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2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 231

Full-Text Articles in Education

Regional Campuses And Long Distance Relationships: Making Them Work, Robert D. Barraco Md, Mph, Margaret A. Hadinger Edd, Ms, M. Edwyn Harrison Md, Joseph M. Kaczmarczyk Do, Mph Jun 2016

Regional Campuses And Long Distance Relationships: Making Them Work, Robert D. Barraco Md, Mph, Margaret A. Hadinger Edd, Ms, M. Edwyn Harrison Md, Joseph M. Kaczmarczyk Do, Mph

Margaret A. Hadinger, EdD, MS

No abstract provided.


Online Learning Environments: What Early Childhood Teacher Education Students Say, Ann Heirdsfield, Julie Davis, Sandra Lennox, Sue Walker, Weihong Zhang May 2016

Online Learning Environments: What Early Childhood Teacher Education Students Say, Ann Heirdsfield, Julie Davis, Sandra Lennox, Sue Walker, Weihong Zhang

Sandra Lennox

As online environments gain an increasing presence in higher education for both on-campus students and distance learners, there is a need to examine how effective these environments are for student learning. Online environments require essentially different teaching and learning strategies from those used in the traditional face-to-face contexts (for on-campus students) or with print-based material (for distance learners). This article identifies early childhood teacher education students' perceptions of their learning experiences with the advent of an online learning environment. Perceptions of on-campus and distance learners are compared, and implications for teacher education staff interested in providing high quality learning environments ...


Understanding First Year University Students: Personal Epistemology And Learning, Sue Walker, Joanne Brownlee, Sandra Lennox, Beryl Exley, Kerry Howells, Fiona Cocker May 2016

Understanding First Year University Students: Personal Epistemology And Learning, Sue Walker, Joanne Brownlee, Sandra Lennox, Beryl Exley, Kerry Howells, Fiona Cocker

Sandra Lennox

Whilst participation in higher education has increased dramatically over the last two decades, many universities are only now beginning to pay more attention to the learning experiences of first year students. It is important for universities to understand how first year students conceive of learning and knowing in order to promote effective approaches to learning. Even though an extensive body of research demonstrates that beliefs about learning and knowing influence student approaches to learning and learning outcomes, there has been no Australian research that has investigated this critical learner characteristic across first year university students.

This paper reports on preliminary ...


Philosophies And Pedagogies Of Mathematics, Boris Handal May 2016

Philosophies And Pedagogies Of Mathematics, Boris Handal

Boris Handal

The paper discusses major philosophical stances on the nature of mathematics as held by foundationalists and quasi-empiricalism supporters. It is argued that the contrasting philosophical views between the two groups parallels in many respects the pedagogical debate between behaviourism and socio-constructivism. It is also argued that behaviourism has been influenced by foundationalist conceptions of mathematics while socio-constructivism has been influenced by quasi-empirical philosophies.


Academic Perceptions Amongst Educators Towards Elearning Tools In Dental Education, Boris Handal, Catherine Groenlund, Tania Gerzina May 2016

Academic Perceptions Amongst Educators Towards Elearning Tools In Dental Education, Boris Handal, Catherine Groenlund, Tania Gerzina

Boris Handal

This paper reports an explorative study about academic educators’ perceptions towards learning management systems (LMS) and eLearning tools as used in dental education. Fifty-five educators participated in an online survey which explored their views on eLearning tools within the context of their own professional training background and teaching needs. In general, educators felt that the eLearning LMS (also known as WebCT/Blackboard) was a tool that suited their teaching and learning needs in terms of flexibility, interactivity and accessibility despite a significant level of self-reported lack of competence in the technology. The paper describes current eLearning professional development initiatives in ...


If Only They Would Listen: The Lifeworld Of Academically Advanced Elementary Students, Katrina Eddles-Hirsch May 2016

If Only They Would Listen: The Lifeworld Of Academically Advanced Elementary Students, Katrina Eddles-Hirsch

Katrina Eddles-Hirsch

This study explored the lifeworld of six academically advanced elementary students in a school environment suited to their atypical needs. A phenomenological theoretical framework was used to discover the experiences of one female and one male from each of the year 4, 5, and 6 extension classes. The voices of the children themselves and their perspective of the benefits and disadvantages of attending a specialised school were heard through the phenomenological approach in this study. Differences between the genders rather than levels of giftedness were found to be the salient characteristics affecting the results of this study. Themes that emerged ...


