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2006

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Articles 4591 - 4620 of 4714

Full-Text Articles in Education

Explaining Socioeconomic Inequalities In Student Achievement : The Role Of Home And School Factors, Gary Marks, John Cresswell, John Ainley Dec 2005

Explaining Socioeconomic Inequalities In Student Achievement : The Role Of Home And School Factors, Gary Marks, John Cresswell, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

This paper examines the extent that material, social, and cultural resources and schools account for the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement among 15-year-olds in 30 countries. Generally, cultural factors play a more important role in most countries although in a small minority of countries, material resources have a substantial impact. Most often, social resources have little impact. In many countries, educational differentiation - that is, school tracks and school types, and curriculum tracking within schools - mediates the relationship between socioeconomic background and student achievement. Countries with highly tracked systems tend to show stronger relationships. On average, over 60 percent ...


Enchanting Readers With Revisionist Fairy Tales, James Carter Dec 2005

Enchanting Readers With Revisionist Fairy Tales, James Carter

James B Carter

"Students examine three examples of revisionist fairy tales in which female characters act in empowered roles rather than behaving helpless and submissive"


Schools As Imagined Communities: The Creation Of Identity, Meaning, And Conflict In Us History, Deirdre Cobb-Roberts, Sherman Dorn, Barbara Shircliffe Dec 2005

Schools As Imagined Communities: The Creation Of Identity, Meaning, And Conflict In Us History, Deirdre Cobb-Roberts, Sherman Dorn, Barbara Shircliffe

Deirdre Cobb-Roberts

No abstract provided.


Joining Up The Episodes Of Lifelong Learning: A Regional Transition Project, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Angela Smallwood, Sandra Kingston, Philip Harley Dec 2005

Joining Up The Episodes Of Lifelong Learning: A Regional Transition Project, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Angela Smallwood, Sandra Kingston, Philip Harley

Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

In this paper, we explore the rationale, process and outcomes of the Regional Interoperability Project on Progression for Lifelong Learning, a project that established a model of cross-sector collaboration in personal development planning technology in the UK. With specific reference to the widening participation agenda, and grounded in the perspective of lifelong learners, the project tested an approach in which discrete nodes of an individual’s learning journey are joined up through technology services. The paper describes the development of conceptual and practical tools to assist transitions between various communities of learning. A set of scenarios was developed, involving study ...


It Works For Us, Collaboratively! : Shared Tips For Effective Collaboration, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe Dec 2005

It Works For Us, Collaboratively! : Shared Tips For Effective Collaboration, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe

Charlie Sweet

"Collaborating is a highly effective skill we develop and use throughout our lives … until we become faculty." Thus the authors begin their journey into yet another in their popular "It Works" series that include: It Works for Me! Shared Tips for Teaching It Works for Me, Too! More Shared Tips for Teaching It Works for Me, Online! Shared Tips for Online and Web-Enhanced Teaching Everyone in the following pages—the authors’ collaborators—has found some area of academia that has been improved through the use of collaboration. The book begins by presenting some general tips about collaboration, then moves to ...


Using Active Learning To Teach Hawthorne's 'My Kinsman, Major Molineux', Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe Dec 2005

Using Active Learning To Teach Hawthorne's 'My Kinsman, Major Molineux', Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe

Charlie Sweet

No abstract provided.


The Boyer Scholars: Transforming Teaching, Learning And Scholarship, Lisa Mcguire Dec 2005

The Boyer Scholars: Transforming Teaching, Learning And Scholarship, Lisa Mcguire

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


My Grandfather Is Dead: Narratives Of Culture And Curriculum, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Frank Vetere Dec 2005

My Grandfather Is Dead: Narratives Of Culture And Curriculum, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young, Frank Vetere

Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

Curriculum, the term used to denote a course of study, has been understood in recent years as a documented program developed by experts and managed by an education authority. In many cases this has resulted in a focus on the experience and the goals of dominant cultures, so that minority groups do not feel well-represented in the curriculum. In this paper we explore the possibility of young people using mobile devices to enrich their curriculum by contributing content that encapsulates aspects of their lives. In a short project, we provided indigenous secondary school students from both urban and isolated communities ...


