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Buddhism And Adolescent Alcohol Use In Thailand, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Tiandong Li, Saranya Innadda Apr 2015

Buddhism And Adolescent Alcohol Use In Thailand, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Tiandong Li, Saranya Innadda

Ian Newman

A sample of 2019 Thai secondary school students in grades equivalent to U.S. 10 through 12 completed a 43-item alcohol expectancy questionnaire in June 2000. Factor analysis revealed four factors: (a) positive expectancies, (b) negative expectancies, (c) sex and power expectancies, and (d) religious expectancies. Practicing Buddhists were less likely to drink than nonpracticing Buddhists and had fewer positive and more negative expectancies about alcohol. Among students who did drink, Buddhist beliefs did not appear to influence whether or not they were binge drinkers. Buddhist beliefs may influence decisions to drink but not decisions related to drinking patterns.


Alcohol Expectancies Among A Sample Of Thai High School Students, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Saranya Innadda, Tiandong Li Apr 2015

Alcohol Expectancies Among A Sample Of Thai High School Students, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Saranya Innadda, Tiandong Li

Ian Newman

The objective of this study was to identify and describe the alcohol-related expectancies of a sample of Thai high school students. A convenience sample of 2,227 high school students in Chon Buri province completed an alcohol expectancy questionnaire. The initial factor analysis was done with data from 875 questionnaires and identified four factors. The four factors were cross-validated on two separate sets of 676 questionnaires. A relationship was found between expectancies and drinking behaviors. High school students who drank alcohol had significantly greater positive expectancies for alcohol and greater expectancies that alcohol would enhance sexual performance and power. Students ...


Alcohol Use Among A Sample Of Thai Adolescents, Ian Newman, Saranya Innadda Apr 2015

Alcohol Use Among A Sample Of Thai Adolescents, Ian Newman, Saranya Innadda

Ian Newman

Beverage alcohol use is common in almost all societies and has been for thousands of years. Societies that use alcohol have rituals and traditions that tend to regulate alcohol's negative effects and enhance its pleasurable effects. Modern alcohol production and marketing methods have tended to break down these traditional controls and encourage irresponsible use. In many western countries, irresponsible use of alcohol is associated with crime, violence, and disease. In particular, for adolescents, alcohol use is linked to automobile crashes, injuries, and deaths. Alcohol use is associated with so many deaths and injuries that most western countries now consider ...


The Influence Of Parental Attitude And Behavior On Early Adolescent Cigarette Smoking, Ian Newman, Jolene M. Ward Apr 2015

The Influence Of Parental Attitude And Behavior On Early Adolescent Cigarette Smoking, Ian Newman, Jolene M. Ward

Ian Newman

In 1983, Nolte and colleagues reported parental attitude may be more powerful than parental behavior in shaping adolescent cigarette smoking behavior. This study replicates the finding of Nolte et al. and suggests parents need to be actively recruited to discourage their children from smoking, regardless of their own behavior. Fewer parents actively discourage youth smoking today than in 1983, a possible unfortunate result from on apparently successful effort to change the public attitude toward cigarette smoking.


Being Bullied And Psychosocial Adjustment Among Middle School Students In China, Yulan Cheng, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Lazarous Mbulo, Yan Chai, Yan Chen, Duane F. Shell Apr 2015

Being Bullied And Psychosocial Adjustment Among Middle School Students In China, Yulan Cheng, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Lazarous Mbulo, Yan Chai, Yan Chen, Duane F. Shell

Ian Newman

Background: Using the Chinese version of the Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS), this article describes the prevalence of being bullied among a nationally representative sample of Chinese students in grades 6-10 and explores the relationships between being bullied and selected indicators of psychosocial adjustment. Methods: A total of 9015 students in middle schools in Beijing, Hangzhou, Wuhan, and Urumqi completed the Chinese version of the GSHS. Researchers analyzed the results from 2 questions about the frequency and form of being bullied and 11 questions about psychosocial adjustment. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: About 25 ...


