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Challenge Scholars Cost Estimate, Michelle Miller-Adams Jul 2015

Challenge Scholars Cost Estimate, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

Upjohn Institute staff will recalculate the costs of the Challenge Scholars program under various scenarios based on program changes being considered by the Grand Rapids Community Foundation. The cost estimate will be based on program guidelines and proposed scholarship amounts provided by the Grand Rapids Community Foundation, and that it will build upon previous modeling undertaken by the Upjohn Institute.


The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska Jun 2015

The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska

Marta Lachowska

We estimate the effects on postsecondary education outcomes of the Kalamazoo Promise, a generous, place-based college scholarship. We identify Promise effects using difference-in-differences, comparing eligible to ineligible graduates before and after the Promise’s initiation. According to our estimates, the Promise significantly increases college enrollment, college credits attempted, and credential attainment. Stronger effects occur for women.


The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska Jun 2015

The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska

Timothy J. Bartik

We estimate the effects on postsecondary education outcomes of the Kalamazoo Promise, a generous, place-based college scholarship. We identify Promise effects using difference-in-differences, comparing eligible to ineligible graduates before and after the Promise’s initiation. According to our estimates, the Promise significantly increases college enrollment, college credits attempted, and credential attainment. Stronger effects occur for women.


The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska Jun 2015

The Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise Scholarship On College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein, Marta Lachowska

Brad J. Hershbein

We estimate the effects on postsecondary education outcomes of the Kalamazoo Promise, a generous, place-based college scholarship. We identify Promise effects using difference-in-differences, comparing eligible to ineligible graduates before and after the Promise’s initiation. According to our estimates, the Promise significantly increases college enrollment, college credits attempted, and credential attainment. Stronger effects occur for women.


The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams May 2015

The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams

Kevin Hollenbeck

No abstract provided.


The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams May 2015

The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

No abstract provided.


The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams May 2015

The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams

Brad J. Hershbein

No abstract provided.


The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams May 2015

The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams

Randall W. Eberts

No abstract provided.


The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams May 2015

The Road Toward K-12 Excellence In Michigan: How An Upgraded Financing System Can Better Support Enhanced Student Achievement, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik, Randall W. Eberts, Brad J. Hershbein, Michelle Miller-Adams

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Cost Estimate For A Saranac Promise, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

Cost Estimate For A Saranac Promise, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

Saranac Community Schools is considering the adoption of a place-based scholarship, or “Promise” program, to be known as the Saranac Promise. Upjohn Institute staff will work with Saranac stakeholders to refine the proposed design of the program and estimate its cost over a 10-year time frame.


The Kalamazoo Promise And Changing Perceptions Of The Kalamazoo Public Schools, Michelle Miller-Adams, Jenna Fiore Mar 2015

The Kalamazoo Promise And Changing Perceptions Of The Kalamazoo Public Schools, Michelle Miller-Adams, Jenna Fiore

Michelle Miller-Adams

This research brief addresses the question of whether the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise in late 2005 brought about a shift in media coverage of Kalamazoo Public Schools (KPS). It is part of an effort to examine the nonacademic effects of the Kalamazoo Promise—more specifically, if and how the Promise has changed the broader community. A review of educational content in the Kalamazoo Gazette and the Grand Rapids Press pre- and post-Promise announcement was analyzed to determine whether the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise changed media coverage, thereby affecting community perceptions of KPS as compared to Grand Rapids Public ...


Feasibility Study For A Charlevoix Promise, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

Feasibility Study For A Charlevoix Promise, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

Upjohn Institute staff will work with Charlevoix, Michigan stakeholders to assess the community’s critical needs and its capacity to enact a place-based scholarship program. Based on those assessments, staff members will recommend a suggested program design for a Promise program or an alternative set of strategies for accomplishing community goals.