Home-School Partnership Within Mathematics Intervention, Marguerite Maher May 2016

Home-School Partnership Within Mathematics Intervention, Marguerite Maher

Marguerite Maher

The Numeracy Project, as implemented in New Zealand, aims to enhance the numeracy achievement of all students and to foster parental involvement in their children's mathematics learning. This paper reports the findings of a study that took place at a high socioeconomic status primary school in New Zealand with teachers and parents of Years 1 and 2 students. Findings showed that teachers felt more confident in their ability to teach literacy than to teach numeracy. They also believed they were not fully meeting the needs of the lower achievers in mathematics. Partnership with parents in the teaching of reading ...


Teacher Education With Indigenous Ways Of Knowing, Being And Doing As A Key Pillar, Marguerite Maher May 2016

Teacher Education With Indigenous Ways Of Knowing, Being And Doing As A Key Pillar, Marguerite Maher

Marguerite Maher

This paper reports on a project known as the Growing Our Own Indigenous teacher education initiative. This project involves the provision of teacher education, in situ, to Indigenous assistant teachers in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory, Australia. First, factors leading to the development of the project are provided. Second, the theoretical and conceptual frameworks for the project are explained. Third, the collaborative self-study methodology for the study is justified. Fourth, perceived successes are described: these include community engagement, cultural responsiveness in the programme, improved attendance of children at school, and the value of collaboration for lecturers. Fifth, challenges ...


Information And Advocacy: Forgotten Components In The Strategies For Achieving Inclusive Education In South Africa?, Marguerite Maher May 2016

Information And Advocacy: Forgotten Components In The Strategies For Achieving Inclusive Education In South Africa?, Marguerite Maher

Marguerite Maher

Commitment to a single, inclusive education system has been the aspiration of reform in education in a democratic South Africa as articulated in White Paper 6: Special needs education: Building an inclusive education and training system (Department of Education 2001). This article reports findings from a qualitative study which took place in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), which ascertained participants’ evaluation of the extent to which the policy ideals of inclusive education, as articulated in White Paper 6 were being achieved. Findings revealed that there was evidence of inclusive education beginning to be implemented in KZN in that barriers to learning for many ...


Globalising The Class Size Debate: Myths And Realities, Kevin Watson, Boris Handal, Marguerite Maher, Erin Mcginty May 2016

Globalising The Class Size Debate: Myths And Realities, Kevin Watson, Boris Handal, Marguerite Maher, Erin Mcginty

Marguerite Maher

Public opinion reflects a ‘common sense’ view that smaller classes improve student academic performance. This review reveals that the ‘class size’ effect of increased academic performance, although significant for disadvantaged students and students in the very early years of schooling, does not necessarily transfer to other student groups. Moreover, the literature indicates there are other more cost-effective variables that enhance student learning outcomes such as those associated with teacher quality. Internationally, large-scale interventions concluded that systematic class size reductions were more resource intensive requiring more personnel, training and infrastructure. From the large quantitative studies of the 1980s to the more ...


Culturally Appealing Mathematics Materials, Marguerite Maher May 2016

Culturally Appealing Mathematics Materials, Marguerite Maher

Marguerite Maher

No abstract available


Making Inclusive Education Happen: The Impact Of Initial Teacher Education In Remote Aboriginal Communities, Marguerite Maher May 2016

Making Inclusive Education Happen: The Impact Of Initial Teacher Education In Remote Aboriginal Communities, Marguerite Maher

Marguerite Maher

This paper discusses the Growing Our Own initial teacher education (ITE) pilot programme which allowed Indigenous assistant teachers in their own communities to study to become a teacher with the support of a non-Indigenous teacher. There are five sections in this paper, including: (1) the underpinning theory and philosophy of one Australian university's Inclusive Education paper in their ITE course; (2) how these principles informed the Growing Our Own pilot which has made ITE accessible to Indigenous Australians in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory, Australia; (3) elements of the programme which have led to it becoming systemically ...


