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2015

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Integrating Institutional Mission Into Faculty Work, Edel M. Jesse, Cody L. Mcmillen Apr 2015

Integrating Institutional Mission Into Faculty Work, Edel M. Jesse, Cody L. Mcmillen

Stander Symposium Posters

The integration of a faith-based university’s mission into the curriculum and the requirements that this identity imposes upon faculty members’ scholarship are often at odds with the concept of academic freedom (VanZanten, 2011). This common dilemma is an authentic and significant part of Catholic higher education. To balance a conceptual understanding of faith integration with practical tools for academic professionals looking for resources, the University of Dayton’s Commitment to Community (C2C) document provides a community approach to education (University of Dayton, n.d.). This document could be a valued resource to assist faculty in applying mission-based values into ...


The Effects Of Music On Employee Affect, Nolan J. Mcnulty Apr 2015

The Effects Of Music On Employee Affect, Nolan J. Mcnulty

Stander Symposium Posters

My thesis is concerned with the effect of music on mood in the workplace. Mood, or affect, is an important attribute in the working environment. For example, positive affect is directly proportional to employee satisfaction, which leads to more productivity and more efficiency. On the other hand, negative affect is inversely proportional to employee satisfaction. Poor employee satisfaction leads to less productivity and less efficiency. The mood of employees at a student café at the University of Dayton was assessed with and without background music while they worked. Data was collected over a two-week period from 20 student employees. Data ...


Does That "Ring A Bell?" The Effects Of Music-Induced Emotions On Recall Of A Story, Giuseppe G. Miranda Apr 2015

Does That "Ring A Bell?" The Effects Of Music-Induced Emotions On Recall Of A Story, Giuseppe G. Miranda

Stander Symposium Posters

This research examined the effects of music-induced emotions on memory for information from a story. Previous research has revealed that music is a reliable tool for mood manipulation (Vuoskoski & Eerola, 2012), and emotion has been shown to be a memory enhancer (Janke, 2008). Tesoriero and Rickard (2012) provide two major theories for how music and memory interact, emotional arousal theory and mood congruence theory. The emotional arousal theory predicts that when emotions are aroused there will be an overall enhanced memory for attended information. Further, the mood congruence theory predicts enhanced memory for information that is congruent with reported emotions ...


Are Young Children’S Music Preferences Associated With The Singer’S Race?, Yi Liu Apr 2015

Are Young Children’S Music Preferences Associated With The Singer’S Race?, Yi Liu

Stander Symposium Posters

Few studies have examined Racial/Ethnic (R/E) Identity in early childhood. The current study utilizes a novel approach to measuring this construct and, further, investigates whether R/E Identity is related to cross-race acceptance. African American and White kindergarten children were asked to rate the quality of 4 female and 4 male singers, each of whom is depicted on a video clip. Among the 8 video clips are 2 pairs of female singers and 2 pairs of male singers. Within each pair of same-sex singers, one is Black and the other is White. The same sound track is used ...


Behavioral Activation In A Homeless Shelter: Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Activation Treatment Efficacy Measure, Zachary S. Glendening Apr 2015

Behavioral Activation In A Homeless Shelter: Development And Validation Of The Behavioral Activation Treatment Efficacy Measure, Zachary S. Glendening

Stander Symposium Posters

Beginning in the summer of 2013, Reeb and colleagues implemented a Behavioral Activation (BA) Program in a homeless shelter for men. Based on operant conditioning, BA is a “therapeutic process that emphasizes structured attempts at engendering increases in overt behaviors that are likely to bring [the person] into contact with reinforcing environmental contingencies and produce corresponding improvements in thoughts, mood, and overall quality of life” (Hopko et al., 2003, p. 700). Quantitative and qualitative results show that BA has efficacy in increasing homeless men’s participation in various shelter activities (Reeb et al., 2014). With funding from the Graduate Student ...


