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Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Psychological Adjustment After Traumatic Brain Injury: Reporting The Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial, Diane L. Whiting, Grahame K. Simpson, Hamish J. Mcleod, Frank P. Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Psychological Adjustment After Traumatic Brain Injury: Reporting The Protocol For A Randomised Controlled Trial, Diane L. Whiting, Grahame K. Simpson, Hamish J. Mcleod, Frank P. Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

Following a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) there is a complex presentation of psychological symptoms which may impact on recovery. Validated treatments addressing these symptoms for this group of people are limited. This article reports on the protocol for a single-centre, two-armed, Phase II Randomised Control Trial (RCT) to address the adjustment process following a severe TBI. Participants will be recruited from Liverpool Brain Injury Rehabilitation Unit and randomly allocated to one of two groups, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) or an active control (Befriending). The active treatment group utilises the six core processes of ACT with the intention of ...


Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, And Psychoticism: Distinctive Influences Of Three Personality Dimensions In Adolescence, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson, Emma Barkus Jul 2015

Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, And Psychoticism: Distinctive Influences Of Three Personality Dimensions In Adolescence, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson, Emma Barkus

joseph Ciarrochi

Researchers have suggested that the psychoticism (P) personality dimension of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire may be largely redundant with the agreeableness (A) and conscientiousness (C) constructs of the five-factor model. Little research has examined the distinctiveness of these constructs. We utilized a multi-wave, multi-method design to examine the ability of C, A, and P to uniquely predict a number of important outcomes amongst high school students. A total of 778 students (391 males, 387 females; mean age 15.41 years.) completed personality measures in Grade 10. Self-reported self-esteem, social support, health-related behaviours, religious values as well as teachers' assessments of ...


Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Improving The Lives Of Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Study, Danielle Feros, Lisbeth Lane, Joseph Ciarrochi, John Blackledge Jul 2015

Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Improving The Lives Of Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Study, Danielle Feros, Lisbeth Lane, Joseph Ciarrochi, John Blackledge

joseph Ciarrochi

Background This preliminary study examined the effectiveness of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention at improving the quality of life among cancer patients. It was hypothesised that over the course of the intervention, patients would report increased psychological flexibility through acceptance of unpleasant thoughts and feelings, and that increased psychological flexibility would lead to improvements in distress, mood, and quality of life. Method Forty-five cancer patients participated in an ACT intervention. Outcome measures included self-reported distress, mood disturbance, psychological flexibility, and quality of life. Data were collected at pre, mid, and post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Results The data ...


Identifying And Describing Feelings And Psychological Flexibility Predict Mental Health In Men With Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, R Hillman Jul 2015

Identifying And Describing Feelings And Psychological Flexibility Predict Mental Health In Men With Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, R Hillman

joseph Ciarrochi

Early detection screening programmes have been well established for a variety of cancer types. More recently, anal cytological screening for anal cancer has been recommended (New York State Department of Public Health AIDS Institute, 2007). Population rates of anal cancer are 1.6 per 100,000 (Darragh & Winkler, 2011). However, men who have sex with men (MSM) and are HIV infected have considerably higher rates, estimated at between 42 and 137 per 100,000 (Darragh & Winkler, 2011). The psychological impact of cancer screening has been demonstrated in many different programmes and typically includes increased anxiety, reduced quality of life (QOL) and increased health vigilance (Brett, Bankhead, Henderson, Watson, & Austoker, 2005; Gray et al., 2006; McNaughton-Collins et al., 2004). Strategies for reducing these effects involve clear communication in written and verbal forms about the procedures and results (Wilkinson, Jones, & McBride, 1990; Wilson & Hines, 2000). Another way to reduce the negative effects of screening may be to develop an individual's strengths (e.g., ability to identify and describe feelings and psychological flexibility [PF]) to enhance their coping ability. There are numerous theories that have the potential to explain how an individual copes with health threat. Our study focuses on the two individual characteristics: the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (DIDF; Bagby, Parker, & Taylor, 1994) and PF. Difficulties in identifying and describing feelings are major components of alexithymia (Bagby et al., 1994). Psychological flexibility is 'the ability to contact the present moment more fully as a conscious human being, and to change or persist in behavior when doing so serves valued ends' (Hayes, Luoma, Bond, Masuda, & Lillis, 2006). Both DIDF and PF have been shown to explain differences in psychological functioning (Berrocal, Pennato, & Bernini, 2009; Gloster, Klotsche, Chaker, Hummel, & Hoyer, 2011), physical well-being (McCracken & Zhao-O'Brien, 2010; Saharinen et al., 2008) and QOL outcomes (Hayes et al., 2006; Modestin, Furrer, & Malti, 2004).


