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Full-Text Articles in Education

Extension's Evolving Alignment Of Programs Serving Families And Youth: Organizational Change And Its Implications, Marc T. Braverman, Nancy K. Franz, Roger A. Rennekamp Dec 2012

Extension's Evolving Alignment Of Programs Serving Families And Youth: Organizational Change And Its Implications, Marc T. Braverman, Nancy K. Franz, Roger A. Rennekamp

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

Extension is experiencing a trend toward closer alignment of its programs serving families and youth, notably Family and Consumer Sciences and 4-H Youth Development. Projects are more multidisciplinary and comprehensive than in the past, and, in many states, FCS and 4-HYD are also becoming more administratively integrated. Several reasons for this shift are recent developments in social science intervention theory, Extension budget reductions, and land-grant universities' longterm organizational strategies. We discuss implications for Extension faculty and the need to track and understand the restructuring process. Overall, the emphasis on collaboration and comprehensiveness provide opportunities for more effective Extension programming.


Identifying The Skills That Students Need To Succeed: Perspectives Of Us And Global Apparel Entrepreneurs And Small Business Owners, Nancy N. Hodges, Kittichai Watchravesringkan, Jennifer Yurchisin, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Jane Hegland, Ruoh-Nan Yan Nov 2012

Identifying The Skills That Students Need To Succeed: Perspectives Of Us And Global Apparel Entrepreneurs And Small Business Owners, Nancy N. Hodges, Kittichai Watchravesringkan, Jennifer Yurchisin, Elena E. Karpova, Sara B. Marcketti, Jane Hegland, Ruoh-Nan Yan

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Textile and apparel graduates entering the workforce must understand the role that small business plays within the industry and overall economy.


“I Would Not Consider Myself A Homophobe”: Learning And Teaching About Sexual Orientation In A Principal Preparation Program, Joanne Marshall, Frank Hernandez Oct 2012

“I Would Not Consider Myself A Homophobe”: Learning And Teaching About Sexual Orientation In A Principal Preparation Program, Joanne Marshall, Frank Hernandez

Education Publications

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the written reflections of aspiring principals in two principal-preparation courses where social justice is at the core of the content and which address sexual orientation as part of the responsibility of a social justice leader. Data Collection: Two instructors in a leadership-preparation program incorporated reflection assignments into their respective social-justice-related courses. One course was offered at the beginning of the program; the other offered at the end. Aspiring principals from two different cohorts of students participated in the study. The students’ reflections were coded to identify themes and patterns that were ...


"I Don’T Just Give Tours”: Examining What Students Learn From The Student Orientation Leader Experience, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Kristin Economos Oct 2012

"I Don’T Just Give Tours”: Examining What Students Learn From The Student Orientation Leader Experience, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Kristin Economos

Education Publications

Undergraduate student orientation leaders play a vital role in many new student orientation programs. Although the leaders assume many responsibilities, little is known about how these students benefit from this experience. This qualitative study examined what students learned from being student orientation leaders. Students' learning occurred in four areas: interpersonal growth, skill development, understanding of others, and understanding of the institution. Results of this study highlight the benefit of incorporating upper division leaders into orientation programs. In addition, it illustrates how new student programs provide a valuable experience for upper-division continuing students as well as new students in transition.


(Conceptual) Conversion: Reworking Archival Curriculum To Incorporate The Multiverse, Kimberly D. Anderson Jul 2012

(Conceptual) Conversion: Reworking Archival Curriculum To Incorporate The Multiverse, Kimberly D. Anderson

Kimberly D. Anderson

http://aeri2012.wordpress.com/conference-schedule/workshops/pedagogical-approaches-in-a-conceptually-based-curriculum/

Kimberly Anderson will share her experience of transforming a class on archival outreach at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The fully online course, “Archival Outreach: Programs and Services” was re-worked into conceptual modules that formed the underpinning for the class. These concepts were reinforced throughout the semester and students were asked to use them as a framing throughout the discussion and applied activities. The resultant class was a dramatic departure from the both the previous iterations of the course and the way in which other courses in the archives program are taught, which have ...