Hate Crime Laws: What Are They And Who Do They Protect?, Maya Victoria Pedersen Apr 2015

Hate Crime Laws: What Are They And Who Do They Protect?, Maya Victoria Pedersen

Stander Symposium Posters

Tremendous disagreement and confusion regarding hate crime laws and the groups protected by them persist. We investigated perceptions of what constitutes a hate crime and whether these standards are applied consistently. Participants read and responded to brief scenarios describing offenses committed by majority or minority group members against others (majority or minority group members). Although support for the exploratory hypotheses was not found, interesting patterns emerged with respect to gender differences.


Externalizing Symptoms As A Risk For Unintentional Injuries In Children, Sally M. Askar Apr 2015

Externalizing Symptoms As A Risk For Unintentional Injuries In Children, Sally M. Askar

Stander Symposium Posters

The objective of this study is to understand the influence of externalizing symptoms (e.g., hyperactivity, oppositionality) on unintentional home injuries in children. Childhood unintentional injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years of age (Krug, Sharma, & Lozano, 2010). Past research has shown that the presence of certain behavioral disorders may impact the risk of childhood injury (Pastor & Reuben, 2006). These disorders include Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). The psychiatric symptoms of these disorders comprise of externalizing symptoms such as aggression, hyperactivity, and oppositionality (inadequate cooperation or compliance by the child; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The literature about the effects of externalizing problems on unintentional injury risk has been equivocal (Schwebel, Hodgens, & Sterling, 2006; Davidson et al., 1992). Further, research identifying the specific externalizing symptoms that could increase the risk for unintentional home injuries in children is lacking. This proposed study will test the hypothesis that children with externalizing symptoms are more ...


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Perceived Social Support And Medication Adherence In Uninsured Patients With Hypertension, Megan K. Flaherty Apr 2015

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Perceived Social Support And Medication Adherence In Uninsured Patients With Hypertension, Megan K. Flaherty

Stander Symposium Posters

Hypertension is a relatively common chronic condition that affects approximately one in three Americans. Successful management and treatment often requires individuals to take antihypertensive medications regularly. However, non-adherence to varying levels and for different reasons is rather common. Untreated hypertension can lead to serious health consequences including heart attacks, heart disease, and kidney damage. Additionally, individuals without health insurance are more likely to have uncontrolled levels of high blood pressure than those with health insurance. It was predicted that increased perceptions of social support would be correlated with higher levels of antihypertensive medication adherence. 79 uninsured individuals with at least ...


Does Study Abroad Impact Students’ Personality?, Ashley Ann F. Marshall Apr 2015

Does Study Abroad Impact Students’ Personality?, Ashley Ann F. Marshall

Stander Symposium Posters

International education is universally valued both in academics and the job market because of the perception that those who study abroad have increased intercultural awareness, experience with diversity, and opportunity for personal growth. Given that students who are studying abroad are experiencing increased independence and experience with a new culture, this is a potential time for the development of perspective-taking, empathic concern, non-prejudice, and other forms of personal growth. The present, longitudinal study collected narrative and non-narrative data on these qualities of personality development before, during, and after the participants’ studies. For comparison, we gathered the same measures with a ...


Risk And Resilience: A Prospective Analysis Of The Complex Effects Of Internalizing Problems On Alcohol Use In Adolescence, Lauren E. Hurd Apr 2015

Risk And Resilience: A Prospective Analysis Of The Complex Effects Of Internalizing Problems On Alcohol Use In Adolescence, Lauren E. Hurd

Stander Symposium Posters

Previous research suggests that there exist both risk and protective mechanisms for the relationship between internalizing problems and alcohol use outcomes. The present study aims to determine whether deviant peer affiliations and risk aversion are two protective mediating mechanisms of this relationship. A risk mechanism of high negative emotionality, consistent with the tension reduction hypothesis, will also be investigated. For exploratory purposes, the mediators will be tested on three separate alcohol use outcomes: frequency of use, frequency of heavy use, and problematic use. Data from age cohorts 9, 12, and 15 (N=2,339) of the Project on Human Development ...


