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Full-Text Articles in Education

What Works In State Economic Development?, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

What Works In State Economic Development?, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Preschool Education As An Economic Development Program, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Preschool Education As An Economic Development Program, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This research presented preschool education as a plausible economic development program focusing on the benefits that can be measured in terms of the goals of state and local economic development programs: more jobs and better jobs for local residents. Preschool education’s cost-effectiveness in achieving these goals was compared with traditional state and local economic development programs such as financial incentives and customized services provided to individual businesses.


The Economic Payoffs Of Early Childhood Education, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

The Economic Payoffs Of Early Childhood Education, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Effects Of The Pre-K Program Of Kalamazoo County Ready 4s On Kindergarten Entry Test Scores: Estimates Based On Data From The Fall Of 2011 And The Fall Of 2012, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Effects Of The Pre-K Program Of Kalamazoo County Ready 4s On Kindergarten Entry Test Scores: Estimates Based On Data From The Fall Of 2011 And The Fall Of 2012, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper uses a regression discontinuity model to examine the effects on kindergarten entrance assessments of the Kalamazoo County Ready 4s (KC Ready 4s) program, a half-day pre-K program for four-year-olds in Kalamazoo County, Michigan. The results are based on test scores and other characteristics of up to 220 children participating in KC Ready 4s, with data coming from both 2011–2012 and 2012–2013 participants in the program. The estimates find consistently statistically significant effects of this pre-K program on improving entering kindergartners’ math test scores. Some estimates also suggest marginally statistically significant effects of KC Ready 4s on ...


Earnings Benefits Of Tulsa's Pre-K Program For Different Income Groups, Timothy J. Bartik, William Gormley, Shirley Adelstein Jan 2015

Earnings Benefits Of Tulsa's Pre-K Program For Different Income Groups, Timothy J. Bartik, William Gormley, Shirley Adelstein

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper estimates future adult earnings effects associated with a universal pre-K program in Tulsa, Oklahoma. These informed projections help to compensate for the lack of long-term data on universal pre-K programs, while using metrics that relate test scores to valued social benefits. Combining test-score data from the fall of 2006 and recent findings by Chetty et al. (forthcoming) on the relationship between kindergarten test scores and adult earnings, we generate plausible projections of adult earnings effects and a partial cost-benefit analysis of the Tulsa pre-K program. We find substantial projected earnings benefits for program participants who differ by income ...


The Effects Of Pre-K Access And Quality On Social Inequality, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

The Effects Of Pre-K Access And Quality On Social Inequality, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

The effects of state and local government funded pre-K programs on racial and income inequality will be studied. How the effects vary with whether pre-K is targeted on the poor or is more universal will be estimated. How the effects vary with pre-K program quality and whether or not expansion of high-quality pre-K would significantly reduce economic and social inequality across different races and income groups will also be examined. This study will go beyond previous research by considering all states and by adding relevance and increasing precision of estimation. Secondly, it includes measures, not only of the overall probability ...


Bringing The Future Into The Present: How Policymakers Should Deal With The Delayed Benefits Of Early Childhood Programs, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Bringing The Future Into The Present: How Policymakers Should Deal With The Delayed Benefits Of Early Childhood Programs, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Distributional Effects Of Early Childhood Programs And Business Incentives And Their Implications For Policy, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Distributional Effects Of Early Childhood Programs And Business Incentives And Their Implications For Policy, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This is a draft of a chapter of a planned book, Preschool and Jobs: Human Development as Economic Development, and Vice Versa [subsequently published as Investing in Kids, 2011]. This book analyzes early childhood programs effects on regional economic development. This chapter considers the effects of early childhood programs and business incentives on the income distribution. A key issue is whether early childhood programs should be targeted on the poor, or made universally available for free. Relevant considerations in addressing this issue include how benefits of early childhood programs benefit with family income, and the political feasibility of targeted versus ...


Introduction [To Investing In Kids], Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Introduction [To Investing In Kids], Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


From Preschool To Prosperity: The Economic Payoff To Early Childhood Education, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

From Preschool To Prosperity: The Economic Payoff To Early Childhood Education, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

Bartik shows that investment in high-quality early childhood education has several long-term benefits, including higher adult earnings for program participants.


Economic Development Benefits Of Preschool Expansion In Kalamazoo County, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Economic Development Benefits Of Preschool Expansion In Kalamazoo County, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper examines the effects of preschool expansion in Kalamazoo County on the county's economic development. Effects on the county's economic development are defined as effects on the employment and earnings of county residents. The estimated effects are found to be large relative to the costs. In addition to their relevance to Kalamazoo County, these simulations illustrate how the analysis presented in two previous papers (Bartik 2006, 2008) can be done for an individual county or metropolitan area. Such simulations may be of interest to other counties or metropolitan areas that are considering expansions in early childhood programs.


