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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Brown Dec 2015

A Client-Based Description Of Reflecting Team-Work In Family Therapy , David Brown

David C. Brown

Though the practice of reflecting team-work has a strong theoretical base there has been little research examining its actual use. What has been written is primarily based on the therapist's and/or supervisor's experience, rather than the client's. This dissertation describes clients' perceptions of two different strategies of reflecting team-work that emerged from interviews conducted and analyzed using a moderately structured ethnographic interview methodology. The primary results suggested that reflecting team-work was helpful in providing clients with different perspectives; that in-room teams should be used sparingly during early therapy; that teams should reflect at least twice in-session ...


Gender And Sexism [Book Chapter], Edward Cannon, A. Singh Oct 2015

Gender And Sexism [Book Chapter], Edward Cannon, A. Singh

Edward Cannon

No abstract provided.


Gay And Questioning Boys And Young Men [Book Chapter], Edward Cannon, J. Marszalek Oct 2015

Gay And Questioning Boys And Young Men [Book Chapter], Edward Cannon, J. Marszalek

Edward Cannon

No abstract provided.


Promoting Moral Reasoning And Multicultural Competence During Internship, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

Promoting Moral Reasoning And Multicultural Competence During Internship, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

This paper reports a study designed to increase the moral reasoning and multicultural competence of White students in a counselling internship. An intervention was conducted to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of cultural competence, oppression and diversity. This study attempted to discern if the DPE model could make a difference in the promotion of moral reasoning and multicultural competence of counsellor interns. The Intervention Group showed significant gains compared to Comparison Group 1 and 2 in moral reasoning as measured by the Defining Issues Test‐2, as well as significant gains ...


Orienting Counseling Students Toward Multiculturalism: Exploring Privilege During A New Student Orientation, Diane Estrada, Shruti Poulsen, Edward Cannon, Marsha Wiggins Oct 2015

Orienting Counseling Students Toward Multiculturalism: Exploring Privilege During A New Student Orientation, Diane Estrada, Shruti Poulsen, Edward Cannon, Marsha Wiggins

Edward Cannon

New counseling students often have strong reactions to the concept of privilege and become anxious when expected to address issues of multiculturalism personally and professionally. In this article, the authors describe a new student orientation model that focuses on addressing privilege and offer steps toward embracing multiculturalism and social justice.


Promoting Ego Development And Multicultural Competence During Internship, Edward Cannon, Dennis Frank Oct 2015

Promoting Ego Development And Multicultural Competence During Internship, Edward Cannon, Dennis Frank

Edward Cannon

This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development (which subsumes moral development) and multicultural knowledge and awareness of counselor interns. The intervention group showed significant gains compared to comparison groups in ego development as measured by the Washington University Sentence Completion Test (WSCT) (Loevinger 1985) as well as significant gains on the Knowledge subscale of the Multicultural Counseling Knowledge and ...


Clinical Mental Health Counseling: A National Survey Of Counselor Educators, Edward Cannon, Joseph Cooper Oct 2015

Clinical Mental Health Counseling: A National Survey Of Counselor Educators, Edward Cannon, Joseph Cooper

Edward Cannon

This study reflects a national survey of 295 CACREP counselor educators regarding their understanding of and support for the 2009 CACREP standards revision. It also assessed respondents' opinions about the proposed number of program credits (48, 60, other) and internship hours (600, 900, other) based upon whether the community counseling and mental health counseling specialty tracks merge or remain separate. Results indicate a difference in opinions about the curricular changes that reflects a historic and continuing tension around counselor identity issues.


Measuring Ethical Sensitivity To Racial And Gender Intolerance In Schools, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

Measuring Ethical Sensitivity To Racial And Gender Intolerance In Schools, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

Professional school counselors must increasingly be prepared to work in more racially and ethnically diverse school settings. At the same time, most school counselor trainees continue to be from the dominant culture, raising the likelihood of culture clashes and ethical violations. This article describes the use of a computer version of a measure of ethical sensitivity to racial and gender intolerance, the Racial Ethical Sensitivity Test-Compact Disk (REST-CD; Sirin, Brabeck, Satiani, & Rogers-Serin, 2003) with school counselor interns. A study of 54 school counselor interns showed that courses in professional ethics and multicultural issues were positively related to scores on the ...


Addressing Heterosexist Privilege During Orientation: One Program's Experience, Edward Cannon, Marsha Wiggins, Shruti Poulsen, Diane Estrada Oct 2015

Addressing Heterosexist Privilege During Orientation: One Program's Experience, Edward Cannon, Marsha Wiggins, Shruti Poulsen, Diane Estrada

Edward Cannon

New counseling students often have strong reactions when confronted with the concept of heterosexist privilege, and when expected to address issues of multiculturalism and diversity, personally and professionally. In this program evaluation article, the authors describe a model of new student orientation that focuses on inviting master's-level counseling students to embrace difference, especially regarding sexual orientation and gender identity/expression. Aggregate data regarding students’ evaluation of the program are included.