Innovating With Technology: The Challenge To Education Policy, Leadership And Management, Gerald White Dec 2005

Innovating With Technology: The Challenge To Education Policy, Leadership And Management, Gerald White

Dr Gerald K. White

This presentation introduces the topic of using ICTs in education from an Australian context by posing the question of 'Why?' It then goes on to briefly examine the introduction of computers and the World Wide Web, cites a seminal report entitled Australia?s Future Using Education Technology, and finally, refers to a paper about the evolution of methods of communication that humans have developed for common use and which are fundamental to education.


Congestion Pricing: The Answer To America's Traffic Woes?, Ryan Yeung Dec 2005

Congestion Pricing: The Answer To America's Traffic Woes?, Ryan Yeung

Ryan Yeung

Congestion results in losses in productivity, added delivery time, extra costs for consumers, as well as damage to the environment. The most obvious solution to traffic congestion is to build more roads, but the prevailing thought among experts is that adding supply is not an effective long-term solution. Another approach is congestion pricing, where motorists are charged different prices based on demand. A literature review supports congestion pricing’s effectiveness, efficiency, and equity. Perhaps most importantly, a number of case studies suggest that congestion pricing is politically feasible.


An Evidence-Based Model For Adult Education Suitable For Research, John Comings, Maricel Santos, Lisa Soricone Dec 2005

An Evidence-Based Model For Adult Education Suitable For Research, John Comings, Maricel Santos, Lisa Soricone

John P. Comings

No abstract provided.


Speak Our Language… Abide By Our Philosophy’: Euro-American Attitudes About Non-English Language Use At A U.S. Midwestern High School, Edward Brantmeier Dec 2005

Speak Our Language… Abide By Our Philosophy’: Euro-American Attitudes About Non-English Language Use At A U.S. Midwestern High School, Edward Brantmeier

Edward J. Brantmeier

No abstract provided.


Mlearning In Education: A Summary, Heather Watson, Gerald White Dec 2005

Mlearning In Education: A Summary, Heather Watson, Gerald White

Dr Gerald K. White

This review summarises the current situation of mlearning in Australia, identifying government mlearning initiatives and considering the following: delivery issues; the digital divide (access, ICT literacy and information literacy); content issues (available, affordable and appropriate); national strategies (integration, coordination); worldwide mLearning. The authors conclude that education can benefit from using emerging mobile technologies to deliver learning matched to the increasingly 'neomillennial' learning styles of their students. They assert that mLearning is a collection of pieces to be fitted to a learning need, not a single solution. Good teachers, communication, collaboration and stimulating activities are essential.


Amish Education In The United States And Canada, Mark Dewalt Dec 2005

Amish Education In The United States And Canada, Mark Dewalt

Mark W. Dewalt

Here is a rich ethnographic description of Amish education in 21st Century America that describes how literacy, community, and accountability are key values in the Amish educational system. The author gives readers a succinct overview of Amish history and religious practice, and then explores the reasons the Amish began their schools and some of the struggles they had to endure as a result. The book provides an encompassing description of common teaching styles, curriculum, and textbooks, as well as detailed classroom glimpses of Amish schools throughout the United States and Canada.


Teachers’ Roles And Professional Learning In Communities Of Practice Supported By Technology In Schools, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young Dec 2005

Teachers’ Roles And Professional Learning In Communities Of Practice Supported By Technology In Schools, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

This article explores four roles of teachers in classrooms using computers, from the perspective of communities of practice (Wenger, 1998). It reports on an indepth study undertaken in 12 schools, and shows that teachers appropriated technology in a range of ways to help them create classroom communities that build knowledge. Some also acted as brokers to cross classroom and school boundaries, engaging in professional learning through curriculum projects with other teachers and their students as new communities of practice formed. However, while such projects were initiated and driven by individuals and groups of teachers, their success required support through school ...


