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2013

Australian Catholic University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Soak Up The Goodness: Discourses Of Australian Childhoods On Television Advertisements, 2006-2012, Christopher Drew Nov 2013

Soak Up The Goodness: Discourses Of Australian Childhoods On Television Advertisements, 2006-2012, Christopher Drew

Theses

Childhood is represented on Australian television advertising so frequently as to be commonplace. Traversing childhood, cultural and media studies disciplines, this thesis works to disrupt and unsettle taken for granted and exclusionary cultural assumptions about childhood that emerge through contemporary television advertisements. I conduct social semiotic and discourse analyses across a corpus of 330 advertisements spanning 2006 to 2012, considering the ways the Australian childhood subject is discursively produced through the advertisements. The television advertisements are found to construct Australian childhood subjectivities in ways that are limiting in terms of race, space, gender and social class. Considering the role of ...


Riding The Wave: An Exploration Of Principals’ Experiences Leading Their Schools Through And Beyond Critical Incidents, Barbara E. Myors Oct 2013

Riding The Wave: An Exploration Of Principals’ Experiences Leading Their Schools Through And Beyond Critical Incidents, Barbara E. Myors

Theses

When a critical incident engulfs a school community, principals have key management roles in the incident and aftermath, as well as responsibility for successful outcomes, particularly for the wellbeing of staff, students and parents. Principals are also the conduit for communication and liaison with outside agencies, while ensuring the school still functions as an educational institution. In the past three decades in particular, researchers have considered the incidences of violence and environmental disasters in school settings and their impact on students, teachers and counsellors (Brack, Hill & Brack, 2009; Lindle, 2008). Education systems have produced policies, and researchers have written manuals, to guide ...


The Use Of Musical Elements To Influence The Learning Of Receptive Communication Skills In Children With Autism, Kathryn Mary Simpson Oct 2013

The Use Of Musical Elements To Influence The Learning Of Receptive Communication Skills In Children With Autism, Kathryn Mary Simpson

Theses

Individuals with autism demonstrate impairments in the area of communication, with many lingering in the prelinguistic stage of communicative development. Early intervention implementing evidence based practices is recommended. Current research indicates interventions for individuals in this stage of development have focused primarily on facilitating expressive communicative skills, with little research investigating interventions to facilitate receptive communicative skills. In typically developing infants, the prosodic and repetitive characteristics of speech and song directed to infants are viewed as features of the prelinguistic language environment associated with communication development. While there is a correlation between attending to infant-directed speech and language outcomes in ...


Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas Aug 2013

Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Many classroom climate studies suffer from 2 critical problems: They (a) treat climate as a student-level (L1) variable in single-level analyses instead of a classroom-level (L2) construct in multilevel analyses; and (b) rely on manifest-variable models rather than on latent-variable models that control measurement error at L1 and L2, and sampling error in the aggregation of L1 ratings to form L2 constructs. On the basis of an analysis of 2,541 students in Grades 5 or 6 from 89 classrooms, the authors demonstrate doubly latent multilevel structural equation models that overcome both of these problems. The results show that L2 ...


The Architecture Of Children's Use Of Language And Tools When Problem Solving Collaboratively With Robotics [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills, Vinesh Chandra, Ji Yong Park Aug 2013

The Architecture Of Children's Use Of Language And Tools When Problem Solving Collaboratively With Robotics [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills, Vinesh Chandra, Ji Yong Park

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This paper demonstrates, following Vygotsky, that language and tool use has a critical role in the collaborative problem-solving behaviour of school-age children. It reports original ethnographic classroom research examining the convergence of speech and practical activity in children's collaborative problem solving with robotics programming tasks. The researchers analysed children's interactions during a series of problem solving experiments in which Lego Mindstorms toolsets were used by teachers to create robotics design challenges among 24 students in a Year 4 Australian classroom (students aged 8.5-9.5 years). The design challenges were incrementally difficult, beginning with basic programming of straight ...


