failures, identifying 45 articles according to the PRISMA statement. Failures were defined as reflecting proneness to errors in 'real world' planned thought and action. Vulnerability to failures was not consistently associated with objective cognitive performance ...


Acute And Chronic Effects Of Cannabinoids On Human Cognition-A Systematic Review, Samantha J. Broyd, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Camilla Beale, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2016

Acute And Chronic Effects Of Cannabinoids On Human Cognition-A Systematic Review, Samantha J. Broyd, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Camilla Beale, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cannabis use has been associated with impaired cognition during acute intoxication as well as in the unintoxicated state in long-term users. However, the evidence has been mixed and contested, and no systematic reviews of the literature on neuropsychological task-based measures of cognition have been conducted in an attempt to synthesize the findings. We systematically review the empirical research published in the past decade (from January 2004 to February 2015) on acute and chronic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids and on persistence or recovery after abstinence. We summarize the findings into the major categories of the cognitive domains investigated, considering sample ...


Children's Exposure To Food Advertising On Free-To-Air Television: An Asia-Pacific Perspective, Bridget Kelly, Lana Hebden, Lesley King, Yang Xiao, Yang Yu, Gengsheng He, Liangli Li, Lingxia Zeng, Hamam Hadi, Tilakavati Karupaiah, Ng See Hoe, Mohd Ismail Noor, Jihyun Yoon, Hyogyoo Kim Jan 2016

Children's Exposure To Food Advertising On Free-To-Air Television: An Asia-Pacific Perspective, Bridget Kelly, Lana Hebden, Lesley King, Yang Xiao, Yang Yu, Gengsheng He, Liangli Li, Lingxia Zeng, Hamam Hadi, Tilakavati Karupaiah, Ng See Hoe, Mohd Ismail Noor, Jihyun Yoon, Hyogyoo Kim

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is an established link between food promotions and children's food purchase and consumption. Children in developing countries may be more vulnerable to food promotions given the relative novelty of advertising in these markets. This study aimed to determine the scope of television food advertising to children across the Asia-Pacific to inform policies to restrict this marketing. Six sites were sampled, including from China, Indonesia, Malaysia and South Korea. At each site, 192 h of television were recorded (4 days, 16 h/day, three channels) from May to October 2012. Advertised foods were categorized as core/healthy, non-core/unhealthy ...


Crafting Masculinities: Gender, Culture And Emotion At Work In The Surfboard Industry, Andrew T. Warren Jan 2016

Crafting Masculinities: Gender, Culture And Emotion At Work In The Surfboard Industry, Andrew T. Warren

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article examines the masculinities of male workers in the context of an emotionally rich form of labour: surfboard-making. Contributing to emerging research around the emotional and embodied dimensions of men's working lives, the article maps the cultural, emotional and embodied dimensions of work onto masculine identity construction. Combining cultural economy theory, emotional geographies and in-depth ethnographic methods, I reveal how surfboard-making has become a gendered form of work; how jobs rely on (and impact) the body and what surfboard-making means to workers outside of financial returns. Following a manual labour process, and informed by Western surfing subculture, commercial ...


Consumers' Responses To Front-Of-Pack Labels That Vary By Interpretive Content, Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bridget Kelly, Kylie Ball, Helen Dixon, Trevor Shilton Jan 2016

Consumers' Responses To Front-Of-Pack Labels That Vary By Interpretive Content, Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Bridget Kelly, Kylie Ball, Helen Dixon, Trevor Shilton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Previous research has shown that front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) can assist people to make healthier food choices if they are easy to understand and people are motivated to use them. There is some evidence that FoPLs providing an assessment of a food's health value (evaluative FoPLs) are easier to use than those providing only numerical information on nutrients (reductive FoPLs). Recently, a new evaluative FoPL (the Health Star Rating (HSR)) has been introduced to Australia and New Zealand. The HSR features a summary indicator, differentiating it from many other FoPLs being used around the world. The aim of this study ...


