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Full-Text Articles in Education

Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas Aug 2013

Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Many classroom climate studies suffer from 2 critical problems: They (a) treat climate as a student-level (L1) variable in single-level analyses instead of a classroom-level (L2) construct in multilevel analyses; and (b) rely on manifest-variable models rather than on latent-variable models that control measurement error at L1 and L2, and sampling error in the aggregation of L1 ratings to form L2 constructs. On the basis of an analysis of 2,541 students in Grades 5 or 6 from 89 classrooms, the authors demonstrate doubly latent multilevel structural equation models that overcome both of these problems. The results show that L2 ...


Affective State Influences Retrieval-Induced Forgetting For Integrated Knowledge, Christof Kuhbandner, Reinhard Pekrun Jan 2013

Affective State Influences Retrieval-Induced Forgetting For Integrated Knowledge, Christof Kuhbandner, Reinhard Pekrun

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Selectively testing parts of learned materials can impair later memory for nontested materials. Research has shown that such retrieval-induced forgetting occurs for low-integrated materials but may be prevented for high-integrated materials. However, previous research has neglected one factor that is ubiquitous in real-life testing: affective state. Methodology/Principal Findings: We investigated whether affect influences the resistance of integrated materials to retrieval-induced forgetting by inducing neutral, positive, or negative affect immediately before selectively testing previously learned textbook passages containing interrelated facts and concepts. As negative affect is known to promote a detail-oriented local processing style, we hypothesized that experiencing negative ...


Improving Retention And Graduation Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Students In Initial Teacher Education Programs [Accepted Manuscript], Jo Lampert, Bruce Burnett, Wendy A. Patton, Anita Lee Hong, Joel Anderson Jan 2013

Improving Retention And Graduation Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander Students In Initial Teacher Education Programs [Accepted Manuscript], Jo Lampert, Bruce Burnett, Wendy A. Patton, Anita Lee Hong, Joel Anderson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

No abstract provided.


Creating Inter-Cultural Spaces For Co-Learning, Kristina Everett, Eloise Hummell Jan 2013

Creating Inter-Cultural Spaces For Co-Learning, Kristina Everett, Eloise Hummell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Among the many inhibitors to social inclusion and mobility faced by Indigenous peoples in Australia, under-representation of Indigenous students in Higher Education has long featured as a concern for government and human rights advocates. This is due to the attendant lower social indicators than those of the wider Australian society which characterise Indigenous peoples’ life experience. UNESCO’s guidelines on inter-cultural education published in 2007 provide some principles for groundwork to develop classrooms which are inclusive but not assimilationist. Models of how this might be done in practice, however, are scarce. In this paper we consider a model for inter-cultural ...


The Role Of Self-Concept In Medical Education, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Bingyi Li, Ian Wilson, Rhonda G. Craven Jan 2013

The Role Of Self-Concept In Medical Education, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Bingyi Li, Ian Wilson, Rhonda G. Craven

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Much research has acknowledged the importance of self-concept for adolescents’ academic behaviour, motivation, and aspiration, but little is known about the role of self-concept that underpins the motivation and aspiration of higher education students in a specialised field such as medical education. This article draws upon a programme of research over the last three years examining the psychosocial determinants of success for educating home-grown doctors for regional communities. Interviews conducted with Australian medical students found that self-concept is a dynamic and multidimensional phenomenon that emerges through social activity, and plays a crucial role in shaping their motivation and aspirations. For ...


Alcohol Advertising During Televised Australian Football Finals, Sandra C. Jones, Lance Barrie, Michael Chapman, Nicholas J. Corr, Sondra Davoren Jan 2013

Alcohol Advertising During Televised Australian Football Finals, Sandra C. Jones, Lance Barrie, Michael Chapman, Nicholas J. Corr, Sondra Davoren

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Alcohol marketing during sport, and alcohol industry sponsorship of sporting events, is highly lucrative; however, concerns have been raised over the impact on child and adolescent viewers of repeated exposure to alcohol marketing messages. The aim of this research project was to investigate the amount and type of alcohol marketing during two major sporting events in 2012 - the semi-finals and grand final of the AFL and NRL. The broadcasts of these six games were audited for alcohol advertisements and other advertising communications. Almost one-fifth of the screen time included alcohol marketing. Policy and practice implications of these findings are discussed.