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Full-Text Articles in Education

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张 Oct 2015

运用真实多媒体语料与民族志访谈法加强目的语文化学习:一个初步提议 / Using Authentic Multimedia Materials And Ethnographic Interview To Improve Target Culture Learning: A Preliminary Proposal, 胜兰 张

World Languages and Cultures Publications

文化在语言教学中是一个不可缺少的元素,可是在外语教学实践中仍未得到足够重视。本文考察了文化教学在外语教学中存在的问题及其缺乏的原因。本文基于维果茨基社会文化理论,并遵循比较、交际、多层面与借鉴等四项原则,提出了如何利用网络真实语料和民族志访谈的文化教学模型来促进初级中文学习者的文化学习。


America 101, Varad Dimate, Ryan Eiffert, Charlie Coffey Jul 2015

America 101, Varad Dimate, Ryan Eiffert, Charlie Coffey

Ethos

About 12 students are gathered in a small room in the old Landscape Architecture building. One of the students steps up to make a presentation on his intended major and resulting opportunities. Others take notes and make comments about the presenter on a rubric sheet. This might seem like any other English class one is required to take before graduation. However, these students haven’t yet started with for-credit classes.


Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila Apr 2015

Exploring Strategy Effectiveness For English Language Learners Through Scholarly Engagement, Lauren Perila

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

This exploratory project is undertaken in relation to President Leath’s ISU 4U Promise, a new universityschool partnership intended to promote college access for youth historically excluded from higher education. It uses the idea of scholarly engagement, which emphasizes moving theory to practice in collaboration with the communities who have potential to benefit. This project was conducted in classrooms of the Iowa State University 4U Promise partnering elementary schools, King and Moulton. Drawing on research about engagement and academic success among English Language Learners (ELLs) and working with teachers, several identified strategies were tested. Over a semester, 5 hours a ...


Chinese Esl Learners' Pragmatic Competence In The Usage Of Genuine Compliments, Ironic Compliments, And Ironic Insults, Jessica Sparr Apr 2015

Chinese Esl Learners' Pragmatic Competence In The Usage Of Genuine Compliments, Ironic Compliments, And Ironic Insults, Jessica Sparr

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

This study examined the pragmatic competency of Chinese ESL learners’ with genuine compliments, ironic compliments, and ironic insults. A genuine compliment is praise framed positively (e.g., "Good job!") while an ironic compliment is one framed negatively (e.g., "Lousy job!"). An ironic insult is an insult framed positively so that it resembles a compliment [e.g., saying "Good job" when it was lousy]). Subjects rated nine scenarios with these three types of speech acts according to (1) how insulted the complimentee is likely to be, (2) what impact the compliment/insult might have on the complimentercomplimentee relationship, (3) what ...


Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp Feb 2015

Applying A Freirian Lens On Social Justice Education: One Practitioner’S Perspective, D. Scott Tharp

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Freire’s writings beyond Pedagogy of the Oppressed offer value to social justice educators looking to deeply explore and inform their own practice. His ideas related to class suicide, authority and freedom, political clarity, educational directivity and epistemological circling can enhance social justice educators approach to recognizing personal prejudices, negotiating emotions, personal disclosure, and navigating authority in educational settings. Through phenomenological reflections on my social justice education practice as a curriculum designer and facilitator within higher education, Freire’s ideas are used to analyze my experiences and provide insight for how I can re-imagine my practice to contribute to democratic ...


Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers Jan 2015

Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers

English Technical Reports and White Papers

We propose a new method for evaluating the readability of simplified sentences through pair-wise ranking. The validity of the method is established through in-corpus and cross-corpus evaluation experiments. The approach correctly identifies the ranking of simplified and unsimplified sentences in terms of their reading level with an accuracy of over 80%, significantly outperforming previous results. To gain qualitative insights into the nature of simplification at the sentence level, we studied the impact of specific linguistic features. We empirically confirm that both word-level and syntactic features play a role in comparing the degree of simplification of authentic data. To carry out ...


