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Full-Text Articles in Education

How Smart People Do It, Traer Schon, Rachel Vipond, Ethos Magazine, Shelby Erickson, Suhaib Tawil May 2015

How Smart People Do It, Traer Schon, Rachel Vipond, Ethos Magazine, Shelby Erickson, Suhaib Tawil

Ethos

Studying is like puberty: everyone has to go through it at some point, but that doesn’t make it any more fun. We all know the feeling—it’s late at night, you’re falling asleep, but you’re still trying to feign interest in your surprisingly challenging Geology 101 book. It feels like you’re reading the same sentence over and over. It feels like you’re reading the same sentence over and over. Luckily, studying doesn’t have to be this way. We’ve put together a few unique studying techniques that will help you ace your tests ...


How To Survive An All-Nighter, Michelle Brugioni, Jordan Welch, Suit Yee May 2015

How To Survive An All-Nighter, Michelle Brugioni, Jordan Welch, Suit Yee

Ethos

Whether cramming for an upcoming test or finishing a project the night before it's due, having to stay up all night is just part of the college experience; an erratic, feared rite of passage for those who pay college tuition. Mastering the art of not sleeping or functioning on minimal sleep and not only making it through the next day, but actually getting shit done, is the envy of most students.


It Just Clicks, Abbey Nekola, Kate Hurley, Kait Mckinney May 2015

It Just Clicks, Abbey Nekola, Kate Hurley, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

The use of clickers in classrooms has become a controversial topic among students and faculty at Iowa State. While some favor their quick convenience, others find them unnecessary and just another preventable cost contributing to student debt.


Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2015

Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Organizations are built on interactions among leaders, members and the larger culture (Schein, 1990; Sessa & London, 2006). Beyond the people and communities of which they are a part, organizations carry history and face issues of both internal and external change. The combination of people, culture, organizational history and change set the stage for whether organizations can successfully learn and remain sustainable. Very little research has been done on a case study level regarding how organizations – specifically those that address higher education needs – begin, evolve, and adapt to change. This study seeks to fill that gap by looking at the specific ...


Non-Marc Metadata Training For "Traditional" Catalogers: The Role And Importance Of Critical Thinking Pedagogy, Kelly J. Thompson Mar 2015

Non-Marc Metadata Training For "Traditional" Catalogers: The Role And Importance Of Critical Thinking Pedagogy, Kelly J. Thompson

Collections and Technical Services Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

Training “traditional” catalogers to create non-MARC metadata? My approach stresses critical thinking pedagogy -- metadata work is not about knowing a specific standard or tool, but about methodologies, thought processes, and an understanding of user goals and library data ecosystems. I hope to help you understand the role of critical thinking (or systems-level thinking) in training catalogers to leverage standards to independently develop high-quality, interoperable, user-focused metadata within continuously changing information ecosystems.


Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory Feb 2015

Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

We describe the components of a learning community program for meteorology, geology, and Earth Science undergraduates in a geoscience department. The learning community provides the students with opportunities to interact with each other and with faculty, and it helps them in the transition from high school to a large public university. Enrollment data show that, in addition to being a successful community-building approach, the learning community has a positive impact in major retention to the programs and is well received by the students.


Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2015

Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

In the past ten years, engineering classrooms have seen an exponential growth in the use of technology, more than during any other previous decade. Unprecedented advancements, such as the advent of innovative gadgets and fundamental instructional alterations in engineering classrooms, have introduced changes in both teaching and learning. Student learning in introductory, fundamental engineering mechanics (IFEM) courses, such as statics of engineering, mechanics of materials, dynamics, and mechanics of fluids, as in any other class, is influenced by the experiences students go through in the classroom. Thus, bold new methodologies that connect science to life using student-centered approaches and scaffolding ...


Authoring Example-Based Tutors For Procedural Tasks, Stephen B. Blessing, Vincent Aleven, Stephen B. Gilbert, Neil T. Heffernan, Noboru Matsuda, Antonija Mitrovic Jan 2015

Authoring Example-Based Tutors For Procedural Tasks, Stephen B. Blessing, Vincent Aleven, Stephen B. Gilbert, Neil T. Heffernan, Noboru Matsuda, Antonija Mitrovic

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Invisible Intelligent Authoring Tools, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing Jan 2015

Invisible Intelligent Authoring Tools, Stephen B. Gilbert, Stephen B. Blessing

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


It Takes A Village To Make A Scientist: Reflections Of A Faculty Learning Community, Cinzia Cervato, William A. Gallus Jr., Michael Slade, Steven Kawaler, Massimo Marengo, L. Keith Woo, Barbara Minkema Krumhardt, David Flory, Michael P. Clough, Alexis Ann Campbell, Elizabeth L. Moss, Martin Acerbo Jan 2015

