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2008

Elementary Education and Teaching

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Full-Text Articles in Education

After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack Dec 2008

After-School Programs And Reading Achievement, Jamie M. Mack

All Graduate Projects

The relationship between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels was studied. Seventy-three fifth-grade students were pre- and posttested using the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test to determine reading levels. Thirty-six of the 73 students participated in an on-going 21" Century Academic After-School Program. The other 37 did not. The results showed that there was no statistical difference between participating in an after-school program and accelerating reading levels. The study also broke down the data by gender. These results showed that there was no statistical difference between males who participated and males who did not; however, there was a significant ...


Exploring Patterns In Teachers’ Conceptions Of Citizenship And Political Participation: A Survey Of Secondary School Teachers In Karachi, Pakistan, Karim Panah Dec 2008

Exploring Patterns In Teachers’ Conceptions Of Citizenship And Political Participation: A Survey Of Secondary School Teachers In Karachi, Pakistan, Karim Panah

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

This paper examines patterns in teachers’ understanding of conceptual and practical aspects of citizenship by analyzing survey data obtained from 320 teachers of public and private sector secondary schools in Karachi, Pakistan. The survey was conducted using a five-point-Likert scale ranging from ‘strongly disagree through ‘neutral’ to ‘strongly-agree’ and openended questions on citizen participation in politics. The survey questionnaire included 28 items that reflected various aspects of citizen rights and responsibilities. Principal Component Analysis (PCA)) showed several patterns in teacher’s conceptions of citizenship with reference to democratization. The analysis demonstrates that teachers’ conception of citizenship is shaped by confusions ...


Making The Grade: Authentic Assessment Through Music Portfolios, Kendra June S. Aylor Nov 2008

Making The Grade: Authentic Assessment Through Music Portfolios, Kendra June S. Aylor

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Research shows assessment is an important part of education. However, information on assessment in music is often limited to secondary education leaving elementary music teachers to devise their own systems of evaluation students. This teacher research addresses elementary music assessment by examining the implementation of student portfolios as a way to manage the data that is created in the music classroom. The portfolios were compiled using fourth grade student work which was divided into section that mirror the MENC National Standards. This research shows that student portfolios provide tangible evidence of student understanding to be shared with teachers, parents, and ...


Relationship Among Essential Leadership Preparation Practices And Leader, School, And Student Outcomes In K-8 Schools, Donna Braun, Robert K. Gable, Stacey L. Kite Oct 2008

Relationship Among Essential Leadership Preparation Practices And Leader, School, And Student Outcomes In K-8 Schools, Donna Braun, Robert K. Gable, Stacey L. Kite

K-12 Education

A questionnaire was administered to school principals (N=88). The questionnaire data, along with student data, were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression to investigate the relationships among leadership preparation practices, self rated leader behavior, the school learning environment, and student achievement. After controlling for demographic variables, the amount of variance explained was incremented a statistically significant degree between: preparation practices and leader behaviors ( R2 = 5%); preparation practices and student achievement ( R2 = 5%); preparation practices and leaders’ instructional knowledge ( R2 = 6%); and leaders’ instructional knowledge and instructional practices in schools ( R2 = 5%).


Relationship Among Essential Leadership Preparation Practices And Leader, School, And Student Outcomes In K-8 Schools, Donna Braun, Robert K. Gable, Stacey L. Kite Oct 2008

Relationship Among Essential Leadership Preparation Practices And Leader, School, And Student Outcomes In K-8 Schools, Donna Braun, Robert K. Gable, Stacey L. Kite

Teacher Education

A questionnaire was administered to school principals (N=88). The questionnaire data, along with student data, were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression to investigate the relationships among leadership preparation practices, self rated leader behavior, the school learning environment, and student achievement. After controlling for demographic variables, the amount of variance explained was incremented a statistically significant degree between: preparation practices and leader behaviors (R2 = 5%); preparation practices and student achievement (R2 = 5%); preparation practices and leaders’ instructional knowledge (R2 = 6%); and leaders’ instructional knowledge and instructional practices in schools (R2 = 5%).


E-Learning Pedagogy In The Primary School Classroom: The Mcdonaldization Of Education, Matthew Etherington Oct 2008

E-Learning Pedagogy In The Primary School Classroom: The Mcdonaldization Of Education, Matthew Etherington

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

This paper begins as an initial rejoinder to the ideas expressed by Ross (2000) in The Promise and Perils of E-Learning: A critical look at the new technology. In his article, Ross supports the traditional practices of pedagogy at the primary school level—face-to-face pedagogy— and then critiques what he describes as a ‘fetishisation’ of technological pedagogy—a fetishisation seen in the increase of E-learning pedagogy at the primary school level. The ideas expressed in this article gain their structure and momentum from Ross’s (2000) arguments against E-learning and extends a more cautious approach to the widespread belief in ...