Using Industry To Drive Continuous Improvement In Capstone Design, Leslie Potter May 2012

Using Industry To Drive Continuous Improvement In Capstone Design, Leslie Potter

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

Iowa State University’s Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering (IMSE) Department has been teaching and practicing continuous improvement for many years. Since 2003, a formal process for curriculum assessment related to ABET outcome items [a-k] and departmental outcome items [l-p] has been in place. This process has provided structure for obtaining, documenting, and using feedback from stakeholders, including students, alumni, faculty, and industry. Quantitative feedback is received through stakeholder surveys and outcome item assessment. Qualitative feedback is received from capstone design industry partners, alumni working in industry, and the IMSE Industrial Advisory Board. The IMSE capstone design course (IE441) has ...


Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Learning Modules In Gerontechnology, H.I. Yang, P. Martin, D. Satterfield, Mack C. Shelley, J. Wong, C.K. Chang Jan 2012

Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Learning Modules In Gerontechnology, H.I. Yang, P. Martin, D. Satterfield, Mack C. Shelley, J. Wong, C.K. Chang

Political Science Publications

As the older population grows rapidly worldwide, gerontechnology can play an increasingly crucial role in improving older people’s quality of life in an affordable and sustainable way. However, even with growing interests, gerontechnology has yet to be established as a widely available educational or research program. One root cause is the lack of a well-established curriculum to train new gerontechnologists and to help professionals in relevant fields to develop gerontechnological specialties. This paper summarizes our experience and insights gained from designing, instructing, and evaluating learning modules for gerontechnology in the past 2½ years, and outlines the learning materials and ...


Assessing Cognitive Processes, Instructor Strategies, And The Transdisciplinary Nature Of Course Offerings In Post-Secondary Sustainability Education Programs, Dennis L. Wilson Jan 2012

Assessing Cognitive Processes, Instructor Strategies, And The Transdisciplinary Nature Of Course Offerings In Post-Secondary Sustainability Education Programs, Dennis L. Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this case study was to describe, assess, and compare the cognitive level of instruction, course objectives, instructional strategies, assessments, and the transdisciplinary nature of two post-secondary degree programs in sustainability. Instructional strategies in these programs included such methods as class presentations, group activities, and interaction with students. The populations for the case studies consisted of instructors and administrators from two undergraduate courses at the Arizona State University School of Sustainability and two graduate courses at Portland State University Institute for Sustainable Solutions. The cognitive levels of instruction were derived from courses selected from the core curriculum ...


Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery Jan 2012

Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As a qualitative study and that employs teacher research methods and activity theory analysis, this dissertation explores the effectiveness of an assignment designed to both teach introductory technical and business communication students how to better write for nonacademic (workplace) audiences and to facilitate skills and knowledge transfer using Wikipedia as a writing medium. In particular, it explores the potential and problems that can arise when contradiction, something that can interfere with an individual's successful completion of a task, is used to promote student learning. In a three-article format, the author presents case studies of one technical communication student and ...


The Role Of Culture In Predicting Students' Achievement: International Perspectives, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Agustina Veny Purnamasari Jan 2012

The Role Of Culture In Predicting Students' Achievement: International Perspectives, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Agustina Veny Purnamasari

Education Publications

We amended the rich PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) data to include culture measures of power distance; uncertainty avoidance; individualism-collectivism; masculinity-femininity; and longand short-term orientation based on country. The added scores of each country on the culture components were obtained from the extensive studies of Hofstede and colleagues (2010). The dependent variables in our study are students’ achievements in the fields of reading, math, and science from various countries taken from PISA data. There are three proposed research questions: Do the various aspects of culture have an effect on students’ achievement internationally? Which of the culture measures explains a ...


Running Ahead: Metrics, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Jonathan I. Compton, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jan 2012

Running Ahead: Metrics, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Jonathan I. Compton, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

The summer vacation trip was about to begin. The mini-van was packed with a map and set of directions ready for the long drive. There was anticipation and excitement as everyone jumped into the vehicle. Less than an hour into the trip the enthusiasm faded, marked by the familiar question..."Are we there yet?"