Understanding And Implementing The Marist Charism From The Middle: The Experience Of Middle Leaders In A Marist School, Jennifer Margaret Elvery Aug 2013

Understanding And Implementing The Marist Charism From The Middle: The Experience Of Middle Leaders In A Marist School, Jennifer Margaret Elvery

Theses

The decline in the number of Marist Brothers has led to lay staff assuming increased responsibility for continuing the work of the Brothers. In order for this transition to be authentic and effective, schools should continue to be led within Marist charismic tradition. The Principal plays a critical role in this, but so do all leaders. Currently, little is known as to how middle leaders contribute to this process. The purpose of this study is to explore how middle leaders/managers at Champagnat College understand and implement the Marist charism. The context of this research is a College in Queensland ...


An Exploration Of How Identity Leaders Perceive And Institutionalise The Edmund Rice Charism, Conor Francis Finn Aug 2013

An Exploration Of How Identity Leaders Perceive And Institutionalise The Edmund Rice Charism, Conor Francis Finn

Theses

The leadership and governance of Edmund Rice schools is in a period of transition brought about by the transferral of the administration of over 48 schools from the Christian Brothers to the lay administered Edmund Rice Education Australia (EREA). This transition has generated differences of opinion concerning the authentic identity of Edmund Rice education. The issue of the contesting perspectives of what constitutes authenticity of the Edmund Rice charism, and how the perception of the charism is institutionalised in Edmund Rice schools, is the research problem for this thesis. The purpose of the research is to explore how Identity Leaders ...


Middle Class Youth And Education In Neoliberal India, Andrew Deuchar May 2013

Middle Class Youth And Education In Neoliberal India, Andrew Deuchar

Theses

Economic reform and structural adjustment in India has undermined state institutions through which the middle classes have historically reproduced their advantage. Education has been profoundly affected by increasing privatisation and a reduction in government subsidies, which in turn has implications for its accessibility, quality and utility. Given that education has historically been central to the processes of class formation for the lower middle classes, my primary concern is to analyse the capacity of this social group to reproduce their advantage through education in the neoliberal era. While I argue throughout that the Indian middle classes are a socially and culturally ...


Supporting Principals To Lead Literacy Learning In Challenging Contexts, Linda Dianne Dawson May 2013

Supporting Principals To Lead Literacy Learning In Challenging Contexts, Linda Dianne Dawson

Theses

...The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of coaching support that principals require to build their capabilities to lead literacy learning in challenging Australian primary school contexts. Three conceptual understandings informed the study; the dimensions of leadership of literacy learning, how literacy is defined within a context and the notion of 'difference' in SAE literacy acquisition.


Supporting Inquiry In The Primary Years - Children's Science Questions And How Teachers Deal With Them, Kathrine Harris May 2013

Supporting Inquiry In The Primary Years - Children's Science Questions And How Teachers Deal With Them, Kathrine Harris

Theses

From 2013, Australian teachers of Preparatory Year to Year 10 will be required to fully implement the new Australian Curriculum: Science. An insight into what science questions children may ask would be beneficial in light of teachers' interaction with this new curriculum over the coming years. This study investigated the types of science questions children have in response to a visual stimulus of lunar phenomena. It also examined teachers' responses to those questions. A review of the literature highlighted the importance of children's questions, however, there had been considerable research about teachers' questions and proportionally little about children's ...


Do Sport And Physical Education Have An Important Role To Play In Educational Institutions?, Steven Andrew Stolz Apr 2013

Do Sport And Physical Education Have An Important Role To Play In Educational Institutions?, Steven Andrew Stolz

Theses

This thesis will argue that sport and physical education plays a crucial role within the curriculum and hence needs to be a necessary part of educational institutions as much as any other subject area. If we are serious about an integrated view of the human person, then physical education is a necessary part of a well-balanced education. A central and reoccurring theme throughout my thesis is that we become aware of our embodiment through a family of physical activities in physical education that rebalances the disproportionate emphasis on the development of the mind and restores to education a balance that ...