Using Poetry To Improve Fluency And Comprehension In Third-Grade Students, Karen E. Newsome Oct 2008

Using Poetry To Improve Fluency And Comprehension In Third-Grade Students, Karen E. Newsome

Georgia Educational Researcher

This study examined the effects of repeated choral reading of poetry on fluency and comprehension of third-grade students (N = 76) in the southeastern United States. Student attitudes toward poetry were also measured. Students served in regular, remedial, and special education were taught reading using the school’s basal series for four weeks. Choral repeated reading of poetry was then added to the curriculum. The DIBELS ORF test, STAR reading assessment, and an attitude survey were used to assess student performance. Statistically significant gains were made during the poetry intervention in fluency (M = 18.78, p < .01) and comprehension (M = 0.33, p < .05). Slight improvements in students’ attitudes toward poetry were also observed.


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin Aug 2008

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An essential component of mathematics in everyday life is the ability to problem solve. Students need to be able to master problem-solving skills and one way to achieve this goal is through peer-assisted learning or peer tutoring. Historically, studies have concluded that peer tutoring increased academic achievement and motivation in tutors and students being tutored. Research suggests that peer tutoring has shown significant gains in the use of mathematical language and self-confidence. Motivation was an additional benefit of using a peer assisted model for learning to promote student progress in the mathematics classroom. The focus of this thesis project is ...


What Strategies And Activities Help Sixth-Grade Students Acquire Vocabulary?, Janette Canales Aug 2008

What Strategies And Activities Help Sixth-Grade Students Acquire Vocabulary?, Janette Canales

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Vocabulary - a list, a collection, the words of a language which lead to reading and word comprehension. These components are intrinsically, irrevocably linked as the building blocks of communication in any language and are the keys to understanding and learning. Students who lack fluency in language and strategies to acquire the necessary vocabulary struggle in all content areas. This thesis project examines the relationship between contextual reading strategies, multiple intelligence theories, and the partnership of these to improve word acquisition and reading comprehension in a sixth grade classroom. The literature review section highlights the role of the teacher, student assessment ...


An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein Aug 2008

An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In recent years, surveys conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note an alarming trend in both American adults and children. The number of overweight and obese people in the United States has increased drastically. Since children spend a majority of their time in school, it can be argued that educational efforts to improve understanding of this issue and promote healthier choices should be implemented. This thesis project studied the effects of a morning exercise program for overweight and obese children and its impact on their academic ability and motivation. The literature ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon Aug 2008

A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses math anxiety from both the student’s and the educator’s perspective. It explores topics on math anxiety that include racial and gender differences, evaluating pre-service teachers, and the potential causes and solutions for this all too common challenge. The study was conducted via questionnaire with ten teachers ranging from elementary grade through high school. The teachers responded to a 12 question survey that covered their own potential math anxiety, the anxiety, if any, observed in their classrooms, and questions that asked about teaching strategies they have employed to correct or avoid math anxiety in their ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonemic Awareness Instruction On Struggling Readers, Jamie Elizabeth Powers Aug 2008

The Effectiveness Of Phonemic Awareness Instruction On Struggling Readers, Jamie Elizabeth Powers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Phonemic awareness, defined as understanding phonemes, a linguistic set of units considered the basics of speech sound by which words are represented, is an important skill set to acquire in the elementary grades. The relationship between phonemic awareness, or the more commonly, phonological awareness, and reading ability has been studied for many years. Children with strong phonological awareness can detect, match, blend, segment and manipulate speech sounds, which aids in their predictive ability and leads to successful reading. This research project explores the effect of small group instruction on struggling readers at the second grade level, with specific focus on ...


How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks Aug 2008

How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging that reading deficits can cause challenges with all core subjects, this thesis project stresses the importance of additional helps for the struggling reader. Guided reading is an instructional strategy utilized by teachers to increase the reading competencies of students performing below grade level. The research focuses specifically on how effective guided reading groups are for accelerating and improving the reading abilities of sixth grade students. Literature review, as it bears on this study, distills three main topics of import: literacy programs, reading interventions, and specific strategy instruction.

The research study was conducted in a small, rural school district throughout ...


Music's Effect On Performance During Writers' Workshop, Caitlin E. Philpott Aug 2008

Music's Effect On Performance During Writers' Workshop, Caitlin E. Philpott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research attempted to.answer the question, how does music affect the time on task and the number of words/sentences written during writers' workshop. The researcher collected data from a first grade class in an urban school. The researcher used classical music from various artists during writers' workshop. Organized charts and surveys were used to collect the data. The data was analyzed to determine if their was an increase in students' progress.


How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth Aug 2008

How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act, annual standardized testing has become a reality for today’s elementary students and growing numbers of students report test anxiety as a concern. This thesis project examines sample strategies that classroom teachers can use to support students who experience test anxiety. The study gathered data from a select group of fifth grade teachers from a small rural school in Western New York through surveys, discussions, and one-on-one interviews. The literature section explores the history of test anxiety and its effects on test performance. Study skills, emotional capacity, possible interventions, such ...