Perceptions Of Task Interdependence And Functional Leadership In Schools, Kerry Barnett, John Mccormick Jan 2016

Perceptions Of Task Interdependence And Functional Leadership In Schools, Kerry Barnett, John Mccormick

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The context of the research was senior leadership teams in schools in Australia. The study investigated relationships between task interdependence, psychological collectivism, self-efficacy for teamwork, and team member perceptions of leadership functions. A cross-sectional and correlational research design was employed. Fifty-seven senior leadership teams composed of principals and senior teachers within two Catholic education systems in New South Wales, Australia, participated in the study. Data were collected from an online survey completed by senior leadership team members and analyzed using multilevel data analysis strategies. The findings suggest the extent of functional leadership was positively related to perceived task interdependence.


Mindfulness And Emotional Regulation As Sequential Mediators In The Relationship Between Attachment Security And Depression, Judith A. Pickard, Peter Caputi, Brin F. S Grenyer Jan 2016

Mindfulness And Emotional Regulation As Sequential Mediators In The Relationship Between Attachment Security And Depression, Judith A. Pickard, Peter Caputi, Brin F. S Grenyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Depression is a significant global health issue that has previously been associated with negative early care experiences and insecure attachment styles. This has led to much interest in identifying variables that may interrupt this relationship and prevent detrimental personal, social and economic outcomes. Recent research has indicated associations between the two seemingly distinct constructs of secure attachment and mindfulness, with similar positive outcomes. One hundred and forty eight participants completed an online survey exploring a possible sequential cognitive processing model, which predicted that higher levels of mindfulness and then emotional regulation would mediate the relationship between attachment and depression. Full ...


Down The Methodological Rabbit Hole: Thinking Diffractively With Resistant Data, Gary Levy, Christine Halse, Jan Wright Jan 2016

Down The Methodological Rabbit Hole: Thinking Diffractively With Resistant Data, Gary Levy, Christine Halse, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article, part of a larger study, began with an inquiry into the ways a small group of preteen boys and girls with diagnosed eating disorders discussed their ideas and attitudes about healthy bodies in individual interviews. Despite applying some of the usual analytic procedures, the data yielded little of significance in relation to body and health discourses, or to gender differences. We therefore wondered whether our underlying epistemological lenses and methodological toolkit had prevented us from seeing and hearing what was happening with this particular cohort. By shifting from a predominantly feminist post-structuralist, socio-cultural approach to one more inflected ...


Food Insecurity And Poor Diet Quality Are Associated With Reduced Quality Of Life In Older Adults, Joanna C. Russell, Victoria M. Flood, Heather Yeatman, Jie Jin Wang, Paul Mitchell Jan 2016

Food Insecurity And Poor Diet Quality Are Associated With Reduced Quality Of Life In Older Adults, Joanna C. Russell, Victoria M. Flood, Heather Yeatman, Jie Jin Wang, Paul Mitchell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of food security and diet quality with health related quality of life (HRQoL) in a cohort of older Australians. Methods: Data were collected as part of the Blue Mountains Eye Study, a cohort study of community-living individuals aged 49 years and over. A 12-item food security survey, the Short-form 36-item (SF-36) health survey, assessing four physical and four mental domains of HRQoL, and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were completed by 2642 participants. The Total Diet Score (TDS) (maximum score 20) measured diet quality based on food intake from ...


Digital Storytelling: Capturing Children's Participation In Preschool Activities, Lisa Kervin, Jessica Mantei Jan 2016

Digital Storytelling: Capturing Children's Participation In Preschool Activities, Lisa Kervin, Jessica Mantei

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Children should be active participants in the environments in which they engage. However in the prior to school setting, it is not necessarily clear to educators how children understand their role and place within that community. Lave and Wenger's (2005) situated learning theory provides a useful frame to consider this developing sense of membership and the connections children make between home and their prior to school centre. In the spirit of belonging, being and becoming (COAG, 2009), a cohort of 27 children (aged 4-5 years) transitioning to the first year of formal schooling were invited to create a digital ...


