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Full-Text Articles in Education

How Does The Development Of Early Literacy Skills And The Partnership Between A Child’S Home And School Promote Literacy Success?, Teri Greenstein Nov 2016

How Does The Development Of Early Literacy Skills And The Partnership Between A Child’S Home And School Promote Literacy Success?, Teri Greenstein

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this capstone was, How does the development of early literacy skills and the partnership between a child’s home and school promote literacy success? This capstone describes the foundational early literacy skills necessary for literacy success for students, and discusses ways that school and home can collaborate towards ensuring that students are effectively prepared for literacy learning as they begin their formal schooling. The goal of the capstone project was to provide families with tools and resources that can be used to help them develop more effective literacy learning for their children.


Culturally Responsive Teaching To Support Karen Newcomers, Win World Nov 2016

Culturally Responsive Teaching To Support Karen Newcomers, Win World

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide information about the Karen culture and Karen newcomers to the United States. Emphasis is placed on Karen students who brought their culture into the classrooms or the schools. The study discussed culturally responsive teaching to support Karen newcomers. The literature review provided a foundation for the study by including research on effective culturally responsive teaching that will help eliminate cultural barriers between students and teachers and research on how to teach culturally responsive strategies to help Karen students to understand the content. A qualitative approach was used, including interviews and surveys with ...


How Vocabulary Word Selection, Instructional Strategies, And Assessments Affect Student Retention Of Newly Learned Words, Amber Rustand Nov 2016

How Vocabulary Word Selection, Instructional Strategies, And Assessments Affect Student Retention Of Newly Learned Words, Amber Rustand

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Vocabulary word selection and instruction is hard for educators to grasp, with so many methods to choose from. Focusing on the question of How does the selection of vocabulary words, instruction, and assessment affect the retention of newly learned vocabulary? leads us to our answer. The capstone study focusing around this question made it evident that educators need to select words from text, differ instruction throughout a two-week time frame, and assess on between eight and twelve words for every two-week period. Students need to be given time to connect and work with the words that are new to them ...


Teacher Identity, Motivation, And Career In The Efl Setting, Kevin Peter Gilman Nov 2016

Teacher Identity, Motivation, And Career In The Efl Setting, Kevin Peter Gilman

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

This study looked at how English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers’ motives and identities changed throughout their careers. It looked at teachers’ initial motivations for entering the field, and how these motivations changed with regards to their ever-evolving teacher identity. It also looked at some of the roles and challenges EFL teachers encounter while working in foreign countries and how this contributes to their job satisfaction and desire to continue teaching. Data was gathered through interviews with four EFL teachers. Results concluded that EFL teachers’ motives frequently involve external factors not related to teaching and that their ongoing motives ...


The Impacts Of Classroom Stem¬-Themed Environmental Investigations On Middle School Environmental Literacy, Megan Alece Heitkamp Nov 2016

The Impacts Of Classroom Stem¬-Themed Environmental Investigations On Middle School Environmental Literacy, Megan Alece Heitkamp

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to answer the research question: How does integrating STEM­themed environmental investigations in the middle school classroom impact environmental literacy? In order to understand the various aspects of this research question, a literature review was conducted for the topics of middle school learners, STEM learning and environmental literacy. The study utilized a mixed methods approach and 131, 7th grade students participated in the study; students took the Middle School Environmental Literacy Survey (MSELS) as a pretest and posttest. Between these surveys, students participated in four learning investigations that applied STEM learning, environmental problems ...


What Effect Does Full Day Kindergarten Have On Student Achievement In Literacy?, Philip Lee Munkvold Nov 2016

What Effect Does Full Day Kindergarten Have On Student Achievement In Literacy?, Philip Lee Munkvold

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Kindergarten has undergone continuous change since its inception in 1837. Minnesota’s kindergarten program experienced a substantial transformation during the 2014-2015 academic year by offering full-day kindergarten at no cost. Students attending full-day kindergarten will receive twice the amount of instruction as years past, prompting a study on what effect this may have on student achievement. This capstone uses a combination of surveys, assessments, and interviews with to help answer the research question, What effect does full day kindergarten have on student achievement in literacy? Research concludes that full-day kindergarten has a positive impact on student achievement in literacy in ...


