Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

Selected Works

External Link

Discipline
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 577

Full-Text Articles in Education

“Big History At Other Institutions: “Introduction’ And ‘The Big History Project: Bill Gates’S Favorite Course.’ ”, Mojgan Behmand Dec 2015

“Big History At Other Institutions: “Introduction’ And ‘The Big History Project: Bill Gates’S Favorite Course.’ ”, Mojgan Behmand

Mojgan Behmand

"This chapter contains sections on three programs external to Dominican, with each piece discussing a specific program: its history, its structure, its challenges, and its hopes." ~ Chapter excerpt


“Assessing Big History Outcomes: Or, How To Make Assessment Inspiring.”, Mojgan Behmand Dec 2015

“Assessing Big History Outcomes: Or, How To Make Assessment Inspiring.”, Mojgan Behmand

Mojgan Behmand

"Without a doubt, a collaborative process increases commitment to a program and its assessment. In the case of Big History, the vast interplay among disciplines made working as a collective the most sensible approach." ~ Chapter excerpt


"Big History And The Goals Of Liberal Education”, Mojgan Behmand Dec 2015

"Big History And The Goals Of Liberal Education”, Mojgan Behmand

Mojgan Behmand

"...This vision of education as a laying a moral obligation the educated and serving to advance the good of the larger community has always resonated with Dominican educators, whose traditional ideals are study, reflection,, community, and service. Notably, the course components of liberal education have been subject to reevaluation and revision over the years, but the desired outcomes of such an education have remained the same. Accordingly, Dominican embraced it history of liberal education." ~ chapter excerpt


The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase Dec 2015

The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase

Dr Anne-Marie Chase

In this paper, we explore the benefits of using social media in an online educational setting, with a particular focus on the use of Facebook and Twitter by participants in a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) developed to enable educators to learn about the Carpe Diem learning design process. We define social media as digital social tools and environments located outside of the provision of a formal university-provided Learning Management System. We use data collected via interviews and surveys with the MOOC participants as well as social media postings made by the participants throughout the MOOC to offer insights into ...


A Comparison Of Two Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Programs In Females With Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Pilot Study, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Wendy Chorny, C. Brahler, Ashley Ingley, Jennifer Kennedy, Valerie Osterfeld Dec 2015

A Comparison Of Two Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Programs In Females With Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Pilot Study, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, Wendy Chorny, C. Brahler, Ashley Ingley, Jennifer Kennedy, Valerie Osterfeld

C. Jayne Brahler

Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition affecting millions of Americans. Few studies have assessed the benefits of different exercises involved in pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). Purposte: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a traditional PFMT program to an assisted pelvic floor muscle training (APFMT) program that included contraction of hip musculature.


Test Items In The Complete And Short Forms Of The Bot-2 That Contribute Substantially To Motor Performance Assessments In Typically Developing Children 6-10 Years Of Age, Kadi Carmosino, Ashley Grzeszczak, Kaylie Mcmurray, Ali Olivo, Bo Slutz, Brittany Zoll, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Brahler Dec 2015

Test Items In The Complete And Short Forms Of The Bot-2 That Contribute Substantially To Motor Performance Assessments In Typically Developing Children 6-10 Years Of Age, Kadi Carmosino, Ashley Grzeszczak, Kaylie Mcmurray, Ali Olivo, Bo Slutz, Brittany Zoll, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Brahler

C. Jayne Brahler

Objectives: Determine the magnitude of association between individual subtest items of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, second edition (BOT-2), and the respective total subtest scores and to review items on the BOT-2 Short Form. Background: The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, second edition (BOT-2), is a test used to measure gross motor proficiency in both typically developing children and children with developmental disabilities between the ages of four and twenty-one. The BOT-2 Short Form consists of fourteen test items proportionally selected from the subtests of the Complete Form. It can be used as a screening tool and takes less ...


Postwar Legal Scholarship On Judicial Decision Making, Jan Vetter Dec 2015

Postwar Legal Scholarship On Judicial Decision Making, Jan Vetter

Jan Vetter

No abstract provided.


Teachers' Discourse On English Language Learners: Cultural Models Of Language And Learning, Amy Heineke Dec 2015

Teachers' Discourse On English Language Learners: Cultural Models Of Language And Learning, Amy Heineke

Amy J. Heineke

This qualitative case study explores teacher learning about English language learners (ELLs) in a small-group, school-based context at an urban elementary school inArizona. Sociocultural perspectives on teacher learning guided the analysis of teachers’ participation in a teacher study group over six months. The teacher study group aimed to support educators of ELLs at a time of new language policy implementation, which required ELLs to enroll in an English language development (ELD) classroom for four hours of skill-based English language instruction.

