Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2015

Iowa State University

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 66

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Academic Identity Development Of African American Girls, Aisha T. White Jan 2015

The Academic Identity Development Of African American Girls, Aisha T. White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examined the academic identity development of 11 African-American high school girls. Academic identity is considered a lesser known yet important factor in the school achievement of African-American students. However, research exploring the psychosocial process of developing an academic “self” among African-American girls is almost non-existent. Traditional research has focused mainly on the academic deficits of African-American girls in school. Additionally, identity research has traditionally examined African-American girls’ experiences by racial or gender-distinct categories. However, this study explored the processes of the academic identity development of a sample of African-American girls using Positive Youth Development as a strengths-based approach ...


Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp Jan 2015

Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children and adolescents are faced with a growing number of life’s challenges. Oftentimes, it becomes the responsibility of teachers to assist students in coping with these frequently non-academic issues. Bibliotherapy is one instructional tool teachers can use to help children and adolescents cope with their diverse needs and life’s challenges. In the context of K-12 settings, bibliotherapy is a systematic process utilizing books to transform traditional reading into an instructional strategy to assist educators in meeting the needs of all students. For bibliotherapy to be effective, educators need knowledge of the recommended procedures and understanding of how to ...


Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun Jan 2015

Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study intends to bridge the gap between understanding homesickness as a merely psychological phenomenon and the paucity of literature on homesickness in the field of higher education, the goals of which include: (1) to advance understanding about the experiences of homesickness in the first-year first-time college students; (2) to identify the characteristics of first-year first-time college students who suffer severe homesickness and to examine how they resemble or differ from other students who experience homesickness only in a mild form; (3) to develop an integrative model of predicting first-year first-time college students’ degree of homesickness which will shed light ...


Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin Jan 2015

Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nursing is a practice profession that has long been regarded with esteem and trust by the public. The education of nurses is a process that has evolved over the last 150 years from apprenticeship-based training to an academic program grounded in the arts and sciences. Nurses must successfully learn a rigorous academic curriculum, demonstrate application of knowledge and skills in the clinical setting, and pass a national licensure exam to practice their profession. Boards of nursing are legislated the responsibility of protecting the public by assuring that nurses who practice in their state are safe, competent, and ethical practitioners. This ...


Investigating Relationships Between Educational Technology Use And Other Instructional Elements Using "Big Data" In Higher Education, Karly Good Jan 2015

Investigating Relationships Between Educational Technology Use And Other Instructional Elements Using "Big Data" In Higher Education, Karly Good

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of educational technology in higher education has been growing over the past few years. The focus of this research study is to understand the relationships between college students’ reactions to instruction and those courses that use educational technology, together with other important instructional elements, to facilitate learning. The research took place at a small liberal arts university in the Midwestern United States between August 2012 and December 2014. The research uses Student Ratings of Instruction and Courses from the IDEA Center, otherwise known as student evaluations of teaching. A total of 34,480 survey responses were analyzed for ...


Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn Jan 2015

Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background/context: Until recently, the use of Multi-tiered Systems of Support/Response to Intervention (MTSS/RtI) in Iowa has been limited to identifying students who need special education services. In December 2011, the Iowa Department of Education (IDOE) released a document announcing the timeline for mandatory implementation of MTSS/RtI in all classrooms in all public Pre-K-12 schools. The IDOE document outlined an initial sequence of steps that schools would follow. The sequence began with providing evidence-based instruction in math and reading for kindergarten through sixth grade. Based on the IDOE timeline, this study examines the early implementation process as ...


Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama Jan 2015

Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scientific investigations to determine land use planning and interpretations for corn productivity potential in the Southern Highland Zone of Tanzania were conducted. The assessment of soils corn growth potential has been conducted in four selected pedons namely; Uyole, Mbimba, Inyala and Seatondale. Pedological, physical, chemical characterization and an attempt to develop the pedotransfer functions were done. The results show that the soils have deep to very deep sola, subangular blocky structures, evidence of pedogenic clay movement, fine to coarse texture, bulk density ranged from 0.79 to 1.46 g/cm3, pH ranged from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, cation ...


