Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2014

Preschool

Discipline
Institution
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Education

Help Me Help Myself: The Role Of Helper Flags As Tools For Self-Regulation, Lara G. Bergman Dec 2014

Help Me Help Myself: The Role Of Helper Flags As Tools For Self-Regulation, Lara G. Bergman

Masters of Arts in Education Action Research Papers

Abstract The purpose of this action research was to determine if using flags, created as tools for signaling for help, was an effective way to develop persistence and encourage children to complete their chosen work. The study was conducted in a preschool classroom at a private Montessori school. Participants included 15 children aged three to five and three teachers. Data was collected in the form of student interviews, tallies, and observations made during the period of research. The results indicated that the helper flags increased the children’s persistence with their work and increased the likelihood they would complete their ...


Determining The Reliability Of An Early Expository Comprehension Assessment, Tammie Harding Dec 2014

Determining The Reliability Of An Early Expository Comprehension Assessment, Tammie Harding

All Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the reliability of the revised Early Expository Comprehension Assessment (EECA), a measure that looked at preschoolers' comprehension of expository text. Thirty-seven preschool children between the ages of four and five were administered two comparable versions of the measure by two examiners. Scoring procedures were created and the protocols were scored and compared for reliability. The data was analyzed using a mixed models Analysis of Variance for repeated measures and a maximum likelihood estimate of variance components. Results from the analysis showed that version and order had no significant effect on three of the response task scores (Purpose ...


Perceptions Of Practitioners In A Voluntary Prekindergarten On Probation, Susan Evelyn Weber Nov 2014

Perceptions Of Practitioners In A Voluntary Prekindergarten On Probation, Susan Evelyn Weber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and explain the perspectives and beliefs that practitioners have about prekindergarten in a Voluntary Prekindergarten program unable to meet minimal accountability requirements. The exploratory questions included: What are the beliefs and perceptions about effective and appropriate early childhood education among practitioners in a Voluntary Prekindergarten program on probation? And in what ways does probation influence practitioners' perceptions and beliefs about early childhood education? I used participants from a school where I conducted a pilot study. My data collection consisted of semi-structured interviews, resumes, my research reflective journal, and the centers program improvement ...


Educating Preschoolers About Color, Texture, And Taste: Child Care Providers’ Perceptions For Engaging Children’S Senses, Car Mun Kok, Dipti A. Dev Oct 2014

Educating Preschoolers About Color, Texture, And Taste: Child Care Providers’ Perceptions For Engaging Children’S Senses, Car Mun Kok, Dipti A. Dev

The Nebraska Educator: A Student-Led Journal

No abstract provided.


Growth In Literacy And Numeracy In The Early Years, Marion Meiers, Kate Reid Jul 2014

Growth In Literacy And Numeracy In The Early Years, Marion Meiers, Kate Reid

Marion Meiers

Children’s literacy and numeracy skills in the year prior to school and the first year at school reveal wide variation. Marion Meiers and Kate Reid explain.


Learning Together: A Case Study Of A Cooperative School’S Approach To Education, Ariana M. Ali May 2014

Learning Together: A Case Study Of A Cooperative School’S Approach To Education, Ariana M. Ali

Master's Theses

This thesis is based on an in-depth case study of one cooperative pre-preschool and preschool in San Francisco. Qualitative research methods, such as observation and one-on-one interviews, were used to study the structure, culture, and community at the school. Cooperative schools have not been well researched or documented in academic literature and this study hoped to shed some light on this model of school organization. The parent-initiated and community-oriented nature of cooperative schools make them stand out as unique among the large, bureaucratically-run schools and daycares typically found in the United States. The results of this study highlighted four themes ...


Fidelity Of Implementation, Teacher Perspectives And Child Outcomes Of A Literacy Intervention In A Head Start Program: A Mixed Methods Study, Dawn Davis May 2014

Fidelity Of Implementation, Teacher Perspectives And Child Outcomes Of A Literacy Intervention In A Head Start Program: A Mixed Methods Study, Dawn Davis

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

The success of early childhood interventions have been influenced by the degree to which they were implemented with fidelity (e.g., Davidson, Fields & Yang, 2009; Dusenbury, Brannigan, Falco, & Hansen, 2003; Elliot & Mihalic, 2004), meaning “the degree to which teachers and other program providers implement programs as intended by the program developers” (Mellard & Johnson, 2008, p. 240). This study examines relations among implementation fidelity, teacher characteristics, their perceptions, and child literacy outcomes within a preschool literacy intervention using a mixed methods design.

