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Full-Text Articles in Education

Learning At The Bottom Of The Pyramid: Constraints, Comparability And Policy In Developing Countries, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo Dec 2014

Learning At The Bottom Of The Pyramid: Constraints, Comparability And Policy In Developing Countries, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

United Nations development goals have consistently placed a high priority on the quality of education—and of learning. This has led to substantive increases in international development assistance to education, and also to broader attention, worldwide, to the importance of children’s learning. Yet, such goals are mainly normative: they tend to be averages across nations, with relatively limited attention to variations within countries. This review provides an analysis of the scientific tensions in understanding learning among poor and marginalized populations: those at the bottom of the pyramid (BOP). While international agencies such as UNESCO and OECD often invoke these ...


Building A Lattice For School Leadership: The Top-To-Bottom Rethinking Of Leadership Development In England And What It Might Mean For American Education, Jonathan A. Supovitz Nov 2014

Building A Lattice For School Leadership: The Top-To-Bottom Rethinking Of Leadership Development In England And What It Might Mean For American Education, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Research Reports

This report examines the educational leadership development system in England over the last 15 years to identify ideas American leaders and policymakers might learn from looking cross-nationally. The report describes the rise of the National College for School Leadership in England, which spearheaded much of the early policy development and enactment and the subsequent governmental shift towards a more decentralized policy of fostering school networks. Supovitz envisions the potential assimilation of these two movements into an integrated lattice for school leadership.

The lattice for school leadership in England is the careful integration of formal and social learning opportunities for leaders ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner Jun 2014

Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

This landscape review takes the broad domain of new information and communications technologies (ICTs) for education, and focuses on the fast-evolving sub-domain of mobiles for reading, or M4R. The 'mobiles' in this review primarily refer to mobile technologies— ICTs that are portable, typically battery powered, and may be connected to cellular networks and/or the Internet. The term 'reading' refers to the joint abilities of understanding and producing written language, for children, youth and adults. This review of M4R focuses primarily on the use of mobile ICTs designed to help children learn to read, practice reading (reading to learn), and ...


Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna May 2014

Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

As the Walrus in Lewis Carroll's knows, it is the sorting out that matters most. And in colleges and universities, just as in oysters, those of the largest size and most prestige will almost certainly insist on being grouped together, no matter what the consequences. Working with the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation we have set for ourselves the task of doing just that—using data drawn from the U.S. Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to sort American colleges and universities into recognizable clusters that or segments that facilitate the making ...


Mobiles For Literacy In Developing Countries: An Effectiveness Framework, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo, Katie M. Murphy, Molly Crofton, Fatima T. Zahra Mar 2014

Mobiles For Literacy In Developing Countries: An Effectiveness Framework, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo, Katie M. Murphy, Molly Crofton, Fatima T. Zahra

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

In recent years, the advent of low-cost digital and mobile devices has led to a strong expansion of social interventions, including those that try to improve student learning and literacy outcomes. Many of these are focused on improving reading in low-income countries, and particularly among the most disadvantaged. Some of these early efforts have been called successful, but little credible evidence exists for those claims. Drawing on a robust sample of projects in the domain of mobiles for literacy, this article introduces a design solution framework that combines intervention purposes with devices, end users, and local contexts. In combination with ...


Gold Standard? The Use Of Randomized Controlled Trials For International Educational Policy. Review Of Abhijit V. Bannerjee And Esther Duflo, Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking Of The Way To Fight Global Poverty; Barbara Bruns, Deon Filmer, And Harry A. Patrinos, Making Schools Work: New Evidence On Accountability Reforms; Dean Karlan And Jacob Appel, More Than Good Intentions: How A New Economics Is Helping To Solve Global Poverty, Nathan M. Castillo, Daniel A. Wagner Feb 2014

Gold Standard? The Use Of Randomized Controlled Trials For International Educational Policy. Review Of Abhijit V. Bannerjee And Esther Duflo, Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking Of The Way To Fight Global Poverty; Barbara Bruns, Deon Filmer, And Harry A. Patrinos, Making Schools Work: New Evidence On Accountability Reforms; Dean Karlan And Jacob Appel, More Than Good Intentions: How A New Economics Is Helping To Solve Global Poverty, Nathan M. Castillo, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Edward Miguel and Michael Kremer Pioneered a new kind of development research in their 2004 study of a school deworming program in Kenya. Their experimental design incorporated the random assignment of primary school students to either a treatment or a control group for receiving medicine to eliminate intestinal parasites. Findings revealed significant benefits to the treatment group in not only improved health but also lowered school absences (Miguel and Kremer 2004). One policy consequence was an increased awareness for more evidence-based decision making under the banner of accountability reform in international development.1 The driving focus for such reform is ...


Quality, Learning, And Cultural Comparisons: Trade-Offs In Educational Policy Development, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2014

Quality, Learning, And Cultural Comparisons: Trade-Offs In Educational Policy Development, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

With the advent of the United Nations Education First initiative, and considering the continued efforts to focus on the quality of education in low-income countries, there has been a renewed interest in the improvement of learning (as distinct from school attendance) in poor and marginalized populations (Wagner, Murphy, and de Korne, 2012).1 There is a large and diverse empirical research base in the area of human learning. Yet much of the available research is substantially limited by boundary constraints of various kinds. Most prominent among them is the limited ability to generalize from findings in one population context to ...


Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng Jan 2014

Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng

Asia-Pacific Education, Language Minorities and Migration (ELMM) Network Working Paper Series

Facility with a country’s dominant language, a key form of linguistic capital, has a role to play in processes of social stratification and mobility, and this role is poorly understood. We have sought, in this paper, to explore access to this form of linguistic capital, and the implications of possessing linguistic capital, for a group of young adults who have been historically disadvantaged: rural young adults in western minority areas. Three main results emerge. First, there is a great deal of variability in linguistic capital, defined as standard Mandarin facility, across provinces and ethnic groups covered in the CHES ...


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...