An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li Jan 2015

An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

English placement tests have been widely used in higher education as post-admission assessment instruments to measure admitted English as a second language (ESL) students’ English proficiency or readiness in academic English, usually upon their arrival at universities in English-speaking countries. Unlike commercial standardized English proficiency tests, many English placement tests are locally developed with comparatively limited resources and are relatively under-investigated in the field of language testing. Even less attention has been directed to the score interpretation and the impact of placement decisions on ESL students’ English learning and academic achievement. Undoubtedly, this scarcity of research on English placement tests ...


The Relevance Of Academic Hospitality: An Investigation Of International Higher Education Students' Evaluation Of Quality Of Life In The U.S., Yi Luo Jan 2015

The Relevance Of Academic Hospitality: An Investigation Of International Higher Education Students' Evaluation Of Quality Of Life In The U.S., Yi Luo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the quality of life among international students in higher education institutes in the United States and the factors that influence their lives. Four aspects were employed to explore non-academic life, including housing; food and beverage; transportation; and social activities. An online survey sent to Iowa State University international students was used in data collection. Linear regression analysis was used to test the relationships between each of the four factors and international students' quality of life. The results indicated that housing, transportation, and social activities have significant impact on international students' quality of life, whereas ...


Development And Evaluation Of Online Pronunciation Instruction For International Teaching Assistants’ Comprehensibility, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2015

Development And Evaluation Of Online Pronunciation Instruction For International Teaching Assistants’ Comprehensibility, Edna De Freitas Lima

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Pronunciation is an important part of language proficiency because of its immediate role in language judgments. Nevertheless, it has often been overlooked and sometimes neglected in favor of grammar and vocabulary in SLA research (Neri, Cucchiarini, Strik, & Boves, 2002). Taking into consideration the importance of pronunciation instruction and the central impact of suprasegmentals on comprehensibility (Celce-Murcia, Brinton, Goodwin, & Griner, 2010; Isaacs, 2008), a four-week fully online pronunciation tutor (the Supra Tutor) was developed as an attempt to address gaps in pronunciation instruction identified by previous research (e.g., marginalization of pronunciation instruction, lack of trained instructors, and lack of connection between theory and practice) (Derwing & Munro, 2005).

The primary purpose of this mixed methods study, an adapted version of the embedded experimental model ...


Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro Jan 2015

Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent growth of the internet has had a large impact on education and caused a growing demand for online courses at community colleges. There has also been a demand for hybrid courses, which offer a compromise between the flexibility of online courses and the personal interaction of face-to-face courses. Online and hybrid courses provide new educational opportunities for students who are unable to attend traditional face-to-face classes because of conflicts due to work and other responsibilities. This is particularly true of community college students, who are often nontraditional adult learners. Although students and institutions can clearly benefit from increasing ...


Associations Between The Family Nutrition And Physical Activity Screening Tool And The Youth Activity Profile, Kimberly Ann Klimesh Jan 2015

Associations Between The Family Nutrition And Physical Activity Screening Tool And The Youth Activity Profile, Kimberly Ann Klimesh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Childhood obesity affects one third of children and adolescents and is expected to increase in coming years. Obesity has been linked to both genetic and environmental factors with more recent research focusing on the role parents play in childhood obesity. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) Screening tool was developed to provide practical ways to evaluate home obesogenic environments. However, no study to date has examined associations between FNPA scores and child behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine associations between FNPA scores from parents and child reported lifestyle behaviors as assessed by an established self-report ...


Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton Jan 2015

Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The accountability theme within higher education resonates throughout campus programming, state budgeting, and federal legislative review sessions. Most notably, the design and implementation of state-level performance-based funding (PBF) models can be found in more states than not; indeed, twenty-five states had PBF models in place as of December, 2013, with another fifteen states transitioning to or in formal discussions of this funding phenomenon (Friedel, Thornton & Katsinas, 2014). This research study has identified a gap in the current literature regarding the actual organizational impacts of PBF models on rural community colleges. In an attempt to fill the void in the available ...


Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams Jan 2015

Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of military and veteran students entering higher education continues to grow rapidly; nevertheless, there is a paucity of institutional research from which to draw recommendations about how the college transition translates to academic success and persistence. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic characteristics, financial, academic, and personal experiences and campus relationships during military and veteran students' transitions to a college or university that predict grade point average (GPA) and intent to return. This study utilized a cross-sectional, non-experimental survey design to determine the relationship between study factors, cumulative GPA, and the level to which ...


Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law Jan 2015

Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A humanizing education relies on the pedagogy of educators to influence, navigate, and coexist within the sociopolitical context and practices of teacher leaders, students, administration, and community members. Constructing beliefs and practices around a humanizing education focuses on the cultural, historical, and contextual realities and experiences of the learner. Previous research has explored pedagogical theory and gained attention around humanizing practices that emphasize the student as a valued asset and active member of the learning process. Opposing pedagogy supports the standardization, mechanization, and one-size-fits-all model that emphasizes quantification, measurement, and high-stakes accountability for teachers and students (Salazar, 2013; Giroux, 2001 ...


Predictors Of Mother-Infant Interaction Quality: The Role Of Parental Social Cognitions And Parenting Stress, Melissa E. Clucas Jan 2015

Predictors Of Mother-Infant Interaction Quality: The Role Of Parental Social Cognitions And Parenting Stress, Melissa E. Clucas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using a social cognition theoretical lens and based upon tenets from symbolic interactionism theory, this study explores the influence of parental social cognitions and parenting stress on the quality of the parent-infant interaction. Parenting stress, parent expectations of self in the parenting role, parent expectations of infant development, and observations of parent-infant interactions were obtained from 150 mother-infant dyads. Hierarchical linear regression analyses tested the hypothesis that parenting stress mediates the relationship between parental social cognitions and quality of the parent-infant interaction. After controlling for maternal age, parent expectations of self in the parenting role were not related to observed ...


An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger Jan 2015

An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study developed theory while investigating the meaning college students' attributed to interaction with young immigrant children through a service learning program and how the interaction reduced their prejudice. Based on the grounded theory methodology, thirty-one in-depth interviews of college graduates who had been involved in the program were coded and analyzed to develop four significant themes resulting in theory development. Participants demonstrated fear of differences with their immigrant partners upon starting the interactions, they worked to develop relationships which resulted in gaining new perspectives and reducing reported prejudice. This integrated theory of prejudice reduction through service learning concurs ...


Exploring The Role Of Large-Scale Immersive Computing Environments In Collaboration Between Engineering And Design Students, Meisha Nicole Rosenberg Jan 2015

Exploring The Role Of Large-Scale Immersive Computing Environments In Collaboration Between Engineering And Design Students, Meisha Nicole Rosenberg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In order to solve the engineering challenges of today, multidisciplinary collaboration is essential. Unfortunately there are many obstacles to communication between disciplines, such as incongruent vocabularies and mismatched knowledge bases, which can make collaboration difficult. The silos separating disciplines, created through focused educational curriculum, are also a large barrier. During their education, designers and engineers are encouraged to employ specific methods unique to their discipline to share ideas with their peers. In many cases, however, these methods do not translate between disciplines, making it challenging for two groups to exchange ideas and perspectives effectively. There are, however, some tools that ...


