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2015

Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Analyzing Mathematics And Ap Statistics Assessment Items In Terms Of The Levels Of Thinking Skills They Assess, Shadreck S. Chitsonga Dec 2015

Analyzing Mathematics And Ap Statistics Assessment Items In Terms Of The Levels Of Thinking Skills They Assess, Shadreck S. Chitsonga

Georgia Educational Researcher

This study is a part of a large study that investigated the Assessment Practices of Mathematics Teachers who also teach AP Statistics. In this paper I investigate the thinking skills that assessment items used mathematics and AP Statistics classroom assess. Two teachers who were teaching mathematics and AP Statistics participated in this study. Each teacher was observed 12 times in class. Artifacts were also collected from each teacher, mainly oral questions and written questions. A mathematics taxonomy framework was used to analyze the characteristics of the assessment items. The results of the study indicated that assessment questions (oral and written ...


Media And Communications, Joel M. Drotts Esq. Dec 2015

Media And Communications, Joel M. Drotts Esq.

Joel M. Drotts Esq.

The media theories project.


Thinking Beyond The Fried Egg Model: How Accurately Do Students Perceive Cells In A Living Context?, Milissa Knox Dec 2015

Thinking Beyond The Fried Egg Model: How Accurately Do Students Perceive Cells In A Living Context?, Milissa Knox

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory study investigated three aspects of introductory undergraduate biology students’ understanding about cells. The study, which took place at the University of Maine with voluntary students in Basic Biology (“BIO100”) in the summer and fall of 2009, examined (1) students’ pre-course perceptions of cells as they exist in a living context and (2) gains in students’ perception and knowledge about cells after completing the one-semester course (BIO100). Results are based on lecture exam scores, pre-post surveys developed as a part of this thesis, and interviews with two groups of biology students. A total of 498 students participated in the ...


Experiential Learning And The Basic Communication Course: A New Path To Assessing Forensic Learning Outcomes, Ben Walker Dec 2015

Experiential Learning And The Basic Communication Course: A New Path To Assessing Forensic Learning Outcomes, Ben Walker

Speaker & Gavel

Scholars have often touted the educational benefits of forensics (e.g.: Bartanen, 1998; Beasley, 1979; Brownlee, 1979; Ehninger, 1952; Gartell, 1973; Jensen, 2008; McBath, 1975; Millsap, 1998; Schroeder & Schroeder, 1995; Stenger, 1999; Yaremchuk, 1979). Critics, most notably Burnett, Brand, and Meister (2003), have argued forensics is only a competitive game with the idea of education used as a crutch to uphold the activity in the eyes of schools. While attempting to counter critics, many forensic educators have scrambled to find proof of student learning. Besides theoretical approaches to potential learning methods (e.g., Dreibelbis & Gullifor, 1992; Friedley, 1992; Sellnow, Littlefield, & Sellnow, 1992; Swanson, 1992; Zeuschner, 1992 ...


Do College Rankings Matter? Examining The Influence Of “America’S Best Black Colleges” On Hbcu Undergraduate Admissions, Willis A. Jones Dec 2015

Do College Rankings Matter? Examining The Influence Of “America’S Best Black Colleges” On Hbcu Undergraduate Admissions, Willis A. Jones

Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation Faculty Publications

College rankings have become a ubiquitous part of American higher education. As the popularity of rankings has increased, so have the number of research studies attempting to better understand the impact rankings have on college/university admissions outcomes. In the past, these studies have focused almost exclusively on elite national universities and liberal arts colleges. This study broadens research in this area by examining how the introduction of U.S. News and World Report’s “America’s Best Black Colleges” section influenced undergraduate admissions among historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs). The findings suggest that college rankings have little correlation ...


The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase Dec 2015

The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase

Dr Anne-Marie Chase

In this paper, we explore the benefits of using social media in an online educational setting, with a particular focus on the use of Facebook and Twitter by participants in a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) developed to enable educators to learn about the Carpe Diem learning design process. We define social media as digital social tools and environments located outside of the provision of a formal university-provided Learning Management System. We use data collected via interviews and surveys with the MOOC participants as well as social media postings made by the participants throughout the MOOC to offer insights into ...


The Centrality Of Participant Voice In Illuminating The Gender Regime In Education Research Using A Human Capabilities Analysis, Catherine Vanner Dec 2015

The Centrality Of Participant Voice In Illuminating The Gender Regime In Education Research Using A Human Capabilities Analysis, Catherine Vanner

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

The human capabilities approach distinguishes between capabilities (a person’s ability to choose what she wants to do/be) and functionings (actually doing/being what she wants). When used to analyze gender equality in education, it draws attention to the nature of education and the extent to which it is equally empowering for girls and boys. This research synthesis examines the use of the human capabilities approach as an analytical framework for gender and education research. The approach’s emphasis on participant voice as a means of articulating what is valued in education highlights contradictions and similarities within a given ...


