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2013

Australian Catholic University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Soak Up The Goodness: Discourses Of Australian Childhoods On Television Advertisements, 2006-2012, Christopher Drew Nov 2013

Soak Up The Goodness: Discourses Of Australian Childhoods On Television Advertisements, 2006-2012, Christopher Drew

Theses

Childhood is represented on Australian television advertising so frequently as to be commonplace. Traversing childhood, cultural and media studies disciplines, this thesis works to disrupt and unsettle taken for granted and exclusionary cultural assumptions about childhood that emerge through contemporary television advertisements. I conduct social semiotic and discourse analyses across a corpus of 330 advertisements spanning 2006 to 2012, considering the ways the Australian childhood subject is discursively produced through the advertisements. The television advertisements are found to construct Australian childhood subjectivities in ways that are limiting in terms of race, space, gender and social class. Considering the role of ...


Riding The Wave: An Exploration Of Principals’ Experiences Leading Their Schools Through And Beyond Critical Incidents, Barbara E. Myors Oct 2013

Riding The Wave: An Exploration Of Principals’ Experiences Leading Their Schools Through And Beyond Critical Incidents, Barbara E. Myors

Theses

When a critical incident engulfs a school community, principals have key management roles in the incident and aftermath, as well as responsibility for successful outcomes, particularly for the wellbeing of staff, students and parents. Principals are also the conduit for communication and liaison with outside agencies, while ensuring the school still functions as an educational institution. In the past three decades in particular, researchers have considered the incidences of violence and environmental disasters in school settings and their impact on students, teachers and counsellors (Brack, Hill & Brack, 2009; Lindle, 2008). Education systems have produced policies, and researchers have written manuals, to guide ...


The Use Of Musical Elements To Influence The Learning Of Receptive Communication Skills In Children With Autism, Kathryn Mary Simpson Oct 2013

The Use Of Musical Elements To Influence The Learning Of Receptive Communication Skills In Children With Autism, Kathryn Mary Simpson

Theses

Individuals with autism demonstrate impairments in the area of communication, with many lingering in the prelinguistic stage of communicative development. Early intervention implementing evidence based practices is recommended. Current research indicates interventions for individuals in this stage of development have focused primarily on facilitating expressive communicative skills, with little research investigating interventions to facilitate receptive communicative skills. In typically developing infants, the prosodic and repetitive characteristics of speech and song directed to infants are viewed as features of the prelinguistic language environment associated with communication development. While there is a correlation between attending to infant-directed speech and language outcomes in ...


Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas Aug 2013

Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses Of Classroom Climate: An Illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, L. Francesca Scalas

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Many classroom climate studies suffer from 2 critical problems: They (a) treat climate as a student-level (L1) variable in single-level analyses instead of a classroom-level (L2) construct in multilevel analyses; and (b) rely on manifest-variable models rather than on latent-variable models that control measurement error at L1 and L2, and sampling error in the aggregation of L1 ratings to form L2 constructs. On the basis of an analysis of 2,541 students in Grades 5 or 6 from 89 classrooms, the authors demonstrate doubly latent multilevel structural equation models that overcome both of these problems. The results show that L2 ...


The Architecture Of Children's Use Of Language And Tools When Problem Solving Collaboratively With Robotics [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills, Vinesh Chandra, Ji Yong Park Aug 2013

The Architecture Of Children's Use Of Language And Tools When Problem Solving Collaboratively With Robotics [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills, Vinesh Chandra, Ji Yong Park

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This paper demonstrates, following Vygotsky, that language and tool use has a critical role in the collaborative problem-solving behaviour of school-age children. It reports original ethnographic classroom research examining the convergence of speech and practical activity in children's collaborative problem solving with robotics programming tasks. The researchers analysed children's interactions during a series of problem solving experiments in which Lego Mindstorms toolsets were used by teachers to create robotics design challenges among 24 students in a Year 4 Australian classroom (students aged 8.5-9.5 years). The design challenges were incrementally difficult, beginning with basic programming of straight ...


Understanding And Implementing The Marist Charism From The Middle: The Experience Of Middle Leaders In A Marist School, Jennifer Margaret Elvery Aug 2013

Understanding And Implementing The Marist Charism From The Middle: The Experience Of Middle Leaders In A Marist School, Jennifer Margaret Elvery

Theses

The decline in the number of Marist Brothers has led to lay staff assuming increased responsibility for continuing the work of the Brothers. In order for this transition to be authentic and effective, schools should continue to be led within Marist charismic tradition. The Principal plays a critical role in this, but so do all leaders. Currently, little is known as to how middle leaders contribute to this process. The purpose of this study is to explore how middle leaders/managers at Champagnat College understand and implement the Marist charism. The context of this research is a College in Queensland ...


