Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2006

Book Chapters

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 38

Full-Text Articles in Education

Initiating Change In Classrooms: Pathways And Challenges For East African Schools, Anjum Halai, Ruth Otienoh, Zeenat Shariff, Naomi Swat Feb 2006

Initiating Change In Classrooms: Pathways And Challenges For East African Schools, Anjum Halai, Ruth Otienoh, Zeenat Shariff, Naomi Swat

Book Chapters

This paper draws upon classroom-related findings from a set of impact case studies of whole school improvement in six primary schools that have been involved as “cooperating schools” in long-term school-university partnerships with the Aga Khan University Institute for Educational Development (IED), and it’s Professional Development Centre in East Africa (PDC-EA). The IED approach for school improvement involves participating schools in multiple strands of professional development, including: a two-year masters degree programme that provides selected teachers with the pedagogical and leadership knowledge and skills to serve as Professional Development Teachers in their schools; Certificate in Education programmes (CEP) for ...


Reforming Public Education In Developing Countries: Turning Challenges Into Opportunities, Rana Hussain, Sajid Ali Feb 2006

Reforming Public Education In Developing Countries: Turning Challenges Into Opportunities, Rana Hussain, Sajid Ali

Book Chapters

This paper tries to respond to a basic question: “Can public education (or some aspects of it) be reformed?” The authors’ response to this question is, “Yes, public education can be reformed, if contextual possibilities are exploited efficiently.” Although a straight forward and simplistic response to the question, this was felt necessary to counter an unfavourable bias towards public education sector without recognizing the challenges that it faces, and without recognizing the potential of many of the public teachers who continuously strive to change these negative perceptions. This paper recognizes the potential of public sector education and shares a relatively ...


Defining Quality In Early Childhood Settings: Experiences From The Field, Atiya Hussain, Audrey Juma Feb 2006

Defining Quality In Early Childhood Settings: Experiences From The Field, Atiya Hussain, Audrey Juma

Book Chapters

“The successful education of the child during her/his years of schooling and the participation of that child in society as an adult, depends to a greater degree upon the foundation laid during the early years” (Evans, Myers and IIfled, 2000, p.7). Research indicates that learning is crucial to development whereby knowledge, skills, attitudes and values are developed. Research from disciplines such as physiology, nutrition, health, sociology, psychology and education provide evidence indicating that the early years are crucial in terms of developing intelligence, personality and social behaviour of children. If children are not provided opportunities to communicate, learn ...


Health Curriculum And School Quality: Aku-Ied’S, Shabnam Ahmed Feb 2006

Health Curriculum And School Quality: Aku-Ied’S, Shabnam Ahmed

Book Chapters

This paper is based on the experiences of the Health Action Schools project at AKU-IED and looks at issues surrounding the definition, choice and implementation of planned content of health education for primary schools in Pakistan. The paper argues that health education is a vital component to achieving quality because it links home with school; ‘needs now’ with ‘needs later’. Yet it proves exceptionally difficult to plan and deliver such content effectively because curriculum planning bodies are geared to work with separate subjects rather than across the curriculum, with classroom content rather than wider learning experiences in and from school ...


Action Research: A Viable Alternative For In-Service Teacher Professional Development, Bernadette L. Dean Feb 2006

Action Research: A Viable Alternative For In-Service Teacher Professional Development, Bernadette L. Dean

Book Chapters

In this paper, the author argues for the professional development of teachers to be based upon systematic action research undertaken as a collegial activity within the culture of the school. Three case studies of action research, one each from South Asia, East Africa and Central Asia, in which Professional Development Teachers (PDTs) (MEd graduates of AKU-IED) worked with teachers to improve teaching and learning in the classroom, are presented to illustrate the possibilities and challenges of using action research for teacher professional development. The author further argues that while action research for teacher professional development addresses the challenges of other ...


Learning And Modes To Ascertain Learning: Perception, Purpose And Practice, Unaeza Alvi Feb 2006

Learning And Modes To Ascertain Learning: Perception, Purpose And Practice, Unaeza Alvi

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Continuous Teacher Professional Development In Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Rahat Joldoshalieva Feb 2006

Continuous Teacher Professional Development In Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, Rahat Joldoshalieva

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Pre-Service Teacher Education In Central Asia, Jamal Papieva Feb 2006

Pre-Service Teacher Education In Central Asia, Jamal Papieva

Book Chapters

This paper presents the nature of pre-service teacher education in Soviet and post-Soviet Central Asia, a case of Kyrgyzstan; highlights the main issues and discuses the possibilities and approaches undertaken for improving pre-service teacher education. After Central Asian republics gained independence, their higher education was challenged by broad changes in political and economic life, and by the destruction of their ideological values. In general, higher education was always part of the bigger Soviet system of education. All principles of higher education structurization, its missions and goals, its strategy and main curriculum requirements were centrally developed in Moscow, and then sent ...