Space, Place And Power : The Spatial Turn In Literacy Research [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Comber Barbara Mar 2013

Space, Place And Power : The Spatial Turn In Literacy Research [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Comber Barbara

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This chapter maps an emergent strand of literacy research that foregrounds place and space as constitutive, rather than a backdrop for the real action. The foregrounding of space and place is steadily increasing in literacy research, as evidenced by the naming of spatial terms in titles and abstracts in literacy research city, urban, rural, river, ghetto, street, environment, and sites. This chapter discusses selected research in literacy studies, which in various ways addresses these themes. It begins by discussing studies that foreground the politics of place and literacy in classrooms and introduce the concept of place-conscious pedagogy through illustrative examples ...


English As A Distant Language: An Investigation Of Teachers’ Understanding, Richard Gaffney Mar 2013

English As A Distant Language: An Investigation Of Teachers’ Understanding, Richard Gaffney

Theses

Indigenous students living in Traditional language communities in countries such as Australia and Papua New Guinea, where English is the language of education, attend primary schools where they learn using English. This study is an investigation of how teachers understand the English environment experience of Indigenous students who live in Traditional language communities and the requirements for their successful learning in English. Most of the research on Indigenous students has concentrated on Indigenous students in general rather than the specific language and learning context of those who live in Traditional language communities. The unique nature of these communities’ English language ...


Modified Alternate Assessment Participation Screening Consortium, Stephen Elliott, Ryan Kettler, Naomi Zigmond, Alexander Kurz Jan 2013

Modified Alternate Assessment Participation Screening Consortium, Stephen Elliott, Ryan Kettler, Naomi Zigmond, Alexander Kurz

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The Modified Alternate Assessment Participation Screening (MAAPS) Consortium included the departments of education from Arizona, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina, along with researchers from Arizona State University, Rutgers University, Vanderbilt University, the University of Pittsburgh, and Discovery Education Assessment, with the shared purpose of creating a multipart screening system for identifying students who would be eligible for an alternate assessment based on modified academic achievement standards (AA-MAS). The MAAPS System included electronic screening tests to predict proficiency in reading and mathematics, as well as a measure of opportunity to learn (OTL) essential academic objectives. The primary goals of the MAAPS Consortium ...


Children's Mathematical Knowledge Prior To Starting School, Ann Gervasoni, Bob Perry Jan 2013

Children's Mathematical Knowledge Prior To Starting School, Ann Gervasoni, Bob Perry

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The introduction of the Early Years Learning Framework and the Australian Curriculum - Mathematics in Australian preschools and primary schools has caused early childhood educators to reconsider what may be appropriate levels of mathematics knowledge to expect from children as they start school. This paper reports on initial data from an extensive evaluation of an early mathematics intervention and asks whether the expectations of young children recorded in the Australian Curriculum - Mathematics are realistic.


Towards A Culture Of Scholarly Practice In Mixed Sector Institutions, Melanie Williams, Fleur Goulding, Terri Seddon Jan 2013

Towards A Culture Of Scholarly Practice In Mixed Sector Institutions, Melanie Williams, Fleur Goulding, Terri Seddon

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


The State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment) Byox Research Project 2013, State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment), Maureen O'Brien Jan 2013

The State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment) Byox Research Project 2013, State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment), Maureen O'Brien

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Parenting Styles And Academic Procrastination, Hamidreza Zakeri, Behnaz N. Esfahani, Maryam Razmjoee Jan 2013

Parenting Styles And Academic Procrastination, Hamidreza Zakeri, Behnaz N. Esfahani, Maryam Razmjoee

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The present study examined the relationship between the parenting styles and academic procrastination. Three-hundred-ninety- five Shiraz University students (261 girls and 134 boys) were participants of the study. Steinberg's Parenting Styles Scale (2005) and Solomon & Rothblum's Academic Procrastination Scale (1984) were used as measures of the study. Simultaneous multiple regression of academic procrastination total score on the parenting styles subscales, revealed that the “acceptance-involvement” and “psychological autonomy-granting” styles were significant and negative predictor of the academic procrastination, whereas the “behavioral strictness-supervision” style had a significant predict power for the academic rocrastination.