An Exploration Of How Identity Leaders Perceive And Institutionalise The Edmund Rice Charism, Conor Francis Finn Aug 2013

An Exploration Of How Identity Leaders Perceive And Institutionalise The Edmund Rice Charism, Conor Francis Finn

Theses

The leadership and governance of Edmund Rice schools is in a period of transition brought about by the transferral of the administration of over 48 schools from the Christian Brothers to the lay administered Edmund Rice Education Australia (EREA). This transition has generated differences of opinion concerning the authentic identity of Edmund Rice education. The issue of the contesting perspectives of what constitutes authenticity of the Edmund Rice charism, and how the perception of the charism is institutionalised in Edmund Rice schools, is the research problem for this thesis. The purpose of the research is to explore how Identity Leaders ...


Middle Class Youth And Education In Neoliberal India, Andrew Deuchar May 2013

Middle Class Youth And Education In Neoliberal India, Andrew Deuchar

Theses

Economic reform and structural adjustment in India has undermined state institutions through which the middle classes have historically reproduced their advantage. Education has been profoundly affected by increasing privatisation and a reduction in government subsidies, which in turn has implications for its accessibility, quality and utility. Given that education has historically been central to the processes of class formation for the lower middle classes, my primary concern is to analyse the capacity of this social group to reproduce their advantage through education in the neoliberal era. While I argue throughout that the Indian middle classes are a socially and culturally ...


Supporting Inquiry In The Primary Years - Children's Science Questions And How Teachers Deal With Them, Kathrine Harris May 2013

Supporting Inquiry In The Primary Years - Children's Science Questions And How Teachers Deal With Them, Kathrine Harris

Theses

From 2013, Australian teachers of Preparatory Year to Year 10 will be required to fully implement the new Australian Curriculum: Science. An insight into what science questions children may ask would be beneficial in light of teachers' interaction with this new curriculum over the coming years. This study investigated the types of science questions children have in response to a visual stimulus of lunar phenomena. It also examined teachers' responses to those questions. A review of the literature highlighted the importance of children's questions, however, there had been considerable research about teachers' questions and proportionally little about children's ...


Supporting Principals To Lead Literacy Learning In Challenging Contexts, Linda Dianne Dawson May 2013

Supporting Principals To Lead Literacy Learning In Challenging Contexts, Linda Dianne Dawson

Theses

...The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of coaching support that principals require to build their capabilities to lead literacy learning in challenging Australian primary school contexts. Three conceptual understandings informed the study; the dimensions of leadership of literacy learning, how literacy is defined within a context and the notion of 'difference' in SAE literacy acquisition.


Do Sport And Physical Education Have An Important Role To Play In Educational Institutions?, Steven Andrew Stolz Apr 2013

Do Sport And Physical Education Have An Important Role To Play In Educational Institutions?, Steven Andrew Stolz

Theses

This thesis will argue that sport and physical education plays a crucial role within the curriculum and hence needs to be a necessary part of educational institutions as much as any other subject area. If we are serious about an integrated view of the human person, then physical education is a necessary part of a well-balanced education. A central and reoccurring theme throughout my thesis is that we become aware of our embodiment through a family of physical activities in physical education that rebalances the disproportionate emphasis on the development of the mind and restores to education a balance that ...


Space, Place And Power : The Spatial Turn In Literacy Research [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Comber Barbara Mar 2013

Space, Place And Power : The Spatial Turn In Literacy Research [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Comber Barbara

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This chapter maps an emergent strand of literacy research that foregrounds place and space as constitutive, rather than a backdrop for the real action. The foregrounding of space and place is steadily increasing in literacy research, as evidenced by the naming of spatial terms in titles and abstracts in literacy research city, urban, rural, river, ghetto, street, environment, and sites. This chapter discusses selected research in literacy studies, which in various ways addresses these themes. It begins by discussing studies that foreground the politics of place and literacy in classrooms and introduce the concept of place-conscious pedagogy through illustrative examples ...


English As A Distant Language: An Investigation Of Teachers’ Understanding, Richard Gaffney Mar 2013

English As A Distant Language: An Investigation Of Teachers’ Understanding, Richard Gaffney

Theses

Indigenous students living in Traditional language communities in countries such as Australia and Papua New Guinea, where English is the language of education, attend primary schools where they learn using English. This study is an investigation of how teachers understand the English environment experience of Indigenous students who live in Traditional language communities and the requirements for their successful learning in English. Most of the research on Indigenous students has concentrated on Indigenous students in general rather than the specific language and learning context of those who live in Traditional language communities. The unique nature of these communities’ English language ...


