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2015

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz Dec 2015

Disciplinary Literacy And Content Area Reading Strategies: Intentionality And Collaboration, Jamie Wojtowicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Due to stagnate or falling adolescent reading scores as shown on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2007) and the inclusion of literacy standards as part of the Common Core standards titled “Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science & Technical Subjects,” (National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & Council of Chief State School Officers, 2010a) an interest in adolescent literacy, and what it means to teach literacy in a core subject area, has reemerged. Even prior to the literacy standards being released, studies re-exploring the topic of content area literacy through a new lens, disciplinary literacy, had been published. Since then ...


The Politics Of Official English: Exploring The Intentions And The Outcomes Behind English-Only Policies In The United States, David Gonzalez Nieto Dec 2015

The Politics Of Official English: Exploring The Intentions And The Outcomes Behind English-Only Policies In The United States, David Gonzalez Nieto

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Although the Constitution did not declare English the official language of the United States, its complete linguistic dominance in such a linguistically diverse nation is unparalleled. Despite its supremacy, the last three decades have witnessed a renewed nationalistic movement that claims the role of English is threatened and that its establishment as the official language of the United States is crucial to protect the language and the unity of the nation.

So far, attempts to institutionalize English at the federal level have failed, but 28 states have adopted English as their official language and/or legislation that limits the use ...


A New Charter Challenges Popular Paradigms, Levi Sharpe Dec 2015

A New Charter Challenges Popular Paradigms, Levi Sharpe

Capstones

Many popular charter schools in New York City, which are highly rated, are known for being heavy on test prep and rigid in structure. Success Academy, the largest charter network in New York City, is the paragon of this type of model. But these models, known as "no-excuse" charters can burn out teachers. Critics also say they squelch students' creativity and their desire to be in class. A New York Times article from April 2015 described Success’ “polarizing tactics," which lead to high teacher turnover. Six months later, The Times also reported on a Success Academy charter in Fort Greene ...


Curriculum Redesign With An Emphasis On Mathematical Literacy In An 8th Grade Function Unit, Caitlin A. Mosher Dec 2015

Curriculum Redesign With An Emphasis On Mathematical Literacy In An 8th Grade Function Unit, Caitlin A. Mosher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Most teachers in the United States are going through a paradigm shift. Teachers have to switch from using the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards or State Standards to the Common Core State Standards. With this shift in standards, teachers are now creating new curriculum that follow the CCSS. This thesis provides a unit on function that is aligned with CCSS. This unit has an emphasis on mathematical literacy to help students have a deeper understanding of the concepts they are learning.


Using Literature Circles To Increase Reading Comprehension And Student Motivation, Michelle Jacobs Dec 2015

Using Literature Circles To Increase Reading Comprehension And Student Motivation, Michelle Jacobs

Theses and Dissertations

Many educators arrange students in guided reading groups based on their reading lexile. Usually the books selected for guided reading are from a basal reading series and are used to teach different reading components and strategies. However, the books don’t always reflect student cultures, making it difficult for students to hold discussions and make connections. Oftentimes, students are unmotivated to read the assigned books and rarely engage in discussions. Based on research conducted by Daniels (2006), when kids are engaged in well-structured book clubs their comprehension and their attitude towards reading both improve. With ongoing changes in education, educators ...


Initiating A Bystander Awareness Program At A State University, Kristine Sparks Dec 2015

Initiating A Bystander Awareness Program At A State University, Kristine Sparks

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Crime in schools, colleges and universities is a troublesome social problem. It affects not only those involved in the criminal incident, but it also inhibits societal growth and stability. To address this issue, the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act (SaVE Act) of 2013 requires that colleges participating in federal student aid programs must provide “primary prevention and awareness programs” for new students and employees, as well as ongoing crime prevention and awareness campaigns. Implementation was mandated to be started by October 1, 2014. Most prevention programs teach students how to avoid situations, abusive behaviors and potential attacks. This project initiates ...