Smokeless Tobacco Expectancies Among A Sample Of Rural Adolescents, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell Apr 2015

Smokeless Tobacco Expectancies Among A Sample Of Rural Adolescents, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell

Ian Newman

Objective: To examine the role of expectancies in adolescent smokeless tobacco (ST) use. Methods: Self-report measures of students’ ST expectancies, cigarette and ST use, and peer and family tobacco use were collected from a sample of 978 rural high school students. Results: Student expectancy beliefs significantly predicted ST use and intention to try ST in the next year. Student expectancies about ST were influenced by gender, cigarette use, and peer tobacco use. Family-member tobacco use did not strongly affect expectancies. Conclusion: Expectancies play a meaningful role in students’ current and future decisions whether to use ST.


Eating And Exercising: Nebraska Adolescents' Attitudes And Behaviors, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Eating And Exercising: Nebraska Adolescents' Attitudes And Behaviors, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

Prevention Center Papers are occasional publications of the Nebraska Prevention Center for Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Their purpose is to make available information that would not otherwise be easily accessible. This Prevention Center Paper should be considered a working document and does not reflect the official policy or position of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, The U.S. Centers for Disease Control, the Nebraska Department of Education, or Health Education, Inc. Prevention Center Papers are produced for a limited readership to stimulate discussion and generate a flow of communication between the Prevention Center and those interested in the broad field of ...


Use Of Policy, Education, And Enforcement To Reduce Binge Drinking Among University Students: The Nu Directions Project, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Linda J. Major, Thomas A. Workman Apr 2015

Use Of Policy, Education, And Enforcement To Reduce Binge Drinking Among University Students: The Nu Directions Project, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Linda J. Major, Thomas A. Workman

Ian Newman

This paper describes a program, conducted over a 5-year period, that effectively reduced heavy drinking and alcohol-related harms among university students. The program was organized around strategies to change the environment in which binge drinking occurred and involved input and cooperation from officials and students of the university, representatives from the city and the neighborhood near the university, law enforcement, as well as public health and medical officials. In 1997, 62.5% of the university’s approximately 16,000 undergraduate student population reported binge drinking. This rate had dropped to 47% in 2003. Similar reductions were found in both self-reported ...


Henan Sheng Liang Cheng Shi Gao Zhong Sheng Wen Hua Ding Wei, Yin Jiu Qi Wang, Zi Wao Xiao Neng Yu Yin Jiu Xing Wei De Yan Jiu [Study On The Relationship Between Cultural Orientation, Alcohol Expectancy, Self-Efficacy, And Drinking Behavior Among Senior High School Students In Two Cities In Henan Province], Ling Qian, Tao Hu, Ian Newman, Peisen Hou Apr 2015

Henan Sheng Liang Cheng Shi Gao Zhong Sheng Wen Hua Ding Wei, Yin Jiu Qi Wang, Zi Wao Xiao Neng Yu Yin Jiu Xing Wei De Yan Jiu [Study On The Relationship Between Cultural Orientation, Alcohol Expectancy, Self-Efficacy, And Drinking Behavior Among Senior High School Students In Two Cities In Henan Province], Ling Qian, Tao Hu, Ian Newman, Peisen Hou

Ian Newman

Objective: To explore the relationships between alcohol expectancy, cultural orientation, self-efficacy and drinking behavior to provide theoretical support for the development of education programs aimed at preventing alcohol abuse among adolescents. Methods: An anonymous quantitative survey of 2756 tenth and eleventh grade students in six senior high schools in Zhengzhou and Xinyang city of Henan province was conducted in November 2005 and data was analyzed by SPSS 13.0 software. Results: The overall rate of drinking alcohol among participants was 56.5%. The median score of cultural orientation was 3.25(3.09, 3.42); of alcohol expectancy was 3 ...


