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2016

Medicine and Health Sciences

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Articles 1 - 30 of 152

Full-Text Articles in Education

Student Lifestyle Choices And Perceptions Of Stress Based On Majors, Nathan Robinson, Seth Andrews, Benjamin E. Yoder Dec 2016

Student Lifestyle Choices And Perceptions Of Stress Based On Majors, Nathan Robinson, Seth Andrews, Benjamin E. Yoder

Kinesiology and Allied Health Senior Research Projects

College students are often experience many stressors. This study was designed to look at perceived-stress and health habits with relation to academic department of undergraduate students at Cedarville University. The results of this study have implications for the Physical Activity and the Christian Life (PACL) class, offered on the Cedarville campus, in assessing its current curriculum and making potential future adjustments to the course. The objective of this study was to answer the question: “Do perceived stress levels within different academic departments affect health habits in Cedarville University undergraduate students?”

The study was conducted with a campus-wide, 27 question survey ...


Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Linda Galloway Dec 2016

Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker, Linda Galloway

Library Articles and Research

Librarians without a background in the health sciences were tasked with building a collection to support a new pharmacy school at a traditionally liberal arts institution. Despite little subject expertise, the team assessed current holdings, conducted a review of recommended resources, and collaborated with faculty to prioritize acquisitions to support the developing program as funds became available. The hire of a health sciences librarian provided new opportunities for assessment and for continued collecting. Altogether, this process allowed for the creation of recommended best practices that can be adopted by any librarian procuring resources to support new health science programs.


Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman Dec 2016

Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman

Health Studies Publications

Undergraduate students are becoming increasingly involved in research. They already posses the skills required to make meaningful contributions to their field of interest. Some important components of their success relates to a student's ability to stay up to date in the research of their field, and to learn practical skills pertaining to the publishing process. This article hopes to help with this through presenting easy-to-follow summary tables and short paragraphs on tips for success. Topics include staying up to date in a practical way, getting involved, reaching out for help, and publication. For students, by students, this report is ...


Using The Assessment Process To Improve Evidence-Based Information Gathering Skills For Future Audiologists, Mickel Paris, Jiong Hu, Veronica Koo, Susanna Marshall, Gabriella Musacchia Dec 2016

Using The Assessment Process To Improve Evidence-Based Information Gathering Skills For Future Audiologists, Mickel Paris, Jiong Hu, Veronica Koo, Susanna Marshall, Gabriella Musacchia

University Libraries Librarian and Staff Articles and Papers

Success of students in Doctor of Audiology programs depends on the ability of the learner to find and evaluate scholarly evidence. The objective of this study is to determine if an information literacy training session on evidence-based information gathering will increase four student measures: (1) Attitudes toward gathering and evaluating scholarly evidence, (2) Knowledge about evidence-base information gathering practices, (3) Perceived value of the training regarding evidence-based searching methods, and (4) Ability to gather evidence for clinical research questions. 23 first-year audiology doctoral students (AuD) at the University of the Pacific in San Francisco participated in this study. Pre- and ...


Evaluation Of Over The Counter Medication Knowledge And Literacy In Middle School And High School Students, Tessa Kelly, Kelly M. Conn, Allison Bosworth, Matthew Zak Dec 2016

Evaluation Of Over The Counter Medication Knowledge And Literacy In Middle School And High School Students, Tessa Kelly, Kelly M. Conn, Allison Bosworth, Matthew Zak

Doctoral External Publications

Over the counter (OTC) medications are commonly utilized by the public, including adolescents, to self-treat many conditions. Unfortunately, these products can be dangerous if not used safely and appropriately. Adolescents between 13 and 19 years old composed 7.32 percent of the human exposure cases reported to U.S. poison control centers in 2014. Among these cases, there were 53 fatalities involving pharmaceuticals. This is an age range where medication use becomes more independent and the education they receive throughout the school curriculum is unknown. This study was designed to evaluate OTC medication knowledge and literacy among middle and high ...