A Smartphone Application For The Treatment Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Jeremy T. Schwob Apr 2015

A Smartphone Application For The Treatment Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Jeremy T. Schwob

Stander Symposium Posters

This ongoing study develops and evaluates the acceptability and effectiveness of a smartphone application for the treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is commonly used to manage and minimize the aversive symptoms of GAD; however, studies have found only modest treatment gains when CBT is used alone (Brown et al., 2001). Previous studies have measured client acceptability of smartphone applications (Ainsworth et al., 2013; Pramana et al., 2013), but they have failed to measure the impact of the application on treatment outcomes (e.g., reductions in symptom severity). To fill this gap in the literature, the proposed ...


Muscle Activity With The Use Of A Compact Elliptical Trainer, Mary Alexandra Willard Apr 2015

Muscle Activity With The Use Of A Compact Elliptical Trainer, Mary Alexandra Willard

Stander Symposium Posters

Neurological disorders such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis are a leading cause of long-term disability. As a result, individuals with neurological disorders often have low activity levels and have difficulty participating in regular exercise to maintain health and fitness. Some of these barriers include safety, transportation and cost. As a result, finding a safe and effective means of exercise is difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an affordable home exercise device for promoting muscle activity in the lower extremities. Ten individuals without neurological disorders were tested in this pilot investigation. Subjects ...


Effects Of Single-Dose Dietary Nitrate On Oxygen Consumption During And After Prolonged Submaximal Exercise In Healthy Humans, Genevieve M. Kocoloski Apr 2015

Effects Of Single-Dose Dietary Nitrate On Oxygen Consumption During And After Prolonged Submaximal Exercise In Healthy Humans, Genevieve M. Kocoloski

Stander Symposium Posters

Dietary nitrate (NO3-) has been shown to impact oxygen consumption (VO2) as well as exercise performance in a number of prior studies. To date, previous investigations have observed NO3- effects at moderate to high-intensity (e.g. time to fatigue, time trials) exercise and often in trained athletes. However, less is known in regards to prolonged exercise and the potential impact of NO3- on post-exercise excess oxygen consumption (EPOC), particularly in untrained individuals. Here, we tested the hypothesis that acute dietary nitrate supplementation would attenuate VO2 during and following prolonged cycle ergometry. Six young, moderately active, healthy males (age: 26±2 ...


Postsecondary Transition For Young Adults With Traumatic Brain Injuries, Michaela M. Kramer Apr 2015

Postsecondary Transition For Young Adults With Traumatic Brain Injuries, Michaela M. Kramer

Stander Symposium Posters

Many students with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) face difficulty transitioning from high school to postsecondary settings. This presentation will share results of a study that examined the transition experience of young adults with TBIs, from the perspective of the students and their parents. Participants will learn about the transition experiences of students who sustained TBIs and discuss services that can be provided to high school students with TBIs to promote a successful transition to a postsecondary setting.


Diminishing The Discipline Gap: Restorative Justice As A Promising Alternative In One Urban School, Polly K. Long Apr 2015

Diminishing The Discipline Gap: Restorative Justice As A Promising Alternative In One Urban School, Polly K. Long

Stander Symposium Posters

Across the nation, the education system is responding to student misbehavior with zero tolerance policies that parallel the punitive practices found in the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Zero tolerance policies have contributed to the “discipline gap,” wherein schools punish racial and ethnic minorities more often and more severely than they punish whites. One alternative to punitive punishment is restorative justice, which aims to foster respect, responsibility, and empathy in members of school communities. This project evaluates the relationship between restorative justice and out-of-school suspension rates in an urban school district. It also serves as one of the few studies ...


The Performance Of Concentrated Portfolios Of High Quality Stocks In Highly Volatile Markets: The 2008 - 2013 Experience, Christine A. Ferry Apr 2015

The Performance Of Concentrated Portfolios Of High Quality Stocks In Highly Volatile Markets: The 2008 - 2013 Experience, Christine A. Ferry

Stander Symposium Posters

The objective of this study is to determine how well concentrated portfolios of high quality stocks perform under highly volatile market conditions. Three different portfolios of 30 stocks each were established based on market cap: (1) mega cap (2) large cap and (3) mid cap. All of the stocks in each portfolio had Standard and Poors quality ranking of A-, A, and A+. One hypothesis tested was that concentrated portfolios of high quality stocks generate excess returns (alpha) when compared to a fully diversified portfolio of stocks such as the S&P ETF SPY. A second hypothesis tested was that ...


