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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Impact Of Home Spoken Language On Learning To Read Chinese: Comparing Mandarin Monolingual Children And Dialect-Speaking Children In Mainland China, Lingyan Yang Dec 2013

The Impact Of Home Spoken Language On Learning To Read Chinese: Comparing Mandarin Monolingual Children And Dialect-Speaking Children In Mainland China, Lingyan Yang

Theses and Dissertations

The primary goal of the current study was to investigate the impact of different first language backgrounds on early Chinese reading development by comparing a group of children who spoke a dialect at home and learned to speak and read Mandarin as a second language as soon as they attended Mandarin immersion programs with their Mandarin-speaking monolingual counterparts. The comparison involved five variables, two of which were measures of reading outcomes, word reading accuracy and vocabulary knowledge, and the other three were measures related to processing spoken languages, including rapid automatized naming, phonological awareness, and morphological awareness.

The study was ...


The Impact Of Persistent Sexual Side Effects Of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors After Discontinuing Treatment: A Qualitative Study, Rebecca Diane Stinson Dec 2013

The Impact Of Persistent Sexual Side Effects Of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors After Discontinuing Treatment: A Qualitative Study, Rebecca Diane Stinson

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation details a qualitative study that examined nine individuals living with sexual side effects of SSRIs that had persisted after the discontinuation of pharmacological treatment (referred to as post-SSRI sexual dysfunction or PSSD).

The investigation sought to answer the following research questions:

(1) How do individuals with persistent sexual side effects make sense of and meaning from their experience?;

(2) How have these individuals' sense of self or identity changed over the course of their sexual difficulties?; and

(3) What role could a counseling psychologist have had in helping the individual with his or her situation?

Using Interpretative Phenomenological ...


Masculinity And Bystander Helping Behavior: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Bystander Interventions, Jerrod Anthony Koon Dec 2013

Masculinity And Bystander Helping Behavior: A Study Of The Relationship Between Conformity To Masculine Norms And Bystander Interventions, Jerrod Anthony Koon

Theses and Dissertations

Hundreds of research articles have been published about variables related to bystander helping behavior. Although significant gender differences have been found in bystander intervention research, the results have been incongruent with little explanation about the relationship between gender and bystander interventions. This study assessed the relationship between conformity to masculine role norms and bystander intervention behavior.

In this study, 200 college students completed the Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory-46 (CMNI-46) to determine the relationship between conformity to masculine norms and the level of bystander intervention selected on the Bystander Intervention Measure (BIM). It was hypothesized that a significant main effect ...


Equating Multidimensional Tests Under A Random Groups Design: A Comparison Of Various Equating Procedures, Eunjung Lee Dec 2013

Equating Multidimensional Tests Under A Random Groups Design: A Comparison Of Various Equating Procedures, Eunjung Lee

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to compare the equating performance of various equating procedures for the multidimensional tests. To examine the various equating procedures, simulated data sets were used that were generated based on a multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) framework. Various equating procedures were examined, including both unidimensional and the multidimensional equating procedures based on an IRT framework in addition to traditional equating procedures. Specifically, the performance of the following six equating procedures under the random groups design was compared: (1) unidimensional IRT observed score equating, (2) unidimensional IRT true score equating, (3) full MIRT observed score equating ...


Mixed-Format Test Score Equating: Effect Of Item-Type Multidimensionality, Length And Composition Of Common-Item Set, And Group Ability Difference, Wei Wang Dec 2013

Mixed-Format Test Score Equating: Effect Of Item-Type Multidimensionality, Length And Composition Of Common-Item Set, And Group Ability Difference, Wei Wang

Theses and Dissertations

Mixed-format tests containing both multiple-choice (MC) items and constructed-response (CR) items are now widely used in many testing programs. Mixed-format tests often are considered to be superior to tests containing only MC items although the use of multiple item formats leads to measurement challenges in the context of equating conducted under the common-item nonequivalent groups design (CINEG). The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate how various test characteristics and examinee characteristics influence CINEG mixed-format test score equating results.

Simulated data were used in this dissertation. Simulees' item responses were generated using items selected from one MC item pool and ...


Project Hope: A Career Education Program For Rural Middle School Students, Tina D. Hoffman Dec 2013

Project Hope: A Career Education Program For Rural Middle School Students, Tina D. Hoffman

Theses and Dissertations

A critical psychology perspective (Prilleltensky and Nelson, 2002) advocates for research that focuses on social change, the mutual participation of community stakeholders, and the empowerment of those served. The current study applies this critical psychology perspective to career education programming in a multiculturally diverse rural high school.