This study examines child literacy outcome data from 247 preschool children and fidelity, perceptions and demographic characteristics from 11 lead preschool classroom teachers ...


How Does Your Garden Grow: How Planting Seeds Of Hope Inspire A Community Of Gifted African-Amrican Learners To Flourish In An Early Childhood Setting, Danielle Elaine Macneal-Harris May 2014

How Does Your Garden Grow: How Planting Seeds Of Hope Inspire A Community Of Gifted African-Amrican Learners To Flourish In An Early Childhood Setting, Danielle Elaine Macneal-Harris

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

"Knowledge is like a garden: if it is not cultivated, it cannot be harvested"

-African Proverb

Each day, African-American children are rarely given the opportunity to reach their full potential and flourish in American school systems. There continues to be a disparity in the number of African-Americans in the gifted population. When identified early, and with appropriate educational opportunities, young, culturally diverse gifted learners will be more likely to have long-term educational success. By utilizing an educational criticism methodology, this study discusses the importance of gifted education for African-American, early childhood students, by answering the question, how does The Hope ...


Achievement Of Elementary School Students And Attendance In Preschool Programs In Johnson County, Tennessee, Emogene C. South Mrs. May 2014

Achievement Of Elementary School Students And Attendance In Preschool Programs In Johnson County, Tennessee, Emogene C. South Mrs.

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if a difference in achievement scores exist between students who attended the Johnson County School System preschool program and those who did not as measured by standardized TCAP achievement test Reading/Language Arts and Math scores of students in the third and fourth grades. The variables of grade level and preschool attendance were considered. The population consisted of students who were in the third or fourth grades in the Johnson County School System during the 2010-2011 school year through the 2012-2013 school year. Data gathered were from the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program ...


Teachers’ Perceptions Of Students’ Readiness For Kindergarten, Jennifer A. Simerly May 2014

Teachers’ Perceptions Of Students’ Readiness For Kindergarten, Jennifer A. Simerly

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The increase in the number of parents who decide not to enroll their children into a formal kindergarten once they become of age has triggered questions of what impacts readiness. The act of redshirting has doubled since 1980. Redshirting is simply delaying a child’s entry into kindergarten by 1 year after they become age eligible to enroll. Parents want to make sure that with high stakes testing, a more demanding curriculum, and an increase in rigorous standards that their children are ready to start kindergarten with the best opportunity for success.

The purpose of this study was to examine ...


Teacher Perception Of Social/Emotional Skills Of Preschool Children And The Relationship To Common Core Standards, A. Mi'kel Price May 2014

Teacher Perception Of Social/Emotional Skills Of Preschool Children And The Relationship To Common Core Standards, A. Mi'kel Price

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Sampson is a 4-year-old preschooler. It is difficult for him to make friends, understand simple social settings, and interact with peers. He struggles to interpret incoming contextual information (such as talking to a peer about the blocks they are playing with), has difficulty comprehending non-literal/figurative expressions (such as jokes and irony), and implicit messages (such as when a child does not want to play with him). Sampson’s difficulties increase his risk of social isolation and lower self-esteem.

This vignette offers a glimpse into the challenges faced by children with low social/emotional skills. The social use of language ...


The Use Of A Discrimination Training Procedure To Teach Mand Variability To Children With Autism, Matthew T. Brodhead May 2014

The Use Of A Discrimination Training Procedure To Teach Mand Variability To Children With Autism, Matthew T. Brodhead

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Repetitive behavior and delays in communication are core deficits of autism spectrum disorder. As a result, individuals with autism often engage in repetitive verbal behavior, and they may not vary their verbal behavior, even when the situation demands it. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a script training and discrimination training procedure on mand variability in preschoolers with autism. Participants were taught to vary their vocal mands in the presence of written scripts, a green placemat, and Lag schedule of reinforcement. They were also taught to not vary their vocal mands in the presence of ...