Alcohol Expectancies Among Adolescents In Inner Mongolia, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Duane F. Shell, Yuching Li, Fangfang Gao Apr 2015

Alcohol Expectancies Among Adolescents In Inner Mongolia, Ian Newman, Ming Qu, Duane F. Shell, Yuching Li, Fangfang Gao

Ian Newman

Female students were more likely to report global negative expectancies, while male students were more likely to report stronger positive social perception expectancies. The 11th and 12th graders expected more negative effects from drinking including global negative effects and negative personal effects than did the 10th graders. Nondrinkers and occasional drinkers reported greater expectancies of negative personal effects and negative perceptions of drinking than regular-drinkers. In contrast, regular drinkers more often reported expectancies of positive social perception, tension reduction and pleasure. social courtesy, social facilitation. and beneficial drinking. The results suggest that alcohol expectancies among Chinese adolescents in Inner Mongolia ...


Nebraska Adolescents' Hiv/Aids Attitudes, Knowledge And Related Practices: 1989, Ian Newman, Joe Lutjeharms, Joanne Owens-Nauslar, Autumn Koch Apr 2015

Nebraska Adolescents' Hiv/Aids Attitudes, Knowledge And Related Practices: 1989, Ian Newman, Joe Lutjeharms, Joanne Owens-Nauslar, Autumn Koch

Ian Newman

This Prevention Center Paper (No. 22) describes the HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and practices of a random sample of 1240 Nebraska adolescents in grades 9-12. The data were gathered in 1989. Data were gathered by staff of Health Education, Inc., a Nebraska-based nonprofit research and development corporation, as part of a contract with the Nebraska Department of Education. The Nebraska Department of Education has a major HIV /AIDS cooperative agreement with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta, Georgia. Schools were selected at random from each of the six classifications of Nebraska schools established by the ...


Infant Mortality As A Potential Measure Of Community Health In Urban Growth, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Infant Mortality As A Potential Measure Of Community Health In Urban Growth, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

This document is one of a series which contains the results of research carried out during a 1969 Summer Study of Urban Decentralization at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. The summary of the Summer Study is contained in "An Introduction to Urban Decentralization Research," ORNL-HUD-3.


Progress In Reducing Tobacco Use Across Nebraska, Jeff Willett, Ian Newman, Cheryl Wiese, Seth Emont, Tandiwe Njobe, Peter Finn Apr 2015

Progress In Reducing Tobacco Use Across Nebraska, Jeff Willett, Ian Newman, Cheryl Wiese, Seth Emont, Tandiwe Njobe, Peter Finn

Ian Newman

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, causing over 400,000 deaths annually. In Nebraska each year, 2,400 adults die prematurely because of cigarette smoking. It is estimated that 45,000 Nebraskans now under the age of 18 will eventually die prematurely from cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is responsible for $419 million of Nebraska's annual health care costs (representing approximately 7 percent of the state's annual health care costs, including 12 percent of Nebraska's annual Medicaid expenditures), and smoking-related mortality results in over $400 million in forgone future earnings in ...


Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In Inner Mongolia, China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu Apr 2015

Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In Inner Mongolia, China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu

Ian Newman

Objective — This study examines differences in Chinese high school students’ alcohol expectancies by drinking status (nondrinker, occasional drinker, regular drinker) and gender (male, female). Method — The authors administered the Chinese Adolescent Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (CAEQ) to a convenience sample of 1244 high school students (M = 627; F = 617) from schools in Hohhot City and Tongliao City in Inner Mongolia, China. Results — Differences were found in the 8 CAEQ factors (3 negative and 5 positive factors). Regular drinkers had lower negative consequences and higher positive perception expectancies than nondrinkers or occasional drinkers. Nondrinkers had higher harm to person/reputation expectancies than ...