The State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment) Byox Research Project 2013, State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment), Maureen M. O'Neill Jan 2013

The State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment) Byox Research Project 2013, State Of Queensland (Department Of Education, Training And Employment), Maureen M. O'Neill

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Towards A Culture Of Scholarly Practice In Mixed Sector Institutions, Melanie Williams, Fleur Goulding, Terri Seddon Jan 2013

Towards A Culture Of Scholarly Practice In Mixed Sector Institutions, Melanie Williams, Fleur Goulding, Terri Seddon

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Yarning Circles In The Literacy Classroom [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Naomi Sunderland, John Davis-Warra Jan 2013

Yarning Circles In The Literacy Classroom [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy A. Mills, Naomi Sunderland, John Davis-Warra

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This article explains how the speaking and listening practice of yarning circles can be used in the literacy classroom. The article opens with an account of a live enactment of yarning circles with elementary students in a mainstream classroom in Australia. It explains the purpose and origin of yarning circles in Indigenous communities, and provides steps for establishing and implementing the practice in classrooms.


An Investigation Of Moderation Practices Within A Faculty Of Education, Denise Beutel, Lenore Adie, Margaret M. Lloyd Jan 2013

An Investigation Of Moderation Practices Within A Faculty Of Education, Denise Beutel, Lenore Adie, Margaret M. Lloyd

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Moderation of student assessment is a critical component of teaching and learning in contemporary universities. In higher education, moderation is usually governed by university-wide policies and practices. However, in Australia, moderation processes will now be guided by the new national university accreditation authority, Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA). In light of this reform, the purpose of this qualitative study was to identify and analyse current moderation practices operating within a faculty of education at a large urban university in eastern Australia.


Creating Inter-Cultural Spaces For Co-Learning, Kristina Everett, Eloise Hummell Jan 2013

Creating Inter-Cultural Spaces For Co-Learning, Kristina Everett, Eloise Hummell

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Among the many inhibitors to social inclusion and mobility faced by Indigenous peoples in Australia, under-representation of Indigenous students in Higher Education has long featured as a concern for government and human rights advocates. This is due to the attendant lower social indicators than those of the wider Australian society which characterise Indigenous peoples’ life experience. UNESCO’s guidelines on inter-cultural education published in 2007 provide some principles for groundwork to develop classrooms which are inclusive but not assimilationist. Models of how this might be done in practice, however, are scarce. In this paper we consider a model for inter-cultural ...


The Role Of Self-Concept In Medical Education, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Bingyi Li, Ian Wilson, Rhonda G. Craven Jan 2013

The Role Of Self-Concept In Medical Education, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Bingyi Li, Ian Wilson, Rhonda G. Craven

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Much research has acknowledged the importance of self-concept for adolescents’ academic behaviour, motivation, and aspiration, but little is known about the role of self-concept that underpins the motivation and aspiration of higher education students in a specialised field such as medical education. This article draws upon a programme of research over the last three years examining the psychosocial determinants of success for educating home-grown doctors for regional communities. Interviews conducted with Australian medical students found that self-concept is a dynamic and multidimensional phenomenon that emerges through social activity, and plays a crucial role in shaping their motivation and aspirations. For ...


"See You Online": Teaching Strategies For Digital Literacy Practices In The English Curriculum [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills Jan 2013

"See You Online": Teaching Strategies For Digital Literacy Practices In The English Curriculum [Accepted Manuscript], Kathy Mills

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Literacy educator Kathy Mills observes that creating multimodal and digital texts is an essential part of the national English curriculum. Here, she presents five practical and engaging ways to transform conventional writing tasks in a digital world.


Designing Rich Numeracy Tasks, Merrilyn Goos, Vince Geiger, Shelley Dole Jan 2013

Designing Rich Numeracy Tasks, Merrilyn Goos, Vince Geiger, Shelley Dole

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

In Australia, numeracy is regarded as a general capability to be developed across the whole school curriculum, not just mathematics. This paper draws on a research study that aimed to help teachers in ten schools design numeracy tasks and implement investigative numeracy pedagogies across the middle school (Grades 6-9) curriculum. Teachers were introduced to a rich model of numeracy that gives attention to real-life contexts, application of mathematical knowledge, use of representational, physical, and digital tools, and positive dispositions towards mathematics. These elements are grounded in a critical orientation to the use of mathematics. The paper identifies ways in which ...


Testing Young Children's Ideas Of Mass Measurement, Jill Cheeseman, Andrea Mcdonough Jan 2013

Testing Young Children's Ideas Of Mass Measurement, Jill Cheeseman, Andrea Mcdonough

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This article reports an innovative use of photographs in a pencil-and-paper test which was developed to assess young children’s understanding of mass measurement. Two hundred and ninety-five tests were administered by thirteen teachers of Years 1 and 2 children in 3 urban and rural schools. Many of these children of 6-8 years of age were able to “read” the photographs and diagrams in the test and recognise the images as representations of their classroom experiences. While the test had its limitations it also had some worthwhile features: it required explanation, deductive reasoning, and justification of thinking through the open ...


