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2014

Special Education and Teaching

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Articles 1 - 30 of 322

Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining The Validity Of A Special Education Teacher Observation Tool, Evelyn Johnson, Carrie Semmelroth Sep 2015

Examining The Validity Of A Special Education Teacher Observation Tool, Evelyn Johnson, Carrie Semmelroth

Carrie Semmelroth

No abstract provided.


Validating An Observation Tool To Measure Special Education Teacher Effectiveness, Carrie Semmelroth, Evelyn Johnson Sep 2015

Validating An Observation Tool To Measure Special Education Teacher Effectiveness, Carrie Semmelroth, Evelyn Johnson

Carrie Semmelroth

This presentation uses Kane’s (2006) validity argument approach to validate an observation tool that evaluates special education teacher effectiveness through the implementation of evidence-based instructional practices. Relevant evidence for two of the four validity inferences (scoring and generalization) will be interpreted and applied towards the development of the special education observation tool.


Music Therapy And Communication Disabilities: Singing, Speech, And The Brain, Jennifer Drake Dec 2014

Music Therapy And Communication Disabilities: Singing, Speech, And The Brain, Jennifer Drake

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Music therapy interventions, especially singing, can aid those with communication disorders to attain and develop verbal and non-verbal communication and language skills, as well as functional social skills. Throughout my own interactions with those with communication impairments, I have witnessed many individuals who struggle with typical speech, but are better able to communicate when music is involved. For instance, a young boy with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) who does not typically speak independently or when prompted is able to sing every word to familiar songs on the radio that he enjoys. Such evidence of the positive effect that music can ...


Exploration Of Implicit Bias On Multidisciplinary Team Members When Referring African American Students For Special Education Services, Twana Romona Fletcher Dec 2014

Exploration Of Implicit Bias On Multidisciplinary Team Members When Referring African American Students For Special Education Services, Twana Romona Fletcher

Theses and Dissertations

The disproportionality or overrepresentation of African American students in special education is a longstanding problem that continues to be prevalent today. There are numerous reasons why this phenomenon continues to persist including but not limited to implicit bias among multidisciplinary team members (MDT). One function of the MDT is to decide if a student needs to be referred for special education services. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the decision making processes of the MDT members to determine if implicit bias impacted their decision to refer an African American student for special education services. This qualitative study ...


Using Guided Notes To Improve Academic Performance In A Chemistry Inclusion Classroom, Monica M. Trujillo Dec 2014

Using Guided Notes To Improve Academic Performance In A Chemistry Inclusion Classroom, Monica M. Trujillo

South Florida Education Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Using Music To Teach Reading Fluency With Kindergarten Students, Kristen M. Rodriguez Dec 2014

Using Music To Teach Reading Fluency With Kindergarten Students, Kristen M. Rodriguez

South Florida Education Research Conference

Using Music to Teach Reading Fluency with Kindergarten Students


Singing About Expected Behaviors For Group Instruction, Alexis L. Gregory Dec 2014

Singing About Expected Behaviors For Group Instruction, Alexis L. Gregory

South Florida Education Research Conference

The proposed study will be displayed on a poster board that contains the research methods and results due to the use of music intervention with students with ASD.


Utilizing Real Objects To Increase Reading Comprehension In Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities, Sheila R. Bravo Dec 2014

Utilizing Real Objects To Increase Reading Comprehension In Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities, Sheila R. Bravo

South Florida Education Research Conference

This poster presents the results of a study conducted to evaluate the effects of pairing read-alouds with real objects related to stories read to students with significant cognitive disabilities to increase reading comprehension skills. The participants are four elementary students. The target audience is special education teachers.


Poster Proposal - Music Intervention, Molly Anne Brannon Dec 2014

Poster Proposal - Music Intervention, Molly Anne Brannon

South Florida Education Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: Utilizing Hip Hop’S Intrinsic Quality Of Storytelling To Encourage Student Identity, Engagement And Empowerment In The Urban Classroom., Ruth B. Patterson Dec 2014

Culturally Relevant Pedagogy: Utilizing Hip Hop’S Intrinsic Quality Of Storytelling To Encourage Student Identity, Engagement And Empowerment In The Urban Classroom., Ruth B. Patterson

Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to add to the existing literature of knowledge and understanding of how a culturally relevant pedagogy such as Hip Hop can serve as an intrinsic motivation to encourage identity, engagement and empowerment among African American and Latino students. Critical Race Theory is utilized as the theoretical lens in this study as it challenges traditional educational practices and beliefs. The overarching question guiding this research is centered on “What is the value of utilizing Hip Hop’s intrinsic quality of storytelling to encourage identity, engagement and empowerment among African American and Latino students in the ...