Use Of Social Media In Undergraduate Communication Classes, Aimee Nichole Langager Jan 2015

Use Of Social Media In Undergraduate Communication Classes, Aimee Nichole Langager

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Social media are changing the scope of communication in both personal and professional spheres. Like other technologies before it, social media platforms were not created for educational use but some instructors see educational value. Adapting new tools for teaching can be a complex process involving many components. Previous studies have shown some benefits and a few ways in which social media can be incorporated into undergraduate education. Additionally, teaching methods and principles can serve as guidelines for the process. However, neither of those gives the full picture. Therefore, this qualitative study uses in-depth interviews to examine the experiences of instructors ...


Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi Jan 2015

Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increasing number of individuals diagnosed with autism, the shift in educational paradigms, and technology advances that allow affordability and accessibility were the motivation behind this study. Learners with autism have the potential to develop social and emotional skills as well as increasing motivation for learning while using technology, in particular tablet devices (i.e., iPads) as instructional tools. The purpose of this case study was to better understand the use of technology (in particular, tablet devices) to teach mathematics to a group of learners diagnosed with autism. Two research questions guided this study: (1) How do the motivational principles ...


Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad Jan 2015

Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this investigation is to generate a better understanding of the demographic, social, and cultural characteristics that affect the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) aspirations and transfer intentions of female students who are enrolled in a community college. Specifically, the purpose of this research study was to: 1) study how social capital, students' engagement with institutional agents (for the current study, the researcher conceives an institutional agent as an academic advisor/counselor), and chilly climate at a community college can be measured, 2) investigate whether these factors contributed to the STEM aspirations and transfer intentions of these ...


Development Of 4-H Youth Leadership Skills: A Retrospective Approach With Emerging Adults, Ashley Nicole Kinkade Jan 2015

Development Of 4-H Youth Leadership Skills: A Retrospective Approach With Emerging Adults, Ashley Nicole Kinkade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Guided by Lerner's (2005) positive youth development theory and Kouzes and Posner's (2002) five fundamental practices for effective leadership, this qualitative investigation describes how emerging adult (18-25 years) aged alumni of Iowa 4-H internalize, apply, describe and use the leadership skills they gained as youth participants in the Iowa 4-H program. Seven themes arose when discussing how Iowa 4-H alumni describe and internalize effective leadership, including leading by example and encouraging others as the two most prevalent themes. Four additional themes arose as knowledge and skills Iowa 4-H alumni possess and attribute to their 4-H experience, including the ...


The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategy Training On Esl Learners' Self-Directed Use Of Ted Talk Videos For Second Language Listening, Kelsey Gagen-Lanning Jan 2015

The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategy Training On Esl Learners' Self-Directed Use Of Ted Talk Videos For Second Language Listening, Kelsey Gagen-Lanning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language teaching tends to focus more on helping learners develop the productive language skills of speaking and writing (Takaesu, 2013; Vandergrift, 2003), while listening and reading, which are sometimes considered secondary skills, are often left out of the second language classroom even though they are essential skills in comprehending input and aid in the development of learners' productive skills (Takaesu, 2013). One way to address this issue of a lack of focus on listening skills is through self-directed learning with technology. This thesis investigates the effects of metacognitive strategy training on learners' self-directed use of TED Talk videos for ...


Digital Classrooms, Public Profiles, Sara C. Doan Jan 2015

Digital Classrooms, Public Profiles, Sara C. Doan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Framed by the larger questions of digital representation and course management systems, I examine how instructors perceive customized student profile on course management systems. For this exploratory study, I have surveyed 41 instructors and interviewed 9 instructors of English 150 and 250 in the English Department to examine how these instructors use both CMS and student profiles inside and outside of the classroom at Iowa State University.

This study has found that instructors use their course management systems in various online ways: as online syllabi, as workshops for their students, as homework hubs, and as an extension of the classroom ...