Beginning Teachers’ Professional Socialization In Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: The Challenges And Coping Strategies, Duishon Alievich Shamatov Feb 2006

Beginning Teachers’ Professional Socialization In Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: The Challenges And Coping Strategies, Duishon Alievich Shamatov

Book Chapters

This qualitative study examines and develops an in-depth understanding of two beginning teachers’ professional socializations in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. The study is a historical and descriptive account that provides insights into the impact of socio-political upheaval on the lives of two beginning teachers. The study focuses on the challenges the teachers faced in their initial stages of work and on how they addressed these. The teachers’ professional socialization stories are described in three realms: classroom, school and community. The study examines in greater detail the professional and relational challenges that the two beginning teachers faced while interacting with their pupils, administrators ...


Externalizing Tacit Knowledge For Improving Leadership Practices: Experiences From Leadership Programmes Under Esra, Muhammad Babur, Sajid Ali Feb 2006

Externalizing Tacit Knowledge For Improving Leadership Practices: Experiences From Leadership Programmes Under Esra, Muhammad Babur, Sajid Ali

Book Chapters

This paper draws upon the experiences gained from a leadership development course held at AKU-IED that included participants from 9 districts from Sind and Balochistan provinces. It describes the attempt, by the course planners, to conceptualize and deliver the course with a focus on externalizing participants’ tacit knowledge. The paper shares strategies used during the course, and describes successes and challenges in this respect, and the subsequent impact on participants’ learning and practices. Based on the outcome of the course, the paper suggests that the design of leadership and management development courses should focus clearly on strategies that capture and ...


A Female Pdt’S Journey In The Northern Areas Of Pakistan, Safida Begum Feb 2006

A Female Pdt’S Journey In The Northern Areas Of Pakistan, Safida Begum

Book Chapters

This paper presents the learning journey of a female Professional Development Teacher (PDT) in the context of Northern Pakistan. This journey highlights difficulties for the female PDT in constructing her image as a leader or a change agent in a traditionally male dominated society. The paper explores the major challenges faced by the PDT in putting the theory of leadership into the realities of the context and describes the supporting factors that enabled her to establish herself as a leader. From her experiences, the author draws the processes and strategies for a female leader in a rural male dominated society ...


Teaching For Quality Education In Environmental Education: Challenges And Possibilities, Abid Shah, Sadaf Jehangir Feb 2006

Teaching For Quality Education In Environmental Education: Challenges And Possibilities, Abid Shah, Sadaf Jehangir

Book Chapters

The paper is based on critical reflection about ‘innovative’ teaching strategies and learning experiences of a facilitator and learners about the environmental education course at Aga Khan University Institute for Educational Development, Pakistan. This 16-week elective course on environment education was offered from October 2004 to February 2005. This paper examines “what teaching strategies and learning experiences are most effective in environmental education course for bringing about positive change in knowledge skills and attitude towards environment conservation?” Our findings indicate that the course has impacted learners in terms of knowledge and personal development, through the experiences of partnership, community interaction ...


Researching Education And Society In Central Asia, Sarfaroz Niyozov, Duishon Shamatov Feb 2006

Researching Education And Society In Central Asia, Sarfaroz Niyozov, Duishon Shamatov

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Change Agents’ Orientations To Change, Mir Afzal Tajik Feb 2006

Change Agents’ Orientations To Change, Mir Afzal Tajik

Book Chapters

This study explores five field education officers’ (FEOs) understanding of their dual roles as educational reformers and community developers in the rural, mountainous district of Chitral, Pakistan. In particular, it examines their specific actions and methods (strategies) and their underlying assumptions and core values (orientations) of change. These FEOs work as change agents in schools and in the local communities where schools have been established by the Aga Khan Education Service, Pakistan (AKES,P). The study’s findings derive from empirical data collected through qualitative research methods, such as semi-structured interviews (individual and focus-group), non-participant observations, post-observation discussions, informal conversations ...


Teachers Professional Development For Quality Education, Nadeem Kirmani, Muhammad Zahid, Rehana Naz Feb 2006

Teachers Professional Development For Quality Education, Nadeem Kirmani, Muhammad Zahid, Rehana Naz

Book Chapters

Quality is at the heart of education and teachers play crucial role to provide quality education. This belief encourages us to state that the quality in education depends on teachers’ role, which set scenario for the students. Every teacher has his / her own impact on his / her students. But what is it that enables the teachers to have the greatest impact? In this context there are several professional development programmes offered for the teachers in different parts of the world to build capacity of teachers so they can better serve the needs of the growing population. This paper attempts to ...