This manuscript illustrates the collaborative development, implementation, and evaluation of the "Project HOPE" career education program. Case study methodology is used to examine the effects of the program congruent with a critical psychology paradigm. Social Cognitive Career Theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994; 2000) variables of math/science self-efficacy, vocational skills self-efficacy, math/science outcome expectations ...


After The "Silent Epidemic": Marital Satisfaction In Long Term Spousal Caregivers Of Individuals With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury, Joanna Lynn Arguello Jul 2013

After The "Silent Epidemic": Marital Satisfaction In Long Term Spousal Caregivers Of Individuals With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury, Joanna Lynn Arguello

Theses and Dissertations

Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a pervasive and devastating condition, often resulting in permanent alterations in cognition, behavior, and personality. As such, survivors of severe TBI usually rely on the assistance of caregivers to navigate situations of daily living throughout their life span. Spouses of individuals with TBI have been shown to experience greater levels of burden than parental caregivers of TBI survivors (Kreutzer et al., 1994; Mauss-Clum & Ryan, 1981) and subsequently rates of divorce and separation have been documented within the research literature to be high (Thomsen, 1984; Wood et al., 2005). Although marital breakdown has been frequently studied, research on marital satisfaction and coping within long-term marriages where one spouse has survived a severe TBI remains insufficient.

The ...


Development And Psychometric Validation Of The Perceived Classism Scales: Measures Of Perceived Social Class Discrimination, Jovan Omar Hernandez Jul 2013

Development And Psychometric Validation Of The Perceived Classism Scales: Measures Of Perceived Social Class Discrimination, Jovan Omar Hernandez

Theses and Dissertations

This paper discusses the development of the Perceived Classism Scales. Three separate studies were conducted to create and validate scales designed to measure Liu, Soleck, Hopps, Dunston, and Pickett's (2004) upward, downward, and lateral classism constructs in their Modern Classism Theory. An initial pool of 51-items was created to assess each of the three classism domains. Three hundred and three individuals participated in the first study, which consisted of an exploratory factor analysis of the 51 items. Results from the first study provided preliminary support for the measurement of two factors. The 51 items were pared down to two ...


The Career Development Of Asian American Female Visual Artists, Sharon Yih-Chih Lee Jul 2013

The Career Development Of Asian American Female Visual Artists, Sharon Yih-Chih Lee

Theses and Dissertations

The Asian American population is one of the fastest growing racial groups within the United States, and will soon become a significant proportion of the nations' work force (Census, 2008). It is important for counselors and other helping professional to better understand the needs of this population in order to better prepare them for the nation's workforce. Given the limitations of the current knowledge pertaining to Asian American career development, researchers have called for additional studies examining the career development process for Asian Americans (Flores et al., 2006; Leong & Serifica, 1995).

A notable gap in today's Asian American vocational literature is on the career development process for those who pursue underrepresented occupations, such as work in the humanities and arts. Researchers have noted that Asian American vocational research has predominantly focused on occupations in which there are more representation, such as Investigative or Enterprising fields (Escueta & O'brien, 1991), the unique career concerns of specific ethnic groups (Kim, 1993; Yang, 1991), familial involvement in career (Tang, Fouad, & Smith, 2004), or provides a broad conceptualization of career development of Asian Americans (Leong, 1986; Leong, 1991 ...


Effects Of Motivating Operations On Academic Performance And Problem Behavior Maintained By Escape From Academic Tasks, Kelly Michele Schieltz Jul 2013

Effects Of Motivating Operations On Academic Performance And Problem Behavior Maintained By Escape From Academic Tasks, Kelly Michele Schieltz

Theses and Dissertations

At least three general subgroups of students display problems with their overall academic achievement: students with motivational deficits, students with academic performance deficits, and students with a combination of both types of deficits. The prevalence of students with both behavioral and learning problems has been reported to be between 10% and 25% and as high as 50%. The current study evaluated the effects of positive reinforcement and instructional strategies on the co-occurrence of motivational and academic deficits within three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 were conducted with four school-aged children in a behavioral outpatient clinic. Experiment 3 was conducted with ...