Scaffolding The Mathematics Learning Of Low-Attaining Students Through Whole Class Discussions, Sarah Ferguson Jan 2013

Scaffolding The Mathematics Learning Of Low-Attaining Students Through Whole Class Discussions, Sarah Ferguson

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


The Pedagogy Of Personalised Learning: Exemplars, Moocs And Related Learning Theories, Catherine Mcloughlin Jan 2013

The Pedagogy Of Personalised Learning: Exemplars, Moocs And Related Learning Theories, Catherine Mcloughlin

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

In contrast to teacher directed curricula, personal learning environments (PLE’s) are learner-centric, providing relevant and timely learning opportunities by enabling individuals to select, integrate and construct knowledge using various software, services and options based on their needs and circumstance. This approach ideally leads to a model where learner needs drive the learning process. In PLE’s, teacher pedagogy undergoes a radical shift to allow learners to make decisions that best suit their goals and needs for acquisition of skills, knowledge creation, social interaction and collaboration.The pedagogy of personalised learning is multidimensional and can be supported by Web 2 ...


Making Connections Between Multiplication And Division, Ann Downton Jan 2013

Making Connections Between Multiplication And Division, Ann Downton

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Longitudinal Progress Of 6-Year-Old Students Who Participated In An Extending Mathematical Understanding Mathematics Intervention Program, Ann Gervasoni, Linda Parish, Carole Livesey, Melissa Croswell, Kate Bevan, Teresa Hadden, Kathie Turkenburg Jan 2013

Longitudinal Progress Of 6-Year-Old Students Who Participated In An Extending Mathematical Understanding Mathematics Intervention Program, Ann Gervasoni, Linda Parish, Carole Livesey, Melissa Croswell, Kate Bevan, Teresa Hadden, Kathie Turkenburg

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

No abstract provided.


Teachers' Decisions About Mathematics Tasks When Planning, Peter Sullivan, David Clarke, Doug Clarke, Anne Roche Jan 2013

Teachers' Decisions About Mathematics Tasks When Planning, Peter Sullivan, David Clarke, Doug Clarke, Anne Roche

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

At some stage when planning, teachers make decisions about the mathematics tasks they will pose and how they will structure lessons. It seems, though, that these decisions are complex, and that this complexity has been underestimated by curriculum developers and teacher educators. The following is a report of data collection that simulated some of these planning decisions. The results suggest that teachers may need support in matching tasks to curriculum content statements, in articulating the purposes of tasks, and in considering how tasks might be used to address differences in student readiness.


Mature Age Pre-Service Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety And Factors Impacting On University Retention, Sue Wilson Jan 2013

Mature Age Pre-Service Teachers' Mathematics Anxiety And Factors Impacting On University Retention, Sue Wilson

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

The ability of primary (elementary) pre-service teachers to engage effectively in mathematics units in a rigorous program is vital to producing citizens who are able to use mathematics effectively in their lives. Mathematics anxiety affects pre-service primary teachers’ engagement with and future teaching of mathematics. The study measured the range of mathematics anxiety in two hundred and nineteen pre-service teachers starting a teacher education course in an Australian university. They completed the Revised Mathematics Anxiety Scale (RMARS) and a set of demographic questions. Age differences in anxiety were found to be significant, and this has implications for university retention of ...


Teachers' Perspectives Regarding The Decline In Boys' Participation In Post-Compulsory Rigorous Mathematics Subjects, Michael Easey Jan 2013

Teachers' Perspectives Regarding The Decline In Boys' Participation In Post-Compulsory Rigorous Mathematics Subjects, Michael Easey

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

This paper explores the decline in boys’ participation in post-compulsory rigorous mathematics using the perspectives of eight experienced teachers at an independent, boys’ College located in Brisbane, Queensland. This study coincides with concerns regarding the decline in suitably qualified tertiary graduates with requisite mathematical skills and abilities to meet increasing employment demands and opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. Individual interviews and a focus-group interview with teachers in various curriculum leadership, careers/counselling, and mathematics teaching roles revealed…


Moderation Practices In A Faculty Of Education: The Four Discourse Model [Accepted Manuscript], Lenore Adie Jan 2013

Moderation Practices In A Faculty Of Education: The Four Discourse Model [Accepted Manuscript], Lenore Adie

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Moderation of student assessment is a critical component of teaching and learning in contemporary universities. In Australia, moderation is mandated through university policies and through the new national university accreditation authority, Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency which began operations in late January 2012 (TEQSA, 2012). The TEQSA requirement to declare details of moderation and any other arrangements used to support consistency and reliability of assessment and grading across each subject in the course of study is a radical step intended to move toward heightened accountability and greater transparency in the tertiary sector as well as entrenching evidence-based practice in ...