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2007

Elementary Education and Teaching

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub Dec 2007

Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Stress in the lives of urban students, caused by multiple factors, specifically from violence and bullying, can affect their ability to do well both academically and socially. Student observation notes that the majority of students lack the coping mechanisms needed to deal with this stress in healthy and productive ways. This thesis project examines some of the causes of urban childhood stress and how educators can help their students reduce that stress and develop appropriate coping strategies for dealing with situations students may encounter daily at school. As part of this action research project, the use of daily morning meetings ...


How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler Dec 2007

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the information students are required to learn in school consists of isolated facts and discrete bits of specific information and involves a process that incorporates both comprehension and memorization. Students need to learn strategies that work within their style of learning, and then apply them, to create and reinforce the links to acquired information. The concept of mnemonic devices as an aid in learning and recalling information is the focus of this research project, not as a teaching strategy but as an enhancement for students to create long-term memory associations. Mnemonic devices include rhyming, key words, peg words ...


Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore Dec 2007

Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored how co-planning, shared workspace, and grade equivalent content knowledge impacted a co-teaching team (one special education teacher and one regular education teacher in the same room) working in the consultant teacher model (a special education teacher working in a classroom containing both regular and special education students). Participants for the study consisted of seven regular education teachers and three consultant (special education) teachers from a suburban, middle class, elementary school consisting of approximately four hundred students K-5. Data for the research study was collected over a period of seven weeks through pre-study questionnaires, journal entries, field notes ...


Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips Dec 2007

Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding and mastering mathematics is necessary for students to graduate from high school, pursue higher education, and is also critical in securing and retaining employment in the field of their choice. Driven by personal experience, difficulty with material, past performance, teacher behaviors and expectations, and language barriers, among several other noted causes, math anxiety affects more and more students each year. This thesis project examines current research and interventions in order to lessen or remove math anxiety, support academic success, and rebuild student confidence in an effort to assist learners in achieving mastery in mathematics. The study group was comprised ...


Leadership-Influenced Practices That Impact Classroom Instruction Related To Writing: A Case Study Of A Successful Elementary School, Barb Johnson Dec 2007

Leadership-Influenced Practices That Impact Classroom Instruction Related To Writing: A Case Study Of A Successful Elementary School, Barb Johnson

Dissertations

This research studied the practices of educators at an ethnically diverse suburban elementary school which had demonstrated success in the area of student writing, even among at-risk students. The overall research goal was to examine to what extent and how leadership-related practices impacted classroom instruction in a manner that helped produce successful writing scores. A case study approach was used to explore four key leadership-related practices (supervision, curriculum, professional development, and knowledgeable leaders) and their impact on classroom literacy-based instructional strategies.

The study participants included two leaders and fourteen teachers from a single elementary school located in a metropolitan Michigan ...


Resilient Teachers: A Qualitative Study Of Six Thriving Educators In Urban Elementary Schools, Paul Giroux Dec 2007

Resilient Teachers: A Qualitative Study Of Six Thriving Educators In Urban Elementary Schools, Paul Giroux

Dissertations

This qualitative research study used elements of phenomenological and narrative research methodology to explore the common characteristics and experiences of a sample of resilient elementary teachers working in urban schools. The six research subjects in this study’s sample each had at least eight years of teaching experience, and each participated in a cycle of three in-depth interviews designed to determine their degree of resilience and to develop a portrait of their personal and professional characteristics, experiences, attitudes and beliefs. Once the data collection phase was complete, data was coded and then analyzed to identify which of the characteristics and ...


Michigan Elementary School Facility Quality And Its Impact On Student Achievement, Brett A. Geier Dec 2007

Michigan Elementary School Facility Quality And Its Impact On Student Achievement, Brett A. Geier

Dissertations

Studies on school facility quality and its impact on student achievement have been conducted throughout the nation with varying results. Some studies conclude a significant relationship exists between facility condition and student achievement, while others refute this potential phenomenon. Much of the research concludes that not enough analyses have been conducted to make appropriate generalizations. This research study focused on the condition ofelementary schools in Michigan and utilized the Michigan Educational Assessment Program (M.E.A.P.) examinations in reading and mathematics at the third, fourth and fifth grade levels as the dependent variable to assess the relationship between building ...