Sector Allocation And Stock Selection For The Flyer Fund: A Study In Propagation And Attribution Analysis For The Year 2014: Part 2, Eric T. Flanigan, Allison I. Michel Apr 2015

Sector Allocation And Stock Selection For The Flyer Fund: A Study In Propagation And Attribution Analysis For The Year 2014: Part 2, Eric T. Flanigan, Allison I. Michel

Stander Symposium Posters

This Research Project extends the work of Eric Flanigan on Stock Selection and Attribution Analysis for the UD Flyer Fund. Flanigan used Bloomberg’s Propagation Analysis model to generate alternate stock selections for the Flyer Fund based on certain assumptions about the US macroeconomy. He assumed that oil prices would fall, interest rates would fall, and market volatility would fall with the continued steady growth for the US Economy. I build on his research by rebalancing his alternate portfolios of stocks at the end of each quarter. I also extended the analysis to include the first two months of 2015 ...


Retained Earnings As A Determinant Of The Cross Section Of Returns, Michael M. Raleigh Apr 2015

Retained Earnings As A Determinant Of The Cross Section Of Returns, Michael M. Raleigh

Stander Symposium Posters

The objective of this study is to find out if retained earnings is a determinant of portfolio returns in the cross section. Two hypotheses are tested. First, that value stocks with higher levels of retained earnings will out perform value stocks with lower levels of retained earnings. Second, that growth stocks operate differently in that stocks with low levels of retained earnings will outperform stocks with high levels of retained earnings. For the cross section analysis, the S&P 500 is divided into 10 groupings of 50 stocks each by firm size. using price to book, the top 50 and ...


Relative Value And Momentum Weighting For A Concentrated Portfolio Of Health Care Stocks, John P. Klinger Apr 2015

Relative Value And Momentum Weighting For A Concentrated Portfolio Of Health Care Stocks, John P. Klinger

Stander Symposium Posters

A key factor in portfolio returns is the weights given to stocks in a portfolio of stocks. Capital Asset Pricing Models indicate that the weight assigned to a stock should be based on its risk premium to the market. In recent years, attention has focused on firm size, relative valuation, and earnings momentum as the appropriate weighting strategies. In this study I focus my attention on large size firms in the health care sector using a concentrated portfolio of the 10 largest holdings in the SPDR Health Care ETF. I use a combination of relative value and momentum weighting strategies ...


Producer Price Indexes As Determinants Of Stock Market Prices: A Time Series Analysis For The Period 2004-2014, Bryan E. Thomas Apr 2015

Producer Price Indexes As Determinants Of Stock Market Prices: A Time Series Analysis For The Period 2004-2014, Bryan E. Thomas

Stander Symposium Posters

The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of macroeconomic pricing activity in the form of producer price indexes on stock market prices. Linear and log linear regressions are run on 18 different firms from six different 3-digit sic industries. The time period of analysis is 2004-2014 and monthly pricing data is used in the regressions. In order to see how the regression coefficients vary with time, separate regressions are run from 2004 through the 2nd quarter in 2008 and the third quarter in 2008 through 2014. A regression is run for the complete period 2004-2014 with a ...


Modeling The Relationship Between Non Durable Consumer Expenditures And Stock Market Prices: An Empirical Analysis For The Period 2004-2014, Alexander Ian Middleton, Dylan Louis Schack Apr 2015

Modeling The Relationship Between Non Durable Consumer Expenditures And Stock Market Prices: An Empirical Analysis For The Period 2004-2014, Alexander Ian Middleton, Dylan Louis Schack

Stander Symposium Posters

BEA consumer expenditure data is divided into three components:(1) durable, (2) non durable, and (3)service expenditures. In this study we examine the relationship between non durable consumer expenditures and consumer discretionary and consumer staples sector price movements. Rational expectations theory suggests that increasing demand for non durable goods increases the sales and earnings of the firms operating in both of the above sectors. In turn, this results in rising sector prices. Using linear and log linear regression we test the hypothesis that the regression coefficients are positive and statistically significant. Quarterly data is used in the study with ...