Optical Responses At The Nanoparticle-Biological Interface With An Introduction To Optical Microscopy In Undergraduate Analytical Chemistry Curriculum, Ashley Elizabeth Augspurger Jan 2015

Optical Responses At The Nanoparticle-Biological Interface With An Introduction To Optical Microscopy In Undergraduate Analytical Chemistry Curriculum, Ashley Elizabeth Augspurger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Plasmonic nanoparticles have been gaining attention in the medical field for their use as chemical and biological sensors, drug delivery vectors and contrast agents for cellular imaging; however, the ability to monitor the chemical binding events and drug delivery kinetics is limited. The majority of this body of work explores nanoparticles optical responses as they undergo energy transfer processes for biological sensing. The latter portion of this dissertation discusses optical microscopy in undergraduate analytical chemistry.

In the first experiment, plasmon resonance energy transfer between gold nanospheres and cytochrome c was investigated. As cytochrome c adsorbs to the surface of a ...


The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk M. Wilkins Jan 2015

The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk M. Wilkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While previous research into writing conferences and tutorials has found that sessions with non-native speakers of English (NNSs) differ from those with native speakers of English (NSs), these studies using conversation analysis have tended to approach conferences through more qualitative methodologies. This thesis builds upon and enriches these previous studies by incorporating more of a quantitative analysis through the use of corpus linguistics to systematically analyze the frequency with which particular grammatical devices that express the attitude of the speaker, otherwise known as stance, and power are used and how these frequencies may vary within a specific set of NS ...


Examination Of College Access And Science Bound’S Countdown To College: A Model For Engaging Students Of Color In The College-Going Process, Adam Michael Wade Jan 2015

Examination Of College Access And Science Bound’S Countdown To College: A Model For Engaging Students Of Color In The College-Going Process, Adam Michael Wade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Inequalities in college access can be seen historically and in today’s society through low expectations and racism towards students of color. The gap in access to college for students of color can, in part, be attributed to a lack of information and engagement in the college-going process. There is a need for programs that actively engage students of color in the college-going process.

The purpose of this thesis is to illuminate the history and inequalities of college access in the United States and present a model for creating college access for students and families of color that is both ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Attitude Towards Collaborative Learning And Sense Of Community Among College Students In Online Learning Environments: A Correlational Study, Ritushree Chatterjee Jan 2015

Exploring The Relationship Between Attitude Towards Collaborative Learning And Sense Of Community Among College Students In Online Learning Environments: A Correlational Study, Ritushree Chatterjee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As online courses become increasingly common, we must ensure that the students in the virtual classroom experience a nurturing sense of community. Feelings of community increase information flow, cooperation, available support, and a sense of commitment towards group goals. Many studies have explored the significance of sense of community and collaborative learning activities in an online learning environment. The aim of this study, however, was to find a relationship between student attitude toward online collaborative learning and their sense of community in an online environment.

Using a correlational study, the relationship between students' sense of community and their attitude toward ...


Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett Jan 2015

Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Academic journals serve as a discipline’s official discourse reflecting what has been deemed important in that discipline at a specific point in time. For the better part of 20 years, discourses in the field of student affairs have constructed Black men as a population in need of specific attention. The proliferation of scholarship on Black men and a surface examination of quantitative data have left many with the impression that Black women students are succeeding.

This study problematizes the assumptions regarding the status of Black undergraduate women by examining how the population is discursively represented in higher education journals ...


Motivation And Retention Of Iowa’S Master Gardener Volunteers, Bryn Takle Jan 2015

Motivation And Retention Of Iowa’S Master Gardener Volunteers, Bryn Takle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Retention of participants in volunteer organizations has been shown to be not only a challenge, but also a great benefit to the organization. Rising costs of training and continuing education make each interaction valuable from both perspectives. Volunteer opportunities are abundant but must be meaningful and engaging for the participants in order to keep them involved. Using electronic survey software, Iowa Master Gardeners were asked to respond to a series of questions investigating 1) the current demographics of the population, 2) reasons volunteers associate with the Master Gardener program, and 3) the continuing education topics and delivery methods most preferred ...