Preservice Teachers' Strategies To Support English Learners, Zandra De Araujo, Ji Yeong I, Erin Smith, Matthew Sakow Jan 2015

Preservice Teachers' Strategies To Support English Learners, Zandra De Araujo, Ji Yeong I, Erin Smith, Matthew Sakow

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Although English language learners (ELLs) are one of the fastest growing groups of students in the United States, many teacher preparation programs have yet to require preservice teachers (PSTs) to receive training in effective practices for teaching ELLs. We examined a four-week field experience pairing an elementary PST with an ELL. We examined the strategies PSTs used to support ELLs as they implemented cognitively demanding mathematics tasks. Through interviews, observations, and written reflections, we found that the PSTs tried to support students, with varying degrees of success, by allowing for multiple modes of communication, including visual supports, pressing for explaining ...


Teacher Perspectives On Mathematics Education Of Language Learners: Adapting Ell Education Models, Ji Yeong I, Hyewon Chang Jan 2015

Teacher Perspectives On Mathematics Education Of Language Learners: Adapting Ell Education Models, Ji Yeong I, Hyewon Chang

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Teachers in Korea have recently confronted new challenges as the population of linguistically and culturally diverse students increases. Ethnically diverse students as well as Korea-born students returning from long residences in foreign countries have great difficulties orienting themselves within Korean schools due to lack of Korean language proficiency and cultural differences. We named this student group as Korean language learners (KLLs) and investigated teacher perspectives on effective mathematics pedagogy for KLLs. Using two educational models for English language learners (ELLs)—Cummins’ Quadrant Model and the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) Model—we examined survey results of a small group of ...


Language Learning Policy Through The Lens Of Language As A Problem, As A Right, And As A Resource., Carla A. Mcnelly Dr. Jan 2015

Language Learning Policy Through The Lens Of Language As A Problem, As A Right, And As A Resource., Carla A. Mcnelly Dr.

Carla A McNelly

Richard Ruíz first developed the framework of language as a problem, as a right, and as a resource as a way of engaging how we examine language learning policies. This lens remains a useful tool in examining our national language learning policies. This article incorporates the academic work of additional scholars to define the United States’ practices, policies, and outcomes of language as a problem, as a right, and as a resource. Through the use of this framework, we realize that our nation’s bilingual education programs are generating monolingual and limited bilingual students. Equipped with an understanding that our ...


The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategy Training On Esl Learners' Self-Directed Use Of Ted Talk Videos For Second Language Listening, Kelsey Gagen-Lanning Jan 2015

The Effects Of Metacognitive Strategy Training On Esl Learners' Self-Directed Use Of Ted Talk Videos For Second Language Listening, Kelsey Gagen-Lanning

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language teaching tends to focus more on helping learners develop the productive language skills of speaking and writing (Takaesu, 2013; Vandergrift, 2003), while listening and reading, which are sometimes considered secondary skills, are often left out of the second language classroom even though they are essential skills in comprehending input and aid in the development of learners' productive skills (Takaesu, 2013). One way to address this issue of a lack of focus on listening skills is through self-directed learning with technology. This thesis investigates the effects of metacognitive strategy training on learners' self-directed use of TED Talk videos for ...


Designing, Implementing, And Evaluating An Automated Writing Evaluation Tool For Improving Efl Graduate Students’ Abstract Writing: A Case In Taiwan, Hui-Hsien Feng Jan 2015

Designing, Implementing, And Evaluating An Automated Writing Evaluation Tool For Improving Efl Graduate Students’ Abstract Writing: A Case In Taiwan, Hui-Hsien Feng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Writing English research article (RA) abstracts is a difficult but mandatory task for Taiwanese engineering graduate students (Feng, 2013). Understanding the current situation and needs of Taiwanese engineering graduate students, this dissertation aimed to develop and evaluate an automated writing evaluation (AWE) tool to assist their research article (RA) abstract writing in English by following a Design-Based Research (DBR) approach as the methodological framework. DBR was chosen because it strives to solve real-world problems through multiple iterations of development and building on results from each iteration to advance the project.