In the first semester of language policy implementation, I collected discursive data that showcased the social interaction of teachers and ...


A History Of The Men's Intramural Program At Brigham Young University, David Brown Dec 2015

A History Of The Men's Intramural Program At Brigham Young University, David Brown

David C. Brown

The purpose of this study was to compile and present an organized and complete history of the Men's Intramural Program at Brigham Young University.The Brigham Young University Intramural Program had its beginning early in Brigham Young Academy history. The intramural program originated as an outgrowth of the physical education instructional program. Prior to 1954 the intramural program was part of the Physical Education Department and the Chairman of that department gave leadership to the intramural program by assigning part-time directors and student managers to organize sporting events. Since 1954 a full-time director has been employed as Intramural Director ...


The Composing Process: A Springboard For Literacy Development, David Brown, L.D. Briggs Dec 2015

The Composing Process: A Springboard For Literacy Development, David Brown, L.D. Briggs

David C. Brown

The composing process involves the methods used by writers to discover ideas, formulate goals, make plans, ex press ideas, and assess, revise, and edit their writing. Several years ago, few studies examining the children's composing process could be found in the literature. Yet recently, there has been an increased interest in all facets of composing. This interest has resulted from a concern for improving reading and writing skills, and has been the impetus for increased research activity. As a result of this research activity, models describing the composing process have been developed, and new issues are continuing to gain ...


Small Town Student Privacy: Too Easy To “Connect The Dots?", T. Mattocks Dec 2015

Small Town Student Privacy: Too Easy To “Connect The Dots?", T. Mattocks

T. C. Mattocks

No abstract provided.


A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Brown Dec 2015

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Brown

David C. Brown

Though the practice of reflecting team-work has a strong theoretical base there has been little research examining its actual use. What has been written is primarily based on the therapist's and/or supervisor's experience, rather than the client's. This dissertation describes clients' perceptions of two different strategies of reflecting team-work that emerged from interviews conducted and analyzed using a moderately structured ethnographic interview methodology. The primary results suggested that reflecting team-work was helpful in providing clients with different perspectives; that in-room teams should be used sparingly during early therapy; that teams should reflect at least twice in-session ...


Educational Genocide: Examining The Impact Of National Education Policy On African American Communities, Christopher Knaus, Rachelle Rogers-Ard Dec 2015

Educational Genocide: Examining The Impact Of National Education Policy On African American Communities, Christopher Knaus, Rachelle Rogers-Ard

Christopher Knaus

Abstract This paper clarifies the cumulative impact of the current national education policy on African-American children, which ultimately aims to limit local control of urban schools. The authors argue that urban schools in the United States are increasingly required to rely upon temporary teachers who are trained to implement a curriculum focused on standardized testing. The No Child Left Behind Act and the current Duncan administration’s approach to closing (and re-opening) schools combines to further exclude low-income community involvement in local schools. These efforts to control the development, hiring, and evaluation of local educators further expands educational racism that ...


Educational Choice And The Courts: U.S. And Germany, John Coons Dec 2015

Educational Choice And The Courts: U.S. And Germany, John Coons

John Coons

No abstract provided.


The Mind-Body Connection: The Association Between Adolescent Locus Of Control And Indicators Of Physical Health, C. Brahler, James Cropper Dec 2015

The Mind-Body Connection: The Association Between Adolescent Locus Of Control And Indicators Of Physical Health, C. Brahler, James Cropper

C. Jayne Brahler

Locus of control (LOC) describes an individual’s generalized beliefs or expectancies that their reinforcements are under internal versus external control (1). An individual exhibits either an internal or external LOC. This study examines the link between LOC and selected health risk factors in adolescents. A convenience sample of 167 high school physical education students completed a 13-item LOC questionnaire based on Rotter’s 1966 instrument. Various anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and body fat were recorded on all subjects. A subsample of 61 female students received blood chemistry analysis that included a lipid profile, hemoglobin A1c ...


Healthy School Food Policies: A Checklist, Mark Vallianatos Dec 2015

Healthy School Food Policies: A Checklist, Mark Vallianatos

Mark Vallianatos

No abstract provided.


Linguistic Development Of Children And The Syntax Of Basals, David Brown, L. Briggs Dec 2015

Linguistic Development Of Children And The Syntax Of Basals, David Brown, L. Briggs

David C. Brown

Children's ability to reflect upon language begins to appear about age two (Clark, 1978). During the early stages of language development, children correct their own pronunciations, question the appropriateness of speech styles, play with different linguistic units, and make judgments concerning language usage for varying situations (Clark, 1978). Children exhibit an increasing awareness of language with age and soon become aware of both the form and function of language. Their metacognitive skills become apparent as they progress from the simple to the more complex linguistic structures. Children's language acquisition and cognitive development continue to develop during the early ...