Zhong Guo Chu Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Xing Wei Yu Qi Ta Jian Kang Wei Xian Xing Wei De Guan Xi [Alcohol Use And Associated Risk Factors Among Chinese Middle School Students], Teresa Merrick, Ying Zhang, Ben-Chun Tian, Ling Qian, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Zhong Guo Chu Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Xing Wei Yu Qi Ta Jian Kang Wei Xian Xing Wei De Guan Xi [Alcohol Use And Associated Risk Factors Among Chinese Middle School Students], Teresa Merrick, Ying Zhang, Ben-Chun Tian, Ling Qian, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

Objective-- To explore the relationship between reported alcohol-use in Chinese youth to other reported health risk behaviors, and to provide bases for their health education. Methods -- The data of 2003 Global School-Based Student Health Survey in China and related material of survey came from WHO website. SPSS 13.0 was applied for cross-tabulated data analysis and Chi-square test was used to analyze the relationships between alcohol-use and other risk behaviors. Results -- Students who reported alcohol use within the last 30 days were also at significant risk from direct health behaviors, other health behaviors, environmental factors and psychological factors, especially behaviors ...


Zhong Guo Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Zhuang Kuang Yan Jiu De Hui Gu [Review Of Studies Of Chinese High School Students’ Drinking Behavior], Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhao, Ying Zhang Apr 2015

Zhong Guo Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Zhuang Kuang Yan Jiu De Hui Gu [Review Of Studies Of Chinese High School Students’ Drinking Behavior], Ian Newman, Ling Qian, Jianguo Zhang, Jie Zhao, Ying Zhang

Ian Newman

No abstract provided.


Alcohol And Young People: Promoting Benefits And Reducing Risks, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Alcohol And Young People: Promoting Benefits And Reducing Risks, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

For young people, alcohol used in ways prescribed by tradition and indigenous practices are suggested to be of lower risk than those encouraged by modem marketing and western images. Data from the USA and China are presented and discussed to support this hypothesis. Limited data suggest Chinese adolescents may be adopting higher-risk Western-style drinking practices and moving away from traditional drinking styles. It is suggested that policies which promote traditional and indigenous alcohol use should be encouraged and high-risk Western-style drinking practices discouraged.


Adolescent Alcohol Use: Mixed Methods Research Approach, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Qu Ming, Xue Jianping, Michelle R. Maas Apr 2015

Adolescent Alcohol Use: Mixed Methods Research Approach, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Qu Ming, Xue Jianping, Michelle R. Maas

Ian Newman

This paper describes how one research team uses a variety of qualitative, cultural anthropological research techniques and qualitative survey research techniques to better understand the characteristics of young people who drink and do not drink alcohol. The team used qualitative methods of cultural anthropology for initial small-group studies of three mental constructs known to predict behaviors. These mental constructs are: what young people expect to happen when they drink alcohol (alcohol expectancies), how they view Chinese and Western cultural values (cultural orientation), and how confident they are in believing they can manage pressures to drink alcohol (self-efficacy). Data from the ...


Wen Hua Ding Wei Yu Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Xing Wei Zhi Jian De Guan Xi [Cultural Orientation And Chinese Adolescent Drinking], Jianping Xue, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Xiaoyi Fang Apr 2015

Wen Hua Ding Wei Yu Gao Zhong Sheng Yin Jiu Xing Wei Zhi Jian De Guan Xi [Cultural Orientation And Chinese Adolescent Drinking], Jianping Xue, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, Xiaoyi Fang

Ian Newman

Objective: To explore a relationship between culture and alcohol drinking Methods: Questionnaires on western cultural influence and drinking practices were administered to 1,091 tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade students in five senior high schools in Beijing in January 2002. Results: The mean cultural orientation scores for the three drinking groups were statistically different, F = 30.64, p=.03. A post hoc test indicated that significant differences in cultural orientation existed between non-drinkers (X=2.98, SD=.28, N=388) and occasional drinkers (X=3.08, SD=.27, N=418) and between non-drinkers and regular drinkers (X =3.13, SD ...


Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu Apr 2015

Alcohol Expectancies Among High School Students In China, Duane F. Shell, Ian Newman, Ming Qu

Ian Newman

Objective: There is little systematic information on the patterns of Chinese adolescents' alcohol expectancies and the influence of expectancies on drinking behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine Chinese high school students' alcohol expectancies and gender and drinking status (non-drinker, occasional drinker, regular drinker) differences in expectancies. Method: We administered the Chinese Adolescent Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (CAEQ) to a convenience sample of 1244 high school students (M = 627; F = 617) from schools in Huhhot City, Chayouhou Qi, and Tongliao City in Inner Mongolia, China. Results: We identified eight expectancy factors: three negative (general negative consequences, harm to person ...


Globalisation And Alcohol, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Globalisation And Alcohol, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

Alcohol has been a global beverage for centuries. It is the best known and most widely used psychoactive drug. It occurs in nature without human assistance. It is one form of the four universal beverages -- water. milk, fruit/plant juices (which may be fermented), and blood. Alcohol is consumed in almost all societies of the world and all societies acknowledge, either directly or indirectly. its good and its bad affects. Despite the universality of alcohol and more than 5000 years of recorded experience, alcohol and its problems continue to challenge governments. businesses, communities, and families. Over time each society developed ...


Alcohol And Young People: Promoting Benefits And Reducing Risks (In Chinese), Ian Newman Apr 2015

Alcohol And Young People: Promoting Benefits And Reducing Risks (In Chinese), Ian Newman

Ian Newman

No abstract provided.


School Teacher's Role In A School-Community Alcohol Intervention Program, Ian Newman, Mary Lee Fitzsimmons, Kim M. Maschmann, J. W. Upright Apr 2015

School Teacher's Role In A School-Community Alcohol Intervention Program, Ian Newman, Mary Lee Fitzsimmons, Kim M. Maschmann, J. W. Upright

Ian Newman

Because the majority of rural and/or frontier children attend school for at least some time in their lives, implementing a low-cost, school-based alcohol and other drug prevention and intervention program is an effective way to reach a majority of children with alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, education, and early intervention services. This paper describes a model program, the School-Community Intervention Program (SCIP), and describes the results of a 2-year evaluation of 35 schools.


Cultural Aspects Of Drinking Patterns And Alcohol Controls In China, Ian Newman Apr 2015

Cultural Aspects Of Drinking Patterns And Alcohol Controls In China, Ian Newman

Ian Newman

Alcohol, 'jiu' in Mandarin, is intimately intertwined in almost every aspect of Chinese culture and has been since earliest times. China's cultural traditions, which have until now minimized the risks associated with alcohol use, will be challenged as China opens to the West There will be a tendency for outsiders to encourage the adoption of Western-style policies to address problems from alcohol abuse. Doing so without careful consideration of the cultural role of alcohol could be counterproductive.


Dian Xing Xiang Guan Fen Xi Zai Zhong Guo Qing Shao Nian Jian Kang Xing Wei Ying Xiang Yin Su Tan Tao Zhong De Ying Yong [Multi-Factor Influences On Chinese Youth Health Behaviors: Canonical Correlation Analysis On Data From The Global School-Based Health Survey], Teresa M. Merrick, Ying Zhang, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, L. Qian Apr 2015

Dian Xing Xiang Guan Fen Xi Zai Zhong Guo Qing Shao Nian Jian Kang Xing Wei Ying Xiang Yin Su Tan Tao Zhong De Ying Yong [Multi-Factor Influences On Chinese Youth Health Behaviors: Canonical Correlation Analysis On Data From The Global School-Based Health Survey], Teresa M. Merrick, Ying Zhang, Ian Newman, Duane F. Shell, L. Qian

Ian Newman

Objective: To explore interrelationships among conceptually related groups of health behaviors in Chinese youth using the multivariate technique of canonical correlation to provide a multi-dimensional view of the component variables.

Methods: Responses on health behaviors from the 2003 Global School-Based Student Health Survey(GSHS) in China were grouped into four conceptual categories-health risks, psychological, behavior, and environmental and analyzed through canonical correlation using SPSS 13.0.

Results: Negative psychological state is reflected by high level incidence of being lonely, being worried, being depressed, considering suicide, and planning how to attempt suicide, while healthy behavior by low tobacco use, alcohol use ...