Variability In Research Methodology, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

Variability In Research Methodology, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

No abstract provided.


Substance-Using Hispanic Youth And Their Families: Review Of Engagement And Treatment Strategies, Edward Cannon, Marielle Levy Oct 2015

Substance-Using Hispanic Youth And Their Families: Review Of Engagement And Treatment Strategies, Edward Cannon, Marielle Levy

Edward Cannon

A growing population of Hispanic immigrants to the United States means that helping professionals need to gain knowledge about specific issues affecting these groups. Stresses related to the immigration experience and minority status can influence the use of alcohol and illegal substances by Hispanic adolescents. Because the family is considered the preferred unit of treatment for this population, studies addressing approaches to engagement and treatment are reviewed, and two promising models are highlighted: the strategic structural systems engagement approach and the brief strategic family therapy model.


Creative Approaches To Serving Lgbtq Youth In Schools, Dennis Frank, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

Creative Approaches To Serving Lgbtq Youth In Schools, Dennis Frank, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

The psychological, social, and emotional needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning youth often go unmet in schools. These students may be "out and proud" or they may be silent and invisible; either way, providing effective services to them creates unique challenges for professional school counselors. Providing direct services in schools may be difficult; therefore, indirect methods may create a more hospitable environment for LGBTQ youth. It is the purpose of this article to offer a better understanding of the complexities that sexual minority youth deal with in schools and to offer school counselors and others working in the ...


Queer Theory As Pedagogy In Counselor Education: A Framework For Diversity Training, Dennis Frank, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

Queer Theory As Pedagogy In Counselor Education: A Framework For Diversity Training, Dennis Frank, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

There is an ongoing and pernicious debate within the field of counselor education surrounding the question of whether lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues should be included under the umbrella of multiculturalism. Some argue that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender concerns do not fit within the traditional framework of multicultural counseling, while others assert that they do. A consequence of this debate is that many graduate-level counselors are earning degrees without having sufficient levels of self-awareness and knowledge regarding lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities. The authors propose queer theory as a unifying framework for diversity training within counselor education ...


The Need To Infuse Multicultural Competence Into A Master’S Level Community Counseling Internship, Edward Cannon Oct 2015

The Need To Infuse Multicultural Competence Into A Master’S Level Community Counseling Internship, Edward Cannon

Edward Cannon

No abstract provided.


How Can The Stages Of Peck's Community-Making Model Be Identified Andpredicted For A Collegiate Basketball Team Over The Course Of Consecutive Seasons?, Troyann I. Gentile Oct 2015

How Can The Stages Of Peck's Community-Making Model Be Identified Andpredicted For A Collegiate Basketball Team Over The Course Of Consecutive Seasons?, Troyann I. Gentile

Troyann I. Gentile

The purpose of this study was to explore how Peck’s (1987) stages of Community-Making could be identified and predicted for a collegiate basketball team over the course of consecutive seasons by exploring Cohesion, Flow, and athletic performance. The study utilized a repeated measures longitudinal survey design with the members of a Division I collegiate level female basketball team (N = 13) during the athletic seasons of 1999/2000 and 2000/2001. Participants completed both the Group Environment Questionnaire (Carron, Brawley, & Widmeyer, 2002) and the Flow State Scale -2 (Jackson & Eklund, 2003) pre and post competition at several times over the ...


Elements Of Culture In Counseling, Courtland Lee, David Burnhill, Allison Butler, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Marja Humphrey, Omayra Munoz, Hae Shin Aug 2015

Elements Of Culture In Counseling, Courtland Lee, David Burnhill, Allison Butler, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Marja Humphrey, Omayra Munoz, Hae Shin

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

By focusing on the central concepts of multicultural counseling as opposed to a group approach focused on counseling specific cultures, Elements of Culture in Counseling: Foundations & Practice represents an innovative departure from the majority of multicultural counseling texts. Within this fresh and more progressive context,Elements of Culture in Counseling takes both students and instructors beyond the surface of race and ethnicity and on to an in-depth exploration of the central and broad concepts vital to counseling across cultures.


The Morning After Pill, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

The Morning After Pill, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

No abstract provided.


Beyond Cultural Competence, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Beyond Cultural Competence, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

No abstract provided.


A Conceptual Approach To Counseling With Latina/O Culture In Mind, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jessica Diaz Aug 2015

A Conceptual Approach To Counseling With Latina/O Culture In Mind, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jessica Diaz

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

This is a chapter from Multicultural Counseling: New Approaches to Diversity by C.C. Lee


Cultural Identity: Understanding The Development And Integration Of Its Multiple Dimensions, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Cultural Identity: Understanding The Development And Integration Of Its Multiple Dimensions, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

This is a chapter from Elements of Culture in Counseling by C. C. Lee, D. Burnhill, A. Butler, C. P. Hipolito-Delgado, M. Humphrey, O. Munoz, & H. J. Shin.


