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Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John H. Bickford Iii Oct 2012

Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John H. Bickford Iii

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

Educators’ content background and use of accurate, age-appropriate teaching materials generates quality teaching. Content in every grade level should supplement content from previous grades in a spiraled format. State test results on students’ math and reading indicate, but do not prove, the presence of these two presumptions. Because history is not tested, the authors examined the basis of these two presumptions for history in two school districts that require every elementary educator to teach about Christopher Columbus. Findings reveal significant interconnections between these two presumptions and have consequential implications as states consider standardized testing in other curricular areas, such as ...


The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson Aug 2012

The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project identifies and discusses parental reading and teaching patterns and the impact these same methods may or may not have on children's school readiness, specifically the student’s readiness to read. The study highlights the following research questions: What patterns of parental reading and teaching can be identified among families of children entering kindergarten in a rural school? What are the associations between parental reading and teaching patterns and the child's school readiness? The literature review section examines the topics of home environment, parent’s engagement with literacy development, school readiness, and academic success. The active ...


Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino Aug 2012

Implementing The Common Core Learning Standards In Grade Three: Teaching For College And Career Readiness Through The Social Studies Content Area, Trista Fiorino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the current state of the economy and job market in the United States, it is imperative that students are college and workforce ready when they complete their public school education. Standards- based education provides solid foundation for educators to plan learning experiences that build from the prekindergarten to grade twelve. Standards-based education is widely accepted and utilized as we prepare today's' students' for success when facing tomorrow's challenges.

As politicians, administrators, educators and parents work closely to ensure that the public education is equipped to meet the demands of the twenty first century, new and improved standards ...


Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross Aug 2012

Exploring The Literacy Development Of Preschoolers Through Theme-Based Center Activities, Shannon Gross

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the integration of an increased literacy and math based curriculum for young children, it is important to keep students engaged while maintaining efficient and effective instruction. As a proven practice, play-based education allows a focused classroom that effectively educates children in literacy. This thesis project examines the effects of theme-based play centers on classroom literacy as well as suggested methods in lesson planning, engagement, and success. The literature review considers previous research regarding integrated theme-based play centers which suggests improved emotional, social, linguistic, and cognitive abilities in students. The research project used observation and qualitative research to focus on ...


A Kindergarten Teacher's Exploration Of Independent Learning Activities, Nicole A. Vaughn Aug 2012

A Kindergarten Teacher's Exploration Of Independent Learning Activities, Nicole A. Vaughn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The focus of this thesis project was to gain insight and understanding of the types of independent learning activities that are developmentally appropriate and meaningful for kindergarten students during a guided reading ELA block and to discover ways to engage students in independent literacy activities that extend and enhance their literacy development. In the study, the following questions were addressed - How are independent learning activities developmentally appropriate for kindergartners to promote literacy development? What types of independent learning activities promote the literacy development of kindergartners? Throughout this six week study a qualitative research design was utilized. The teacher-researcher, created the ...


Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst Aug 2012

Exploring The Use Of Interactive Read Alouds To Support The Literacy Development Of Fifth Graders Receiving Academic Intervention Services, Abbey L. Boyst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students identified as requiring Academic Intervention Services (AIS), either through testing or teacher recommendation, often struggle with fluency, reading comprehension, or a combination of both. This thesis project examines the effects of interactive read-alouds in reading instruction in an AIS class as a means to foster growth in comprehension and literacy skills. The central question, what happens when read-aloud activities include explicit instruction of reading comprehension and is incorporated into the instruction of students receiving AIS, was explored. The literature review section discusses previous research observations on the use of a designed read-aloud curriculum for teaching comprehension of narrative texts ...


Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo Jul 2012

Factors Influencing Readers When Matching Texts To Struggling Students, Brian P. Romeo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers at every scholastic level search for the best pedagogical practices for their particular classroom and students. The method of leveling, a strategy in which teachers assess the instructional level of a text in order to properly match books with an individual reader, is used increasingly in literacy programs at the elementary level. Books are “leveled” by using a formula that measures sentence and word difficulty. This research project examines how students interact with various texts and explores student fluency, expression, comprehension, and re-telling. The research examines student accuracy rates, self-corrections, and miscue analysis. It considers what text features teachers ...


Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman May 2012

Conferring With Readers To Develop Reading Proficiency, Sandra Goettelman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research study is to determine the ways in which reading conferences help students develop reading proficiency. Reading conferences are one to one work with a student in which instruction is individualized to support the reader and help to elevate the student to be able to flexibly call upon a number of strategies to problem solve. The research questions will focus on the ways in which students incorporate feedback on decoding, fluency, and comprehension in their oral reading. The degree to which the reading conference fosters independence for students will also be examined. In addition, the efficiency ...


Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo May 2012

Using Literature To Support Second Graders' Critical Literacy Of Civil Rights, Nicole M. Leo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to explore the use of children's literature to engage second grade students in critical literacy. I drew on multiple domains examining the use of children's literature in students' critical literacy development. I used data to analyze the kinds of perspectives children's literature provides, how students interpret different perspectives to solve their conflicts, and in what ways children's literature helps second graders act on issues that are important to them. The duration of the study was five weeks. An inquiry style of research was used. Data was collected through the use of field ...


The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison May 2012

The Importance Of Play In Early Childhood Education, Cristie R. Ellison

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Play is “work” for young children and is understood to build necessary language and social skills and understanding. This thesis project, an analytic review, explores the subject of play within the early childhood classroom environment while considering both cognitive constructivism and social constructivism through the lens of Piaget and Vygotsky. The multiple purposes of the review were to gain a more complete understanding of the functions of play in the early childhood setting, emphasize the importance of play for children's intellectual, emotional and social growth, and to analyze a body of knowledge of developmental and cognitive theories pertaining to ...


Effects Of A Content Area Reading Course On Teacher Attitudes And Practices, Ezra Stieglitz Apr 2012

Effects Of A Content Area Reading Course On Teacher Attitudes And Practices, Ezra Stieglitz

Ezra L Stieglitz

Efforts have been made during the past 10 years to develop the teaching skills of secondary teachers In the area of reading. Not just those designated as reading specialists but other secondary teachers have been called upon to devote more attention to reading skill development in their classes.


Improving Teacher Discourse In A Reading Lesson, Ezra Stieglitz, William Oehlkers Apr 2012

Improving Teacher Discourse In A Reading Lesson, Ezra Stieglitz, William Oehlkers

Ezra L Stieglitz

According to the Reading Report Card, teachers need to place more emphasis on teaching higher order comprehension skills and strategies. This advice (Educational Testing Service, 1985) was based on four national assesments of the reading achievement of American school children during the period 1970-84. Assesed were representative samples of 9, 13, and 17 year olds in school. In order to understand how well students can read, participants were given a wide range of materials and asked quations requiring a variety of reading skills and strategies.


The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo Apr 2012

The Use Of Hands-On Comprehension Games In Literacy Development, Maria Prestigiacomo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading comprehension is one of the most difficult components to teach. I have tried every resource my district has given me to help build comprehension skills and I have not seen a significant impact on the children’s learning. I investigated hands-on games and activities to see if they could help improve and build comprehension skills.

Many children in the twenty-first century are tactile learners and need hands-on activities. Keeping this in mind I researched and implemented hands-on games and activities for students in the fifth-grade to practice and reinforce their comprehension skills. I created, taught through guided practice, and ...


Elementary Teacher Education In Papua New Guinea: Towards A Culturally Connected Perspective Of Teaching, Casper Hahambu, Joanne M. Brownlee, E. Anne Petriwskyj Apr 2012

Elementary Teacher Education In Papua New Guinea: Towards A Culturally Connected Perspective Of Teaching, Casper Hahambu, Joanne M. Brownlee, E. Anne Petriwskyj

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

Global and national agendas for quality education have led to reforms in Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) elementary education, but criticism of the learner-centred Western pedagogies has emerged. One key influence on quality teacher education relates to perspectives of teaching. Existing research shows teachers’ beliefs and perceptions of teaching influence their practice, however to date little research has investigated perspectives of teaching for elementary education in PNG. This single exploratory case study investigated the perspectives of teaching for eighteen elementary teacher trainers as they studied for a Bachelor of Early Childhood (Teacher Education). The study, drawing on an interpretivist paradigm ...