Early Prevention Of Pressure Ulcers In The Emergency Department, Marie Fagan Dec 2015

Early Prevention Of Pressure Ulcers In The Emergency Department, Marie Fagan

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Purpose: Pressure ulcers characterize a major health problem in clinical practice, which in turn, can have an impact on quality of life and health care costs (Dugaret, Videau, Faure, Gabinski, Bourdel-Marchasson & Salles, 2012). Pressure ulcers can develop during treatment regardless of the setting. They develop in long term facilities, family homes and hospitals. The purpose of this DNP project was to ensure patient health and safety by educating the primary emergency room nurses to at-risk individuals presenting to the Emergency Department and to initiate early intervention strategies. Significance of the Project: Until recently, there has been very little literature written on the prevalence and incidence rates of pressure ulcers in the Emergency Department (Dugaret, et al., 2012). This project will significantly impact an area of nursing, pressure ulcer prevention, considered a major nurse-sensitive outcome. Therefore, nursing care has a major effect on pressure ulcer development and prevention (Lyder & Ayello, 2008). The most important educational tool is to teach nurses and technicians how to recognize at-risk individuals and when to begin interventions so that they are early and effective. Methods: The project was implemented in a 50 bed Emergency Department. The project encompassed three separate goals. The first goal was to have the Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Score Risk added to the Initial Emergency Room Documentation forms. The second goal was to evaluate and then educate the emergency room nurses on the ability to recognize at-risk individuals for pressure ulcers and the interventions needed to prevent pressure ulcers. This goal was completed during a series of steps. First the nurses were given a pre-test to evaluate their knowledge on pressure ulcers. After the pre-test was completed and evaluated for learning needs, an educational learning presentation was given to the same nurses that had taken the pre-test. After the educational presentation a post-test was given and used to compare the nurses’ pre-test knowledge to the post-educational presentation knowledge. The purpose was to assess retention from the educational presentation and to determine if there were any new learning needs. The third goal of this project was completed concurrently with the above objectives. This final goal was to develop a Pressure Ulcer Screening Tool that was to be completed by the triage or charge/rescue squad nurse. After completion it was given to the primary emergency room nurse to alert them that an at-risk individual was entering their room and interventions needed to be implemented. Project Outcomes: The response from all involved was positive. The nurses mentioned that as long as it wasn’t a life threatening event, they thought about a patient’s skin, undressed them completely, completed the Braden Scale assessment tool and started interventions when appropriate. The manager, assistant managers and educator also noticed more patients were being completely undressed; mattress overlays were being used on regular emergency room stretchers when pressure redistribution mattresses were not available and the pressure ulcer checklist was given to the primary emergency room nurse to alert that this was an at-risk individual. Clinical Significance: Pressure ulcer prevention and treatment should start as early in the hospitalization process as possible. For many patients that means the Emergency Department. The awareness of risk factors, such ...


Homeless Children & Academic Achievement: What Do Adults Who Experienced Homelessness As Children Believe Teachers Can Do To Ensure Their Homeless Students Achieve Academic Success?, Debra S. Dumuhosky Dec 2015

Homeless Children & Academic Achievement: What Do Adults Who Experienced Homelessness As Children Believe Teachers Can Do To Ensure Their Homeless Students Achieve Academic Success?, Debra S. Dumuhosky

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative research examined what adults who experienced homelessness as children believe teachers can do to ensure their homeless students achieve academic success. Objectives of the study was to interview participants who experienced homelessness as children, report on recent research regarding academics and homeless children, and suggest ideas to assist students in achieving academic success. Interviews were conducted with three adult participants who experienced homelessness as children. Results of the interviews were interpreted through thematic analysis to isolate identifying themes. Five themes were identified within the participants’ interviews: Lack of Compassion/Need for Compassion, Lack of Friends, A Lot of ...