Six design iterations were undertaken to develop and to evaluate ...


Innovative Assessment Tasks For Academic English Proficiency: An Integrated Listening-Speaking Task Vs. A Multimedia-Mediated Speaking Task, Hye Won Lee Jan 2015

Innovative Assessment Tasks For Academic English Proficiency: An Integrated Listening-Speaking Task Vs. A Multimedia-Mediated Speaking Task, Hye Won Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Language testing researchers and test developers have long preferred to use integrated tasks due to their authentic nature. However, such presumed authenticity is taken for granted without empirical justification. Therefore, in this study, I examined and compared the authenticity of two integrated task types, a speaking task following an audio lecture on an academic topic and a multimedia-mediated speaking task (MMST)—a similar task to the integrated listening-speaking task (ILST), but with a video lecture as its stimulus.

First, I used a questionnaire to analyze student perception of 1) situational authenticity regarding the task characteristics of the two assessment tasks ...


The Lens Of Empathy, Earle Howard Rock Jan 2015

The Lens Of Empathy, Earle Howard Rock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This document accompanies the exhibit The Lens of Empathy. Portrait busts, audio interviews and a video installation explore effects of the status of "Other" on the individual. This thesis and exhibit also delve into and highlight the character and strength of those who find themselves on the outside of a set of hegemonic considerations in their daily efforts. Finally, together they examine how the subjects of such public scrutiny become more than the sum of their circumstances through embracing the struggles set before them.

Major influences on this body of work are identified and analyzed, including my personal experiences with ...


Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park Jan 2015

Development And Validation Of Virtual Interactive Tasks For An Aviation English Assessment, Moonyoung Park

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In response to growing concerns over aviation safety stemming from the limited command of aviation English by non-native English speaking practitioners, this study aimed to demonstrate the development process of aviation English test tasks in a virtual environment and investigate the validity for a task-based aviation English performance assessment in the context of Korean Army Aviation. In the current dissertation study, the development and validation of the VITAEA test were based on four inferences – domain description, evaluation, generalization, and explanation – and underlying assumptions in an interpretive argument that developed with reference to argument-based validity, evidence-centered design, target language use situation ...


Languaging In Cyberspace: A Case Study Of The Effects Of Peer-Peer Collaborative Dialogue On The Acquisition Of English Idioms In Task-Based Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication, Xuan Teng Jan 2015

Languaging In Cyberspace: A Case Study Of The Effects Of Peer-Peer Collaborative Dialogue On The Acquisition Of English Idioms In Task-Based Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication, Xuan Teng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the growing interest in examining the link between peer-peer collaborative dialogue and second language (L2) development in recent years (Swain, Brooks, & Tocalli-Beller, 2002), much of the empirical work in this regard focused on face-to-face communication, leaving the operationalization of collaborative dialogue in text-based synchronous computer-mediated communication (SCMC) largely unexplored. In addition, while the bulk of the existing studies concerned L2 learners’ incidental learning of the linguistic structures they had difficulty with during their collaboration on communicative tasks (e.g., Watanabe & Swain, 2007), little is known about the connection between collaborative dialogue and second language acquisition (SLA) when L2 learners are faced with preselected language features that are intended for learning. Furthermore, L2 learners’ perspectives on collaborative dialogue and its contribution to L2 growth were for the most part ignored in the literature. This study seeks to address these gaps through the examination of English as a Second Language (ESL) learners’ collaboration on English idioms that are frequently used in academic discourse. Drawing on sociocultural SLA (Lantolf, 2000; Lantolf & Thorne, 2006) and the concept of “languaging” (Swain, 2006), it explores how episodes of collaborative dialogue are carried out during SCMC-based dyadic interaction, its association with SLA, and L2 learners’ opinions about its effectiveness.

Sixteen intermediate learners of English as a Second language (ESL) enrolled in a college-level academic writing class participated in the current study. They filled out a questionnaire, collaborated on four English idiom learning tasks, completed a pretest and posttests, wrote reflective journals, reflected ...


Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis Jan 2015

Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

Parentheticals, information that is not directly relevant to the topic being addressed, appear in all academic lectures and help listeners distinguish important from less important information. Their use is a critical skill for all teachers. Despite their importance, research on parentheticals in teaching is scarce. This chapter explores the instructional discourse of native English-speaking teaching assistants and international teaching assistants regarding the use of parentheticals, primarily in terms of the intonational and informational patterns they exhibit. Our analysis involved discourse data collected from sixteen classes, eight from chemistry (four taught by native English-speaking TAs and four taught by ITAs) and ...


Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis Jan 2015

Learners’ Views Of Social Issues In Pronunciation Learning, John Levis

English Publications

Success in L2 pronunciation learning is affected by both individual differ-ences and social influences on learning. While individual differences have been extensively researched, social influences have not. This study examines the beliefs and attitudes of advanced learners of English in regard to their pronunciation abilities and improvement. Twelve graduate students took part in four weeks of individualized pronunciation tutoring followed by inter-views asking about their pronunciation, use of English, and their pronuncition in social contexts. The interviews revealed four images of their pronunciation learning. The first was that their spoken language skills left them feeling pulled in conflicting directions; the ...


Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi Jan 2015

Structural Equation Modeling Reporting Practices For Language Assessment, Gary Ockey, Ikkyu Choi

English Publications

Studies that use structural equation modeling (SEM) techniques are increasingly encountered in the language assessment literature. This popularity has created the need for a set of guidelines that can indicate what should be included in a research report and make it possible for research consumers to judge the appropriateness of the interpretations made from a reported study. This article attempts to fill this void by providing a set of reporting guidelines appropriate for language assessment researchers.


Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao Jan 2015

Overworked And Stressed Teachers Under Market Economy: Case Study In Northwest China, Gulbahar Beckett, Juanjuan Zhao

English Publications

This chapter is based on a case study conducted in Xisheng (pseudonym promised to the participants for anonymity purposes) in Northwest China to explore teachers’ perspectives on teaching under the market economy system. The original plan was to study local indigenous teachers, but that was not possible due to political sensitivity of the region at the time of data collection. As a result, we interviewed mostly Han teachers, including as many local indigenous teachers as possible. We think that the study is still useful as it was the first study of its kind and that it was informative regarding the ...


New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li Jan 2015

New And Not So New Methods For Assessing Oral Communication, Gary Ockey, Zhi Li

English Publications

The assessment of oral communication has continued to evolve over the past few decades. The construct being assessed has broadened to include interactional competence, and technology has played a role in the types of tasks that are currently popular. In this paper, we discuss the factors that affect the process of oral communication assessment, current conceptualizations of the construct to be assessed, and five tasks that are used to assess this construct. These tasks include oral proficiency interviews, paired/group oral discussion tasks, simulated tasks, integrated oral communication tasks, and elicited imitation tasks. We evaluate these tasks based on current ...


Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang Jan 2015

Teachers As Curators: Curating Authentic Online Content For Beginning And Intermediate Cfl Learners, Shenglan Zhang

World Languages and Cultures Publications

An abundance of authentic materials is available online for language learning. To locate appropriate materials is nearly impossible for even the most motivated learners. This requires teachers to curate authentic online content to enhance and supplement learners’ learning. Content curation is the process of collecting, organizing and displaying information. This article describes the procedure and strategies one may use in curating authentic content materials for Chinese language learning online. Teachers as curators need to collect the content with the consideration of difficulty level for different learners. In addition, they should put a lot of thoughts into content categorization based on ...


The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk M. Wilkins Jan 2015

The Dynamic Ecology Of The Writing Process And Agency: A Corpus-Based Comparative Case Study Of Stancetaking Among Native Speakers And Non-Native Speakers Of English In First-Year Composition Conferences, Kirk M. Wilkins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While previous research into writing conferences and tutorials has found that sessions with non-native speakers of English (NNSs) differ from those with native speakers of English (NSs), these studies using conversation analysis have tended to approach conferences through more qualitative methodologies. This thesis builds upon and enriches these previous studies by incorporating more of a quantitative analysis through the use of corpus linguistics to systematically analyze the frequency with which particular grammatical devices that express the attitude of the speaker, otherwise known as stance, and power are used and how these frequencies may vary within a specific set of NS ...