Impact Of The Economic Downturn On Schools, Robert Mccord, Noelle Ellerson, K. Jordan, Teresa Jordan, Richard Lemons, T. Mattocks, Toby Melver, Margaret Orr Dec 2015

Impact Of The Economic Downturn On Schools, Robert Mccord, Noelle Ellerson, K. Jordan, Teresa Jordan, Richard Lemons, T. Mattocks, Toby Melver, Margaret Orr

T. C. Mattocks

In Fall 2008, in response to the recent economic downturn, as evidenced in state budget shortfalls, federal buy‐outs and interventions, and a series of additional events characterizing a slowing, stagnant economy, AASA examined the impact on school districts across the nation. While there are regional differences, the findings of AASA’s Economic Impact Survey, presented here, demonstrate that superintendents in every part of the country are subject to the realities of the economic downturn. While this benchmark data cannot predict a trend, it is difficult to deny that superintendents, in increasing numbers, are confronted by the looming financial crisis ...


Zero Tolerance: Balancing An Uncertain Expulsion Policy, Robert Mccord, James Hager, T. Mattocks Dec 2015

Zero Tolerance: Balancing An Uncertain Expulsion Policy, Robert Mccord, James Hager, T. Mattocks

T. C. Mattocks

The article tests the common understanding of zero tolerance expulsion policies and in doing so balances the manner in which the policy is being implemented with the role of the Federal Courts as the arbitrator of disputes arising out of the use of the policy as a deterrent. The authors identify the important issues, review recent legal challenges and offer analysis of the implications for school administrators.


Valpo Library Newsletter, Spring 2013, Brad Eden, Rachael Muszkiewicz, Jonathan Bull, Judith Miller, Nora Belzowski, Detra Becker, Sam Simpson Dec 2015

Valpo Library Newsletter, Spring 2013, Brad Eden, Rachael Muszkiewicz, Jonathan Bull, Judith Miller, Nora Belzowski, Detra Becker, Sam Simpson

Nora Belzowski

No abstract provided.


Lawyering Up: Finding The Right Legal Counsel For You And Your School District, T. Mattocks Dec 2015

Lawyering Up: Finding The Right Legal Counsel For You And Your School District, T. Mattocks

T. C. Mattocks

No abstract provided.


Fresh From The Farm... And Into The Classroom, Margaret Haase, Andrea Azuma, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos Dec 2015

Fresh From The Farm... And Into The Classroom, Margaret Haase, Andrea Azuma, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos

Mark Vallianatos

No abstract provided.


Systematically Controlling For The Influence Of Age, Sex, Hertz And Time Post-Whole-Body Vibration Exposure On Four Measures Of Physical Performance In Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Cross-Over Study, Harold Merriman, C. Brahler, Kurt Jackson Dec 2015

Systematically Controlling For The Influence Of Age, Sex, Hertz And Time Post-Whole-Body Vibration Exposure On Four Measures Of Physical Performance In Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Cross-Over Study, Harold Merriman, C. Brahler, Kurt Jackson

C. Jayne Brahler

Though popular, there is little agreement on what whole-body vibration (WBV) parameters will optimize performance. This study aimed to clarify the effects of age, sex, hertz, and time on four physical function indicators in community-dwelling older adults (N = 32). Participants were exposed to 2 minutes WBV per session at either 2 Hz or 26 Hz, and outcome measures were recorded at 2-, 20-, and 40-minute post-WBV. Timed get-up-and-go and chair sit-and-reach performances improved post-WBV for both sexes, were significantly different between 2 Hz and 26 Hz treatments (P ≤ 0.05), and showed statistically significant interactions between age and gender (P ...


African-American Principals In The Midwest: Voices Of The Sojourner Principal, David Brown Dec 2015

African-American Principals In The Midwest: Voices Of The Sojourner Principal, David Brown

David C. Brown

In an era of accountability and high standards for public schools, some African American principals decided to work in predominantly white schools. Their experiences were challenging because they were racial newcomers in schools with students different from their own race. In this case study, 12 African-American principals and assistant principals in one Midwestern state described their experiences working in schools with fewer than 20 percent African-American students. In semi-structured interviews, participants discussed motivations, perceptions, and experiences serving as principals in predominantly white schools. Three primary research questions were investigated: How do African-American principals in predominantly white schools describe their daily ...