The Importance Of Maintaining A Heritage Language While Acquiring The Host Language, Anna L. Vallance Dec 2015

The Importance Of Maintaining A Heritage Language While Acquiring The Host Language, Anna L. Vallance

Honors College Theses

Few issues are as relevant to modern education as the topic of bilingual students. As the school-age population in the United States becomes increasingly diverse, teachers and other educational professionals need to know how they can best serve their English learners (students who speak a first language other than English). A common question that many educators grapple with is what role a student’s heritage language (native language) ought to play in the classroom. Specifically, how important is it that students maintain their heritage language? By critically reviewing the existing literature relating to the subject, this article strives to answer ...


Translating Transformative Human Rights Education Through Visual Languages & Informal Spaces, Jazzmin Chizu Gota Dec 2015

Translating Transformative Human Rights Education Through Visual Languages & Informal Spaces, Jazzmin Chizu Gota

Master's Projects and Capstones

This project examines methods, theories, and practices of translating human rights education through multiple vernaculars. Developed as a workshop in sociocultural syntax deconstruction and an educational human rights education website focused on the domestic population of the US, the project focuses on localizing human rights concepts to the public vernacular of the country. Human rights education (HRE) and media and information literacy (MIL) are expanded and redefined as social literacy, or the ability to navigate and decode the present, complex realities that both HRE and MIL were developed to address. Reframing media and visual arts as an archive of past ...


How To Cultivate Compassion As A Tool For Everyday Leadership, Paula Webster Dec 2015

How To Cultivate Compassion As A Tool For Everyday Leadership, Paula Webster

Mindfulness Studies Theses

In this two-party thesis study, the need for compassion in our world is presented up front. Upon this foundation of the need for compassion, the building blocks that together comprise compassionate everyday leader are placed: leaders and leadership, mindful leadership, defining the everyday leader, mindfulness, compassion, and how to cultivate compassion. The evolution of broad concepts of leadership are reviewed, from a control-based approach to a more mindful leadership, social-intelligence based approach. In a mindful leadership approach, qualities of self-awareness are cultivated within and then manifest in relation to the leadership process. Everyday leadership is a more expansive and inclusive ...


The Gender Imbalance In U.S. Outbound Study Abroad: A Case Study Of Semester At Sea, Jessica L. Ryan Dec 2015

The Gender Imbalance In U.S. Outbound Study Abroad: A Case Study Of Semester At Sea, Jessica L. Ryan

Capstone Collection

The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenon of female college students studying abroad with Semester at Sea (SAS) at twice the rate of their male peers, in the hope of better understanding the significant gender imbalance overall in U.S. outbound study abroad. To put this issue into context, this study uses the theoretical framework of Deci and Ryan’s (1985) Self-Determination Theory of Motivation. Data was analyzed through the lens of intrinsic verses extrinsic motivation to answer the guiding research question: Is there a difference between male and female college students in their motivations to study ...


Transformational Learning: An Investigation Of The Emotional Maturation Advancement In Learners Aged 50 And Older, Susan Lorraine Lundry Dec 2015

Transformational Learning: An Investigation Of The Emotional Maturation Advancement In Learners Aged 50 And Older, Susan Lorraine Lundry

Dissertations

Human beings have spent much time and effort in trying to understand themselves, others, and their world. Mankind uses intellect when trying to understand life but the majority of people continue to encounter frustration, confusion, and a variety of obstacles when dealing with daily challenges and people. Theorists and researchers understand that successful existence requires more than mere knowledge; it requires a level of understanding, a form of wisdom foreign to the bulk of the populace. The missing ingredient for this kind of wisdom is the ability to ‘know thyself,’ which is the beginning of establishing a higher level of ...


Transformative Leadership: Building Social Equity Through Individualized Professional Development, Curtis David Gunn Dec 2015

Transformative Leadership: Building Social Equity Through Individualized Professional Development, Curtis David Gunn

Dissertations

Developing social justice awareness is a challenging task. Many educational institutions have limited discourse related to race and equity. This autoethnography examines one leader’s attempt to become a transformational leader by having ongoing conversations about race and racism, applying the individualized transformative model of professional development during conversations, utilizing a peer advisory group for feedback, and reflecting on the results. Findings reveal the most important element for growth is the act of engaging in the conversation regardless of one’s perceived level of competence. The individualized transformative model of professional development was demonstrated to be an effective approach to ...