Burnout And The Work-Family Interface: A Two-Wave Study Of Sole And Partnered Working Mothers, Laura D. Robinson, Christopher Magee, Peter Caputi Jan 2016

Burnout And The Work-Family Interface: A Two-Wave Study Of Sole And Partnered Working Mothers, Laura D. Robinson, Christopher Magee, Peter Caputi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine whether work-to-family conflict (WFC) and work-to-family enrichment (WFE) predicted burnout in working mothers using conservation of resources theory. The authors also examined whether these relationships varied between sole and partnered working mothers. Design/methodology/approach - In total, 516 partnered and 107 sole mothers in paid employment completed an online survey twice, six months apart. Findings - WFC was significantly positively related to burnout, and WFE significantly negatively related to burnout. Marital status moderated the inverse relationship between WFE and personal burnout, and this relationship was significant for partnered mothers only. Research limitations ...


Analysis Of Health Service Amenable And Non-Amenable Mortality Before And Since China's Expansion Of Health Coverage In 2009, Xiaoqi Feng, Yunning Liu, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Peng Yin, Andrew Page, Shiwei Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou Jan 2016

Analysis Of Health Service Amenable And Non-Amenable Mortality Before And Since China's Expansion Of Health Coverage In 2009, Xiaoqi Feng, Yunning Liu, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Peng Yin, Andrew Page, Shiwei Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective To explore early impacts of China's health reforms in 2009 on mortality. Methods Annual mortality counts were obtained from 161 counties across all 31 provinces of mainland China between 2006 and 2012. We examined time-series of health service amenable mortality counts, including separate analyses for deaths from stroke and ischaemic heart diseases (IHD). Non-amenable mortality counts, including separate models for oesophageal and pancreatic cancers, were also analysed as part of a negative-outcome strategy to provide stronger foundations for falsification. Deaths due to amenable causes were hypothesised to decrease, whereas non-amenable causes of mortality would remain uninfluenced. All analyses ...


Large-Scale Investment In Green Space As An Intervention For Physical Activity, Mental And Cardiometabolic Health: Study Protocol For A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation Of A Natural Experiment, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt Jan 2016

Large-Scale Investment In Green Space As An Intervention For Physical Activity, Mental And Cardiometabolic Health: Study Protocol For A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation Of A Natural Experiment, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction 'Green spaces' such as public parks are regarded as determinants of health, but evidence from tends to be based on cross-sectional designs. This protocol describes a study that will evaluate a large-scale investment in approximately 5280 hectares of green space stretching 27 km north to south in Western Sydney, Australia. Methods and analysis A Geographic Information System was used to identify 7272 participants in the 45 and Up Study baseline data (2006-2008) living within 5 km of the Western Sydney Parklands and some of the features that have been constructed since 2009, such as public access points, advertising billboards ...


Teaching Rhythm And Rhythm Grouping: The Butterfly Technique, Michael Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2016

Teaching Rhythm And Rhythm Grouping: The Butterfly Technique, Michael Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

For years, teachers have been lamenting how difficult pronunciation is to teach to second language learners (Baker, 2011; Macdonald, 2002). So challenging, in fact, it may even be neglected in the classroom. In cases where it is included in the classroom, it may be either treated in isolation (e.g., done for 5 minutes at the end of a lesson) or done unsystematically (e.g., without a clear goal or learner needs in mind). Another reason for pronunciation’s lack of attention in the classroom may be that teachers and students alike may simply find pronunciation boring to teach or ...