Elementary Foreign Language Instruction: Teacher And Student Perspectives, Sara M. Dierks Aug 2008

Elementary Foreign Language Instruction: Teacher And Student Perspectives, Sara M. Dierks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The United States acknowledges that its monolingual population is problematic but fails to take action to support foreign language education in its schools through policy and funding. Given the culturally diverse communities that populate our nation as well as the globalization of our economy, an increased need for foreign language instruction is apparent. A majority of school districts have historically focused foreign language instruction in the middle to high school years. This research project examines student and instructor perceptions and attitudes towards learning Spanish in the elementary grade levels. It formulates questions and offers observations on the importance and benefit ...


What Are Students' And Teachers' Perspectives Of Differentiated Instruction In A Fourth Grade Inclusive Classroom?, Kellilyn E. Casey Jul 2008

What Are Students' And Teachers' Perspectives Of Differentiated Instruction In A Fourth Grade Inclusive Classroom?, Kellilyn E. Casey

Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative teacher research study investigated the question: what are students' and teachers' perspectives of differentiated instruction in a fourth grade inclusive classroom? Data was collected in the forms of open-ended student interviews, open-ended teacher interviews, and through frequent entries in a teacher research journal. The study concluded that student opinions varied on an individual basis, but that most students liked it when their teachers used differentiated practices and would like it if they used even more. It also found that teachers held a high opinion of differentiated instruction and used it frequently as a means to meet the requirements ...


Traders And Raiders : A Learning Journey Through Time [3rd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Traders And Raiders : A Learning Journey Through Time [3rd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

No abstract provided.


Aztec, Inca, And Maya [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Aztec, Inca, And Maya [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… -geographical factors influence civilizations through environment, economy, growth, and communication. - -civilizations have a rise and fall -understand civilization as a system.


China (Civilizations) [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

China (Civilizations) [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… • The Ancient Chinese Civilization left a legacy.


What Is A "Good" Reader? - Part 2: Word Patterns [1st Grade], Elizabeth Cambray Jul 2008

What Is A "Good" Reader? - Part 2: Word Patterns [1st Grade], Elizabeth Cambray

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

In this unit, the students will learn to identify word patterns in texts and understand that word patterns can help them recognize, decode, and comprehend unknown words in an unfamiliar text. In order to reach these goals, the students will complete various word pattern activities, read and explore a variety of poetry, and then participate in a Poetry Slam.


Forces And Motion [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Forces And Motion [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… • All machines are forms or combinations of six simple machines (inclined plane, lever, pulley, screw, wedge, wheel and axle). • Simple machines are tools that make work easier and have greatly affected how we live today.


Inherited Traits Versus Learned Behaviors [4th Grade], Kathryn Morrow Jul 2008

Inherited Traits Versus Learned Behaviors [4th Grade], Kathryn Morrow

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

In this unit, students will learn the about innate and learned characteristics in animals and humans through a series of teacher- and student-led discussions, readings, reflections, learning activities, and demonstrations. They will learn that most animal behavior is directly related to survival needs, and that the environment influences what an animal learns. Students will consider how and why behaviors are learned and determine what kinds of animals are capable of learning. They will debate how we know whether a trait is inherited or learned, and they will learn that the fields of genetics and behavioral science still hold many mysteries ...


Natural World [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Natural World [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… • forces change land • the same force can be both destructive and constructive • you can learn the history of the earth by reading things like tree rings and sedimentary layers.


Greece (Civilizations) [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Greece (Civilizations) [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… • Civilizations’ governments, religion, geography, and theatre affect their development. • The Greek Civilization left a legacy.


Tell Me A Story! Tales From Africa & Other Cultures [4th Grade], Carrie Susong Jul 2008

Tell Me A Story! Tales From Africa & Other Cultures [4th Grade], Carrie Susong

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

No abstract provided.


Economics [3rd Grade], Jennifer Mahler Jul 2008

Economics [3rd Grade], Jennifer Mahler

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

No abstract provided.


Water Cycle [2nd Grade], Anna Bley Jul 2008

Water Cycle [2nd Grade], Anna Bley

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

This unit will help students to discover how the water cycle works and the implications it has on our planet and in our lives. They will conduct a series of experiments and activities to investigate the physical explanations behind each of the processes that make up the water cycle including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collection. They will use their knowledge of the scientific method to plan, predict, conduct, and analyze these investigations to examine how water changes physical state to be recycled on Earth. Additionally, they will relate their knowledge of the properties of physical matter to identify how water ...


Earth And Moon [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Earth And Moon [5th Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… -there are similarities and differences in physical characteristics between the earth and moon -force of gravity keeps planets and moon in orbit -difference between revolution and rotation - the sun has specific features -moon phases.


Animals [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.) Jul 2008

Animals [2nd Grade], Trinity University, Canyon Ridge Elementary School (San Antonio, Tex.)

Understanding by Design: Complete Collection

Students will understand that… • All living things are producers or consumers. • Animals have different external characteristics (structures) that allow their basic needs to be met. • All animals depend upon each other and their environment to survive. o Animals are either carnivore, herbivore, omniivore o Know temperature and rainfall of desert, oceans, woodlands, plains or prairie, rain forest • Animals develop and change over time in different ways such as in: color, size, mass, creating sounds, and movement. • Animals usually grow in a predictable way and usually grow to look like their parents. Possible misunderstandings or confusions: • The arrows in a food ...