Learning To Lead: A Social Justice Perspective On Understanding Elementary Teacher Leadership In Papua New Guinea, Joanne Brownlee, Laura Scholes, Ann Farrell, Julie Davis, Donna Cook Apr 2012

Learning To Lead: A Social Justice Perspective On Understanding Elementary Teacher Leadership In Papua New Guinea, Joanne Brownlee, Laura Scholes, Ann Farrell, Julie Davis, Donna Cook

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

Leadership in elementary education is currently recognized as a political imperative in Papua New Guinea (PNG), as the nation develops strategies towards equitable access to schooling. One recent initiative aimed at building educational leadership was an intensive Australian Leadership Award Fellowship (ALAF) program funded by AusAID, involving a group of 10 teacher trainers from PNG. As part their involvement participants completed self-authored journal entries at the beginning and end of the leadership program. Participants were also involved in focus groups after completion of the initiative. Referring to the experiences of these teacher trainers, this paper draws on Nancy Fraser’s ...


Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John Bickford Jan 2012

Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John Bickford

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

Educators’ content background and use of accurate, age-appropriate teaching materials generates quality teaching. Content in every grade level should supplement content from previous grades in a spiraled format. State test results on students’ math and reading indicate, but do not prove, the presence of these two presumptions. Because history is not tested, the authors examined the basis of these two presumptions for history in two school districts that require every elementary educator to teach about Christopher Columbus. Findings reveal significant interconnections between these two presumptions and have consequential implications as states consider standardized testing in other curricular areas, such as ...


Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John H. Bickford Iii Jan 2012

Examining Spiraled Elementary Curricula On Columbus: A Case Study, Maegan Wilton, John H. Bickford Iii

John Bickford

Educators’ content background and use of accurate, age-appropriate teaching materials generates quality teaching. Content in every grade level should supplement content from previous grades in a spiraled format. State test results on students’ math and reading indicate, but do not prove, the presence of these two presumptions. Because history is not tested, the authors examined the basis of these two presumptions for history in two school districts that require every elementary educator to teach about Christopher Columbus. Findings reveal significant interconnections between these two presumptions and have consequential implications as states consider standardized testing in other curricular areas, such as ...


Improving Elementary American Indian Students’ Math Achievement With Inquiry-Based Mathematics And Games, Jamalee Stone, Edmund T. Hamann Jan 2012

Improving Elementary American Indian Students’ Math Achievement With Inquiry-Based Mathematics And Games, Jamalee Stone, Edmund T. Hamann

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

Project Inquiry-Based Mathematics was a National Science Foundation Math-Science Partnership implemented in a Great Plains city school district with a significant K-12 Native American population. One goal of the project was to reduce the achievement gap between Native American and non-Native students enrolled in the district. This gap reduction was to be achieved using inquiry-based mathematics curricula along with cognitively guided instructional strategies, particularly at the elementary level. This study focuses on whether inquiry-based mathematics strategies were consistently implemented in three fifth-grade classrooms at K-5 elementary schools with significant Native American student populations. Test result of Native American students at ...


Parent Involvement Plan For Lincoln Elementary, Michelle Kaune Jan 2012

Parent Involvement Plan For Lincoln Elementary, Michelle Kaune

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

The purpose of this capstone project was to create a parent involvement plan for Lincoln Elementary using research based information. The information gathered during the literature review will be used to gain a better understanding of parent involvement along with evidence based strategies to improve parent involvement. This plan will then be used by the school to work to increase the amount of involvement parents during the 2012-13 school year. Creating a strategy to increase parent involvement has been identified as a need by the school. It is also part of the school’s Adequate Yearly Progress plan which was ...