Beyond The Pencil: Expanding The Occupational Therapists’ Role In Helping Young Children To Develop Writing Skills, Hope K. Gerde, Tricia D. Foster, Lori E. Skibbe Jan 2014

Beyond The Pencil: Expanding The Occupational Therapists’ Role In Helping Young Children To Develop Writing Skills, Hope K. Gerde, Tricia D. Foster, Lori E. Skibbe

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapists (OTs) play an important role in early childhood classrooms as vital members of the educational team, particularly for young children’s writing development. Children’s emergent writing is a foundational literacy skill, which begins to develop well before they enter elementary school. However, early childhood classrooms are lacking in supports for early writing development. OTs are experts in guiding the development of early writing skills in young children and, therefore, should be considered as critical members of the early literacy curriculum team. This paper identifies the critical role emergent writing plays in early childhood literacy development and how ...


Diagnostic Procedures For Preschoolers With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With And Without Comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder: A Comparison Of Dimensional And Categorical Approaches To Classification, Lisa Dekett Jan 2014

Diagnostic Procedures For Preschoolers With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder With And Without Comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder: A Comparison Of Dimensional And Categorical Approaches To Classification, Lisa Dekett

Theses and Dissertations

The early onset, temporal stability, and adverse outcomes associated with neurodevelopmental and disruptive behavior disorders underscore the importance of early identification and treatment. However, there are significant obstacles to diagnosis at the preschool level. This study examined the ways in which dimensional measures of behavior (parent ratings, teacher ratings, and direct observation) differentiated among preschoolers who met DISC-IV criteria for ADHD and/or ODD. Cluster analysis suggested the presence of two distinct clusters. The first cluster (Significant Concerns) was characterized by more elevated concerns in every area in which significant between-cluster differences occurred (oppositional/delinquent behavior, social problems, hyperactivity, thought ...


Number Sense Development During The Preschool Years: Relations Within And Between Key Skill Indicators, Joy C. Polignano Jan 2014

Number Sense Development During The Preschool Years: Relations Within And Between Key Skill Indicators, Joy C. Polignano

Theses and Dissertations

Early numeracy skills are predictive of later mathematics achievement; therefore, technically adequate screening tools are needed to identify young children who may be at risk for developing mathematics difficulties. The Individual Growth and Development Indicators - Early Numeracy (myIGDI-EN) is a curriculum-based measure of four key early numeracy skills: quantity comparison fluency (QCF), oral counting fluency (OCF), one-to-one correspondence counting fluency (OOCCF), and number naming fluency (NNF). MyIGDI-EN yields scores found to be technically adequate at one point in time and sensitive to growth across the preschool year in mixed-age samples of preschool children. However, age-based developmental trajectories of numeracy skills ...


Preschool And Prosperity, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2014

Preschool And Prosperity, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Institute Policy Papers

Substantial research shows that high-quality early childhood education programs have a large economic payoff. This payoff is increased earnings for former child participants, increased earnings for parents, and increased earnings for all workers when average worker skills improve. A program package of universal pre-K, combined with child care and parenting support for all low-income families, would cost $80 billion annually. But each dollar invested in this package would yield future economic benefits of over 10 times as great.


From Preschool To Prosperity: The Economic Payoff To Early Childhood Education, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2014

From Preschool To Prosperity: The Economic Payoff To Early Childhood Education, Timothy J. Bartik

Upjohn Press

Bartik shows that investment in high-quality early childhood education has several long-term benefits, including higher adult earnings for program participants.


Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu Jan 2014

Safety Issues Of Children Age 3-5 Years In School Classrooms: A Perspective Of Classrooms In The United States, Weiqi Chu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Interior design is an established industry in the United States with its profits well known to be a good contribution to the national economic growth. Some effort has been made by U.S. Design Council to make sure that the interior design of buildings promotes good health and comfort. Questions have been raised about the safety of U.S. classrooms meant for elementary-level children, specifically those under than 5 years of age. This formed the basis of this research, which unraveled the separate interior design elements of elementary classrooms and their effects on pupils' learning and health. Data were collected ...