The Digital Divide Through The Lens Of Critical Race Theory: The Digitally Denied, Stacy Gee Hollins Dec 2015

The Digital Divide Through The Lens Of Critical Race Theory: The Digitally Denied, Stacy Gee Hollins

Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine African American community college students’ availability to technological resources and how that availability affects their success. In this study, technological resources include access to the internet, software, hardware, technology training, technology support, and community resources. This study included six community college professors and six African American community college students enrolled in a Midwest community college. A major tenet of Critical Race Theory, storytelling, was used to give voice to students who lack sufficient access to technological resources referred to as the digitally denied. Data from this study can create an ...


Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis Dec 2015

Educating All Students? Successfully Supporting Students With Emotional Disabilities, Emily R. Davis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Within the last five years, the Department of Education Archives (n.d.) indicates the number of students classified with emotional disabilities ED enrolled in public schools has increased by ten percent. These increased numbers require that teachers need to be prepared to successfully support students with ED. This analytic review explores ways to meet the students’ needs both academically and emotionally. Discussion of placement, academic and social interventions, and the nature of special education proved focal. My analysis suggests that there needs to be a blend of academic supports and behavior modifications in place for students with ED for them ...


Multiliteracies: Bringing Multimodality Into Schools, Daniel C. Greco Dec 2015

Multiliteracies: Bringing Multimodality Into Schools, Daniel C. Greco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s technological advancements provide cause for literacy educators to think about literacy as many literacies or multiliteracies (Cimbricz & Rath, 2015). This analytical review explores the construct of multiliteracy in hopes of discovering how to help students become multiliterate and learn the many literacies important to today’s world. This review examines four case studies that speak to the actual impact multiliteracies has on student and teacher learning. My analysis suggests that in some cases, student engagement improved when the teaching and learning of multiliteracies were used in schools. Furthermore, the integration of multiple modes of meaning making seemed to ...


Promoting Parental Involvement And Students Success In School: What Teachers Can Do, Nora E. Preller Dec 2015

Promoting Parental Involvement And Students Success In School: What Teachers Can Do, Nora E. Preller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Parents’ active involvement in their children’s education strongly correlates with student success in school (Abel, 2012; Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 1997; Zhan, 2005). Despite the benefits of parent involvement (PI), a variety of factors limit and discourage parents from taking an active role in their child’s education. This analytic literature review examine 1) what factors hinder parent involvement and 2) to research methods that teachers can take to promote PI. This review suggests that a variety of factors, ranging from teacher expectations and biases to parents’ beliefs and specific life contexts, can hinder PI (Hoover-Dempsey & Sandler, 2005). That said, teachers can do much to promote PI including but not limited to promoting positive interactions with parents, practicing culturally responsive teaching and empowering parents (Christianakis, 2011; Gillanders, McKinney, & Ritchie, 2012). In the end ...


Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak Dec 2015

Integrating Comprehension Instruction Within The Middle School Ela Curriculum, Ulyana Udyak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension, influenced by factors such as fluency and vocabulary, is a struggle among K-12 students, but especially middle school students. Since the implementation of the CCSS and a push for more rigorous reading material, the task of ensuring students comprehend complex texts is a challenging one for teachers. Due to the nature of reading comprehension, it’s a skill difficult to assess, leaving teachers unsure when and how to implement it into their already demanding curriculum. But reading comprehension is not a skill that necessarily needs to be taught, it’s one that has to be practiced independently by ...