Symbol Mastery And The Retention Of Dolch Spelling Words, Reesa Sorin, Patricia Carson Dec 2014

Symbol Mastery And The Retention Of Dolch Spelling Words, Reesa Sorin, Patricia Carson

Reesa S Sorin

While the majority of students are verbal, conceptual thinkers, some students have a different learning style. Three Dimensional Visual Thinkers (3DVT) think “with the mental picture of concepts and ideas” (Davis; 1994). “Symbol Mastery” is a process of creating a three dimensional visual picture definition of a word or concept in clay; including how it is actually spelled. This paper is based on a study into the effect of Symbol Mastery on students’ learning and recall of common sight spelling words.


The Effects Of Intensive Interactive Writing Instruction And Self-Monitoring Skills On Students’ Ability To Write A Complete Sentence Independently, Patricia Walters Dec 2014

The Effects Of Intensive Interactive Writing Instruction And Self-Monitoring Skills On Students’ Ability To Write A Complete Sentence Independently, Patricia Walters

South Florida Education Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Increasing The Amount Of Time That Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities Are Authentically Engaged During Art Instruction, Keri P. Porter Mrs. Dec 2014

Increasing The Amount Of Time That Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities Are Authentically Engaged During Art Instruction, Keri P. Porter Mrs.

South Florida Education Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Incorporating An Ipad To Facilitate Letter Recognition And Enhance Academic Achievement, Meiky Morales Ramirez Dec 2014

Incorporating An Ipad To Facilitate Letter Recognition And Enhance Academic Achievement, Meiky Morales Ramirez

South Florida Education Research Conference

The Annual South Florida Education Research Conference is a presentation of scholarly work by students and faculty of member institutions and the community.


Peer Support: An Intervention To Facilitate Second Language Acquisition In Students With Asperger Syndrome And Primary Language Deficits, Ryan J. Blanton Dec 2014

Peer Support: An Intervention To Facilitate Second Language Acquisition In Students With Asperger Syndrome And Primary Language Deficits, Ryan J. Blanton

South Florida Education Research Conference

This is a study of a peer support program to aid students in secondary school struggling to learn a second language (for college entrance requirements) who have Asperger Syndrone and primary language deficits.


Absent Voices: Intersectionality And First-Generation College Students With Disabilities, Tenisha L. Tevis, Jacalyn M. Griffen Dec 2014

Absent Voices: Intersectionality And First-Generation College Students With Disabilities, Tenisha L. Tevis, Jacalyn M. Griffen

Benerd School of Education Faculty Articles

College students with disabilities stand at a crossroads when transitioning from high school to college, and yet, are often absent from discussions regarding underserved populations in higher education. This absence is particularly notable in scholarship employing the lens of intersectionality. To address this gap, this qualitative case study employs a strengths-based lens to examine how typically marginalized college students used the strengths of their socially constructed identities as a dynamic force to find keys to academic success.


Collaborative Teaching: A Delivery Model To Increase Responsiveness To The Needs Of All Learners Through Academic And Social Inclusion, Dayna Reilly Dec 2014

Collaborative Teaching: A Delivery Model To Increase Responsiveness To The Needs Of All Learners Through Academic And Social Inclusion, Dayna Reilly

Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects

Students with special needs often miss out on classroom curricula for specialized instruction. While these services are valued for educational benefits, this instruction method often has negative impacts on social-emotional development and targets students for their differing needs.

Integrated collaborative teaching models include collaborative teaching among general and special educators in an inclusive environment. In this descriptive study, the author examined integrated collaborative teaching as a delivery model to increase responsiveness to the needs of all learners through academic and social inclusion.

This study involved students with a wide range of disabilities from two different grade leveled collaborative classrooms, who ...


Multi-Tiered System Of Supports In Florida: Exploring The Knowledge Of Parents Within The Mtss Process, Stephanie Troisi Dec 2014

Multi-Tiered System Of Supports In Florida: Exploring The Knowledge Of Parents Within The Mtss Process, Stephanie Troisi

HIM 1990-2015

In the American public school system, as of 2011, over 8% of students are placed in special education programs. To provide early intervention for struggling students before placement into special education services, three-tier model called Response to Intervention (RtI) was put into effect (FDOE, 2009). RtI (currently known as, Multi-Tiered System of Support-MTSS) is a multi-tiered system for struggling learners that provides increasingly intense levels of academic interventions and assessment (Bryd, 2011). Early intervention is a set of services for students who are at risk of, or who currently have, developmental delays or social emotional problems (Guralnick 2005). MTSS focuses ...