How Do They Do It? A Phenomenological Description Of Stress And Coping In Radiation Therapists, Cheryl Turner Dec 2016

How Do They Do It? A Phenomenological Description Of Stress And Coping In Radiation Therapists, Cheryl Turner

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This study aimed to better understand and describe the lived experiences of job-related stressors and associated coping mechanisms of radiation therapists (RTTs). The study employed a phenomenological qualitative method as to explore the experiences of 11 radiation therapists in select regional cancer centers in the Southeastern United States. The following questions were explored: (a) How do radiation therapists describe job-related stress? (b) What factors do radiation therapists identify as contributing to job-related stress? (c) What mechanisms do radiation therapists employ to cope with job-related stress they described? and (d) How do radiation therapists find motivation to continue in their chosen ...


Psychological Needs, Self-Regulation, And Motivation Profiles Among A Sample Of Hong Kong Chinese University Students: A Person-Centered Approach, Cecilia M. S. Ma, Daniel T. L. Shek, Catie C. W. Lai Nov 2016

Psychological Needs, Self-Regulation, And Motivation Profiles Among A Sample Of Hong Kong Chinese University Students: A Person-Centered Approach, Cecilia M. S. Ma, Daniel T. L. Shek, Catie C. W. Lai

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

To better understand factors that influence individuals’ motivation to engage in physical activity, this study aimed to identify the motivational profiles among the Chinese university students, compare the motivational profiles between genders, and explore whether satisfaction of various psychological needs vary with different motivational profiles. Two thousand and twenty-two Chinese university students completed a battery of self-report questionnaires assessing motivation regulation and psychological needs satisfaction. Three motivational profiles were identified for both genders. The overall patterns of the motivational profiles for both genders were similar. However, males (44%) were more likely than their female counterparts (19%) in self-determined profile group ...


Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall Nov 2016

Barriers, Motivations, And Preferences For Physical Activity Among Female African American Older Adults, Neha P. Gothe, Bradley J. Kendall

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, less than 11% of adults more than the age of 65 meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. Among minority populations, only 5% of non-Hispanic Black older adults met the guidelines. Given our limited understanding of psychosocial and environmental factors that affect physical activity participation in these groups, the purpose of our focus groups was to investigate barriers, motivators, and preferences of physical activity for community-dwelling African American older adults. Three focus groups were conducted with female African American older adults (N = 20). Questions posed to each focus group targeted ...


'I Wish Someone Watched Me Interview:' Medical Student Insight Into Observation And Feedback As A Method For Teaching Communication Skills During The Clinical Years, Heather Schopper, Marcy Rosenbaum, Rick Axelson Nov 2016

'I Wish Someone Watched Me Interview:' Medical Student Insight Into Observation And Feedback As A Method For Teaching Communication Skills During The Clinical Years, Heather Schopper, Marcy Rosenbaum, Rick Axelson

Department of Family Medicine Publications

BACKGROUND: Experts suggest observation and feedback is a useful tool for teaching and evaluating medical student communication skills during the clinical years. Failing to do this effectively risks contributing to deterioration of students' communication skills during the very educational period in which they are most important. While educators have been queried about their thoughts on this issue, little is known about what this process is like for learners and if they feel they get educational value from being observed. This study explored student perspectives regarding their experiences with clinical observation and feedback on communication skills.

METHODS: A total of 125 ...


Childbirth Education In Jordan: Content, Feasibility And Challenges Of Implementing A Childbirth Education Program In Jordan, Fatima Malkawi Ms Nov 2016

Childbirth Education In Jordan: Content, Feasibility And Challenges Of Implementing A Childbirth Education Program In Jordan, Fatima Malkawi Ms

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

No childbirth education (CE) programs are available in the public sectors in Jordan. Many studies from Jordan recommended that pregnant women be educated about their health needs during pregnancy and childbirth. From the literature, CE programs were found to have positive effects on pregnancy and childbirth outcomes. Four focus groups with pregnant women, midwives and physicians were conducted to examine the perceptions of pregnant women, midwives and physicians regarding the content, feasibility, and challenges of implementing a CE program in Jordan. The 4 focus groups, two with pregnant women (one group with 8 primiparous women and one group with 6 ...