Reindexing A Research Repository From The Ground Up: Adding And Evaluating Quality Metadata, Philip Hider, Barney Dalgarno, Sue Bennett, Ying-Hsang Liu, Carole Gerts, Carla Daws, Barbara Spiller, Pru Mitchell, Robert Parkes, Raylee Macaulay Jan 2016

Reindexing A Research Repository From The Ground Up: Adding And Evaluating Quality Metadata, Philip Hider, Barney Dalgarno, Sue Bennett, Ying-Hsang Liu, Carole Gerts, Carla Daws, Barbara Spiller, Pru Mitchell, Robert Parkes, Raylee Macaulay

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article details the outcomes of the ‘National Learning and Teaching Resource Audit and Classification’ project, commissioned by the Australian Government’s Office for Learning and Teaching (OLT). The project used a range of methodologies to reorganise the OLT’s Resource Library (http://www.olt.gov.au/resource-library), constructing and selecting an optimal set of metadata elements, along with certain vocabularies for these elements, and then reindexing the content of the Resource Library utilising the new schema and vocabularies. This paper reports on a before-and-after evaluation of the Resource Library’s search performance through an information retrieval experiment based on ...


Flow In Sport, Christian F. Swann Jan 2016

Flow In Sport, Christian F. Swann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Sport offers rich opportunities to experience flow by posing both mental and physical challenges. Studies specifically investigating flow in sport were first published in 1992. Since then a body of empirical research has emerged in this area, which this chapter aims to review in terms of: (i) the methods commonly used to study flow in sport (i.e., interviews, questionnaires, and the Experience Sampling Method); and (ii) key research themes (i.e., the experience, occurrence, controllability and correlates of flow in sport). In turn, current issues within this field are examined, and recommendations are made for future research, including the ...


Development And Validation Of A Method To Evaluate The Penetration Of Diesel Particulate Matter Through Respirator Filter Media, At Flow Rates Representative Of Moderate To Heavy Work, Kerrie Burton, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies Jan 2016

Development And Validation Of A Method To Evaluate The Penetration Of Diesel Particulate Matter Through Respirator Filter Media, At Flow Rates Representative Of Moderate To Heavy Work, Kerrie Burton, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Poster presentation at The 18th International Conference of International Society for Respiratory Protection, 7-11 November 2016, Yokohama, Japan.


Evaluation Of A Personal Data Logger To Measure Real-Time Breathing Cycles Across Varying Work Rates, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies, Gregory E. Peoples Jan 2016

Evaluation Of A Personal Data Logger To Measure Real-Time Breathing Cycles Across Varying Work Rates, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies, Gregory E. Peoples

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The 18th International Conference of International Society for Respiratory Protection, 7-11 November 2016, Yokohama, Japan.


Hygiene That Works, Or Makes Us Work? Examining The "Work Of Breathing" Through Negative Pressure Respirators, Jane L. Whitelaw, Gregory E. Peoples, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies Jan 2016

Hygiene That Works, Or Makes Us Work? Examining The "Work Of Breathing" Through Negative Pressure Respirators, Jane L. Whitelaw, Gregory E. Peoples, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at AIOH 2016, 3-7 December 2016, Gold Coast, Australia.


Respiratory Protection: Are Our Standards Protecting Worker Health?, Kerrie Burton, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies Jan 2016

Respiratory Protection: Are Our Standards Protecting Worker Health?, Kerrie Burton, Jane L. Whitelaw, Alison L. Jones, Brian Davies

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at AIOH 2016, 3-7 December 2016, Gold Coast, Australia.


Heat Stress Assessment In Aluminium Smelting: Making It Work In A Challenging And Changing Climate, Jodie Britton, Vinodkumar Gopaldasani, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2016

Heat Stress Assessment In Aluminium Smelting: Making It Work In A Challenging And Changing Climate, Jodie Britton, Vinodkumar Gopaldasani, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at AIOH 2016, 3-7 December 2016, Gold Coast, Australia.


Can Noisy Gardeners Turn Over A New Leaf? Evaluation Of Landscapers And Gardeners On A University Campus, Laurent P. Maziere, Jane L. Whitelaw, Linda A. Apthorpe Jan 2016

Can Noisy Gardeners Turn Over A New Leaf? Evaluation Of Landscapers And Gardeners On A University Campus, Laurent P. Maziere, Jane L. Whitelaw, Linda A. Apthorpe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at AIOH 2016, 3-7 December 2016, Gold Coast, Australia.