The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On College Choice: An Analysis Of Kalamazoo Area Math And Science Center Graduates, Michelle Miller-Adams, Bridget Timmeney Mar 2015

The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On College Choice: An Analysis Of Kalamazoo Area Math And Science Center Graduates, Michelle Miller-Adams, Bridget Timmeney

Michelle Miller-Adams

The Kalamazoo Promise has led to a pronounced shift in the college-going patterns of Kalamazoo Public Schools (KPS) students who attend the Kalamazoo Area Math and Science Center (KAMSC). Following the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise in 2005, the percentage of KPS KAMSC students attending public, in-state institutions of higher education has almost doubled—a shift that reflects the program rules of the Promise, which covers tuition and fees only at public postsecondary institutions in Michigan. The percentage of non-KPS KAMSC students attending an in-state, public institution also rose in the post-2006 period but only very slightly, suggesting that the ...


Can Universal, Place-Based Scholarships Reduce Inequality? Lessons From Kalamazoo, Michigan, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

Can Universal, Place-Based Scholarships Reduce Inequality? Lessons From Kalamazoo, Michigan, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

The Kalamazoo Promise, announced in 2005, is an innovative college-scholarship program available to every graduate of the Kalamazoo (Michigan) Public Schools. Programs such as the Kalamazoo Promise, which is being emulated in cities across the United States, open new avenues for the acquisition of human capital regardless of income level or academic achievement, while facilitating the creation of new economic and social assets for the community. Following a brief explanation of the program itself, this paper examines the Kalamazoo Promise as a human capital-investment strategy and its potential as a mechanism for reducing inequality. I find that the Kalamazoo Promise ...


Investing In The Success Of The Kalamazoo Promise, Randall Eberts, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

Investing In The Success Of The Kalamazoo Promise, Randall Eberts, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

In order to strengthen the outcomes of the Kalamazoo Promise (Michigan) scholarship program, researchers developed a new management information and reporting system and a research agenda-based program. This project provided the evaluation and research infrastructure for the ongoing evaluation of the Kalamazoo Promise.


The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck Feb 2015

The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Ten-Year Cost Estimation Of A Proposed Lansing Promise Scholarship, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

Ten-Year Cost Estimation Of A Proposed Lansing Promise Scholarship, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Economic Impact Of Northwestern Michigan College: Final Report, George Erickcek Feb 2015

Economic Impact Of Northwestern Michigan College: Final Report, George Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


An Alternative Pathway To A High School Diploma Is Needed, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

An Alternative Pathway To A High School Diploma Is Needed, Kevin Hollenbeck, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Effects Of The Pre-K Program Of Kalamazoo County Ready 4s On Kindergarten Entry Test Scores: Estimates Based On Data From The Fall Of 2011 And The Fall Of 2012, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Effects Of The Pre-K Program Of Kalamazoo County Ready 4s On Kindergarten Entry Test Scores: Estimates Based On Data From The Fall Of 2011 And The Fall Of 2012, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper uses a regression discontinuity model to examine the effects on kindergarten entrance assessments of the Kalamazoo County Ready 4s (KC Ready 4s) program, a half-day pre-K program for four-year-olds in Kalamazoo County, Michigan. The results are based on test scores and other characteristics of up to 220 children participating in KC Ready 4s, with data coming from both 2011–2012 and 2012–2013 participants in the program. The estimates find consistently statistically significant effects of this pre-K program on improving entering kindergartners’ math test scores. Some estimates also suggest marginally statistically significant effects of KC Ready 4s on ...


Economic Development Benefits Of Preschool Expansion In Kalamazoo County, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Economic Development Benefits Of Preschool Expansion In Kalamazoo County, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper examines the effects of preschool expansion in Kalamazoo County on the county's economic development. Effects on the county's economic development are defined as effects on the employment and earnings of county residents. The estimated effects are found to be large relative to the costs. In addition to their relevance to Kalamazoo County, these simulations illustrate how the analysis presented in two previous papers (Bartik 2006, 2008) can be done for an individual county or metropolitan area. Such simulations may be of interest to other counties or metropolitan areas that are considering expansions in early childhood programs.