It Takes A Village To Make A Scientist: Reflections Of A Faculty Learning Community, Cinzia Cervato, William A. Gallus Jr., Michael Slade, Steven Kawaler, Massimo Marengo, L. Keith Woo, Barbara Minkema Krumhardt, David Flory, Michael P. Clough, Alexis Ann Campbell, Elizabeth L. Moss, Martin Acerbo

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Lab components of undergraduate science courses typically have students complete highly directed cookbook-like laboratory activities. These experiences rarely engage students in a meaningful manner and do not accurately convey what the work of science entails. With funding from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), we have created more authentic science research experiences in a variety of undergraduate science courses, including introductory courses. Achieving this among the diversity of freshmen and sophomore science courses—each typically serving hundreds of students on our campus—required careful planning and adaptation. This article describes the many challenges we faced in our effort to create ...


Automated Writing Analysis For Writing Pedagogy: From Healthy Tension To Tangible Prospects, Elena Cotos Jan 2015

Automated Writing Analysis For Writing Pedagogy: From Healthy Tension To Tangible Prospects, Elena Cotos

English Publications

This article aims to engage specialists in writing pedagogy, assessment, genre study, and educational technologies in a constructive dialog and joint exploration of automated writing analysis as a potent instantiation of computer-enhanced assessment for learning. It recounts the values of writing pedagogy and, from this perspective, examines legitimate concerns with automated writing analysis. Emphasis is placed on the need to substantiate the construct-driven debate with systematic empirical evidence that would corroborate or refute interpretations, uses, and consequences of automated scoring and feedback tools intended for specific contexts. Such evidence can be obtained by adopting a validity argument framework. To demonstrate ...


Furthering And Applying Move/Step Constructs: Technology-Driven Marshalling Of Swalesian Genre Theory For Eap Pedagogy, Elena Cotos, Sarah Huffman, Stephanie Link Jan 2015

Furthering And Applying Move/Step Constructs: Technology-Driven Marshalling Of Swalesian Genre Theory For Eap Pedagogy, Elena Cotos, Sarah Huffman, Stephanie Link

English Publications

John Swales' seminal work has inspired a wealth of research with important pedagogical implications for genre-based writing instruction. Continuing the prolific move analysis tradition in EAP research, this article presents empirically devised and validated cross-disciplinary IMRD move/step frameworks for the research article genre and demonstrates how Swales' move and step concepts underlying these frameworks formed the foundation of innovative genre-based automated writing evaluation technology. Overall, this paper makes the relationships between genre theory, genre analysis, and genre instruction explicit, demonstrating that move analysis is a powerful and promising theoretical, analytic, and teaching construct. With that, we take Swales' vision ...


Validity Arguments For Diagnostic Assessment Using Automated Writing Evaluation, Carol Chapelle, Elena Cotos, Jooyoung Lee Jan 2015

Validity Arguments For Diagnostic Assessment Using Automated Writing Evaluation, Carol Chapelle, Elena Cotos, Jooyoung Lee

English Publications

Two examples demonstrate an argument-based approach to validation of diagnostic assessment using automated writing evaluation (AWE). Criterion ®, was developed by Educational Testing Service to analyze students’ papers grammatically, providing sentence-level error feedback. An interpretive argument was developed for its use as part of the diagnostic assessment process in undergraduate university English for academic purposes (EAP) classes. The Intelligent Academic Discourse Evaluator (IADE) was developed for use in graduate EAP university classes, where the goal was to help students improve their discipline-specific writing. The validation for each was designed to support claims about the intended purposes of the assessments. We present ...


Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis Jan 2015

Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis

English Publications

Success in L2 pronunciation learning is affected by both individual differ-ences and social influences on learning. While individual differences have been extensively researched, social influences have not. This study examines the beliefs and attitudes of advanced learners of English in regard to their pronunciation abilities and improvement. Twelve graduate students took part in four weeks of individualized pronunciation tutoring followed by inter-views asking about their pronunciation, use of English, and their pronuncition in social contexts. The interviews revealed four images of their pronunciation learning. The first was that their spoken language skills left them feeling pulled in conflicting directions; the ...


Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi Jan 2015

Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi

English Publications

Studies that use structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques are increasingly encountered in the language assessment literature. This popularity has created the need for a set of guidelines that can indicate what should be included in a research report and make it possible for research consumers to judge the appropriateness of the interpretations made from a reported study. This article attempts to fill this void by providing a set of reporting guidelines appropriate for language assessment researchers.