A Retrospective View Of Bullying, Janie M. Stewart Dec 2015

A Retrospective View Of Bullying, Janie M. Stewart

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An Abstract of the Dissertation Presented

in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Doctor of Philosophy
(in Education)
December 2015

Bullying in schools is one of the most prevalent challenges for teachers, administrators, and counselors all over the world (Esbensen & Carson, 2009; Merrell, Gueldner, Ross & Isava, 2008). The increase in bullying is evident by the growing interest in the behaviour, as well as intervention and prevention programs (Esbensen & Carson, 2009). This study examines the retrospective view of 10 university students who were identified as bullies during junior high years. Ten in-depth interviews were conducted, and analyzed. Themes were identified ...


Are Physically Active College Students More Successful Academically Than Their Inactive Peers?, Jared T. Meacham Dec 2015

Are Physically Active College Students More Successful Academically Than Their Inactive Peers?, Jared T. Meacham

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This research project intended to explore the possible relationship between physical activity and academic achievement in college students. Using an anonymous online survey, data was collected over two semesters. Ten thousand currently-enrolled college students ages eighteen and older from all states and recognized territories of the United States participated. The survey gathered data concerning a student’s age, gender, race, body weight, height, geographic region of college attendance, cumulative GPA, and physical activity level. The FIT Index of Kasari was used to classify each student’s physical activity level. A quintile split by FIT score was conducted to determine if ...


Truth Or Consequences—Academic Physicians’ Perspective In The Management Of Commercially-Influenced Conflicts Of Interest, Melinda Lawrie Epperson Dec 2015

Truth Or Consequences—Academic Physicians’ Perspective In The Management Of Commercially-Influenced Conflicts Of Interest, Melinda Lawrie Epperson

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Since the 1990s, academic physicians have been subjected to increased requirements for disclosure in their roles as educators and researchers and for conflict of interest (COI) resolution in their financial relationships with pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotech companies, collectively referred to as industry. The requirements are the result of the convergence of federal regulations, accreditation guidelines, professional and industry codes of ethics and conduct, and institutional policies. The disclosure and COI resolution requirements are managed and resolved by a review of forms and compliance with relevant guidance documents and policies. In the context of this environmental oversight, the purpose of ...


Rochester City School District Charter Schools: Decreasing The Achievement Gap?, Kathryn M. Beaumont Dec 2015

Rochester City School District Charter Schools: Decreasing The Achievement Gap?, Kathryn M. Beaumont

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The demographics and socioeconomic status of the students attending the Rochester City School District (RCSD) are significantly different than the average student in New York State. The average student in the RCSD is African American and considered economically disadvantaged. These two characteristics and Rochester being an urban location are the perfect combination for a charter school. Most educators create charter schools in urban districts to target students from low-socioeconomic families. This paper focuses on the requirements and logistics that differ a charter school from a traditional charter school to determine whether or not charter schools are decreasing the achievement gap.


Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson Dec 2015

Finding The Most Meaningful Forms Of Parental Involvement: A Synthesis Of Meta-Analyses, Sarah Lawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Definitions of ‘parental involvement’ and ‘school achievement’ confusingly differ. While some researchers use specific terms and definitions, others use a broad and open analysis of the terms. Although research suggests that parental involvement (PI) significantly influences children’s school achievement, it is important to understand which aspects of PI prove most critical. Accordingly, in this meta- synthesis, I offer research conducted within the last five, an in depth and up-to-date understanding of how parents can be involved in their children’s education in ways that most favorably impact their children’s school achievement.

The following themes emerged from this synthesis ...


Enhancing Education Of Medication Side Effects To Improve Patient Outcomes, Kyle R. Woolley Dec 2015

Enhancing Education Of Medication Side Effects To Improve Patient Outcomes, Kyle R. Woolley

Master's Projects and Capstones

Patient satisfaction scores regarding how effectively staff educates patients about possible side effects of new medications are not consistently above the national average at a large metropolitan hospital in California (MHC). The results of these patient satisfaction scores shed light on the need for evidence-based strategies to improve a patient’s perception of the medication education provided to them. The basis of the incentive to improve care is ultimately increased safety and better patient outcomes. From the Root Cause Analysis, it became apparent that a few common barriers need to be addressed, but the one most frequently reported by everyone ...