Aspect Instruction And Narrative Inferencing, Christine Marie Wytaske Nov 2016

Aspect Instruction And Narrative Inferencing, Christine Marie Wytaske

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The guiding questions in this research project are Does explicitly teaching aspect to advanced-level adult learners of English lead to greater understanding of causal inferences in narrative context? Does a delayed post-test show that teaching contributes to integration into learners’ knowledge base for later acquisition and not just lead to intake? Aspect is a complicated semantic domain so in many ways it remains difficult for students to learn, understand, and apply. The motivating factor for this research was to incorporate textual enhancement with explicit instruction in order to assist students in noticing aspect and in making correct inferences. This study ...


A Text Analysis Of How Passive Voice In A Biology Textbook Impacts English Language Learners, Karli Jo Neilson Oct 2016

A Text Analysis Of How Passive Voice In A Biology Textbook Impacts English Language Learners, Karli Jo Neilson

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

With so many ESL (English as a Second Language) teachers currently co-teaching, it is important to investigate how academic text interferes with the general understanding of the text for ELLs (English Language Learners). This study examined the use of the passive voice in a biology textbook in a high school co-taught biology ESL classroom. The general research questions were: how often does the use of passive voice occur and what does the use of passive voice look like in Biology (Nowicki, 2008); what types of issues can passive voice cause for teachers and students, including classroom expectations of using the ...


A Correlation Between English Oral Language Proficiency And The Success Of The Reading Recovery Program For Karen Students, Heidi Wheelock Oct 2016

A Correlation Between English Oral Language Proficiency And The Success Of The Reading Recovery Program For Karen Students, Heidi Wheelock

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

This case study explores how the success of Karen Reading Recovery students correlates to their English oral language proficiency. Three first-grade Karen students in the second round of Reading Recovery were assessed to find their English oral language proficiency. Their pretest and posttest scores from the program were analyzed as well as observation data about their success in the use of semantic and syntactic prompts. Interview data from the Reading Recovery teachers about the exit status of the students was analyzed for recurring themes. The results show that English oral language proficiency has an affect on the degree of success ...


The Effects Of Individualized Teacher Meetings On Struggling High School Students, Travis Woulfe Macleod Sep 2016

The Effects Of Individualized Teacher Meetings On Struggling High School Students, Travis Woulfe Macleod

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project was, how does having regularly scheduled one on one meetings between an academically struggling student and one of their teachers effect their success in school? It used a mixed-methods approach to gather data that included interviews, surveys, and academic data collected from students, their teachers, and their parents. The author documents the details of the meetings with the five selected students and uses related research literature to add meaning to and to validate the study. He describes both the successes and weaknesses of the meetings and the study. Conclusions include that these meetings ...


Increasing Capacity And Quality Of Alternative Break Programs: Moving To A Student Led Model, Margot Southwood Howard Sep 2016

Increasing Capacity And Quality Of Alternative Break Programs: Moving To A Student Led Model, Margot Southwood Howard

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this study was, how does changing a higher education social justice focused alternative break program from staff led to student led affect the capacity and quality of the program? The primary intervention that was employed was through integrating a student led executive board into an alternative break program. The author used an action research approach and studied the program they oversaw professionally. She used a survey, interviews, and program data to examine the result of adding an student led executive board. She found great success in making this transition. There was both an increase in ...


The Effects On Reading Comprehension When Using Prompts In Book Clubs, Kelly Jo Bridge Sep 2016

The Effects On Reading Comprehension When Using Prompts In Book Clubs, Kelly Jo Bridge

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this Capstone is: What is the effect on reading comprehension when using talk prompts with second grade students in book clubs? The action research that was conducted involved two book clubs that were each made up of four second grade students. One of the groups used talk prompts to enhance the accountable talk in book clubs and the other group had a book club discussion without the use of talk prompts. Both groups took a pretest before the book club discussion and a posttest after the book club discussion. The data revealed that when second ...