Does Eighth-Grade Mathematics Teaching In The United States Align With The Nctm Standards? Results From The Timss 1995 And 1999 Video Studies, Jennifer Jacobs, James Hiebert, Karen Givvin, Hilary Hollingsworth, Helen Garner, Diana Wearne Dec 2005

Does Eighth-Grade Mathematics Teaching In The United States Align With The Nctm Standards? Results From The Timss 1995 And 1999 Video Studies, Jennifer Jacobs, James Hiebert, Karen Givvin, Hilary Hollingsworth, Helen Garner, Diana Wearne

Dr Hilary Hollingsworth

Debates about the future of school mathematics in the United States often centre on whether standards-based instruction in improving or undermining students' achievement. Critical for making progress in these debates is information about the actual nature of classroom practice in US classrooms. This article focuses on one key element of classroom practice teaching, and presents the results of two studies of randomly selected, nationally representative US eighth grade mathematics lessons that were videotaped as part of the TIMSS 1995 and 1999 video studies. Analyses compare features of teaching found in these lessons with pedagogical recommendations for middle school teachers in ...


Child Poverty In Sierra Leone: Vignettes From The Leonenet Street Children Project., Samuel Hinton Dec 2005

Child Poverty In Sierra Leone: Vignettes From The Leonenet Street Children Project., Samuel Hinton

Samuel Hinton

This article addresses specific issues related to poor and destitute children in Sierra Leone. The contents are primarily flavored by the work and implementation dynamics of a small non-profit organization trying to make a dent in the upkeep and welfare of some of these children. Sometimes, the work of the organization impacted the lives of adults who are unable to take care of themselves and their children.


Sampling For National Surveys In Education, Martin Murphy, Wolfram Sculz Dec 2005

Sampling For National Surveys In Education, Martin Murphy, Wolfram Sculz

Martin Murphy

The aim of this paper is to provide PMRT and its subgroups with information about the sampling processes used in surveys conducted under its National Assessment Plan (NAP). The design of national surveys in education in recent years has been strongly influenced by the methodologies used in major international surveys, particularly TIMSS and PISA. In the discussion below, reference will be made to the methods used in these surveys, and their application in the context of Australian national surveys. The intention of this paper is to explain the major steps in the survey sampling process, the reasons for the methods ...


The Bridge: Supporting Beginning Teachers By Combining The Power Of Online Resources And Learning Communities. Presentation, Julie Moore, David Monetti Dec 2005

The Bridge: Supporting Beginning Teachers By Combining The Power Of Online Resources And Learning Communities. Presentation, Julie Moore, David Monetti

Julie A. Moore

No abstract provided.


Eportfolios In Australian Schools: Supporting Learners' Self-Esteem, Multiliteracies And Reflection On Learning, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young Dec 2005

Eportfolios In Australian Schools: Supporting Learners' Self-Esteem, Multiliteracies And Reflection On Learning, Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

Dr Elizabeth Hartnell-Young

Electronic or ePortfolios are containers for selections of digital items – whether audio, visual, text, or a combination of these – generally used to show individual learning. Large-scale systems are being developed in Europe and the United States, based on specially-designed proprietary or open-source software. In contrast, most Australian ePortfolio projects in schools are small-scale, locally-developed attempts to take advantage of digital formats to develop a range of literacies, express learners’ identities and present achievements to various audiences. This paper describes recent school-based examples reported by teachers and students and concludes that teachers believe that important outcomes lie in increasing self-esteem, improving ...


“School Administration And The Changing Face Of Masculinity”, Abe Feuerstein Dec 2005

“School Administration And The Changing Face Of Masculinity”, Abe Feuerstein

Abe Feuerstein

In the first part of this article, I examine new concepts of masculinity and the implications of these concepts for the practice of school administration. I also discuss the "gender subtext" of school organizations as one of the mechanisms through which masculinity is enacted and masculine stereotypes are reinforced within the school setting. In the second half of the article, I offer a vision of gender in schools that seeks to make the full range of gender expression available to all organizational members. I also describe several strategies that could be used by educational leaders committed to gender equity and ...


Everyday Understandings Of Peace & Non-Peace: Peacekeeping And Peacebuilding At A U.S. Midwestern High Schoo, Edward Brantmeier Dec 2005

Everyday Understandings Of Peace & Non-Peace: Peacekeeping And Peacebuilding At A U.S. Midwestern High Schoo, Edward Brantmeier

Edward J. Brantmeier

No abstract provided.