Supplementing Esl Classroom Activities With Social Media For Young Adult Learners, Clair M. Yeo Dec 2015

Supplementing Esl Classroom Activities With Social Media For Young Adult Learners, Clair M. Yeo

Master's Projects and Capstones

The classroom material currently utilized in English as a second language (ESL) classrooms is often disconnected from the real world. Publishers of ESL instructional materials often attempt to bridge this gap by including topics on popular news, films, songs, and famous persons at the time of printing. However, these are often outdated as quickly as they can be printed. As such, many ESL teachers face the challenge of keeping ESL classroom material relevant to the real world while seeking to maintain students’ interests in what they are learning.

The purpose of the project is to make use of social networking ...


Building Awareness Of The Mental Health Issues Of Asian American College Women, Julie S. Baek Dec 2015

Building Awareness Of The Mental Health Issues Of Asian American College Women, Julie S. Baek

Master's Projects and Capstones

The purpose of this project is to build awareness of the mental health issues of Asian American college women. The National Alliance on Mental Illness (2009) reports among all women between the ages of 15 to 24, Asian Americans have the second highest suicide rates across all racial or ethnic groups whereas only 27 percent of them seek a professional help. Very little is known about what makes this population of students take their own lives at higher rates than their ethnic counterparts because of a model minority myth and lack of studies and attention. The project aims to develop ...


Enhancing Esl Instruction Through Reflective Teaching: A Resource Guide For Administrators Of Intensive English Programs, Wesley Weston Dec 2015

Enhancing Esl Instruction Through Reflective Teaching: A Resource Guide For Administrators Of Intensive English Programs, Wesley Weston

Master's Projects and Capstones

Reflective teaching practices are meaningful and practical ways for administrators to support and encourage ongoing professional development among ESL teachers. Today, the global demand for English instruction has greatly surpassed the supply of qualified and experienced teachers. Many ESL teachers, therefore, can benefit significantly from continuous professional development, especially at Intensive English Programs preparing international students for higher education in the US.

Administrators can help further teacher development through the implementation of microteaching, peer observations, and surveys. These methods effectively foster professional growth by stimulating reflective inquiry, which promotes personal learning, behavior modification, and better performance. Furthermore, these practices help ...


A Literacy-Level Curriculum For Adult Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners With Limited Formal Education, Kirsten L. Keihl Dec 2015

A Literacy-Level Curriculum For Adult Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners With Limited Formal Education, Kirsten L. Keihl

Master's Projects and Capstones

Many Spanish-speaking adult immigrants in the United States face an immediate need to learn English, but also suffer from a lack of formal education as many did not complete middle school or high school. These learners need a curriculum that is tailored specifically to their needs. This project provides a communicative curriculum for teaching English and Spanish literacy, English speaking and listening skills, and basic classroom skills utilizing native language instruction when helpful using learning strategies and authentic materials that are appropriate for adults. It also addresses sociocultural and sociopolitical concerns of this population and utilizes culturally relevant materials.


Beyond Access To Education: Using Collaborative Learning To Promote Agency In Unauthorized Latinos Entering Community College, Amanda C. Price Dec 2015

Beyond Access To Education: Using Collaborative Learning To Promote Agency In Unauthorized Latinos Entering Community College, Amanda C. Price

Master's Projects and Capstones

The US is widely recognized as a nation of immigrants; however, when an estimated 70,000 unaccompanied child migrants arrived from Central America in 2014, unauthorized immigration became a full-blown humanitarian crisis. Unauthorized immigrants, 71% of whom come from Mexico and Central America, make up an increasingly significant portion of the population. This is particularly true in California, where 28% of unauthorized immigrants reside. However, despite the overwhelming consensus that command of English is paramount to a successful life in the US, an alarming 51% of unauthorized immigrants speak English “not well” or “not at all”.

Unauthorized immigrants face unique ...