"See You Online": Teaching Strategies For Digital Literacy Practices In The English Curriculum [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills Jan 2013

"See You Online": Teaching Strategies For Digital Literacy Practices In The English Curriculum [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Literacy educator Kathy Mills observes that creating multimodal and digital texts is an essential part of the national English curriculum. Here, she presents five practical and engaging ways to transform conventional writing tasks in a digital world.


Constructing Meanings Of Mathematical Registers Using Metaphorical Reasoning And Models, Mun Y. Lai Jan 2013

Constructing Meanings Of Mathematical Registers Using Metaphorical Reasoning And Models, Mun Y. Lai

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Current debates about successful mathematics pedagogy suggest that mathematical learning and problem solving can be enhanced by using metaphors as they provide students with a tool for thinking. But assisting pre-service teachers to understand the importance of careful and accurate explanations for mathematical concepts remains an issue. This paper investigates how a mathematics teacher made use of models and metaphors to construct mathematical meanings within a transformational shift between less- and more-mathematical language. The Peircian model of semiosis was employed to identify the conceptual relationships in the metaphors and to analyse possible discrepancies between the literal meaning of metaphors, the ...


Designing Mathematical Modelling Tasks In A Technology Rich Secondary School Context, Vincent Geiger, Trevor Redmond Jan 2013

Designing Mathematical Modelling Tasks In A Technology Rich Secondary School Context, Vincent Geiger, Trevor Redmond

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The potential of digital tools to enhance student learning is well researched, however, the potential of technology to promote students’ engagement with mathematical modelling tasks has received limited consideration. This paper draws on a research study that aimed to investigate the possibilities that exist for student learning when teachers from six secondary schools designed tasks that anticipated for the use of digital tools within mathematical modelling tasks. The paper describes and analyses the collaboration which took place in identifying principles of design for such tasks.


Exploring The Demands And Opportunities For Numeracy In The Australian Curriculum :English, Vincent Geiger, Merrilyn Goos, Shelley Dole, Helen Forgasz, Anne Bennison Jan 2013

Exploring The Demands And Opportunities For Numeracy In The Australian Curriculum :English, Vincent Geiger, Merrilyn Goos, Shelley Dole, Helen Forgasz, Anne Bennison

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Numeracy is a fundamental component of the Australian National Curriculum as a General Capability identified in each F-10 subject. In this paper we report on an aspect of a larger project aimed at investigating how effective cross-curricular numeracy practice can be implemented within the context of the Australian National Curriculum. Specifically, we draw on a numeracy audit of the English curriculum and on data via a semi-structured teacher interview to explore the numeracy demands and opportunities that exist in the teaching of English. Despite limited guidance for teachers in how to take advantage of numeracy skills within English, our investigation ...


Designing Rich Numeracy Tasks, Merrilyn Goos, Vincent Geiger, Shelley Dole Jan 2013

Designing Rich Numeracy Tasks, Merrilyn Goos, Vincent Geiger, Shelley Dole

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

In Australia, numeracy is regarded as a general capability to be developed across the whole school curriculum, not just mathematics. This paper draws on a research study that aimed to help teachers in ten schools design numeracy tasks and implement investigative numeracy pedagogies across the middle school (Grades 6-9) curriculum. Teachers were introduced to a rich model of numeracy that gives attention to real-life contexts, application of mathematical knowledge, use of representational, physical, and digital tools, and positive dispositions towards mathematics. These elements are grounded in a critical orientation to the use of mathematics. The paper identifies ways in which ...


Exploring Young Students' Functional Thinking, Elizabeth Warren, Jodie Miller, Thomas J. Cooper Jan 2013

Exploring Young Students' Functional Thinking, Elizabeth Warren, Jodie Miller, Thomas J. Cooper

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The Early Years Generalizing Project (EYGP) involves Australian years 1 to 4 (age 5 to 9) students and investigates how they grasp and express generalizations. This paper focuses on data collected from 6 Year 1 students in an exploratory study within a clinical interview setting that required students to identify function rules. Preliminary findings suggest that the use of gestures (both by students and interviewers), self-talk (by students), and concrete acting out, assisted students to reach generalizations and to begin to express these generalities. It also appears that as students became aware of the structure, their use of gestures and ...