Using Wikis To Facilitate Communication For Rural, Remote, And At-Risk Practicum Students, Serena Davie, Richard G. Berlach May 2016

Using Wikis To Facilitate Communication For Rural, Remote, And At-Risk Practicum Students, Serena Davie, Richard G. Berlach

Serena Davie

The practicum experience is often highlighted as the core of any pre-service teacher education course. Unless effective communication mechanisms can be established to support students in off-campus locations, the practicum experience can be compromised if students feel isolated and abandoned when faced with difficulties. Such a scenario may be particularly relevant to students in remote placements or for those who have been identified as being at-risk. The main goal of this project was to determine whether a Wiki could be an effective tool for facilitating meaningful dialogue between the university, school-based personnel and students during the practicum. A Wiki was ...


Educator Identities. Emerging Issues Within Personal And Professional Identities: Changes Experienced By Australian Pre-Service Teachers Following Professional Exposure To Educational Practice Within Childcare Settings, Doireann O'Connor, Christine Mcgunnigle, Tracy Treasure, Serena Davie May 2016

Educator Identities. Emerging Issues Within Personal And Professional Identities: Changes Experienced By Australian Pre-Service Teachers Following Professional Exposure To Educational Practice Within Childcare Settings, Doireann O'Connor, Christine Mcgunnigle, Tracy Treasure, Serena Davie

Tracy Treasure

This paper presents the findings of a research project investigating the perceptions and expectations held by pre-service teachers regarding the childcare sector. It presents the views of a group of pre-service teachers both before and after their exposure to practice within childcare following a ten week practicum. The personal experiences of the research participants impacted greatly on their evolutionary understanding of and attitude towards the childcare sector. Thematic analysis of the data produced several key concepts that illuminated issues of identity conflict across the care and education divide. This paper makes a necessary contribution to the current research context where ...


Educator Identities. Emerging Issues Within Personal And Professional Identities: Changes Experienced By Australian Pre-Service Teachers Following Professional Exposure To Educational Practice Within Childcare Settings, Doireann O'Connor, Christine Mcgunnigle, Tracy Treasure, Serena Davie May 2016

Educator Identities. Emerging Issues Within Personal And Professional Identities: Changes Experienced By Australian Pre-Service Teachers Following Professional Exposure To Educational Practice Within Childcare Settings, Doireann O'Connor, Christine Mcgunnigle, Tracy Treasure, Serena Davie

Christine McGunnigle

This paper presents the findings of a research project investigating the perceptions and expectations held by pre-service teachers regarding the childcare sector. It presents the views of a group of pre-service teachers both before and after their exposure to practice within childcare following a ten week practicum. The personal experiences of the research participants impacted greatly on their evolutionary understanding of and attitude towards the childcare sector. Thematic analysis of the data produced several key concepts that illuminated issues of identity conflict across the care and education divide. This paper makes a necessary contribution to the current research context where ...


Predicting Medical Student Success On Licensure Exams, Charles A. Gullo, Michael J. Mccarthy, Joseph I. Shapiro, Bobby L. Miller May 2016

Predicting Medical Student Success On Licensure Exams, Charles A. Gullo, Michael J. Mccarthy, Joseph I. Shapiro, Bobby L. Miller

Michael McCarthy

Many schools seek to predict performance on national exams required for medical school graduation using prematriculation and medical school performance data. The need for targeted intervention strategies for at-risk students has led much of this interest. Assumptions that preadmission data and high stakes in-house medical exams correlate strongly with national standardized exam performance needs to be examined. Looking at prematriculation data for predicting USMLE Step 1 performance, we found that MCAT exam totals and math-science GPA had the best prediction from a set of prematriculation values (adjusted R 2 = 11.7 %) for step 1. The addition of scores from the ...


Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell May 2016

Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell

Derek Hurrell

In providing a continued focus on tasks and activities that help to illustrate key ideas embedded in the new Australian Curriculum, in this issue we focus, on Algebra in the Number and Algebra strand.


Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell May 2016

Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell

Derek Hurrell

In providing a continued focus on tasks and activities that help to illustrate key ideas embedded in the new Australian Curriculum, in this issue we focus on the Statistics and Probability strand.


Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell May 2016

Australian Curriculum Linked Lessons, Derek Hurrell

Derek Hurrell

In providing a continued focus on tasks and activities that help to illustrate key ideas embedded in the new Australian Curriculum, the focus in this issue is on Measurement in the Measurement and Geometry strand.


Mathematical Games: Just Trivial Pursuits?, Derek Hurrell, Paul Swan May 2016

Mathematical Games: Just Trivial Pursuits?, Derek Hurrell, Paul Swan

Derek Hurrell

No abstract provided.


A Snapshot Of The Use Of Ict In Primary Mathematics Classrooms In Western Australia, Lorraine Day May 2016

A Snapshot Of The Use Of Ict In Primary Mathematics Classrooms In Western Australia, Lorraine Day

Lorraine Day

Lorraine Day reports on some of the findings of the Teaching Teachers for the Future Project. The Australian Curriculum constantly makes reference to digital technologies so we believe our readers will be interested to see how teachers are making use of technology in classrooms across Western Australia. The results may be used to 'benchmark' what is going on in your school.


Development Of A Mobile-Optimised Website To Support Students With Special Needs Transitioning From Primary To Secondary Settings, Dianne Chambers, Anne Coffey May 2016

Development Of A Mobile-Optimised Website To Support Students With Special Needs Transitioning From Primary To Secondary Settings, Dianne Chambers, Anne Coffey

Anne Coffey

With an increasing number of students with special needs being included in regular classroom environments, consideration of, and planning for, a smooth transition between different school settings is important for parents, classroom teachers and school administrators. The transition between primary and secondary school can be difficult for students with special needs, particularly in the areas of organisation and social interaction. Technology can be used to assist students to make this transition more effectively and may work to minimise any difficulties involved in the transition. In this article the authors describe transition considerations, and technology use for students with special needs ...


Relationships: The Key To Successful Transition From Primary To Secondary School?, Anne Coffey May 2016

Relationships: The Key To Successful Transition From Primary To Secondary School?, Anne Coffey

Anne Coffey

Although change can be considered an inevitable part of life, the process itself can be both challenging and confronting. This is no less the case than for early adolescents as they negotiate the transition from primary to secondary school. Whilst this transition can be considered a regular part of the formal school experience, it can represent a significant challenge to all who are involved including students, parents and teachers. As schools plan to support these stakeholders through the process an understanding of the issues faced by each group is important. Whilst transition may be fraught a focus on the relational ...


“Roots Of Empathy”: A Research Study On Its Impact On Teachers In Western Australia, Glenda Cain, Yvonne Carnellor May 2016

“Roots Of Empathy”: A Research Study On Its Impact On Teachers In Western Australia, Glenda Cain, Yvonne Carnellor

Glenda Cain

This study emphasises the need for all teachers, and pre-service teachers, to be trained in programs that specifically address social-emotional competencies. It supports the need for all schools to be resourced to implement programs that explicitly teach social emotional learning, essential for students’ cognitive and academic skills’ development. What policymakers and educators must now address is the question, “Can we afford not to support this program?"


Inclusive Education For Students With Disability: A Review Of The Best Evidence In Relation To Theory And Practice, Chris Irene Forlin, Dianne J. Chambers, Tim Loreman, Joanne Deppler, Umesh Sharma May 2016

Inclusive Education For Students With Disability: A Review Of The Best Evidence In Relation To Theory And Practice, Chris Irene Forlin, Dianne J. Chambers, Tim Loreman, Joanne Deppler, Umesh Sharma

Dianne J Chambers

This report was commissioned by the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth (ARACY) for the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR - now DOE). Inclusive education has been identified as a focus area for investigation, toward exploring what research has found to work in improving not only school attendance but also school achievement and other learning outcomes for school students with disability. This report provides an overview of inclusive education, which will inform the work of the Schools Disability Advisory Council (SDAC). SDAC was established to provide informed advice and information to Government in relation to school education ...