Macro Economic Activity And Sector Price Movements: A Closer Look At Pmi Data, David A. Christian, Matt G. Putbrese Apr 2015

Macro Economic Activity And Sector Price Movements: A Closer Look At Pmi Data, David A. Christian, Matt G. Putbrese

Stander Symposium Posters

The purchasing managers' index (PMI) is considered a leading indicator of U.S. manufacturing activity as well as overall economic activity. Financial markets respond quickly to above or below trend movements in PMI. In this study I develop regression models that specify the relationship between PMI and each of the 10 SPDR ETFs. I test the hypothesis that b>0 i.e. that SPDR ETF prices covary directly with changes in the PMI index. Using log linear models, I also test the hypothesis that the response coefficients are relatively elastic i.e. b>1. I use monthly data to construct ...


Is Free Cash Flow A Priced In Factor In Explaining The Performance Of The Dow 30 Stocks? A Study In Portfolio Weighting, 2007-2013., Sean Michael Fitzmartin Apr 2015

Is Free Cash Flow A Priced In Factor In Explaining The Performance Of The Dow 30 Stocks? A Study In Portfolio Weighting, 2007-2013., Sean Michael Fitzmartin

Stander Symposium Posters

Most financial analysts agree that free cash flow is an important indicator of a firm's financial health and its ability to sustain upward growth in earnings. In this study, I evaluate its effectiveness as a priced in factor in the cross section of returns. Focusing on the DOW Jones 30 stocks over the period 2007-2013, I develop portfolio weights for each DOW Jones stock based on free cash flow per share or price to free cash flow per share. Two weighting models are used: (1) higher weights are given to higher levels of cash flow per share, and (2 ...


Firm Characteristics, Concentrated Portfolio Strategies And Industrial Sector Price Movements In 2014, Matthew Peter Fazio, Kenneth Christopher Scudder Apr 2015

Firm Characteristics, Concentrated Portfolio Strategies And Industrial Sector Price Movements In 2014, Matthew Peter Fazio, Kenneth Christopher Scudder

Stander Symposium Posters

This study is part of a series of studies in the Davis Center for Portfolio Management focused on portfolio weighting. It also considers the alpha generating capabilities of a concentrated portfolio of stocks using relative valuation and momentum stock weighting strategies. The top 10 holdings of the SPDR sector ETF XLI are used as the concentrated portfolio of stocks. Various price-to measures such as price to earnings and price to book are used to develop the weights for each stock in the concentrated portfolio. One year ahead expected earnings growth for each of the 10 stocks provides the basis for ...


Are Intermediate Stage Product Prices Early Warning Indicators Of U.S. Final Goods Prices? A Covariance Analysis For The Period 2004-2014., Anthony J. Bello Apr 2015

Are Intermediate Stage Product Prices Early Warning Indicators Of U.S. Final Goods Prices? A Covariance Analysis For The Period 2004-2014., Anthony J. Bello

Stander Symposium Posters

In this study I examine the correlation patterns between the price movements for the four intermediate stages of production and final demand prices. Since changes in final demand prices reflect both the levels of demand for goods and services and the rate of inflation, they are particularly important to investors in the financial markets.Using step-wise regression analysis, I develop predictor equations that show final demand prices as a function of the prices for the four intermediate stages of production. Monthly times series for the above price variables over the period 2004-2014 are used in the analysis. I expect all ...