The Achievement Gap: A Dual Nation Perspective, Myka Chavez Dec 2015

The Achievement Gap: A Dual Nation Perspective, Myka Chavez

Honors Projects

This essay seeks to explore the achievement gap, which is a disparity in educational achievement between certain economic and racial groups, by taking a unique approach and bringing a fresh perspective. Specifically, this research focuses on how this gap is manifested in two countries: the U.S. and England. This dual nation perspective opens the door for more information and a better understanding of the gap as a whole. Analysis will be done regarding the various issues surrounding the gap in each country such as its causes, effects, and past/present solutions. Based on how these issues occur in each ...


Case Study Methodology: Flexibility, Rigour, And Ethical Considerations For The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning, Marion L. Pearson, Simon P. Albon, Harry Hubball Dec 2015

Case Study Methodology: Flexibility, Rigour, And Ethical Considerations For The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning, Marion L. Pearson, Simon P. Albon, Harry Hubball

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Individuals and teams engaging in the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) in multidisciplinary higher education settings must make decisions regarding choice of research methodology and methods. These decisions are guided by the research context and the goals of the inquiry. With reference to our own recent experiences investigating pedagogical and curricular practices in a pharmacy program, we outline case study methodology as one of the many options available for SoTL inquiry. Case study methodology has the benefits of flexibility in terms of the types of research questions that can be addressed and the data collection methods that can be ...


Surveying Assessment In Experiential Learning: A Single Campus Study, Thomas Yates, Jay Wilson, Kendra Purton Dec 2015

Surveying Assessment In Experiential Learning: A Single Campus Study, Thomas Yates, Jay Wilson, Kendra Purton

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

The purpose of this study was to determine the methods of experiential assessment in use at a Canadian university and the extent to which they are used. Exploring experiential assessment will allow identification of commonly used methods and facilitate the development of best practices of assessment in the context of experiential learning (EL) at an institutional level. The origins of EL are found in the work of Dewey (1938), later modified by Kolb and Fry (1975). Experiential methods include: experiential education, service learning problem-based learning and others such as action learning, enquiry-based learning, and case studies. Faculty currently involved in ...


A Systematic Assessment Of ‘None Of The Above’ On Multiple Choice Tests In A First Year Psychology Classroom, Matthew V. Pachai, David Dibattista, Joseph A. Kim Dec 2015

A Systematic Assessment Of ‘None Of The Above’ On Multiple Choice Tests In A First Year Psychology Classroom, Matthew V. Pachai, David Dibattista, Joseph A. Kim

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Multiple choice writing guidelines are decidedly split on the use of ‘none of the above’ (NOTA), with some authors discouraging and others advocating its use. Moreover, empirical studies of NOTA have produced mixed results. Generally, these studies have utilized NOTA as either the correct response or a distractor and assessed its effect on difficulty and discrimination. In these studies, NOTA commonly yields increased difficulty when it is used as the correct response, and no change in discrimination regardless of usage. However, when NOTA is implemented as a distractor, rarely is consideration given to the distractor that could have been written ...


Assessing Your Assessments: A Hands-On Test Evaluation Workshop, Brendan Morse Dec 2015

Assessing Your Assessments: A Hands-On Test Evaluation Workshop, Brendan Morse

Brendan J. Morse

Appropriate test design and evaluation are key components of effective pedagogy. However, the rigorous statistical analysis of exams and other learning assessments is often underrepresented in professors’ teaching repertoires due to statistical apprehension and a lack of access to analysis programs. The purpose of this workshop will be to demonstrate how to easily overcome both of these hurdles. Basic statistical evaluation techniques for multiple-choice exams using classical test theory and item response theory will be discussed with an emphasis on practical applications of test-level (e.g., reliability) and item-level (e.g., difficulty, discrimination, and bias) analyses. Workshop participants will engage ...


Pre/Post Comparison Of Medical Students' Self-Reported Competence Ratings For Content And Skill Areas Included In An End Of Third Year Assessment, Mary L. Zanetti, Eric J. Alper, Wendy L. Gammon, Michele P. Pugnaire, Michele M. Carlin, Urip Purwono, Susan V. Barrett, Laura A. Sefton Dec 2015

Pre/Post Comparison Of Medical Students' Self-Reported Competence Ratings For Content And Skill Areas Included In An End Of Third Year Assessment, Mary L. Zanetti, Eric J. Alper, Wendy L. Gammon, Michele P. Pugnaire, Michele M. Carlin, Urip Purwono, Susan V. Barrett, Laura A. Sefton

Mary L. Zanetti

The End of Third Year Assessment (EOTYA) evaluates medical students using multiple objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) and offers comprehensive feedback to students on their content knowledge and skills. This study measures the change in students' perceived level of competence before and after completing the EOTYA. Presented at the AAMC (Association of American Colleges) Annual Meeting, RIME (Research in Medical Education) Program, November 2004.