Housing In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: Perceptions Of Supply And Condition: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, Rebecca J. Vogt, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel, Randolph L. Cantrell, Bradley Lubben, L. J. Mcelravy Nov 2016

Housing In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: Perceptions Of Supply And Condition: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, Rebecca J. Vogt, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel, Randolph L. Cantrell, Bradley Lubben, L. J. Mcelravy

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

Conclusion

Most rural Nebraskans own their home. And, when asked about housing programs or priorities they would support in their community, most rural Nebraskans support programs that help seniors age in their homes, programs that would help upgrade the condition of existing homes and providing affordable rental housing. They are less likely to support organizing volunteer efforts to maintain existing housing stock, but still one-half support this option as well.

Support for one of the programs differs by community size. Persons living in or near larger communities are more likely than persons living in or near smaller communities to support ...


Starting Locally, Thinking Globally As A Public Health Nurse, Heather Hall Nov 2016

Starting Locally, Thinking Globally As A Public Health Nurse, Heather Hall

Alumni Publications

No abstract provided.


Pharm.D. Graduates Exceed Expectations, Beth Ford Nov 2016

Pharm.D. Graduates Exceed Expectations, Beth Ford

Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Living Out Micah 6:8 As A Family Nurse Practitioner, Marcia (Knaus) Williams Nov 2016

Living Out Micah 6:8 As A Family Nurse Practitioner, Marcia (Knaus) Williams

Alumni Publications

No abstract provided.


Academic And Psychosocial Outcomes Of A Physical Activity Program With Fourth Graders: Variations Among Schools In Six Urban School Districts, Cheryl L. Somers, Erin E. Centeio, Noel Kulik, Alex Garn, Jeffry Martin, Bo Shen, Mariane Fahlman, Nathan A. Mccaughtry Oct 2016

Academic And Psychosocial Outcomes Of A Physical Activity Program With Fourth Graders: Variations Among Schools In Six Urban School Districts, Cheryl L. Somers, Erin E. Centeio, Noel Kulik, Alex Garn, Jeffry Martin, Bo Shen, Mariane Fahlman, Nathan A. Mccaughtry

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

The purpose was to examine academic achievement, school attachment, and peer acceptance before and after a comprehensive school-based physical activity program (CSPAP) with 378 children in 12 fourth-grade classrooms across six schools in primarily low-socioeconomic status (SES) districts of a large Midwestern metropolitan area. Both personal and normative rate of academic achievement improvement metrics were used. Overall, all students showed personal math and reading growth. However, effects varied by types of achievement indicator and comparison group, revealing noteworthy school-level demographic and implementation characteristics that are inextricably intertwined with program effectiveness and student growth. Implications, especially for minimizing generalizations, are significant.


E-Cigarette Use Among Students And E-Cigarette Specialty Retailer Presence Near Schools, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. Mccarthy Oct 2016

E-Cigarette Use Among Students And E-Cigarette Specialty Retailer Presence Near Schools, Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M. Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J. Mccarthy

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

Objective. This study examined the association between presence of e-cigarette specialty retailers near schools and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students in Orange County (OC), CA.

Methods. The OC subsample of the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey (N=67,701) was combined with geocoded e-cigarette retailers to determine whether a retailer was present within one-quarter mile of each public school in OC. Multilevel logistic regression models evaluated individual-level and school-level e-cigarette use correlates among middle and high school students.

Results. Among middle school students, the presence of an e-cigarette retailer within one-quarter mile of their school predicted lifetime ...