New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li Jan 2015

New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li

English Publications

The assessment of oral communication has continued to evolve over the past few decades. The construct being assessed has broadened to include interactional competence, and technology has played a role in the types of tasks that are currently popular. In this paper, we discuss the factors that affect the process of oral communication assessment, current conceptualizations of the construct to be assessed, and five tasks that are used to assess this construct. These tasks include oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks. We evaluate these tasks based on current ...


Tasks, Experiential Learning And Meaning Making Activities: A Functional Approach, Bernard Mohan, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar Beckett, Esther Tong Jan 2015

Tasks, Experiential Learning And Meaning Making Activities: A Functional Approach, Bernard Mohan, Tammy Slater, Gulbahar Beckett, Esther Tong

English Publications

It is important for task-based learning and teaching research to focus on academic content tasks that involve form and meaning, language and content, and academic discourse and disciplinary knowledge. This is needed to address problems such as low academic achievement by English language learners. We argue that the SFL approach to language, particularly in the area of ‘field’ and ideational meaning, can support a rich model of experiential learning in the wider context of socio-semantic meaning-making activities that can illuminate issues regarding the analysis and development of language as a means of learning. We will illustrate this model with two ...


Transformative Learning And The 4-H Camp Counselor Experience, Donna Leff, Michael S. Retallick, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2015

Transformative Learning And The 4-H Camp Counselor Experience, Donna Leff, Michael S. Retallick, Nancy K. Franz

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

While many studies about the 4-H camping experience focus on youth who are campers, few studies examine the outcomes of the experience for counselors. This study examines the extent to which 4-H camp results in transformative learning for 4-H members who serve as camp counselors, examines the perceived changes that occur within counselors, and describes the factors and characteristics of camp that result in personal transformation. The population for this study was 2012 Minnesota 4-H camp counselors. Using the Transformative Learning and the Camp Experience Staff Member Survey, the results indicated that camp counselors experienced transformative learning. Major personal changes ...


Cooperating Teachers' Perspectives Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen Jan 2015

Cooperating Teachers' Perspectives Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which cooperating teachers deem required student teaching skills and activities relevant to the agricultural education student teaching experience. The population for this descriptive study consisted of individuals who served as cooperating teachers in Iowa and South Dakota during the last 5 years (N = 70). The study focused on activities in eight constructs: evaluation of student performance, teaching, FFA, planning instruction, Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE), teaching profession, school–community relations, and adult education. Cooperating teachers surveyed in this study believed that seven of the eight constructs were very relevant to ...


The Impact Of Two Experiential Learning Programs: The Graduates' Perspective, B.A. Mahoney, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2015

The Impact Of Two Experiential Learning Programs: The Graduates' Perspective, B.A. Mahoney, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this descriptive census survey was to explore the impact of participation in two integrated, experiential learning programs in a College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Specific objectives were to determine the influence of these programs on graduates’ (a) decisions to enter careers and graduate school, (b) level of skill improvement, (c) career development and decidedness and (d) preparation for careers and graduate school. Graduates believe their experience positively affected development of their skills and abilities and had a positive influence on their career and graduate school aspirations. Graduates report that the programs enhanced their preparation for careers ...


Emerging Issues In The U.S. Corn Belt: Infection Of Corn By Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis And Use Of Foliar Fungicides To Protect Yield, Salome Mallowa Obura Jan 2015

Emerging Issues In The U.S. Corn Belt: Infection Of Corn By Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis And Use Of Foliar Fungicides To Protect Yield, Salome Mallowa Obura

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Currently two major issues pertaining to disease management in corn production in the US Corn Belt are the spread of Goss's wilt and leaf blight caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Cmn), and the use of foliar fungicides on corn for `plant health' benefits. This dissertation presents data regarding infection of corn by Cmn, and fungicide effects on disease management and yield.

Greenhouse and laboratory research was undertaken to determine if infection of corn by Cmn may occur without severe wounding, such as that caused by hail, sand blasting or wind damage. Corn plants with no obvious wounding were ...


Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama Jan 2015

Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scientific investigations to determine land use planning and interpretations for corn productivity potential in the Southern Highland Zone of Tanzania were conducted. The assessment of soils corn growth potential has been conducted in four selected pedons namely; Uyole, Mbimba, Inyala and Seatondale. Pedological, physical, chemical characterization and an attempt to develop the pedotransfer functions were done. The results show that the soils have deep to very deep sola, subangular blocky structures, evidence of pedogenic clay movement, fine to coarse texture, bulk density ranged from 0.79 to 1.46 g/cm3, pH ranged from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, cation ...