Read180 Computer Software By Gender And Ethnicity On Reading Achievement For Identified Special Education Students, Sherrie Bayles Dec 2014

Read180 Computer Software By Gender And Ethnicity On Reading Achievement For Identified Special Education Students, Sherrie Bayles

Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to conduct an independent study to determine the effectiveness of the READ 180 reading intervention program when implemented with middle and junior high school students with disabilities. To address the first and third hypotheses, gender (male versus female) and change over time (fall, mid-year, and at the end of the school year) served as the independent variables for sixth/seventh and eighth/ninth grade students with disabilities, respectively. For the second and fourth hypotheses, ethnicity (White versus all non-White students) and change over time served as the independent variables for sixth/seventh and eighth ...


Universal Design For Learning In K-12 Educational Settings: A Review Of Group Comparison And Single-Subject Intervention Studies, Yvel C. Crevecoeur, Sarah E. Sorenson, Victor Mayorga, Adriana P. Gonzalez Dec 2014

Universal Design For Learning In K-12 Educational Settings: A Review Of Group Comparison And Single-Subject Intervention Studies, Yvel C. Crevecoeur, Sarah E. Sorenson, Victor Mayorga, Adriana P. Gonzalez

The Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship

This literature review on Universal Design for Learning (UDL) included articles from January 1984 through June 2014. We (a) investigated the UDL educational framework without the inclusion of other major K-12 educational frameworks in learning environments, (b) reported researchers’ scope and depth of use of the UDL principles, and (c) focused our investigation on two research methods: group comparison and single-subject. We used the quality indicators for evidence-based practices (EBPs) in special education to review, not rate, the final pool of five peer-reviewed articles. Results included analyses of the incorporation of UDL principles in all identified studies, highlighting the need ...


Communication: The Key To Collaboration Between Special And General Education Teachers, Alexandra Slatoff Dec 2014

Communication: The Key To Collaboration Between Special And General Education Teachers, Alexandra Slatoff

Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects

Teachers often do not communicate with one another when working to meet the needs of their students. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the need, nature and manner by which general and special education teachers communicate and collaborate to address the educational needs of their students.

A review of the educational literature reveals that a burden is placed on the educational community given the often conflicting statutory obligations to: fully include special needs students in the general classroom, comply with State mandated general education curriculum requirements and implement instructional guidelines required by Individual Educational Plans (IEP ...


The Facilitated Individualized Education Program Process: State Perspectives, Jennifer Wagner Dec 2014

The Facilitated Individualized Education Program Process: State Perspectives, Jennifer Wagner

All Dissertations

Conflict between parents and school personnel continues to be an area of concern for students with disabilities, despite efforts by lawmakers to provide more parental input into the process of identification and continuation of special education services. Recent data suggest that unresolved conflict at the local level can cost a school district thousands of dollars to resolve the conflict in court, without consideration to the emotional costs that can be involved with this type of conflict resolution. Through mandates from IDEA 2004, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) strategies, such as facilitated individualized education program (FIEP) meetings, have been utilized to reduce ...


College Student’S Perceptions Of Living And Learning With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Michael P. Gallo, Patricia Mahar, Lynne Chalmers Dec 2014

College Student’S Perceptions Of Living And Learning With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Michael P. Gallo, Patricia Mahar, Lynne Chalmers

The Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship

How does the K-12 special education system prepare children with ADHD for the rigors and independent learning of higher education? This article examines the K-12 experiences, including special education, of three college students diagnosed with ADHD during their early elementary years. In their own words, they provide insight into what benefited them and what educators can do to prepare children with ADHD to have a successful post secondary experience.


The Effect Of Repeated Reading Strategy On Oral Reading Fluency Of A Fourth Grade Student With Reading Difficulties, Fatmeh Mahmud Al Jaffal Dec 2014

The Effect Of Repeated Reading Strategy On Oral Reading Fluency Of A Fourth Grade Student With Reading Difficulties, Fatmeh Mahmud Al Jaffal

Theses

I, Fatmeh Mahmud Al-Jaffal, the undersigned, a graduate student at the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), am the author of this thesis, entitled “The Effect of Repeated Reading Strategy on Oral Reading: Fluency of an Elementary Student with Reading Difficulty”, hereby, solemnly declare that this thesis is an original research work that has been done and prepared by me under the supervision of Dr. Hala El Howeris, of the College of Education at UAEU. This work has not been previously formed as the basis for the award of any academic degree, diploma or a similar title at this or any ...