Are Characteristics Of A Professional Learning Community Guiding Student Achievement, Staci Faye Souhan Sep 2016

Are Characteristics Of A Professional Learning Community Guiding Student Achievement, Staci Faye Souhan

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this capstone was, are characteristics of a PLC guiding student achievement? The inspiration for this capstone was sparked by an unexplainable anomaly within a school district's MCA performance data between schools within their district and an intense interest in a DuFour’s research addressing professional learning communities. The author of this case-study style research looked to examine if characteristics of a PLC can be present and guide student performance without a fully functioning and formal PLC school-wide structure. This study documents that singular aspects of a PLC can guide student achievement and likens a ...


Exploring Career Development Curricula And Experience Of Secondary Transition Students With Intellectual Disabilities: Interviews With Students And Teachers, Anthony Oliver Dosen Sep 2016

Exploring Career Development Curricula And Experience Of Secondary Transition Students With Intellectual Disabilities: Interviews With Students And Teachers, Anthony Oliver Dosen

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project was: what kind of job-searching and vocational development skills are being taught to secondary transition students with intellectual disabilities in major American transition programs? The purpose was to determine possible reasons why the employment gap for students with intellectual disabilities remains high following graduation from secondary programs. This qualitative study synthesized past and current research in the fields of job development, customized employment, disability services, and transition education along with detailed, semistructured interviews with current transition students with intellectual disabilities and transition teachers. The author identifies three main themes that emerged from the ...


How Does A Targeted Services Intervention Program Focused On Base-Ten Place Value Development Impacts Growth Of Second Graders In Mathematics, Katherine J. Shelley Aug 2016

How Does A Targeted Services Intervention Program Focused On Base-Ten Place Value Development Impacts Growth Of Second Graders In Mathematics, Katherine J. Shelley

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project was: How does a Targeted Services intervention program focused on base-ten place value development impact the growth of second graders in meeting district achievement expectations in mathematics? This research was inspired by the importance of helping underachieving students reach grade level expectations in the area of place value and applying this understanding in solving addition and subtraction problems. The research took place during twenty after-school class sessions. Data was collected through assessments, student journal questions, and teacher observations. The data was used to plan instruction throughout the course and to monitor growth and ...


Student Needs And Perceptions Of The Learning Environment According To High School Students: A Case Study, Christina J. Hartje Aug 2016

Student Needs And Perceptions Of The Learning Environment According To High School Students: A Case Study, Christina J. Hartje

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this study was, according to high school students, how does meeting students’ needs and honoring student voice affect the learning experience? By focusing on the learning experience within the context of students’ needs and voice, this research project aimed to understand the school experience through the student perspective and equip educators with the knowledge of practices deemed most profound in hopes of creating a classroom environment that not only enhances the learning experience, but also increases learner success. Through the collection of student surveys, interviews, and school data reports, findings indicated the average satisfaction of ...


Tales For A Teacher’S Toolbox: Stories Of Emergent Bilinguals And Their Funds Of Knowledge, Erika Rae Bakkum Aug 2016

Tales For A Teacher’S Toolbox: Stories Of Emergent Bilinguals And Their Funds Of Knowledge, Erika Rae Bakkum

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Through a systematic review of ethnographic studies, this qualitative study collected stories that demonstrate the cultural wealth of emergent bilingual students. The stories collected demonstrate the aspirational, navigational, social, linguistic, familial, and resistant capitals (Yosso, 2005) as well as the experiential and social and emotional assets (WIDA, 2014) of emergent bilingual students. The narratives documented in this study can be retold as counter narratives that contradict commonly held deficit beliefs regarding emergent bilingual students, their families, and their communities.


Family Engagement Interpretations: A Comparison Of Primary Classroom Teachers And Chinese Families, Bridget Bergeson Gagnelius Aug 2016

Family Engagement Interpretations: A Comparison Of Primary Classroom Teachers And Chinese Families, Bridget Bergeson Gagnelius

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research questions addressed in this project were: How do primary classroom teachers interpret the roles of families in engagement in education? How do the families of primary-aged Chinese children interpret their own roles in engagement in education? How are these interpretations similar and different? In this project, the researcher discovered answers to these questions by administering a questionnaire to families of primary-age Chinese students and those students’ teachers. Using references to family engagement categories suggested by researchers Epstein and Dauber, Ho, and Berger and Riojas-Cortez, the researcher was able to determine that practices currently in place at this school ...