Does Perception Equal Protection? Occupational Noise Exposure & Hearing Protective Device Utilisation For Engineering Trades, David A. Corbett, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2016

Does Perception Equal Protection? Occupational Noise Exposure & Hearing Protective Device Utilisation For Engineering Trades, David A. Corbett, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The study examined exposure trends amongst a specific cohort of workers (n=55), loosely defined as "engineering trade" employees, but essentially comprising fitter and boilermaker trade disciplines at a variety of workplaces (n =6). Workers' perceptions of their noise exposure was surveyed, and factors likely to influence positive or negative HPD use behaviours. The goal being to identify determinants of Hearing Protective Device (HPD) use behaviour and potentially apply targeted interventions to increase the efficacy of a workplace's Hearing Conservation Program (HCP). Exposures for the study cohort were characterised utilising a combination of shift‐long personal noise dosimetry and ...


Evaluation Of Inorganic Arsenic Exposure At Multi Metal Processing Facility. When Air Monitoring Alone Just Doesn't Work!, Stuart J. Roseberg, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2016

Evaluation Of Inorganic Arsenic Exposure At Multi Metal Processing Facility. When Air Monitoring Alone Just Doesn't Work!, Stuart J. Roseberg, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Metals smelting and processing has been associated with exposure to airborne inorganic arsenic and an increased risk of health effects. Biological monitoring on a metals processing site identified urinary arsenic concentrations exceeding corporate and ACGIH guidelines at levels associated with increased risks of health effects. Plant operators considered the inhalation of arsenic trioxide powder (As2O3), used in the process, as the source of their exposure. This study's initial objective was to determine operator exposures to airborne inorganic arsenic. Two groups of plant operators participated in full shift personal air monitoring and biological monitoring over their working weeks. In parallel ...


The Paradox Of Engagement: Land Stewardship And Invasive Weeds In Amenity Landscapes, Peter Klepeis, Nicholas J. Gill Jan 2016

The Paradox Of Engagement: Land Stewardship And Invasive Weeds In Amenity Landscapes, Peter Klepeis, Nicholas J. Gill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In New South Wales, Australia, rural landscapes are undergoing profound change as a result of exurbanization. Newcomers-amenity migrants-are drawn to the scenic beaches, forests, and open landscape character of this part of Australia near Sydney and they join existing communities of long-term residents, notably ranchers involved in dairy, beef, and other types of primary agricultural production. The rural to exurban transition is stimulating both intended and unintended socio-ecological changes, especially the proliferation of invasive weeds, which are considered to be a top national priority as they threaten Australia's agricultural economy. Drawing on interview and survey research from three case ...


More Shark Nets For Nsw: Why Haven't We Learned From Wa's Cull?, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2016

More Shark Nets For Nsw: Why Haven't We Learned From Wa's Cull?, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

New South Wales Premier Mike Baird has this week announced a plan for a six-month trial of shark nets off the beaches of northern NSW. This would extend the state's shark net program from the 51 beaches currently netted between Wollongong and Newcastle. The announcement was triggered by Wednesday's shark accident, in which a surfer received minor injuries from a shark bite at Sharpes Beach, Ballina. The decision marks a turn-around in Premier Baird's position on sharks. For over a year he has acknowledged the importance of addressing the issue, and has adopted a measured, long-term, non-lethal ...


A Licence To Print: How Real Is The Risk Posed By 3d Printed Guns?, Thomas Birtchnell Jan 2016

A Licence To Print: How Real Is The Risk Posed By 3d Printed Guns?, Thomas Birtchnell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

3D printed guns are back in the news after Queensland Police reported last week that they had discovered a 3D printer in a raid on what appeared to be a "large-scale" weapons production facility as a part of Operation Oscar Quantum. According to police, the raid uncovered homemade weapons and ammunition in a workshop manufacturing facility "containing equipment used in the production of fully automatic machine guns, including a 3D printer, lathes, drill presses and other tools". The Gold Coast Bulletin reported that Detective Superintendent Jon Wacker, of the Drug and Serious Crime Group, said the "Uzi"-style guns, thought ...