Knowledge Is Health Interprofessional Partnerships To Promote Health Literacy, Nancy Henderson, Michele Spatz Oct 2016

Knowledge Is Health Interprofessional Partnerships To Promote Health Literacy, Nancy Henderson, Michele Spatz

Knowledge is Health: Interprofessional Partnerships to Promote Health Literacy

An important aim of NN/LM Region 6 Regional Medical Library is to support collaborations in the Pacific Northwest that foster effective use of current, high quality, information and decision support resources by health professionals, by students in the health professions, and by patients in order to treat commonly encountered medical conditions in rural and underserved populations in Oregon. This project supports that aim through two overarching goals: 1) promoting appropriate use of NLM resources in interprofessional education and practice in Oregon; and 2) creating strong collaborative relationships to improve access and use of the latest evidence on diabetes prevention ...


Knowledge Is Health Interprofessional Partnerships To Promote Health Literacy, Michele Spatz, Nancy Henderson Oct 2016

Knowledge Is Health Interprofessional Partnerships To Promote Health Literacy, Michele Spatz, Nancy Henderson

General Resources

Presented at the Pacific Northwest Chapter of the Medical Library Association annual meeting, this poster describes the anticipated steps staff of the Pacific University Libraries plans to take to fulfill its recently funded NN/LM subaward project titled, "Knowledge is Health: Interprofessional Partnerships to Promote Health Literacy."


The Importance Of Learning Objectives In Program Design And Evaluation, Debi Lang Oct 2016

The Importance Of Learning Objectives In Program Design And Evaluation, Debi Lang

Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications

Blog post to AEA365, a blog sponsored by the American Evaluation Association (AEA) dedicated to highlighting Hot Tips, Cool Tricks, Rad Resources, and Lessons Learned for evaluators. The American Evaluation Association is an international professional association of evaluators devoted to the application and exploration of program evaluation, personnel evaluation, technology, and many other forms of evaluation. Evaluation involves assessing the strengths and weaknesses of programs, policies, personnel, products, and organizations to improve their effectiveness.


Community Satisfaction And Marketing In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, Rebecca J. Vogt, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel, Randolph L. Cantrell, Bradley Lubben, L. J. Mcelravy Oct 2016

Community Satisfaction And Marketing In Nonmetropolitan Nebraska: 2016 Nebraska Rural Poll Results, Rebecca J. Vogt, Cheryl A. Burkhart-Kriesel, Randolph L. Cantrell, Bradley Lubben, L. J. Mcelravy

Publications of the Rural Futures Institute

Conclusion

By many different measures, rural Nebraskans are positive about their community. Many rural Nebraskans rate their community favorably on its social dimensions: as friendly, trusting and supportive. Most rural Nebraskans say it would be difficult to leave their community. And, most rural Nebraskans disagree that their community is powerless to control its future.

Across all years of this study, rural Nebraskans’ views about the change in their community have generally been positive. The proportion believing their community has changed for the better during the past year has usually been greater than the proportion believing it has changed for the ...


Healthy Homes, Healthy Futures: A Home Visitation Curriculum For Pediatric Residents, Kofi D. Essel, Sirisha Yalamanchi, Cara Lichtenstein, Erin Hysom Oct 2016

Healthy Homes, Healthy Futures: A Home Visitation Curriculum For Pediatric Residents, Kofi D. Essel, Sirisha Yalamanchi, Cara Lichtenstein, Erin Hysom

E-Learning Modules

A working knowledge of the home and neighborhood environment is critical to understanding the barriers that families face when struggling with obesity. Most doctors are only given the opportunity to address individuals with obesity in the office setting and usually describe their counseling abilities as ineffective. This focused home visitation curriculum offers a unique tool to improve residents’ understanding of the social determinants of health, how these determinants relate to obesity, and critical obesity-management skills. The curriculum requires residents to review three PowerPoint modules and an article on motivational interviewing. Residents then implement what they have learned by doing two ...