An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li Jan 2015

An Argument-Based Validation Study Of The English Placement Test (Ept) – Focusing On The Inferences Of Extrapolation And Ramification, Zhi Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

English placement tests have been widely used in higher education as post-admission assessment instruments to measure admitted English as a second language (ESL) students’ English proficiency or readiness in academic English, usually upon their arrival at universities in English-speaking countries. Unlike commercial standardized English proficiency tests, many English placement tests are locally developed with comparatively limited resources and are relatively under-investigated in the field of language testing. Even less attention has been directed to the score interpretation and the impact of placement decisions on ESL students’ English learning and academic achievement. Undoubtedly, this scarcity of research on English placement tests ...


Development And Evaluation Of Online Pronunciation Instruction For International Teaching Assistants’ Comprehensibility, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2015

Development And Evaluation Of Online Pronunciation Instruction For International Teaching Assistants’ Comprehensibility, Edna De Freitas Lima

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Pronunciation is an important part of language proficiency because of its immediate role in language judgments. Nevertheless, it has often been overlooked and sometimes neglected in favor of grammar and vocabulary in SLA research (Neri, Cucchiarini, Strik, & Boves, 2002). Taking into consideration the importance of pronunciation instruction and the central impact of suprasegmentals on comprehensibility (Celce-Murcia, Brinton, Goodwin, & Griner, 2010; Isaacs, 2008), a four-week fully online pronunciation tutor (the Supra Tutor) was developed as an attempt to address gaps in pronunciation instruction identified by previous research (e.g., marginalization of pronunciation instruction, lack of trained instructors, and lack of connection between theory and practice) (Derwing & Munro, 2005).

The primary purpose of this mixed methods study, an adapted version of the embedded experimental model ...


A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu Jan 2015

A Systemic Functional Perspective On Automated Writing Evaluation: Formative Feedback On Causal Discourse, Aysel Saricaoglu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Making explanations is a very important communicative function in academic literacy; several disciplines including science are dominated by causal explanations (Mohan & Slater, 2004; Slater, 2004; Wellington & Osborne, 2001). For academic success, students need to write about causes and effects well with the help of their instructors, which means that formative assessment of causal discourse is necessary (Slater & Mohan, 2010). However, manual evaluation of causal discourse is time-consuming and impractical for writing instructors. For this reason, automated evaluation of causal discourse, which current automated writing evaluation (AWE) systems cannot perform, is required. Addressing these needs, this dissertation aimed to develop an automated causal ...


An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger Jan 2015

An Integrated Theory Of Prejudice Reduction Through Service Learning: College Students' Interactions With Immigrant Children, Carolyn Elizabeth Dallinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study developed theory while investigating the meaning college students' attributed to interaction with young immigrant children through a service learning program and how the interaction reduced their prejudice. Based on the grounded theory methodology, thirty-one in-depth interviews of college graduates who had been involved in the program were coded and analyzed to develop four significant themes resulting in theory development. Participants demonstrated fear of differences with their immigrant partners upon starting the interactions, they worked to develop relationships which resulted in gaining new perspectives and reducing reported prejudice. This integrated theory of prejudice reduction through service learning concurs ...


Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self Jan 2015

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis of University LGBT Center Theoretical Foundations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the framing discourse of theorization and practice surrounding university-based Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) resource centers. Building on interdisciplinary work by critical feminist, race, and queer scholars in sociology, social work, education, and political science, this study proposed a vital shift from identity politics (Combahee River Collective, 1977) and multicultural (Jay, 1994; Ward, 2008) theorizing and practice frameworks to praxis grounded in intersectional understandings of identity and resistance to interlocking systems of oppression (Razack, 1999) which (re ...