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## Full-Text Articles in Education

Hilbert-Samuel And Hilbert-Kunz Functions Of Zero-Dimensional Ideals, Lori A. Mcdonnell

#### Hilbert-Samuel And Hilbert-Kunz Functions Of Zero-Dimensional Ideals, Lori A. Mcdonnell

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

The Hilbert-Samuel function measures the length of powers of a zero-dimensional ideal in a local ring. Samuel showed that over a local ring these lengths agree with a polynomial, called the Hilbert-Samuel polynomial, for sufficiently large powers of the ideal. We examine the coefficients of this polynomial in the case the ideal is generated by a system of parameters, focusing much of our attention on the second Hilbert coefficient. We also consider the Hilbert-Kunz function, which measures the length of Frobenius powers of an ideal in a ring of positive characteristic. In particular, we examine a conjecture of Watanabe and ...

Homology Of Artinian Modules Over Commutative Noetherian Rings, Micah J. Leamer

#### Homology Of Artinian Modules Over Commutative Noetherian Rings, Micah J. Leamer

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

This work is primarily concerned with the study of artinian modules over commutative noetherian rings.

We start by showing that many of the properties of noetherian modules that make homological methods work seamlessly have analogous properties for artinian modules. We prove many of these properties using Matlis duality and a recent characterization of Matlis reflexive modules. Since Matlis reflexive modules are extensions of noetherian and artinian modules many of the properties that hold for artinian and noetherian modules naturally follow for Matlis reflexive modules and more generally for mini-max modules.

In the last chapter we prove that if the Betti ...

Groups And Semigroups Generated By Automata, David Mccune

#### Groups And Semigroups Generated By Automata, David Mccune

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

In this dissertation we classify the metabelian groups arising from a restricted class of invertible synchronous automata over a binary alphabet. We give faithful, self-similar actions of Heisenberg groups and upper triangular matrix groups. We introduce a new class of semigroups given by a restricted class of asynchronous automata. We call these semigroups ``expanding automaton semigroups''. We show that this class strictly contains the class of automaton semigroups, and we show that the class of asynchronous automaton semigroups strictly contains the class of expanding automaton semigroups. We demonstrate that undecidability arises in the actions of expanding automaton semigroups and semigroups ...

Annihilators Of Local Cohomology Modules, Laura Lynch

#### Annihilators Of Local Cohomology Modules, Laura Lynch

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

In many important theorems in the homological theory of commutative local rings, an essential ingredient in the proof is to consider the annihilators of local cohomology modules. We examine these annihilators at various cohomological degrees, in particular at the cohomological dimension and at the height or the grade of the defining ideal. We also investigate the dimension of these annihilators at various degrees and we refine our results by specializing to particular types of rings, for example, Cohen Macaulay rings, unique factorization domains, and rings of small dimension.

Adviser: Thomas Marley

Formalizing Categorical And Algebraic Constructions In Operator Theory, William Benjamin Grilliette

#### Formalizing Categorical And Algebraic Constructions In Operator Theory, William Benjamin Grilliette

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

In this work, I offer an alternative presentation theory for C*-algebras with applicability to various other normed structures. Specifically, the set of generators is equipped with a nonnegative-valued function which ensures existence of a C*-algebra for the presentation. This modification allows clear definitions of a "relation" for generators of a C*-algebra and utilization of classical algebraic tools, such as Tietze transformations.

On The Betti Number Of Differential Modules, Justin Devries

#### On The Betti Number Of Differential Modules, Justin Devries

*Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research Papers in Mathematics*

Let *R = k[x _{1}, ..., x_{n}]* with

*k*a field. A multi-graded differential

*R*-module is a multi-graded

*R*-module

*D*with an endomorphism

*d*such that

*d*= 0. This dissertation establishes a lower bound on the rank of such a differential module when the underlying

^{2}*R*-module is free. We define the Betti number of a differential module and use it to show that when the homology ker

*d*/im

*d*of

*D*is non-zero and finite dimensional over

*k*then there is an inequality rank

*≥ 2*

_{R}D^{n}. This relates to a problem of Buchsbaum ...