Emerging Roles For Librarians In The Medical School Curriculum And The Impact On Professional Identity, Anne Linton Oct 2016

Emerging Roles For Librarians In The Medical School Curriculum And The Impact On Professional Identity, Anne Linton

Himmelfarb Library Faculty Publications

This article discusses the impact on professional identity for health sciences librarians participating in the curriculum revision and development process. A qualitative survey, designed to examine the current roles, values, and self-identification of health sciences librarians involved in curricular revision, was conducted. The respondents discussed how they had participated in the planning, implementation, and rollout phases of revised curricula. They identified skills and values essential to successful participation and described the impact of expanded professional relationships on new identities as educators, change agents, and problem solvers. The study may add to the knowledge base of skills and attitudes needed for ...


Mapping The Literature Of Pediatric Nursing: Update And Implications For Library Services, Carol L. Watwood Oct 2016

Mapping The Literature Of Pediatric Nursing: Update And Implications For Library Services, Carol L. Watwood

DLPS Faculty Publications

Objective

The purpose of this study was to identify core journals and other types of literature cited in four major pediatric nursing journals and to characterize coverage of these resources in major bibliographic databases. The study was part of the “Mapping the Literature of Nursing Project” of the Medical Library Association's Nursing and Allied Health Resource Section. It updates a similar analysis published in 2006 and determines whether citation patterns have changed over time.

Methods

Cited references from articles published in 4 pediatric nursing journals between 2011 and 2013 were collected. Cited journal titles were ranked according to number ...


Cec Newsletter (Fall 2016), Mary Lloyd Moore, Executive Director Oct 2016

Cec Newsletter (Fall 2016), Mary Lloyd Moore, Executive Director

CEC Publications

No abstract provided.


The Children Left Behind, Emma Gray Oct 2016

The Children Left Behind, Emma Gray

The Diana McDonald Writer's Challenge

This essay addresses the health needs of youth, arguing that schools are an ideal place for providing health services and proposing that school districts provide school-based health centers (SBHCs) to attend to the dental, emotional, and physical health needs of students.


Access Is Not Enough: Family Planning In Dar Es Salaam, Claire Burrus Oct 2016

Access Is Not Enough: Family Planning In Dar Es Salaam, Claire Burrus

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Population growth is a large problem, both globally and at local levels. The global population is growing at an unsustainable rate, particularly in developing nations. Tanzania, as a developing nation, is one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and as a result, faces many hardships related to high population. The Tanzanian government, non-governmental organizations, and private institutions have made attempts to address these concerns by encouraging family planning. Even so, the national population continues to rise. Many social and cultural factors have contributed to this phenomenon. This study was performed in the Women’s Clinic at Sanitas Hospital ...


How We’Ll Fight The Next Deadly Virus Ted Talk Annotated Resource List, Susie Roy Oct 2016

How We’Ll Fight The Next Deadly Virus Ted Talk Annotated Resource List, Susie Roy

Undergraduate Research Award

No abstract provided.


Manufacturing And Engineering [Career Paper], Mahdi Alawami Oct 2016

Manufacturing And Engineering [Career Paper], Mahdi Alawami

Undergraduate Research Award

No abstract provided.


Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are Ted Talk Annotated Resource List, Elizabeth Hurm Oct 2016

Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are Ted Talk Annotated Resource List, Elizabeth Hurm

Undergraduate Research Award

No abstract provided.


For A Public-Private Partnership To Achieve Migrant Health Equality In Morocco: A Cross-Analysis Of Integration Policies And Migrant Peer Educator Programs, Victoria Anders Oct 2016

For A Public-Private Partnership To Achieve Migrant Health Equality In Morocco: A Cross-Analysis Of Integration Policies And Migrant Peer Educator Programs, Victoria Anders

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Since the Moroccan Ministry in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs (MRE) released its National Strategy on Immigration and Asylum in December 2014, MRE has put forth various policies and action plans to improve migrant integration in Morocco, including the need for their integration into the national healthcare system. Before that, most of the needs of the growing migrant population in Morocco were provided for by civil society and non-governmental organizations, who worked with severely underserved and isolated migrants often fearful and distrusting of the government and authorities. To overcome this resentment, these organizations had to develop community ...