Genetic Imaging Consortium For Addiction Medicine: From Neuroimaging To Genes, Scott Mackey, Kees-Jan Kan, Bader Chaarani, Nelly Alia-Klein, Albert Batalla, Samantha Brooks, Janna Cousijn, Alain Dagher, Michiel De Ruiter, Sylvane Desrivieres, Sarah W. Feldstein Ewing, Rita Goldstein, Anna Goudriaan, Mary M. Heitzeg, Kent Hutchison, Chiang-Shan R. Li, Edythe D. London, Valentina Lorenzetti, Maartje Luijten, Rocio Martin-Santos, Angelica M. Morales, Martin P. Paulus, Tomas Paus, Godfrey Pearlson, Renee Schluter, Reza Momenan, Lianne Schmaal, Gunter Schumann, Rajita Sinha, Zsuzsika Sjoerds, Dan J. Stein, Elliot A. Stein, Nadia Solowij, Susan Tapert, Anne Uhlmann, Dick Veltman, Ruth Van Holst, Hendrik Walter, Margaret J. Wright, Murat Yucel, Murat Yucel, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, Derrek P. Hibar, Neda Jahanshad, Paul M. Thompson, David Glahn, Hugh Garavan, Patricia Conrod Jan 2016

Genetic Imaging Consortium For Addiction Medicine: From Neuroimaging To Genes, Scott Mackey, Kees-Jan Kan, Bader Chaarani, Nelly Alia-Klein, Albert Batalla, Samantha Brooks, Janna Cousijn, Alain Dagher, Michiel De Ruiter, Sylvane Desrivieres, Sarah W. Feldstein Ewing, Rita Goldstein, Anna Goudriaan, Mary M. Heitzeg, Kent Hutchison, Chiang-Shan R. Li, Edythe D. London, Valentina Lorenzetti, Maartje Luijten, Rocio Martin-Santos, Angelica M. Morales, Martin P. Paulus, Tomas Paus, Godfrey Pearlson, Renee Schluter, Reza Momenan, Lianne Schmaal, Gunter Schumann, Rajita Sinha, Zsuzsika Sjoerds, Dan J. Stein, Elliot A. Stein, Nadia Solowij, Susan Tapert, Anne Uhlmann, Dick Veltman, Ruth Van Holst, Hendrik Walter, Margaret J. Wright, Murat Yucel, Murat Yucel, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, Derrek P. Hibar, Neda Jahanshad, Paul M. Thompson, David Glahn, Hugh Garavan, Patricia Conrod

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Since the sample size of a typical neuroimaging study lacks sufficient statistical power to explore unknown genomic associations with brain phenotypes, several international genetic imaging consortia have been organized in recent years to pool data across sites. The challenges and achievements of these consortia are considered here with the goal of leveraging these resources to study addiction. The authors of this review have joined together to form an Addiction working group within the framework of the ENIGMA project, a meta-analytic approach to multisite genetic imaging data. Collectively, the Addiction working group possesses neuroimaging and genomic data obtained from over 10 ...


A Systematic Review Of The Relationship Between Psychological Disorders Or Substance Use And Self-Reported Cognitive Failures, Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus Jan 2016

A Systematic Review Of The Relationship Between Psychological Disorders Or Substance Use And Self-Reported Cognitive Failures, Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cognitive failures are errors in normal everyday functioning. Individuals with psychological disorders may possess heightened vulnerability. We sought to review the literature on cognitive failures in psychological disorders to determine the nature of this association, and whether failures relate to neuropsychological performance. We also examine the relationship between cognitive failures and substance use since it is relevant to everyday cognition and co-occurs in many psychological disorders. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of self-reported cognitive failures in psychological disorders and substance use, identifying 21 papers in total. Results: Papers identified studied trauma, mood, and anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia. Substance use ...