Staff In Australia’S Schools 2013: Main Report On The Survey, Phillip Mckenzie, Paul R. Weldon, Glenn Rowley, Martin Murphy, Julie Mcmillan Dec 2015

Staff In Australia’S Schools 2013: Main Report On The Survey, Phillip Mckenzie, Paul R. Weldon, Glenn Rowley, Martin Murphy, Julie Mcmillan

Dr Glenn Rowley (retired)

This report provides an overview of the results obtained from the Staff in Australia’s Schools (SiAS) 2013 survey commissioned by the Australian Government Department of Education and conducted by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). The work was supported by an Advisory Committee of government and non-government school authorities and other stakeholder groups. The survey was intended to provide a detailed picture of the Australian teacher workforce, and to gather information to assist in future planning of the workforce. It was also designed to provide comparative and updated data following on from the previous SiAS surveys conducted in ...


How Did The Students Cross The Stage? The Relationship Of Demographic Factors On Early Selection Of College Major, Christy Riddle Dec 2015

How Did The Students Cross The Stage? The Relationship Of Demographic Factors On Early Selection Of College Major, Christy Riddle

Dissertations

Student retention is a highly researched topic studied for many decades, but low retention of college students still exists today. As more states move to success-based funding formulas, it is more important than ever for higher education institutions to increase retention efforts (Swecker, 2011). Colleges and universities launch programs trying to combat and improve retention deficits. Research reveals that student engagement, academic advising, demographics, socioeconomic factors, and early selection of major within the first academic year play a role in retention.

The purpose of this study is to determine if early selection of major relates to the demographic factors of ...


Mississippi Teachers’ Perception Of Merit Pay, Diana M. Stephens Dec 2015

Mississippi Teachers’ Perception Of Merit Pay, Diana M. Stephens

Dissertations

Teachers are the center of increasing student achievement and student motivation, therefore a way to motivate teachers must be implemented. Although most teachers are motivated intrinsically for their love of teaching, external motivation could add another component to teacher success. Merit pay is one way to provide an external motivator to change teaching strategies in order to increase student achievement. This study measured teachers’ perceptions in Mississippi who are involved in the merit pay pilot program. There are four school districts participating in the pilot program and two of those school districts were surveyed for this study, a central Mississippi ...


Gen Ed Council Presentation.Ppt, Jeremy L. Smith Dec 2015

Gen Ed Council Presentation.Ppt, Jeremy L. Smith

Jeremy Smith

A presentation on the UMass Amherst Libraries open education initiative (OEI) given to the campus General Education Council.


Rn-Bsn Program: On-Demand, Online, Competency-Based Modules, Ladonna Michelle Mcclave Dec 2015

Rn-Bsn Program: On-Demand, Online, Competency-Based Modules, Ladonna Michelle Mcclave

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A capstone submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the College of Education at Morehead State University by Ladonna Michelle McClave on December 10, 2015.


Infographic: Ict Skills And Student Self-Efficacy, Jo Earp Dec 2015

Infographic: Ict Skills And Student Self-Efficacy, Jo Earp

Teacher infographics

How confident do Australian Year 10 students feel when doing ICT-related tasks? Today’s infographic explores.


What Shapes Policy Formation In China? A Study Of National Student Nutrition Policies, Ji Liu Dec 2015

What Shapes Policy Formation In China? A Study Of National Student Nutrition Policies, Ji Liu

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This article juxtaposes world culture and policy borrowing and lending literatures to understand policy formation in China. Through reviewing China’s student nutrition policy evolution since the International Conference on Nutrition in 1992 to the launch of China’s landmark national rural student nutrition program in 2011, I examine what the key explanations to the policy developments in China were. This paper analyzes both quantitative and qualitative data from the MOE, State Council, and media sources, and draws on policy documents, scholarly publications, civil society activities, and international aid flows. Findings show that although neither world culture nor policy borrowing ...


Analysis Of Bibliometrics Information For Select The Best Field Of Study, Nader Ale Ebrahim Dec 2015

Analysis Of Bibliometrics Information For Select The Best Field Of Study, Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim

Bibliometrics can be defined as the statistical analysis of publications. Bibliometrics has focused on the quantitative analysis of citations and citation counts which is complex. It is so complex and specialized that personal knowledge and experience are insufficient tools for understanding trends for making decisions. We need tools for analysis of Bibliometrics information for select the best field of study with promising enough attention. This presentation will provide tools to discover the new trends in our field of study in order to select an area for research and publication which promising the highest research impact.