The La Aurora: New Beginnings Project Final Evaluation Summary, Steven Rogg Oct 2007

The La Aurora: New Beginnings Project Final Evaluation Summary, Steven Rogg

Steven R Rogg

Citation: Rogg, S. (November, 2007). The La Aurora: New Beginnings Project – Final Evaluation Summary. U.S. Department of Education. Office of English Language Acquisition. Bilingual Education Professional Development Career Ladder Program (CFDA #84.195E, grant #T195E010024). Submitted to: Aurora University, Aurora, Illinois.

Background: A discretionary grant of $1.1M from the U.S. Department of Education Office of Language Acquisition was awarded to Aurora University to execute a five-year Career Ladder Program with a start date of 1-September, 2001 and completion date of 31-August, 2006.1 The stated intent of the Career Ladder Program is summarized here: “The program provided ...


Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush Sep 2007

Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research shows the effectiveness of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) at identifying students in need of reading intervention compared to two other reading assessments, the Observation survey (OS) and Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA). The percent of time DIBELS agreed or disagreed with OS or DRA was used to determine the effectiveness. DIBELS was found to agree with the OS and DRA for the majority of the data. This shows that the school does not need to waste time and money on an assessment that is not needed. There were a few participants in which DIBELS determined ...


How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher Aug 2007

How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research project was to examine how students comprehend reading best. There are advocates for both reading aloud and reading silently, therefore this project was purposeful to find out which seems to be the most effective for comprehension alone. The objective of this project was to determine if reading silently or reading aloud is more beneficial in terms of aiding comprehension. Comprehension is a vital component to reading. It is the underlying goal in all areas of reading development. This study helped to determine how comprehension is gained more effectively. My goal for my research was to ...


The Design And Implementation Of An International Day Project To Foster Cultural Awareness And A Global Perspective In Tukwila Elementary School, Zakariya Salim Palsha Aug 2007

The Design And Implementation Of An International Day Project To Foster Cultural Awareness And A Global Perspective In Tukwila Elementary School, Zakariya Salim Palsha

All Graduate Projects

The primary purpose of this project was to successfully design and implement cultural awareness and a global perspective at Tukwila Elementary School utilizing an International Day project, as there are a large number of ethnic groups and various cultures represented in the school. This provided students and parents from different cultures with an avenue to celebrate their own cultural heritage while simultaneously they learned about and celebrated the diverse cultures of the entire school community. The project had five components, which included: 1) a flag ceremony that included forty-nine different flags; 2) cultural dances (performed by students, parents, and community ...


Program, Classroom, And Teacher Characteristics: Their Associations, Mihyang Ryu Aug 2007

Program, Classroom, And Teacher Characteristics: Their Associations, Mihyang Ryu

Doctoral Dissertations

With data from the NCEDL Multi-State Pre-Kindergarten Study, the relationship between the characteristics of program, classroom, and teachers and classroom quality was examined in this study. Classroom quality was measured by the Classroom Assessment Scoring System and the Emerging Academics Snapshot. The sample consisted of 227 pre-k teachers in state-funded programs from six states. The percentage of children from low-income families in the classroom and the number of children with limited English proficiency (the only two predictive variables that described children’s characteristics) were found to be statistically significant predictors of classroom process quality. These findings were discussed with regard ...


What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio Aug 2007

What Is The Relationship Between Strategies Emergent Readers, Gina M. D 'Onofrio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research done in this study is looking at emergent readers' metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. This study was largely influenced by Catherine Compton-Lilly's study, "Sounding out": A pervasive cultural model of reading. This study brought to my attention that emergent readers tend to say that they just sound out words when the word is unknown. However, emergent readers are implementing a variety of strategies when reading. The students involved in the research all received extra reading support outside of their regular classroom. The research was conducted in the small reading groups that took place during their extra reading ...


Homework: A Nightly Ritual Beginning In The Elementary Grades, Ann-Marie N. Skaggs Aug 2007

Homework: A Nightly Ritual Beginning In The Elementary Grades, Ann-Marie N. Skaggs

Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects

Homework has become an accepted staple within education in the United States. However, little is acknowledged regarding the influences homework has on students. The purpose of this extended literature review is to look at the influences of homework on students in the elementary grades. The following research on homework was found through books, peer-reviewed journal articles, government reports, magazine articles, and interviews. Within the research, educational, socioeconomic, and parental factors show the largest influence, both positive and negative toward homework. The author discusses future implications to better improve homework's influence on students in the elementary grades. These implications include ...


Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet Aug 2007

Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to find out if incorporating vocabulary into math improved student comprehension of mathematical concepts. The researcher used several instructional strategies to incorporate vocabulary directly into the math curriculum in an urban school. Data was collected from a focus group as well as the whole class. Observation checklists and math manipulative bags were used to collect data from the focus group. A vocabulary pre and post-test, weekly math quizzes, and a math pre and post-test were used to collect data from the whole group. The results of this research support that the incorporation of math ...


Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton Aug 2007

Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Adolescence, a precarious and challenging time for American youth, is also a time that affects them on a physical, social, cognitive, and emotional level. Expectations connected to and regarding self-image, relationships, and other social and emotional factors combine to effect choices that may lead to risky behaviors and lowered academic success, especially for female adolescents. This research project examines the link between a positive self-image, academic success, and avoidance of risky behavioral trends in pre-adolescent females. Study of the literature regarding self-image and the teen years concludes that the pressures and anxiety of these years can have a detrimental effect ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton Aug 2007

The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Growing expectations surround early elementary skills regarding reading for meaning and writing – namely phonemic awareness and its impact on developing readers and writers. One of the purposes of this thesis project was discovering and understanding the relationship between phonemic awareness and the development of reading skills in early elementary students. In addition, an investigation into the effect of direct instruction in phonological awareness on struggling readers and writers was undertaken. The literature review explores phonemic awareness methods and practices including – whole language, basal, phonics, reading for meaning, small group vs. whole class instruction, and intervention strategies for at-risk students.

A ...


What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer Aug 2007

What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study is an attempt to determine what happens when struggling readers and writers produce and read their own scripted stories. The purpose of the study was to take a successful method of supporting struggling readers; reader's theater, and integrate student created scripts to see if reader's theater could be used to support struggling writers as well. This study was conducted with eight second grade students struggling with both reading and writing. Research took place over three sessions where the reader's theater process was implemented each time. The first session was done in original reader's ...


How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica Aug 2007

How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate students' verbalization of the spelling strategies that they use in comparison to the strategies that they are actually using when spelling an unknown word.

Four first grade students (two male and two female) and their female teacher were the participants in this study. The cognitive awareness of the strategies that they are using was measured using an informal interview given to the students before collection of the data through observation. After observing the students the classroom teacher was also interviewed in order to gain a more broad understanding of the strategies that ...


How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty Aug 2007

How Does Teacher Modeling Of Fluent Reading Strategies Impact Students' Fluency?, Heather Marie Moriarty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover how teacher modeling of fluent reading strategies impacted students' fluency. This research was conducted because in my class in which I am interning I noticed that students were excelling in oral reading when specific strategies were modeled first. I used the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) as well as observational notes to determine whether or not modeling is an effective teaching strategy.

Five third grade students, three males and two females, provided usable data for this study. Students were assessed prior to data collection using the DRA. The DRA was used to determine ...


Parental Involvement With Homework And Third Grade Student Achievement, Staci Lynn Masseth Aug 2007

Parental Involvement With Homework And Third Grade Student Achievement, Staci Lynn Masseth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers have been assigning homework since the first days of organized education. Homework builds responsibility and encourages practice and review of rudimentary and complex concepts and knowledge. As a means to understand and study possible improvements to student achievement, this thesis project explores the correlation between student achievement in mathematics and parental involvement in student homework and education; further the study seeks to identify successful strategies to improve grades, learning motivation and parental involvement. The research was conducted in a suburban district in Western New York State with a group of twenty third-grade students. (This study mostly targeted students who ...


What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin Aug 2007

What Happens When Students Are Taught To Self-Assess Their Written Responses To Literature?, Jennifer Beth Goodwin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine what the effects were of students learning how to self-assess their own writing, specifically their written responses to literature. I determined what the effects were by assessing students' writing prior to and following discussion about self-assessment. The goal of this study was to find out if learning how to self-assess writing affects the quality of the writing.

I conducted my research on two small groups from a suburban elementary school in upstate New York. The participants consisted of three fourth grade students and four sixth grade students. The students were pulled out ...


Improving Reading Fluency: Using Readers' Theatre And The Fluency Development Workshop, Jennifer Marie Cassano Aug 2007

Improving Reading Fluency: Using Readers' Theatre And The Fluency Development Workshop, Jennifer Marie Cassano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading development, more specifically fluency instruction, along with the implications that it has on a student’s future, has always been an important aspect of language acquisition. Until recently, explicit fluency instruction has often been overlooked as classroom reading lessons focus on decoding and reading comprehension. A lack of reading fluency tends to be a predictor of other reading problems that emerge later. This thesis project explores the components and impact of a fluency-based intervention for students at-risk for reading difficulties and those with special needs, utilizing Readers' Theatre scripts and the Fluency Development Workshop, to aid in increased student ...