Educational Initiatives In Kps, Marta Lachowska, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Educational Initiatives In Kps, Marta Lachowska, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

We study the effects of two educational initiatives on student outcomes: the summer literacy program for incoming 6th graders and double blocking for middle school students. The Kalamazoo Public Schools summer literacy program was first implemented as an experiment in 2008 and 2009 and then expanded universally in 2010. Starting in the 2010-11 school year, KPS is “double blocking” students in middle school who on the prior MEAP scored below some cutoff. “Double blocking” means that students were selected for the program, and we can readily model the effects of the program using a “regression discontinuity” evaluation.


Increasing The Economic Development Benefits Of Higher Education In Michigan, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Increasing The Economic Development Benefits Of Higher Education In Michigan, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper considers how a state such as Michigan can increase the economic development benefits of higher education. Research evidence suggests that higher education increases local economic development principally by increasing the quality of the local workforce, and secondarily by increasing local innovative ideas. These economic development benefits of higher education can be increased by: 1) competent management of conventional economic development programs that focus on business attraction and retention; 2) policies that focus on increasing local job skills by educating the state's residents, as opposed to attracting in-migrants; 3) policies that address specific "market failures" in how higher ...


Boosting Michigan's Economy Through Educational Improvements, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Boosting Michigan's Economy Through Educational Improvements, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Graduation Requirements, Skills, Postsecondary Education, And The Michigan Economy, Timothy J. Bartik, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Graduation Requirements, Skills, Postsecondary Education, And The Michigan Economy, Timothy J. Bartik, Kevin Hollenbeck

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Longer-Term Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise: College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Brad Hershbein Jan 2015

Longer-Term Effects Of The Kalamazoo Promise: College Enrollment, Persistence, And Completion, Brad Hershbein

Brad J. Hershbein

This project will examine the effects of the Kalamazoo Promise on college enrollment, persistence, and completion using merged administrative data sources. The study will employ two approaches for identification: (1) differences-in-differences between eligible and non-eligible students before and after the Promise with and without inverse-probability treatment weights, and (2) propensity score matching of students from neighboring school districts. The study will explore standard heterogeneous treatments by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status as well as by high school grades and standardized test scores. The study will aim to characterize how the distribution of high school graduates attending college changed as well ...


Impact Of Charter School Attendance On Student Achievement In Michigan, Randall W. Eberts, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Impact Of Charter School Attendance On Student Achievement In Michigan, Randall W. Eberts, Kevin Hollenbeck

Randall W. Eberts

Proponents of school reform have argued that charter schools and vouchers can provide adequate market pressure to improve the performance of traditional public schools. While the number of charter schools and student enrollment have burgeoned, relatively little attention has been paid to their effects on student achievement. Proponents of charter schools suggest a direct effect on student achievement through the restructuring of teaching and learning processes and an indirect effect through peer effects on learning and through the market forces of competition. Of course, competitive pressures may result in higher achievement in traditional public schools as well. This paper focuses ...


An Examination Of Student Achievement In Michigan Charter Schools, Randall W. Eberts, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

An Examination Of Student Achievement In Michigan Charter Schools, Randall W. Eberts, Kevin Hollenbeck

Randall W. Eberts

Since their inception in 1991, the number of and the student enrollment in charter school have burgeoned. However, little attention has been paid to their effects on student achievement. Proponents hypothesize direct and indirect positive impacts of charter schools on student achievement. The direct effect is through the restructuring of teaching and learning processes. The indirect effect operates through peer effects on learning and through the market forces of competition. This paper focuses on student achievement in charter schools in Michigan. The analyses presented here suggest that students attending charter schools in Michigan are not reaching the same levels of ...


Analysis Of Kaaap Through The 1998/1999 School Year, Kevin Hollenbeck, Noyna Debburman Jan 2015

Analysis Of Kaaap Through The 1998/1999 School Year, Kevin Hollenbeck, Noyna Debburman

Kevin Hollenbeck

No abstract provided.


Use And Effectiveness Of Formal Course And Career Planning Forms In Secondary Schools In The Ottawa Area Intermediate School District, Kevin Hollenbeck, Noyna Debburman Jan 2015

Use And Effectiveness Of Formal Course And Career Planning Forms In Secondary Schools In The Ottawa Area Intermediate School District, Kevin Hollenbeck, Noyna Debburman

Kevin Hollenbeck

No abstract provided.