Motivating Factors And Barriers To The Online Faculty Professional Development, Kathryn L. Miller Dec 2015

Motivating Factors And Barriers To The Online Faculty Professional Development, Kathryn L. Miller

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A capstone submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the College of Education at Morehead State University by Kathryn L. Miller on April 16, 2015.


Enhanced Alphabet Knowledge In Preschool Children, Ana Paz Dec 2015

Enhanced Alphabet Knowledge In Preschool Children, Ana Paz

South Florida Education Research Conference

Providing a child the opportunity to succeed in school is a main worry of parents and teachers. When children are able to connect letters with their corresponding sounds allows for literacy to grow. Using Enhanced Alphabet Knowledge (EAK) instruction will allow children to evolve their literacy skills by connecting.


Web Based Cyber Forensics Training For Law Enforcement, Nick Sturgeon Dec 2015

Web Based Cyber Forensics Training For Law Enforcement, Nick Sturgeon

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

Training and education are two of the most important aspects within cyber forensics. These topics have been of concern since the inception of the field. Training law enforcement is particularly important to ensure proper execution of the digital forensics process. It is also important because the proliferation of technology in to society continues to grow at an exponential rate. Just as technology is used for good there are those that will choose to use it for criminal gains. It is critical that Law Enforcement have the tools and training in cyber forensics. This research looked to determine if web based ...


A Fiscal Model Program Theory Proposal For Training Reentry Citizen Ex-Convicts To Remodel Abandoned Houses, James A. Hanson Dec 2015

A Fiscal Model Program Theory Proposal For Training Reentry Citizen Ex-Convicts To Remodel Abandoned Houses, James A. Hanson

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The purpose of this study was to develop and examine a fiscal program theory model and proposal for training reentry citizen ex-convicts to remodel abandoned houses. A sustainable program theory model describes ways that training and employing these citizens to remodel abandoned houses may be expected to have benefits to a community. The recently released ex-convicts will learn a construction trade, earn a sustainable wage, and the once-abandoned houses will be returned to the city tax rolls. Vocational education and workforce training are key to this program. The literature indicates that national jobless rates for recently released inmates is well ...


Exploring And Training Spatial Reasoning Via Eye Movements: Implications On Performance, Victoria A. Roach Dec 2015

Exploring And Training Spatial Reasoning Via Eye Movements: Implications On Performance, Victoria A. Roach

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation sought to determine if eye movements could serve as an indicator of success in spatial reasoning, and if eye movements associated with successful completion could be applied to strategically improve spatial reasoning.

Using the line images of Shepard and Metzler, an electronic test of mental rotations ability (EMRT) was designed. Two versions of the test were created, allowing for both a timed (6 seconds per question) and untimed testing environment. Four experiments were designed and completed to relate mental rotation ability (MRA) scores from the EMRT, to patterns in chrononumeric and visual salience data. In each experiment, participants ...


Equipping Students For Life After School, Geoff Masters Dec 2015

Equipping Students For Life After School, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

Identifying and developing the knowledge, skills and attributes required for life and work is an ongoing challenge in school education.


Sharing The Assessment Reform Story, Hilary Hollingsworth Dec 2015

Sharing The Assessment Reform Story, Hilary Hollingsworth

Dr Hilary Hollingsworth

A new web-based resource is chronicling the experiences of schools as they undertake assessment reform.


Diving Deeper With Assessment, Hilary Hollingsworth Dec 2015

Diving Deeper With Assessment, Hilary Hollingsworth

Dr Hilary Hollingsworth

ACER is helping educators to understand and implement assessment practices for positive classroom change and improved learning.


The Party’S Over: Sustaining Support Programs When The Funding Is Done, John Gardner, Pat Pyke, Cheryl Schrader, Janet M. Callahan, Amy Moll Dec 2015

The Party’S Over: Sustaining Support Programs When The Funding Is Done, John Gardner, Pat Pyke, Cheryl Schrader, Janet M. Callahan, Amy Moll

John Gardner

In the lifecycle of an engineering education grant, the phase where best practices are sustained and disseminated is perhaps the most crucial stage for maximizing impact. Yet this transition phase often receives the least attention as project team enthusiasm can wane, while funding tapers off, and faculty priorities are pulled in other directions. There are numerous obstacles associated with sustaining program changes, even those perceived as very valuable. Typical challenges are: What happens when the funding runs out? What grant-developed programs should be sustained by the university? Does the institution need to internally allocate resources in an annual budget large ...