Personality Predictors Of Peer-Rated Adjustment And Likeability: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

Personality Predictors Of Peer-Rated Adjustment And Likeability: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

We hypothesized that girls would be more responsive than boys to opposite sex characteristics that indicated the likelihood of worldly success (i.e., academic ability) and pro-social behaviour (i.e., Conscientiousness (C), Agreeableness (A), and low Psychoticism (P)). Students (381 boys; 389 girls) completed individual difference measures in their first year of high school (Grade 7; Mean age 12.28) and then at approximate twelve month intervals for the next three years. Peer-rated adjustment and likeability ratings were obtained in Grades 9 and 10. Results indicated that the extent a girl viewed a boy as adjusted was influenced by that ...


Reflection Impulsivity In Adolescent Cannabis Users, K Jones, N Solowij, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel Jul 2015

Reflection Impulsivity In Adolescent Cannabis Users, K Jones, N Solowij, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract of a conference paper presented at the 2010 summer meeting of the British Association for Psychopharmacology.


Exploring The Relationship Between Cognitive Flexibility And Psychological Flexibility After Acquired Brain Injury, Diane L. Whiting, Frank Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, Hamish Mcleod, Grahame Simpson Jul 2015

Exploring The Relationship Between Cognitive Flexibility And Psychological Flexibility After Acquired Brain Injury, Diane L. Whiting, Frank Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi, Hamish Mcleod, Grahame Simpson

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract presented at the Tenth World Congress on Brain Injury, 19-22 March 2014, San Francisco, United States


The Interrelations Among The Perception Of Parental Styles And Psychological Well-Being In Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Farnaz Shahimi, Patrick C. L Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

The Interrelations Among The Perception Of Parental Styles And Psychological Well-Being In Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Farnaz Shahimi, Patrick C. L Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

This longitudinal study aims to examine the relationships between the perception of parental style, hope, self-esteem and Eysenck's psychoticism dimension throughout the span of four years. The sample was composed of 884 students from the Wollongong Youth Study, which commenced when students entered high school. During the course of the 4 years of the study, each participant completed the test booklets each time data was collected. Data was analyzed using one way ANOVA, Post-hoc test, Repeated Measurement, Pearson and Partial Correlation and General Linear Model in order to provide the aims of the study. The mean score of hope ...


Improving Implementation Of Evidence-Based Practice In Mental Health Service Delivery: Protocol For A Cluster Randomised Quasi-Experimental Investigation Of Staff-Focused Values Interventions, Virginia Williams, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe, Joseph Ciarrochi, Retta Andresen Jul 2015

Improving Implementation Of Evidence-Based Practice In Mental Health Service Delivery: Protocol For A Cluster Randomised Quasi-Experimental Investigation Of Staff-Focused Values Interventions, Virginia Williams, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe, Joseph Ciarrochi, Retta Andresen

joseph Ciarrochi

Background There is growing acceptance that optimal service provision for individuals with severe and recurrent mental illness requires a complementary focus on medical recovery (i.e., symptom management and general functioning) and personal recovery (i.e., having a 'life worth living'). Despite significant research attention and policy-level support, the translation of this vision of healthcare into changed workplace practice continues to elude. Over the past decade, evidence-based training interventions that seek to enhance the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of staff working in the mental health field have been implemented as a primary redress strategy. However, a large body of multi-disciplinary ...