A Multi-Perspective Collaborative On Teacher Learning For Teachers Of Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Elizabeth A. West, Phyllis Jones, Dianne Chambers, Teresa Whitehurst May 2016

A Multi-Perspective Collaborative On Teacher Learning For Teachers Of Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Elizabeth A. West, Phyllis Jones, Dianne Chambers, Teresa Whitehurst

Dianne J Chambers

The purpose of this multi-perspective collaborative research activity was to analyze moments of teacher learning as perceived by a group of teachers who educate students with the label of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The researchers in this project acknowledge the value of hearing teachers’ perspectives on what works for them in their professional learning. This perspective is generated from surveys distributed to inservice teachers at three Universities (two located within the USA and one situated in Australia) and one Residential School (UK). Five overarching themes emerged at the analysis stage and relate to: practical experience, pre-service training, in-service training, mentoring ...


Inclusivity Imperatives And The Australian National Curriculum, Richard G. Berlach, Dianne Chambers May 2016

Inclusivity Imperatives And The Australian National Curriculum, Richard G. Berlach, Dianne Chambers

Richard Berlach

With work currently being undertaken on formulating Australia's first national curriculum, now seems an opportune time to review the current state of play with regard to how well inclusivity is being represented in the developing documentation. An accurate understanding of “what is” is often the first step in preparing for “what may be” on a much broader scale. Accordingly, this essay addresses three matters, and does so by way of engaging in interpretive documentary analysis. First, the notion of inclusivity in education per se is introduced, and the concept itself defined. Second, an examination is undertaken of how the ...


Conceptualizing Planning In Kindergarten And Preprimary Settings: An Exploratory Study With Preservice Teachers, Sofia Elliott, Richard G. Berlach May 2016

Conceptualizing Planning In Kindergarten And Preprimary Settings: An Exploratory Study With Preservice Teachers, Sofia Elliott, Richard G. Berlach

Richard Berlach

Teachers of young children conceptualize their work in a variety of ways. Understandably then, the early years planning documentation which has emerged over time, has reflected mtiltiple planning preferences as evidenced by the varied formats and processes in existence. The development of Australia's first nationally-based Early Years Learning Framework (2009) provides a unique opportunity for reconsidering the nature and purpose of planning documentation. This article considers how documentation, based on the framework, can be used to guide the development of a planning model for kindergarten and preprimary (K-PP) children. The proposed model was created for the purpose of facilitating ...


The Cyclical Integration Model As A Way Of Managing Major Educational Change, Richard G. Berlach May 2016

The Cyclical Integration Model As A Way Of Managing Major Educational Change, Richard G. Berlach

Richard Berlach

Where minds meet, there lies the change vector. With regard to change management, however, minds regularly fail to meet in the crucial change space. They either unwittingly zip past each other, deliberately avoid one another, or worse still, collide with excruciating impact. This paper examines the interrelated role of government, the public service and professionals in successfully transitioning major change initiatives. It is argued that unless these agencies operate in synchrony, change negotiation is likely to be hampered. To this end, a model of “Cyclical Integration” is presented and supported by driving questions for each of the three agencies facilitating ...


The Golden Thread: Educator Connectivity As A Central Pillar In The Development Of Creativity Through Childhood Education. An Irish Life History Study, Doireann O'Connor May 2016

The Golden Thread: Educator Connectivity As A Central Pillar In The Development Of Creativity Through Childhood Education. An Irish Life History Study, Doireann O'Connor

Dee O'Connor

This paper presents the narratives of five creative Irish Adults who contributed to the study by sharing their childhood education experiences. The five participants are all of different ages and occupations. All identify themselves as highly creative people and all worked with me over the course of this study to identify how this creativity developed within their engagement with the Irish childhood education system. All excelled with higher education and they share a high degree of success within their careers. Between them, they express their creativity across five key genres. These are: Science, Engineering, The Arts, Entrepreneurship and Social Entrepreneurship ...