A Time Series Analysis Of Service Consumption Expenditures As Determinants Of The Consumer Discretionary And Consumer Staples Sector Price Movements, 2004-2014., John C. Scheuble, Dimitra A. Spandonidis Apr 2015

A Time Series Analysis Of Service Consumption Expenditures As Determinants Of The Consumer Discretionary And Consumer Staples Sector Price Movements, 2004-2014., John C. Scheuble, Dimitra A. Spandonidis

Stander Symposium Posters

A growing portion of U.S. Consumer income is spent on services. Both directly and indirectly these expenditures effect the stock market prices of firms in the consumer discretionary and consumer staples sectors. The objective of this study, therefore is to determine if the market prices of these two sectors co-vary with the growth in consumer services expenditures. The period of analysis is 2004-2014. Quarterly pricing and expenditure level data are used in the analysis. Using regression analysis, the hypothesis to be tested is service expenditures and discretionary and staples sector prices co-vary directly with each other. We expect the ...


A Study In Dividend Investment Strategieshigh Yield Vs. High Dividend Growthfor The Period 2008 - 2014, Joseph P. Riazzi Apr 2015

A Study In Dividend Investment Strategieshigh Yield Vs. High Dividend Growthfor The Period 2008 - 2014, Joseph P. Riazzi

Stander Symposium Posters

From a total return perspective, there is an on-going debate among financial analysts as to which is the better strategy: (1) investing in high yield stocks or (2) investing in stocks with high dividend growth rates. Since stocks with high dividend growth rates also tend to be lower yielding stocks, the strategy debate is often more about low vs. high levels of yield. In this study I test several hypotheses: (1) low yield stocks outperform high yield stocks, (2) high dividend growth rate stocks outperform low dividend growth rate stocks, (3) high dividend growth rate stocks outperform high dividend yielding ...


A Smart Beta Approach To Portfolio Weighting For A Concentrated Portfolio Of Consumer Discretionary Stocks, Daniel Robert Caponi, Rory T. Houser Apr 2015

A Smart Beta Approach To Portfolio Weighting For A Concentrated Portfolio Of Consumer Discretionary Stocks, Daniel Robert Caponi, Rory T. Houser

Stander Symposium Posters

The two major approaches to weighting market indexes are price weighting (DOW) and market cap weighting (S&P 500). In this study, we use a Smart Beta approach by weighting stocks based on their fundamental and earnings growth characteristics. Using price to earnings, price to book, price to sales, and price to cash flow measures plus expected one year earnings growth, we weight the top 10 holdings of the SPDR Consumer Discretionary ETF (XLY) and compare their performance as a portfolio of stocks to XLY, the DOW, and the S&P 500 for the year 2014. Two weighting strategies are ...


A Fundamental Approach To Portfolio Weighting For Consumer Staples Stocks, David Jack Beebe Apr 2015

A Fundamental Approach To Portfolio Weighting For Consumer Staples Stocks, David Jack Beebe

Stander Symposium Posters

A number of studies conducted by students in the Davis Center for Portfolio Management suggest that the fundamental characteristics of stocks can be successfully used to generate portfolio alpha. In this study, several key valuation measures are used to develop portfolio weights for a concentrated portfolio of Consumer Staples stocks. They are, Price to Book, Price to Earnings, Price to Sales, and Price to Cash Flow. In addition, expected earnings growth one year ahead is also included in the weighting process. Two weighting strategies are used: (1) higher price to's get higher weights and (2) higher inverted weighted price ...


A Covariance Analysis Of Consumer Healthcare Expenditures And Healthcare Sector Price Movements, Courtney E. Cady, David A. Christian Apr 2015

A Covariance Analysis Of Consumer Healthcare Expenditures And Healthcare Sector Price Movements, Courtney E. Cady, David A. Christian

Stander Symposium Posters

In recent years, an increasing portion of consumer expenditures on services is allocated to healthcare. The aging of the U.S. population, the Affordable Healthcare Act, and the rising per unit costs of hospital trips all have influenced this trend. In this study, we test the hypothesis that healthcare sector prices covary directly with consumer expenditures on healthcare services. Using regression analysis, we regress 5 Healthcare sector ETF's on Healthcare consumption expenditures. The ETF's are: (1) Healthcare Sector ETF (XLV), (2) Healthcare Equipment ETF (XHE), (3) Biotech ETF (XBI), (4) Pharmaceuticals ETF (XHP), and (5) Healthcare Services ETF ...