Food Access, Availability, And Affordability In 3 Los Angeles Communities, Project Cafe, 2004-2006, Andrea Azuma, Susan Gilliland, Mark Vallianatos, Robert Gottlieb Dec 2015

Food Access, Availability, And Affordability In 3 Los Angeles Communities, Project Cafe, 2004-2006, Andrea Azuma, Susan Gilliland, Mark Vallianatos, Robert Gottlieb

Mark Vallianatos

Introduction Racial/ethnic minority communities are at increasingly high risk for chronic diseases related to obesity. Access to stores that sell affordable, nutritious food is a prerequisite for adopting a healthful diet. The objective of this study was to evaluate food access, availability, and affordability in 3 nonoverlapping but similar low-income communities in urban Los Angeles, California. Methods Using a community-based participatory research approach, we trained community members to conduct a food assessment to 1) map the number and type of retail food outlets in a defined area and 2) survey a sample of stores to determine whether they sold ...


Looking Back, Looking Forward: How The Economic Downturn Continues To Impact School Districts, Robert Mccord, Noelle Ellerson, K. Jordan, Teresa Jordan, Richard Lemons, T. Mattocks, Margaret Orr Dec 2015

Looking Back, Looking Forward: How The Economic Downturn Continues To Impact School Districts, Robert Mccord, Noelle Ellerson, K. Jordan, Teresa Jordan, Richard Lemons, T. Mattocks, Margaret Orr

T. C. Mattocks

This study is the fourth in a series of studies conducted by the American Association of School Administrators on the impact of the economic downturn on schools. Collectively, the findings of the AASA Economic Impact Study series demonstrate that school districts in every part of the country are subject to the realities of the economic downturn. While this benchmark data cannot predict a trend, it is difficult to deny that the financial crisis is increasingly threatening the progress schools have obtained and the stability they have enjoyed in the past. This latest study, “Looking Back, Looking Forward: How the Economic ...


A Case Study: Data Management In Biomedical Engineering, Glenn Gaudette, Donna Kafel Dec 2015

A Case Study: Data Management In Biomedical Engineering, Glenn Gaudette, Donna Kafel

Glenn R. Gaudette

In a biomedical engineering lab at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, co-author Dr. Glenn R. Gaudette and his research team are investigating the effects of stem cell therapy on the regeneration of function in damaged cardiac tissue in laboratory rats. Each instance of stem cell experimentation on a rat yields hundreds of data sets that must be carefully captured, documented and securely stored so that the data will be easily accessed and retrieved for papers, reports, further research, and validation of findings, while meeting NIH guidelines for data sharing. After a brief introduction to the bioengineering field and stem cell research, this ...


Success In Reading: Four Characteristics Of Strategic Readers, David Brown, L.D. Briggs Dec 2015

Success In Reading: Four Characteristics Of Strategic Readers, David Brown, L.D. Briggs

David C. Brown

Reading is a complex process which involves the coordination of a multitude of skills. Strategic readers can be distinguished from the less-skilled readers by their methods of interacting with text. The mental processes of good readers must be understood in order to make assumptions concerning the nature of reading.


Becoming Literate: The Acquisition Of Story Discourse, David Brown, L.D. Briggs Dec 2015

Becoming Literate: The Acquisition Of Story Discourse, David Brown, L.D. Briggs

David C. Brown

Educators and researchers are focusing their attention on children's knowledge of reading and writing acquired prior to formal instruction. Many research projects have described the parallel between children's acquisition of spoken and written language. As a result of extensive research during the last twenty years, educators' understanding of how children learn to read and write has changed drastically.


The Effect Of Yoga Postures On Balance, Flexibility, And Strength In Healthy High School Females, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Brahler, Mary Fisher, Kelly Beasley Dec 2015

The Effect Of Yoga Postures On Balance, Flexibility, And Strength In Healthy High School Females, Betsy Donahoe-Fillmore, C. Brahler, Mary Fisher, Kelly Beasley

C. Jayne Brahler

Objective: The purpose of this study was to document the effects of yoga interventions on balance, flexibility, and strength in adolescent girls 14 to 18 years. Study Design: Quasi-experimental, nonrandomized. Background: Research on the effects of yoga on balance, flexibility, and strength has focused on adults, although yoga is being marketed to all ages. Methods and Measures: A convenience sample of 33 female adolescents participated in yoga training 2 times per week and a walking program 3 times per week, for 7 weeks. The instructor-led group received instruction from a registered yoga therapist in person, while the video-led group watched ...