The New-England Primer, Joanne M. Marshall Jan 2012

The New-England Primer, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

The New-England Primer was one of the first textbooks used in U.S. public schools. It cost two to four pence and was commonly found in colonial households. The first U.S. edition was most likely printed by Benjamin Harris of Boston before 1687, and it was reprinted consistently for the next 150 years. Although its authorship is unknown and its contents occasionally changed across editions, The New-England Primer always contained core elements used to teach literacy and Christian morals, explicitly embedding Protestant Christianity in the curriculum. The earliest existing version in print is the 1727 edition; others have been ...


Towards Effective Integration And Positive Impact Of Automated Writing Evaluation In L2 Writing, Elena Cotos Jan 2012

Towards Effective Integration And Positive Impact Of Automated Writing Evaluation In L2 Writing, Elena Cotos

English Publications

The increasing dominance of English has elevated the need to develop an ability to effectively communicate in writing, and this has put a strain on second language education programs worldwide. Faced with time-consuming and copious commenting on student drafts and inspired by the promise of computerized writing assessment, many "educational technology enthusiasts are looking to A WE [automated writing evaluation] as a silver bullet for language and literacy development" (Warschauer & Ware, 2006, p. 175). This chapter reviews what AWE offers for learners and teachers and raises a number of controversies regarding A WE effectiveness with the underlying message that clear ...


Written English Into Spoken: A Functional Discourse Analysis Of American, Indian, And Chinese Ta Presentations, John Levis, Greta M. Levis, Tammy Slater Jan 2012

Written English Into Spoken: A Functional Discourse Analysis Of American, Indian, And Chinese Ta Presentations, John Levis, Greta M. Levis, Tammy Slater

English Publications

International teaching assistants (ITAs) often receive specialized training because their spoken English is not easily comprehensible. Lack of comprehensibility may be influenced by grammatical issues (Tyler, 1994), incorrect or inadequate discourse structure (Tyler, 1992; Williams, 1992), or aspects of their pronunciation, such as unclear sentence focus (Hahn, 2004) or intonation (Pickering, 2001; Wennerstrom, 1998). Problems with comprehensibility may be compounded by ITAs having learned English through formal, written models. However, we do not know how ITAs change written text into an oral lecture, nor how their strategies differ from those of native teaching assistants (NTAs) doing the same task. This ...


Alternative Models Of Self-Regulation And Implications For L2 Strategy Research, Jim Ranalli Jan 2012

Alternative Models Of Self-Regulation And Implications For L2 Strategy Research, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

In this paper I discuss the proposal of Dörnyei and colleagues (Dörnyei, 2005; Tseng, Dörnyei, & Schmitt, 2006) to replace the construct of learning strategy with that of self-regulation and thus shift the research focus from specific strategic behaviors to a trait that is seen to underlie them. I argue that before doing so, we need a fuller understanding of what self-regulation entails and how it might intersect with traditional concerns of second language strategy research. To contribute to this understanding, I highlight alternative conceptualizations of self-regulation and then use data from my doctoral research to illustrate one in particular, the ...


Agricultural Education Early Field Experience Through The Lens Of The Efe Model, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2012

Agricultural Education Early Field Experience Through The Lens Of The Efe Model, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this national study was to describe agricultural teacher education early field experience (EFE) practices using the EFE model. The population for this study was all agricultural education teacher preparation programs (N = 83) listed in the AAAE Directory of University Faculty in Agricultural Education. Data were collected via an online survey sent to a single point of contact (i.e., the agricultural teacher education coordinator) at each institution. For this study, EFE was defined as all field experiences that occur prior to student teaching; the experiences could be offered within or outside of the agricultural education curriculum. Programs ...


Undergraduate Involvement In Extracurricular Activities And Leadership Development In College Of Agriculture And Life Sciences Students, Elizabeth Ann Foreman, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2012

Undergraduate Involvement In Extracurricular Activities And Leadership Development In College Of Agriculture And Life Sciences Students, Elizabeth Ann Foreman, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this study was to identify and describe experiences of undergraduate extracurricular involvement that result in increased leadership development. Senior students in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University completed an online questionnaire about their extracurricular experiences. Leadership development was conceptualized using the social change model. The Socially Responsible Leadership Scale (SRLS–R2) group scale was used to access leadership group values, and the Omnibus SRLS–R2 was used to measure the overall leadership construct. Ninety–six percent of respondents indicated they were involved in an extracurricular activity, including 21% in the Greek system ...