The National Perspective: How Local Business Incentives And Early Childhood Programs Affect The National Economy, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

The National Perspective: How Local Business Incentives And Early Childhood Programs Affect The National Economy, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Why Universal Preschool Is Really A Labor Market Program, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Why Universal Preschool Is Really A Labor Market Program, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Boosting Michigan's Economy Through Educational Improvements, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Boosting Michigan's Economy Through Educational Improvements, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Preschool And Prosperity, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Preschool And Prosperity, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

Substantial research shows that high-quality early childhood education programs have a large economic payoff. This payoff is increased earnings for former child participants, increased earnings for parents, and increased earnings for all workers when average worker skills improve. A program package of universal pre-K, combined with child care and parenting support for all low-income families, would cost $80 billion annually. But each dollar invested in this package would yield future economic benefits of over 10 times as great.


Why Investing In Kids Makes Sense For Local Economies, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Why Investing In Kids Makes Sense For Local Economies, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Kalamazoo County Committee For Early Childhood Education (Ready 4s) Assessment, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Kalamazoo County Committee For Early Childhood Education (Ready 4s) Assessment, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

Kalamazoo County Ready 4s will establish a baseline of kindergarten readiness among Kalamazoo County's entering kindergarten students in fall 2010 by assessing 200 children randomly selected from the public schools in Kalamazoo County. Kalamazoo County Ready 4s will also test the assessment process in fall 2010 with child care/education providers likely to participate in the Kalamazoo County Ready 4s pilot in fall 2011. Researchers will inform the community of the level of school readiness of children entering kindergarten, will convince the funders of the need for increasing children's access to high quality pre-K care/education, and will ...


How Policymakers Should Deal With The Delayed Benefits Of Early Childhood Programs, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

How Policymakers Should Deal With The Delayed Benefits Of Early Childhood Programs, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This is a draft of a chapter of a planned book, Preschool and Jobs: Human Development as Economic Development, and Vice Versa [subsequently published as Investing in Kids, 2011]. This chapter considers a problem with early childhood programs: their effects on earnings are mostly long-delayed. The delay occurs because most earnings effects are on former child participants. The chapter considers appropriate discounting of benefits and how the upfront costs of early childhood programs can be delayed or reduced. It also addresses how the long-run benefits of early childhood programs can be moved up or increased.


Earnings Benefits Of Tulsa's Pre-K Program For Different Income Groups, Timothy Bartik, William Gormley, Shirley Adelstein Jan 2015

Earnings Benefits Of Tulsa's Pre-K Program For Different Income Groups, Timothy Bartik, William Gormley, Shirley Adelstein

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Preschool And Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Preschool And Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Taking Preschool Education Seriously As An Economic Development Program: Effects On Jobs And Earnings Of State Residents Compared To Traditional Economic Development Programs, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Taking Preschool Education Seriously As An Economic Development Program: Effects On Jobs And Earnings Of State Residents Compared To Traditional Economic Development Programs, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Early Childhood Programs And Local Economic Development, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Early Childhood Programs And Local Economic Development, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This book publication project analyzed early childhood programs’ effects on regional economic development. Four early childhood programs were considered: 1) universally accessible preschool for four-year-olds of similar quality to the Chicago Child Parent Center program; 2) the Abecedarian program, which provides disadvantaged children with high-quality child care and preschool from infancy to age five; 3) the Nurse Family Partnership, which provides low-income first-time mothers with nurse home visitors from the prenatal period until the child is age two; and 4) the Parent Child-Home program, which provides home visits and educational toys and books to disadvantaged families when the child is ...


Who Benefits? Distributional Effects Of Early Childhood Programs And Business Incentives, And Their Implications For Policy, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Who Benefits? Distributional Effects Of Early Childhood Programs And Business Incentives, And Their Implications For Policy, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


What Do Early Childhood Programs Do? What Could They Do? [Review Of Childhood Programs And Practices In The First Decade Of Life: A Human Capital Integration, Arthur J. Reynolds, Arthur J. Rolnick, Michelle N. Englund, And Judy A. Temple, Eds.], Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

What Do Early Childhood Programs Do? What Could They Do? [Review Of Childhood Programs And Practices In The First Decade Of Life: A Human Capital Integration, Arthur J. Reynolds, Arthur J. Rolnick, Michelle N. Englund, And Judy A. Temple, Eds.], Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


The Economic Development Benefits Of Universal Preschool Education Compared To Traditional Economic Development Programs, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

The Economic Development Benefits Of Universal Preschool Education Compared To Traditional Economic Development Programs, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Early Childhood Programs As An Economic Development Tool: Investing Early To Prepare The Future Workforce, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

Early Childhood Programs As An Economic Development Tool: Investing Early To Prepare The Future Workforce, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.