Torch Plus : Tests Of Reading Comprehension Plus, Tom Lumley, Andrew Stephanou Dec 2005

Torch Plus : Tests Of Reading Comprehension Plus, Tom Lumley, Andrew Stephanou

Dr Tom Lumley

A set of reading tests designed to assist teachers of students from Year 3 to Year 10 in their assessment of students' reading comprehension skills.


“Formation Of U.S. Public Policy” (Co-Presenter), Sora Friedman Dec 2005

“Formation Of U.S. Public Policy” (Co-Presenter), Sora Friedman

Sora Friedman

No abstract provided.


Culturally Responsive Instruction For Students With Multiple Or Severe Physical Impairments, Theron Ford, Blanche Glimps Dec 2005

Culturally Responsive Instruction For Students With Multiple Or Severe Physical Impairments, Theron Ford, Blanche Glimps

Theron N Ford

Are there students with physical disabilities who are so severely impaired that their culture can not be taken into consideration? Growing numbers of preschool and school age children with such disabilities are from non-European countries including Africa, South America, East Asia, and the Caribbean Islands. In addition, children who are American Indian/Alaska Natives, African American, or Hispanic are also represented in special education programs. Psychologically, familiar food, music, and customs are important for these students as they may provide a comforting link between home and school. It is the cultural frame of reference that most often informs and shapes ...


Maximum-Entropy Estimated Distribution Model For Classification Problems, L Tan, D Taniar Dec 2005

Maximum-Entropy Estimated Distribution Model For Classification Problems, L Tan, D Taniar

Dr Ling Tan

Classification is a fundamental problem in machine learning and data mining. This paper applies a stochastic optimization model to classification problems. The proposed maximum entropy estimated distribution model uses a probabilistic distribution to represent solution space, and a sampling technique to explore search space. This paper demonstrates the application of the proposed maximum entropy estimated distribution model to improve linear discriminant function and rule induction methods. In addition, this paper compares the proposed classification model with decision trees. It shows that the proposed model is preferable to decision tree C4.5 in the following cases: i) when prior distribution of ...


Using Expert Heuristics For The Design Of Imagery-Rich Mental Simulations For The Science Class, John Clement, L. Stephens Dec 2005

Using Expert Heuristics For The Design Of Imagery-Rich Mental Simulations For The Science Class, John Clement, L. Stephens

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.


Continuing The Mission Of St. Vincent De Paul: Insights On Vincentian Leadership Practices At Depaul University, Marco Tavanti Dec 2005

Continuing The Mission Of St. Vincent De Paul: Insights On Vincentian Leadership Practices At Depaul University, Marco Tavanti

Marco Tavanti

The mission of St. Vincent de Paul was one that was absolutely clear and absolutely simple. His mission was to serve. His mission was to provide service that empowered. His mission was to provide service that liberated. That service was provided to human beings, to people whom he recognized as being his brothers and sisters. He also provided to communities because communities are made up of human beings and you can’t liberate human beings, you can’t empower human beings, without empowering and liberating the communities they are a part of. And so DePaul University continues that mission of ...


Serving The Needs Of At-Risk Refugee Youth: A Program Evaluation, Jody Mcbrien Dec 2005

Serving The Needs Of At-Risk Refugee Youth: A Program Evaluation, Jody Mcbrien

Jody Lynn McBrien Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


The On-Line Processing Of Aspectual Coercion : Some Psycholinguistic Considerations, Sacha Develle Dec 2005

The On-Line Processing Of Aspectual Coercion : Some Psycholinguistic Considerations, Sacha Develle

Dr Sacha DeVelle

There is much we do not understand about the relationship between linguistic expressions and their cognitive functions. The mechanisms that underlie aspectual coercion are no exception. Aspectual coercion describes the interpretive effects that follow the realignment of temporal semantic mismatches between the verb and an external modifier. It is assumed that the reinterpretation of sentential information is dependent upon an extra-linguistic process absent from surface level structure. Attempts to account for this effect have focused on the aspectual characteristics of the verb and how these features interact with temporal modifiers. Prominent among these is Jackendoff's enriched compositional hypothesis (1997 ...