Mentoring Perceptions And Experiences Of Minority Students Participating In Summer Research Opportunity Programs, Marcus Glenn, Levon T. Esters, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2012

Mentoring Perceptions And Experiences Of Minority Students Participating In Summer Research Opportunity Programs, Marcus Glenn, Levon T. Esters, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Literature has documented the underrepresentation of minority students in higher education and the importance of mentoring programs in retaining these students in the academy. This study examines the perceptions of mentoring and actual mentoring experiences of minority students participating in two Summer Research Opportunity Programs (SROPs) at Iowa State University. Seven mentoring functions (Clarity of Project, Challenging Assignment, Training, Contact, Assistance, Feedback and Role Modeling) were identified through the literature as being important in the mentoring relationship. Findings indicated that the students’ mentoring experience was better than expected, but students also noted that mentors should devote more attention to the ...


Training Development For Pavement Preservation: Chip Sealing And Fog Sealing, Angel Daniel Morandeira Jan 2012

Training Development For Pavement Preservation: Chip Sealing And Fog Sealing, Angel Daniel Morandeira

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The benefits of pavement preservation are only achieved if properly selected, designed, and applied. In some cases there is a lack of training when conducting one of these steps and the objective of applying pavement preservation techniques gets hampered. Literature on pavement preservation is extensive, but from a training point of view there is no structured approach on how to train people for selecting, designing, and applying pavement preservation techniques.

The objective of the research is to develop a training learning management system that addresses pavement preservation treatments (chip seals, fog seals, slurry systems, and crack seals and fills) as ...


A Competency Model For Culinology® Graduates: Evaluation Of The Research Chefs Association's Bachelor Of Science In Culinology® Core Competencies, Michael S. Cheng Jan 2012

A Competency Model For Culinology® Graduates: Evaluation Of The Research Chefs Association's Bachelor Of Science In Culinology® Core Competencies, Michael S. Cheng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Culinology® is the blending of culinary arts and food technology (RCA, 2012). As of 2012, there are 13 RCA-approved Culinology® degree programs, but there has been no research conducted on the effectiveness of the Culinology® competencies in preparing graduates for employment in the food product development industry. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the RCA's Bachelor of Science in Culinology® core competencies prepared graduates for successful employment in the food product development industry.

A sequential explanatory design was used for this research. In the first stage, a survey was used to measure the graduates' and employers ...


Embracing Civility, Community, And Citizenship: A Qualitative Study Of Multimodal College Composition Classrooms, Sarah Zoe Pike Jan 2012

Embracing Civility, Community, And Citizenship: A Qualitative Study Of Multimodal College Composition Classrooms, Sarah Zoe Pike

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis will examine ways of teaching college composition through a lens where civility, citizenship, and community are the focus of the composition classroom. By drawing from critical composition pedagogy scholars and rich examples of civil/civic dialogue from the media, I will construct a series of actionable strategies to foster civil dialogue in the multimodal college composition classroom. Using scholarship in the field of rhetoric and composition, this classroom-based research project will seek to answer questions such as: "How can a first-year college composition class teach civil dialogue and promote understanding in a society where the loudest, shrillest voices ...


When Native And Nonnative English Learners Are Placed In One Class: College Students' Preferences For Writing Feedback From Teachers And Peers In Cross-Cultural Settings, Manman Qian Jan 2012

When Native And Nonnative English Learners Are Placed In One Class: College Students' Preferences For Writing Feedback From Teachers And Peers In Cross-Cultural Settings, Manman Qian

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study attempted to look at college students' attitudes towards teacher and peer feedback on their English papers in culturally-mixed classes which were composed of half American students and half ESL (English as Second Language) students. Data were collected from sixty-nine students at a university in the U.S.. Students' survey and interview responses reflected and explained their perceptions of effective teacher feedback, self-evaluations of learner progress, grammar error corrections/corrective feedback (CF), and peer feedback. The helpfulness of native and nonnative English peer responders was compared. Results suggested a general belief held by native ad nonnative English students that ...