Effect Of Violating Unidimensional Item Response Theory Vertical Scaling Assumptions On Developmental Score Scales, Anna Marie Topczewski Jul 2013

Effect Of Violating Unidimensional Item Response Theory Vertical Scaling Assumptions On Developmental Score Scales, Anna Marie Topczewski

Theses and Dissertations

Developmental score scales represent the performance of students along a continuum, where as students learn more they move higher along that continuum. Unidimensional item response theory (UIRT) vertical scaling has become a commonly used method to create developmental score scales. Research has shown that UIRT vertical scaling methods can be inconsistent in estimating grade-to-grade growth, within-grade variability, and separation of grade distributions (effect size) of developmental score scale. In particular the finding of scale shrinkage (decreasing within-grade score variability as grade-level increases) has led to concerns about and criticism of IRT vertical scales. The causes of scale shrinkage have yet ...


Cognitive Diagnostic Analysis Using Hierarchically Structured Skills, Yu-Lan Su May 2013

Cognitive Diagnostic Analysis Using Hierarchically Structured Skills, Yu-Lan Su

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation proposes two modified cognitive diagnostic models (CDMs), the deterministic, inputs, noisy, "and" gate with hierarchy (DINA-H) model and the deterministic, inputs, noisy, "or" gate with hierarchy (DINO-H) model. Both models incorporate the hierarchical structures of the cognitive skills in the model estimation process, and can be used for situations where the attributes are ordered hierarchically. The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 data are analyzed to illustrate the proposed approaches. The simulation study evaluates the effectiveness of the proposed approaches under various conditions (e.g., various numbers of attributes, test lengths, sample sizes, and hierarchical ...


Testing Accommodations For Ell Students On An Achievement Test Battery, Lori Lee Dockery May 2013

Testing Accommodations For Ell Students On An Achievement Test Battery, Lori Lee Dockery

Theses and Dissertations

How well students perform on standardized tests can affect their educational paths and the rest of their lives. In addition, students' performances on state assessments will affect their schools due to the No Child Left Behind Act. For English language learners (ELLs), the success on tests may be diminished due to their inability to completely understand what they are reading on a test. Because ELLs are a growing proportion of the population and have greater risk of not performing well in school, dropping out, and not moving on to have a job, it is very important to address their educational ...


Effects Of Age And Schooling On 22 Ability And Achievement Tests, James Lamar Gambrell May 2013

Effects Of Age And Schooling On 22 Ability And Achievement Tests, James Lamar Gambrell

Theses and Dissertations

Although much educational research has investigated the relative effectiveness of different educational interventions and policies, little is known about the absolute net benefits of K-12 schooling independent of growth due to chronological age and out-of-school experience. The nearly universal policy of age tracking in schools makes this a difficult topic to investigate. However, a quasi-experimental regression discontinuity design can be used to separate observed test score differences between grades into independent age and schooling components, yielding an estimate of the net effects of school exposure at each grade level. In this study, a multilevel version of this design was applied ...


Linking Across Forms In Vertical Scaling Under The Common-Item Nonequvalent Groups Design, Xuan Wang May 2013

Linking Across Forms In Vertical Scaling Under The Common-Item Nonequvalent Groups Design, Xuan Wang

Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation are to compare how different the resulting proficiency estimates are by using two scale maintenance approaches, the horizontal and vertical approaches, in supporting scale stability across grade within form, within grade across forms, and across grades and across forms, and to thus investigate under which conditions of within-grade variability patterns and examinee sample characteristics one approach is preferable to the other.

Since there is no universally accepted growth model in the literature, three different distribution sets were specified and generated with regard to within-grade variability patterns in the simulation data: constant across grades, decreasing variability ...


Supporting Students' Motivation In College Online Courses, Jae-Eun Lee Russell May 2013

Supporting Students' Motivation In College Online Courses, Jae-Eun Lee Russell

Theses and Dissertations

Students' motivation has been identified as a critical factor for meaningful engagement and positive academic achievement in various educational settings. In particular, self-regulation strategies have been identified as important skills in online learning environments. However, applying self-regulation strategies, such as goal setting, strategic planning, and reflect performance takes significant effort. Without motivation, students will not enact these types of strategies. Autonomous self-regulation has been investigated in traditional classroom settings and there is ample empirical evidence of a significant relationship between autonomous self-regulation and engagement and academic achievement. However, such research was limited in online learning environments.

The purpose of this ...