The American Inquisition., Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

The American Inquisition., Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

This is an article from Psychology and Personal Growth by Goud, N., & Arkoff, A


Introduction: Counselors As Agents Of Social Justice, Courtland Lee, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Introduction: Counselors As Agents Of Social Justice, Courtland Lee, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

This is a chapter in Counseling for Social Justice by C. C. Lee


Staying Focused On What Really Matters: Further Thoughts On Empowerment Theory For Professional School Counselors, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Courtland Lee Aug 2015

Staying Focused On What Really Matters: Further Thoughts On Empowerment Theory For Professional School Counselors, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Courtland Lee

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

In this article, the authors provide their reactions to the commentaries of Mitcham-Smith and Schmidt on their study. As Mitcham-Smith and Schmidt in their responses both suggest, it is evident that if professional school counselors are to be successful in facilitating the empowerment of students, they must engage in a self-reflective process that leads to their own development of critical consciousness and sense of empowerment. This is especially crucial for counselors whose racial/ethnic background, socioeconomic status, ability, or sexual orientation gives them a position of power and privilege both in the school setting and the general society. Although the ...


Decoding The Ethnic Labels Used By Undergraduates Of Latin American Descent, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Decoding The Ethnic Labels Used By Undergraduates Of Latin American Descent, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

Ethnic labels provide insights to a client’s self-definition and meaning making. Results from a study of 500 undergraduates indicate that those who identified as Chicana/o, Latina/o, Hispanic, “hyphenated American” (e.g., Cuban American), or who identified by nationality differed on key psychological constructs. The importance of self-definition in counseling and research is discussed.


Developing Counseling Students’ Multicultural Competence Through The Multicultural Action Project, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jennifer Cook, Elaine Avrus, Erica Bonham Aug 2015

Developing Counseling Students’ Multicultural Competence Through The Multicultural Action Project, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jennifer Cook, Elaine Avrus, Erica Bonham

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural com- munities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an evaluation in which narrative analysis was used to examine the experiences of 3 graduate counseling students who participated in MAP. Through their narratives, the participants reported increased knowledge, awareness, and skills. The importance of sustained contact and interpersonal re- lationships in improving student learning outcomes is discussed and recommendations are provided.


Exploring The Etiology Of Ethnic Self-Hatred: Internalized Racism In Chicana/O And Latina/O College Students, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Exploring The Etiology Of Ethnic Self-Hatred: Internalized Racism In Chicana/O And Latina/O College Students, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

Internalized racism is rarely discussed in student affairs. Despite the negative effects of internalized racism on the mental health and identity development of college students of color, little is known about its etiology. Based on theoretical conceptions, the author explores if perceived racism and/or U.S. acculturation act as predictors of internalized racism in the Chicana/o and Latina/o community. Using multiple linear regression, U.S. cultural identity and perceived interpersonal racism acted as predictors of internalized racism for Chicana/o and Latina/o college students. The implications of these findings and the need for further research are ...


Counselors As Leaders: Why And How?, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado Aug 2015

Counselors As Leaders: Why And How?, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

No abstract provided.


Illuminating The Shadows: Sociopolitical And Counseling Needs Of Undocumented Mexican Immigrants, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jolee Mann Aug 2015

Illuminating The Shadows: Sociopolitical And Counseling Needs Of Undocumented Mexican Immigrants, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jolee Mann

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

Although undocumented Mexican immigrants live in the shadows of U.S. society, they represent a growing demographic with unique sociopolitical and counseling needs. Due to limited educational achievement, limited economic opportunity, discrimination, and exclusionary policies, undocumented Mexican immigrants live a marginalized existence. Additionally, acculturative stress, changing gender roles, and fear of deportation negatively impact the psychological well-being of undocumented Mexican immigrants. Fortunately, community outreach, rapport building strategies, psycho-educational groups, and brief solution therapy have demonstrated success when working with this community. This article aims to inform counselors and psychologists about the sociopolitical conditions faced by undocumented Mexican immigrants, to explore ...


Empowerment Theory For The Professional School Counselor: A Manifesto For What Really Matters, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Courtland Lee Aug 2015

Empowerment Theory For The Professional School Counselor: A Manifesto For What Really Matters, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Courtland Lee

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

Borrowing from the legacy of feminist and multicultural theories, various counseling fields have applied portions of empowerment theory to their work with oppressed clients. This article examines the main concepts associated with empowerment theory and provides important implications for professional school counselors.


The Lived Experience Of Cultural Immersion, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jennifer Cook, Elaine Avrus, Erica Bonham Aug 2015

The Lived Experience Of Cultural Immersion, Carlos Hipolito-Delgado, Jennifer Cook, Elaine Avrus, Erica Bonham

Carlos P. Hipolito-Delgado

This article presents the findings of a grounded theory study of 3 graduate students’ lived experience of cultural immersion. Results indicated that participants experienced 3 phases (goal setting, interaction, and evaluation) and 4 themes (bias, gender, barriers, and selfawareness) during immersion. Recommendations for the implementation of immersion experiences are discussed.