Student Professional Development: Competency-Based Learning And Assessment In An Undergraduate Industrial Technology Course, Jacqulyn Baughman Jan 2012

Student Professional Development: Competency-Based Learning And Assessment In An Undergraduate Industrial Technology Course, Jacqulyn Baughman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student professional development attempts to address the gap between academic experiences and employer expectations. This study examined student professional development utilizing competency-based development and assessment within an academic environment. An undergraduate course in lean/cellular manufacturing at Iowa State University served as the site for this mixed methods study. Degree program outcomes linked to workplace competencies were the foundation for implementation of a 360-degree assessment process. A pre-course survey showed that students had no prior experience with the 360-degree process. The workplace competencies' key action items were assessed during the semester using pre- and post-assessment formats. Analysis utilized paired t-testing ...


Malaysian Polytechnic Lecturers' Teaching Practices With Ict Utilization To Promote Higher-Order Thinking Skills, Siti Noridah Ali Jan 2012

Malaysian Polytechnic Lecturers' Teaching Practices With Ict Utilization To Promote Higher-Order Thinking Skills, Siti Noridah Ali

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been having a significant impact in the field of education, and as a result drawing considerable attention. The advent of the digital and information age has made the development of critical and creative thinking, and higher-order thinking skills (HOTs) vital to future success. Thus, experiences that expose students at higher levels of Bloom's Taxonomy in constructivist-based learning environments are becoming an increasing practice. Take for example a country like Malaysia where ICT is becoming more and more pervasive in today's polytechnic institutions; however, very little is understood of polytechnic ...


Schoolgirls In Cyberspace: A Cross-Case Analysis Of The Literacy Practices Of Three Fifth-Grade Girls In A Social Network Site, Denise Lorraine Lindstrom Jan 2012

Schoolgirls In Cyberspace: A Cross-Case Analysis Of The Literacy Practices Of Three Fifth-Grade Girls In A Social Network Site, Denise Lorraine Lindstrom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an exploratory study of the literacy practices of three fifth-grade girls as they used a social network site (SNS) for school related purposes. SNSs are widely used by adolescents, and because communication in these sites is accomplished mainly through writing, it is important to improve our understanding of what this kind of writing might mean for school-based writing instruction. Best practices in adolescent literacy instruction suggest that teachers need to build on the literacy practices adolescents develop in their homes, communities and peer networks to improve their motivation to engage with school-based writing. However, many educators tend ...


Review Of Nature Of Science In General Chemistry Textbooks, Thomas Holme Jan 2012

Review Of Nature Of Science In General Chemistry Textbooks, Thomas Holme

Chemistry Publications

This title is an example of a new series of works called “SpringerBriefs” that have been published as eBooks by Springer. This particular eBook is from SpringerBriefs in Education, a series with nine titles currently listed. The essential concept of the overall series (which has 47 content areas, including “molecular science”) is to provide a venue that lies between new research published in an archival journal and large-scale literature reviews. In chemistry education, there really is no journal dedicated to reviews, so this series may serve an important role. The article “Nature of Science in General Chemistry Textbooks” fits this ...


Classroom Response Systems Have Not “Crossed The Chasm”: Estimating Numbers Of Chemistry Faculty Who Use Clickers, Mary E. Emenike, Thomas Holme Jan 2012

Classroom Response Systems Have Not “Crossed The Chasm”: Estimating Numbers Of Chemistry Faculty Who Use Clickers, Mary E. Emenike, Thomas Holme

Chemistry Publications

Results of a national survey of faculty usage of assessment tools are presented and framed within the concept of the technology adoption life cycle. Specifically, the use of classroom response systems as reported by survey participants suggests that the adoption of this technique in chemistry is still at the “early adopters” stage, or perhaps is just beginning to cross into the “early majority” category. This transition is viewed within this model as a chasm to be crossed, and data from this work suggest that transition is not yet fully achieved.