Psychosocial Aspects Of Anal Cancer Screening: A Review And Recommendations, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank P. Deane Jul 2015

Psychosocial Aspects Of Anal Cancer Screening: A Review And Recommendations, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank P. Deane

joseph Ciarrochi

Cancer screening programs have the potential to decrease psychosocial wellbeing. This review investigates the evidence that anal cancer screening has an impact on psychosocial functioning and outlines considerations for supporting participants. The review suggested that screening has no significant effect on general mental health but may increase cancer-specific worry. Having worse anal or HIV symptoms, being younger, higher baseline distress or worse histology results were predictive of greater worry. The findings suggest the need to increase education campaigns, particularly targeting those with HIV infection and men who have sex with men. There is a need to develop a consensus on ...


An Examination Of Impulsivity In Adolescence: Frontal Alpha Eeg Markers And Relations With Emotion Regulation, Ellie Johnston, Stuart Johnstone, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

An Examination Of Impulsivity In Adolescence: Frontal Alpha Eeg Markers And Relations With Emotion Regulation, Ellie Johnston, Stuart Johnstone, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Verbal Learning And Memory In Adolescent Cannabis And Alcohol Users, N Solowij, K Jones, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel Jul 2015

Verbal Learning And Memory In Adolescent Cannabis And Alcohol Users, N Solowij, K Jones, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract of a conference paper presented at the 2010 summer meeting of the British Association for Psychopharmacology.


The Longitudinal Relationships Between Adolescent Religious Values And Personality, Lee Huuskes, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven Jul 2015

The Longitudinal Relationships Between Adolescent Religious Values And Personality, Lee Huuskes, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven

joseph Ciarrochi

This research examined the longitudinal relationships between personality and religious values. High school students in Grades 10 (381 males, 384 females; mean age = 15.40 yrs) and Grade 12 (195 males, 215 females; mean age = 17.02 yrs) completed personality and religious measures as part of the Wollongong Youth Study. Structural equation modelling (SEM) indicated that religious values at Time 1 predicted an increase in Agreeableness and a decrease in Psychoticism at Time 2. These effects were confirmed to be independent of each other when the SEMs included both Agreeableness and Psychoticism. Results are discussed with reference to the implications ...


The Foundations Of Flourishing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Todd Kashdan, Russ Harris Jul 2015

The Foundations Of Flourishing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Todd Kashdan, Russ Harris

joseph Ciarrochi

Are humans innately good and compassionate (Rousseau, 1783/1979) or are they nasty and brutish (Hobbes, 1651/2009). This question has troubled philosophers for centuries, and when we look at the history of humankind, there is no simple answer. You can find great acts of love and kindness in our past, but also intense hatred and cruelty. We had the renaissance, but we also had the dark ages. We invented penicillin but we also invented nerve gas. We built churches, cathedrals, and hospitals, but we also built atom bombs and concentration camps. For every historical figure who has struggled for ...


A Preliminary Exploration Of The Working Allliance And 'Real Relationship' In Two Coaching Approaches With Mental Health Workers, Belinda J. Sun, Frank Deane, Trevor Crowe, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

A Preliminary Exploration Of The Working Allliance And 'Real Relationship' In Two Coaching Approaches With Mental Health Workers, Belinda J. Sun, Frank Deane, Trevor Crowe, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

Objectives: The coaching relationship has been described as the catalyst for change. This study explores the coaching relationship by comparing the working alliance and the 'real relationship'- the undistorted and authentic experience of the other- in participants in skills coaching and transformational coaching. Design: A 2 (coaching condition) x 2 (time) factorial design was used. Method: Staff from community psychiatric recovery services were trained in a new service delivery approach (Collaborative Recovery Model), followed by coaching from intemal coaches once per month to enhance implimentation of the training. All trained staff were invited to participate in the research. Forty coachees ...