Scaffolding The Mathematics Learning Of Low-Attaining Students Through Whole Class Discussions, Sarah Ferguson Jan 2013

Scaffolding The Mathematics Learning Of Low-Attaining Students Through Whole Class Discussions, Sarah Ferguson

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Teaching Teachers For The Future Project: Building Tpack Confidence And Capabilities For E-Learning, Glenn Finger, Romina Jamieson-Proctor, Peter Grimbeek Jan 2013

Teaching Teachers For The Future Project: Building Tpack Confidence And Capabilities For E-Learning, Glenn Finger, Romina Jamieson-Proctor, Peter Grimbeek

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

In Australian Higher Education, the importance of initial teacher education (ITE) programs is evident through enrolments totalling 105 858 students in the broad field of Education in 2012 (DIISRTE, 2012) which represent 9.7% of the 1 094 672 students enrolled in higher education. This paper provides insights into the "Teaching Teachers for the Future (TTF) Project" involving all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) which provide ITE programs in Australia. The 15 month long, $8 million TTF Project, funded by the Australian Government's ICT Innovation Fund aimed to develop the ICT capabilities of future teachers. The design of ITE programs ...


The Pedagogy Of Personalised Learning: Exemplars, Moocs And Related Learning Theories, Catherine Mcloughlin Jan 2013

The Pedagogy Of Personalised Learning: Exemplars, Moocs And Related Learning Theories, Catherine Mcloughlin

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

In contrast to teacher directed curricula, personal learning environments (PLE’s) are learner-centric, providing relevant and timely learning opportunities by enabling individuals to select, integrate and construct knowledge using various software, services and options based on their needs and circumstance. This approach ideally leads to a model where learner needs drive the learning process. In PLE’s, teacher pedagogy undergoes a radical shift to allow learners to make decisions that best suit their goals and needs for acquisition of skills, knowledge creation, social interaction and collaboration.The pedagogy of personalised learning is multidimensional and can be supported by Web 2 ...


Teaching Roles In Technology-Rich Teaching And Learning Environments (Trtle's), Jill Brown Jan 2013

Teaching Roles In Technology-Rich Teaching And Learning Environments (Trtle's), Jill Brown

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This paper reports part of a study of secondary mathematics teachers in Technology-Rich Teaching and Learning Environment (TRTLE's). Three TRTLE's, two year 11 and one year nine class and their teachers were the focus of the study. Seven Teaching Roles were identified as teachers acted to allow students to perceive and enact affordances of TRTLE's appropriate to the learning of functions. Each role is important in allowing future independent perception and enactment of affordances by students.


Mature Age Pre-Service Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety And Factors Impacting On University Retention, Sue Wilson Jan 2013

Mature Age Pre-Service Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety And Factors Impacting On University Retention, Sue Wilson

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The ability of primary (elementary) pre-service teachers to engage effectively in mathematics units in a rigorous program is vital to producing citizens who are able to use mathematics effectively in their lives. Mathematics anxiety affects pre-service primary teachers’ engagement with and future teaching of mathematics. The study measured the range of mathematics anxiety in two hundred and nineteen pre-service teachers starting a teacher education course in an Australian university. They completed the Revised Mathematics Anxiety Scale (RMARS) and a set of demographic questions. Age differences in anxiety were found to be significant, and this has implications for university retention of ...


Lost In Translation: First Year Physical Education Teachers' Experiences With Teaching Sudanese Refugee Students, Chris Baldwin Jan 2013

Lost In Translation: First Year Physical Education Teachers' Experiences With Teaching Sudanese Refugee Students, Chris Baldwin

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The purpose of this study was to analyse and explore the experiences of eight first year physical education teachers who have taught Sudanese refugee students. Interviews were conducted at the end of each participant's first year of teaching. The findings of this study highlight the vast different learning styles of students from Sudan and the strategies that these teacher’s trialled and incorporated into their lessons in an attempt to minimise the disruptions that they experienced when first introduced to the students. The results of this study, together with information from the literature, suggest that the training and education ...