Incarcerating Exceptional Pupils: Is There A School-To-Prison Pipeline In Eastern Oklahoma?, Brett Alan Fitzgerald Dec 2014

Incarcerating Exceptional Pupils: Is There A School-To-Prison Pipeline In Eastern Oklahoma?, Brett Alan Fitzgerald

Theses and Dissertations

The school-to-prison pipeline metaphor represents an educational environment that allows public schools to push many at-risk children out of school and into the juvenile justice system or even worse, the adult criminal justice system (Wald and Losen, 2003; Lynn, 2010; Tuzzolo and Hewitt, 2006). The purpose of this study is to examine whether a school-to-prison pipeline exists in eastern Oklahoma, and if so, to better understand the characteristics of the public schools that may be contributing to it. The school-to-prison pipeline metaphor guided three research questions regarding whether certain public schools in eastern Oklahoma referred greater percentages of their students ...


A Synthesis Of Literature Examining The Structured Teaching Components Of The Teacch Model Employing The Use Of A Visual Conceptual Model, Karin Kliemann Dec 2014

A Synthesis Of Literature Examining The Structured Teaching Components Of The Teacch Model Employing The Use Of A Visual Conceptual Model, Karin Kliemann

The Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship

A synthesis of research on the TEACCH Model was conducted to determine which components of Structured Teaching under the TEACCH model meet criteria as evidenced based practices using the Reichow, Volkmar, and Cicchetti criteria (2007) along with reporting on the findings of the National Autism Center report (2009). The critical components of the Structured Teaching approach under the TEACCH model as defined by Schopler et al. (1995) are: physical structure; visual schedules; work systems; and task organization. Our analysis found visual schedules met the Reichow et al. (2008) criteria and a case can be made for task organization. A secondary ...


Learning-Disabled Students: A Comparison Of Achievement Scores Of Students Receiving Services In Pull-Out Classrooms And Inclusion Classrooms, Gerilyn T. Scalf Dec 2014

Learning-Disabled Students: A Comparison Of Achievement Scores Of Students Receiving Services In Pull-Out Classrooms And Inclusion Classrooms, Gerilyn T. Scalf

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement scores in reading/language arts and math of fourth and fifth grade special education learning-disabled students who received academic instruction in an inclusion classroom or a pull-out classroom. Student achievement scores from the 2012-2013 Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) and the Discovery Education Assessment (DEA) improvement scores were compared with regard to service location and analyzed for significant differences between the locations: inclusion and pull-out classrooms. A quantitative study was used to find the differences in reading/language arts and math achievement scores for fourth and fifth grade special education ...


Principals Who Supervise Teachers Of The Deaf: A Mixed Methods Study, Tanya Hilligoss Dec 2014

Principals Who Supervise Teachers Of The Deaf: A Mixed Methods Study, Tanya Hilligoss

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

School principals are responsible for supervising educational staff. Since the majority of students who are deaf or hard of hearing are served in public schools, it is important for principals to understand how to supervise teachers of the deaf. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of school principals who supervise teachers of the deaf in public schools in the United States.

In this mixed methods study, data was collected separately and sequentially, using an explanatory sequential design. Information was gathered from state-level personnel using a web-based survey for quantitative data. Data collected included: a) number of ...


Paraeducators' Perceptions Of Their Responsibilities Based On The Utah Standards, Mary E. Buynak Dec 2014

Paraeducators' Perceptions Of Their Responsibilities Based On The Utah Standards, Mary E. Buynak

Theses and Dissertations

Paraeducators are increasingly involved in the education of students with disabilities. In order for paraeducators to properly work with this population, they must have adequate and ongoing training. Research has shown that paraeducators do not receive appropriate training in order to work with students with disabilities. The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-perceived knowledge of paraeducators working in special education and their level of training need. The study examines paraeducators' work environment, responsibilities, knowledge based on the Utah Standards for Paraeducators and perceived training needs. Ninety-five special education paraeducators working in a large, suburban school district in ...


Training Paraeducators To Use Behavior Management Strategies: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Brief Targeted Intervention, Aubrey Whiting Dec 2014

Training Paraeducators To Use Behavior Management Strategies: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Brief Targeted Intervention, Aubrey Whiting

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Training paraprofessionals to be highly qualified providers of services to students with disabilities is a requirement of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA), although many special education paraprofessionals still lack the skills and knowledge to work with students with special education needs – particularly those who engage in disruptive behaviors. This project evaluated the use of one module of a 10-week online paraeducator inservice training (Morgan et al., 2004) that focused on behavioral interventions. Five paraprofessionals who currently work at a public school for students with significant behavior problems in a rural school district in the Western United States ...