A Comparison Of Two Coaching Approaches To Enhance Implementation Of A Recovery-Oriented Service Model, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Trevor Crowe, Lindsay Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi, Virginia Williams Jul 2015

A Comparison Of Two Coaching Approaches To Enhance Implementation Of A Recovery-Oriented Service Model, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Trevor Crowe, Lindsay Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi, Virginia Williams

joseph Ciarrochi

Moving to recovery-oriented service provision in mental health may entail retraining existing staff, as well as training new staff. This represents a substantial burden on organisations, particularly since transfer of training into practice is often poor. Follow-up supervision and/or coaching have been found to improve the implementation and sustainment of new approaches. We compared the effect of two coaching conditions, skills-based and transformational coaching, on the implementation of a recovery-oriented model following training. Training followed by coaching led to significant sustained improvements in the quality of care planning in accordance with the new model over the 12-month study period ...


The Psychological Impact Of Anal Cancer Screening On Hiv-Infected Men, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Leon Botes, Richard Hillman Jul 2015

The Psychological Impact Of Anal Cancer Screening On Hiv-Infected Men, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Leon Botes, Richard Hillman

joseph Ciarrochi

Background Anal cancer rates are increasing in HIV-infected men. Screening programmes similar to prostate and cervical cancer have been recommended to reduce morbidity and mortality. Research shows that screening processes have psychological consequences that need to be considered. Limited investigation of the psychological impact of anal cancer screening has been conducted. Methods A prospective longitudinal survey of 291 men was conducted at three time points over 14 weeks at a public HIV clinic in Sydney, Australia. Self-report questionnaires measuring worry, distress, depression, anxiety, stress and health-related quality of life (SF-12) were collected. Results Those who had a biopsy recommended were ...


Value Congruence, Importance And Success In The Workplace: Links With Well-Being And Burnout Amongst Mental Health Practiticioners, Stephanie Veage, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor Crowe Jul 2015

Value Congruence, Importance And Success In The Workplace: Links With Well-Being And Burnout Amongst Mental Health Practiticioners, Stephanie Veage, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor Crowe

joseph Ciarrochi

Living according to one׳s personal values has implications for wellbeing, and incongruence between personal and workplace values has been associated with burnout. Using the SGP Card Sorting Task (Ciarrochi & Bailey, 2008), this study explored mental health practitioners׳ personal life values and personal work-related values, and their relationships with wellbeing and burnout. Congruence between life and work-related values was related to wellbeing and perceived accomplishment at work. Those whose personal values were consistent with the commonly-shared values of a caring profession experienced lower burnout and higher personal wellbeing. Successfully pursuing one׳s work values predicted lower burnout and greater wellbeing ...


Psychological Consequences Of Cancer Screening In Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Frank Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

Psychological Consequences Of Cancer Screening In Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Frank Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

Purpose of review: There is a growing awareness of the increase in non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADC) in the HIV-infected population. Cancer screening is one means of reducing morbidity and mortality, but such screening may have psychological consequences across those with high and low-risk results, such as increased anxiety, worry and potential behavior change like increased self-examination or medical follow-up. This review examines the literature on psychological consequences of screening for NADC in HIV-infected populations. Recent findings: Anal cancer is the only cancer type in which the psychological consequence of screening has been investigated in HIV-infected populations. Screening increases worry about anal ...


The Role Of Emotion Identification Skill In The Formation Of Male And Female Friendships: A Longitudinal Study, H. Claire Rowsell, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Frank Deane Jul 2015

The Role Of Emotion Identification Skill In The Formation Of Male And Female Friendships: A Longitudinal Study, H. Claire Rowsell, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Frank Deane

joseph Ciarrochi

The present study explored the relationship between emotion identification skill (EIS) and friendships in adolescence. Students from five Australian high schools completed questionnaires annually from Grade 8 to Grade 12 including subjective measures of EIS and a peer-based objective measure of social functioning (e.g., friendship nominations). The total sample of participants was 795 (406 males; 389 females) with 468 (225 males; 243 females) completing questionnaires in Grade 12. EIS in early adolescence was predictive of friendships for females in late adolescence. Specifically, girls starting out with low EIS in Grade 8 tended to have fewer female friendships and more ...