Environmental Education In A Dual Immersion Classroom, Annaka Marie Larson Aug 2016

Environmental Education In A Dual Immersion Classroom, Annaka Marie Larson

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project was, how can environmental education curricula be implemented in dual immersion classrooms? It describes how the author used a unit planning framework designed for dual immersion to adapt lessons from the environmental education curriculum Project WILD for her first grade Spanish immersion class. Both curriculum design and action research were incorporated into the project. She details the process of modifying the lessons, what happened when she implemented the lessons in her classroom, and how the lessons improved students’ content knowledge, language abilities, and appreciation for the environment. She concludes that environmental education can ...


Educator Perceptions Of The Disproportionate Experience Of African Americans In Special Education, John Palen Geske Aug 2016

Educator Perceptions Of The Disproportionate Experience Of African Americans In Special Education, John Palen Geske

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this capstone is, what are educators’ perceptions of the causes of the disproportionate experience of African Americans in special education? In this study, the author examines educators’ beliefs about two existing racial trends in special education. The first is the over-identification of African American students as candidates in need of special education. The second part of the disproportionate experience is that African American students tend to make less growth than their White peers once receiving services. In this research, the author provides a historical synthesis of the extensive record of disproportionality literature. The capstone includes ...


Rendaku: The Sociolinguistics Of Its Use In Japanese, Matthew Sofus Joseph Aug 2016

Rendaku: The Sociolinguistics Of Its Use In Japanese, Matthew Sofus Joseph

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed is, do sociolinguistic variables influence the use of rendaku among native speakers of Japanese? The motivating factor for this capstone was that rendaku use seems to be inconsistent. This capstone records the rendaku use of twelve native Japanese speakers in semistructured interviews to examine if aspects of their sociolinguistic backgrounds correlate with rendaku use. Key influences for this capstone were the writer’s own experience with rendaku as a Japanese learner in Japan and his professor who recognized the potential for rendaku to be studied through the prism of sociolinguistics. The research was done using semi-structured ...


The Intersection Of Collaboration, Critical Thinking And Technology: Implications For Adult Esl Learners Using An Inquiry Approach, Mary Elizabeth Zamacona Aug 2016

The Intersection Of Collaboration, Critical Thinking And Technology: Implications For Adult Esl Learners Using An Inquiry Approach, Mary Elizabeth Zamacona

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the types and critical thinking skills used by adult ESL students as they learned technology skills through an inquiry approach. The results are based on the types of critical thinking skills that were utilized by adult students working collaboratively on an Excel computer project. Critical thinking was measured by coding audio recordings using the Transitions Integration Framework’s critical thinking skills category. Data were quantified by frequency of occurrence for each sub skill of critical thinking. Results show the most prominent critical thinking skills used by students in this study are ...


Improving Educational Practices For Karen Newcomers By Understanding The Schooling Experiences Of Karen Refugee Students, Alice Ramona Vang Aug 2016

Improving Educational Practices For Karen Newcomers By Understanding The Schooling Experiences Of Karen Refugee Students, Alice Ramona Vang

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The Karen people are one of the newest refugee populations to immigrate to the United States, but very little is known about them. The Karen have endured a civil war in Burma that has caused family separation, loss of loved ones, interrupted education and suffering from human rights violations. This research aims to gather vital information about the educational experiences of Karen students in order to inform and prepare educators to respond to the academic, cultural, and social needs of this population. Seven Karen high school students were interviewed to share their perspectives, and teacher observations are also included in ...


Differentiation For All Learners: Applying Theory And Practice So All Children Reach Their Potential, Kathryn Elizabeth Kreitzer Aug 2016

Differentiation For All Learners: Applying Theory And Practice So All Children Reach Their Potential, Kathryn Elizabeth Kreitzer

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Teachers in classrooms today are challenged with students with a ride range of abilities necessitating differentiation in the classroom. Faced with increasingly heterogeneous populations of students, including the mainstreaming of special education students, teachers are challenged to develop curricula that is matched to students’ abilities. This project focused on how to adapt state mandated grade level content to multiple instructional levels. Included in this project is a differentiated unit on the American Revolution based on Minnesota fifth grade standards. The unit is differentiated to first grade, third grade and fifth grade reading and writing levels. This project demonstrates how teachers ...