Children’S Hopes And Fears, Bernadette L. Dean, Shazia Solangi Jul 2007

Children’S Hopes And Fears, Bernadette L. Dean, Shazia Solangi

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


How Do Students' Perceptions Of Their Own Fluent Reading Change After Receiving Direct Fluency Instruction?, Lisa Fay Pickard Jul 2007

How Do Students' Perceptions Of Their Own Fluent Reading Change After Receiving Direct Fluency Instruction?, Lisa Fay Pickard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my research is to see how students' perceptions of their fluency changes before and after direct fluency instruction. 4 male elementary students and 1 female elementary student provided the data for this study. The purpose of this study is to see how students thinking about their fluent reading changes after they participate in Reader's Theater. The researcher had the students read a book and their reading was tape recorded and then the students listened to their reading. They then filled out a self assessment after reading the text. The teacher filled out the same assessment on ...


How To Establish And Maintain Positive Parent-Teacher Relationships, Tracy Cwiakala Jul 2007

How To Establish And Maintain Positive Parent-Teacher Relationships, Tracy Cwiakala

Theses and Dissertations

Studies and literature have shown that when parents and teachers possess a positive relationship, students will be more successful and show an increase in academic achievement. The purposes of this research study were to (a) determine how to establish a positive parent-teacher relationship and (b) ascertain the most effective and ineffective methods, approaches and utilizations for maintaining a positive parent-teacher relationship. Teachers and parents defined what a parent-teacher relationship means to them as well as what roles they play within the relationship. Different obstacles and barriers encountered are discussed in addition to the best ways to approach them in order ...


What Is The Result When Responsive Classroom Techniques Are Used As Both A Classroom Management And Character Education Program Without Implementing The Whole Approach?, Lisa Jewell Jul 2007

What Is The Result When Responsive Classroom Techniques Are Used As Both A Classroom Management And Character Education Program Without Implementing The Whole Approach?, Lisa Jewell

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if six Responsive Classroom techniques can be used as a classroom management system and character education program, without implementing the entire approach. The six approaches used were class meetings, stress the deed not the doer, time-outs, voices of authority, social conferences and logical conferences. The research was conducted in the researcher's co-teach classroom in a suburban elementary school. A researcher's journal, teacher and aide interviews, teacher reflections and student surveys were used to collect data. Results are aligned with the literature on the subjects of character education and classroom management ...


Impact Of Character Education On A Third Grade Inclusion Classroom, Christina M. Barbato Jul 2007

Impact Of Character Education On A Third Grade Inclusion Classroom, Christina M. Barbato

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to implement a character education program with a third grade inclusion classroom at Cooper's Poynt School in Camden, New Jersey. This study was conducted in efforts to improve relationships and interpersonal skills using qualitative action research. Character education is a concept that describes implementing moral conduct in schools in order to encourage positive behaviors. Several benefits to character education programs include reduced negative behaviors, a more positive school environment conducive to learning, and higher academic achievement. This study conducted discusses the impacts of a character education program initiated in a third grade inclusion ...


Student Perceptions Regarding The Use Of Rubrics In Writing Assignments, Lindsay C. O'Neill Jul 2007

Student Perceptions Regarding The Use Of Rubrics In Writing Assignments, Lindsay C. O'Neill

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to explore student perceptions regarding the use of rubrics in writing assignments. This qualitative research study was conducted with 16 students in a first grade classroom. I have conducted 4 mini-lessons on different writing components with the class. As a class we created a scoring rubric that includes important parts of the assignment and a number scale to further weigh the importance. The students were a part of creating the rubric and were given the rubric prior to their writing assignment. During the assignment I observed how the students use their knowledge of the ...


Students As Agents Of Change, Meghan Lynch Jul 2007

Students As Agents Of Change, Meghan Lynch

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine how literacy instruction encouraged students to think of themselves as agents of change. Using a qualitative design, a case study examined the effect literacy instruction had on students' perceptions of themselves as agents of change. The study took place in a fifth grade inclusion classroom of twenty three students. Journal prompts and class discussions were utilized to gather data. The data collected was analyzed and categorized according to student responses. Significant findings pointed that students were willing to think of themselves as agents of change.