Using Literacy Centers To Support A Balanced Literacy Program In A Pre-K Classroom, Jacquelin Ann Rowan Aug 2016

Using Literacy Centers To Support A Balanced Literacy Program In A Pre-K Classroom, Jacquelin Ann Rowan

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The question addressed in this research project was, how can using literacy centers support a balanced literacy approach in a Pre-K classroom? The author’s motivation for completeing this capstone was to learn more about balanced literacy and how the use of balanced literacy could support her student’s learning. This capstone describes, in detail, what balanced literacy is, what literacy centers are , and how to use both to create an engaging learning environment for Pre-K students. It also provides guidelines for how to manage literacy centers both in organization of materials and the literacy center time block. Finally, the ...


Claims, Evidence And Reasoning: A Framework For Evidence-Based Writing On The Subject Of Evolution, Tami Lynn Limberg Aug 2016

Claims, Evidence And Reasoning: A Framework For Evidence-Based Writing On The Subject Of Evolution, Tami Lynn Limberg

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this qualitative research was to explore how students presented reasoned arguments supported by evidence and reasoning after receiving constructivist-based instruction. The author documents the details of the results and uses related research literature to construct meaning and validate constructivist pedagogy and the evidencebased writing instruction. The progress of twenty students’ ability to write a claim, give specific evidence and reasoning was followed throughout the investigation. Three themes emerged from this investigation: students showed a steady trend of intellectual growth over time, students benefitted when they constructed their own learning, and students struggled with written reasoning and connecting ...


We The People: We Survive, We Work, We Live, We Belong An Autobiographical Study Of One Refugee’S Victory Over Poverty And Racism To Lead An English Learner Program, Sambath Ouk Aug 2016

We The People: We Survive, We Work, We Live, We Belong An Autobiographical Study Of One Refugee’S Victory Over Poverty And Racism To Lead An English Learner Program, Sambath Ouk

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Research on refugees and refugee students is often done second hand by researchers who are non-refugees. The opportunities to research, write, and tell their story first hand are minimal. This capstone paper is a first-hand narrative from a refugee student who overcame cultural dissonance, poverty and the struggle of identity to have a successful career leading an English Learner (EL) program in the state of Minnesota. The purpose of this research study is to identify what support measures are needed to help refugee students defeat their barriers in order to achieve their academic and personal goals. This research utilizes the ...


Effects Of Incorporating Multiculturalism In A High School Civics Classroom For Increased Student Interest And Engagement, Alison Beatt Ellertson Aug 2016

Effects Of Incorporating Multiculturalism In A High School Civics Classroom For Increased Student Interest And Engagement, Alison Beatt Ellertson

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this study is, what are the effects of incorporating multiculturalism in a high school civics classroom for increased student interest and engagement? This action research study was conducted in a ninth grade civics classroom over the course of three weeks and in three separate class periods. There were 85 students included in the research. Students were observed, interviewed and participated in a survey. The research compared a unit that had limited multicultural elements to a unit that fit a multicultural framework and curriculum. Findings suggest that relevancy is key to keeping students interest and introducing ...


How To Develop And Support The Academic Writing Of Our Students In The Science Classroom, Hannah Rose Hermanson Rivard Aug 2016

How To Develop And Support The Academic Writing Of Our Students In The Science Classroom, Hannah Rose Hermanson Rivard

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project was how can we develop and support the academic writing of our students in the science classroom? A resource guide was created, designed for general education teachers in upper elementary classrooms. It uses the Teaching and Learning Cycle, created by Rothery, to incorporate the writing of procedural recounts into pre-existing science curriculum.


English Only? Examining The Use Of Students’ L1 In The Esl Classroom: A Systematic Literature Review, Erin Lynn Helland Aug 2016

English Only? Examining The Use Of Students’ L1 In The Esl Classroom: A Systematic Literature Review, Erin Lynn Helland

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Through the examination of existing research concerning the use of and attitudes toward students’ first language (L1) in ESL teaching environments, this project sought to answer the questions: how are students’ L1s used in the ESL classroom and what benefits are associated with their use? A background of the language ideologies in the United States provides a context for the use of students’ L1s and is used to explain the power relationships of language use. Findings indicate judicial use of students’ L1s in the classroom has multiple benefits relating to English acquisition, academic progress, and positive classroom environments where students ...