Teaching Quality In Self-Study Research, Ayesha Bashiruddin Feb 2006

Teaching Quality In Self-Study Research, Ayesha Bashiruddin

Book Chapters

This paper discusses how the Master of Education (MEd) students at AKU-IED are empowered to understand and monitor quality in self study research. The paper is based on the experience of teaching self study research over a period of three years. During this period, students in the Teacher Learning course in the MEd programme were asked to explore their journey of becoming teachers and teacher educators using self study research. As an end product the students were asked to write an autobiography. During these processes of self-exploration and the writing process, they were asked to follow guidelines identified by Bullough ...


Effective School Leadership: Can It Lead To Quality Education?, Jan-E-Alam Khaki Feb 2006

Effective School Leadership: Can It Lead To Quality Education?, Jan-E-Alam Khaki

Book Chapters

This paper examines the role of effective leaders in bringing about quality in teaching and learning in schools. It is based on my doctoral empirical research undertaken during 2000-2005 under the auspices of the University of Toronto’s Ontario Institute of Studies in Education (OISE/UT), Canada. My study explores the roles, beliefs and behaviors of three reputationally effective secondary school headteachers in Karachi, Pakistan, in three types of schools – government, community and independent, assuming that contextual factors will influence the nature of leadership. The findings reveal that all three heads’ beliefs and practices show similarity in a vision of ...


Policies And Practices Of Capacity-Building For Educational Managers: Prior To And After Decentralisation, Sajid Ali, Meher Rizvi Feb 2006

Policies And Practices Of Capacity-Building For Educational Managers: Prior To And After Decentralisation, Sajid Ali, Meher Rizvi

Book Chapters

Decentralisation trends in education are consistently being followed around the world including South Asian countries (Govinda, 1997). In Pakistan, decentralisation in education came through a radical devolution policy in August, 2001, and new governing structures are currently undergoing a transition phase. Effective decentralisation requires education managers, key players in a devolved system, to acquire new knowledge and skills. In order to understand the policies and practices of capacity-building of educational managers and their impact on educational decentralisation, a research was conducted between March and November, 2005. This paper reports on the major initial findings emerging from this research which suggest ...


Understanding A Novice Teacher’S Learning To Teach In A Private School For Girls In Karachi, Pakistan, Haji Karim Khan Feb 2006

Understanding A Novice Teacher’S Learning To Teach In A Private School For Girls In Karachi, Pakistan, Haji Karim Khan

Book Chapters

This paper reports the findings of a qualitative case study conducted in order to understand the learning experiences of a novice primary school teacher, Sajda (pseudonym), who was teaching in a private Community-Based English-Medium School in Karachi. During her appointment as a teacher she had an intermediate level academic qualification and had no exposure to any professional training course. The research question for the study was: How does a novice teacher experience her learning to teach in a private sector school in Karachi, Pakistan? Data for the study was collected through semi-structured interviews and field notes and was analyzed through ...


Challenges To Education In Tajikistan: The Need For Research-Based Solutions, Sarfaroz Niyozov, Stephen Bahry Jan 2006

Challenges To Education In Tajikistan: The Need For Research-Based Solutions, Sarfaroz Niyozov, Stephen Bahry

Book Chapters

Education in Tajikistan today is acknowledged by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Tajikistan and by international agencies as facing many challenges. Infrastructure and materials need replacement or repair; curriculum needs to be adapted to changing conditions; professional development for teachers is required, while means to retain experienced teachers and attract new ones need to be found. At the same time, children's' meaningful access to education has been threatened by various factors that reduce their attendance and participation in education, keeping some youth out of school altogether. This chapter argues that research in education in Tajikistan and ...


Education In Tajikistan: A Window To Understanding Change Through Continuity., Sarfaroz Niyozov Jan 2006

Education In Tajikistan: A Window To Understanding Change Through Continuity., Sarfaroz Niyozov

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Reconceptualising The Professional Development Of In-Service Science Teachers In Pakistan, Nelofer Halai Jan 2006

Reconceptualising The Professional Development Of In-Service Science Teachers In Pakistan, Nelofer Halai

Book Chapters

Pakistan is a society in transition in more ways than one: politically it is still trying to find its place in the democratic nations of the world; economically it is taking steps to move closer to a market-based economy; and socially it is nurturing a more liberal and just society by reining in the religious extremists. In the aftermath of 9/11 stress has been on educational reform in a number of areas including – updating curriculum, improving access to schooling and developing teacher education. Teacher as the agent of reform is slowly gaining currency in Pakistan. The Institute for Educational ...


Developing Professional Development Teacher, Fauzia Shamim, Anjum Halai Jan 2006

Developing Professional Development Teacher, Fauzia Shamim, Anjum Halai

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Key Themes And Issues In Educational Development: A Critical Perspective On The Ied Model, Iffat Farah, Barbara Jaworski Jan 2006

Key Themes And Issues In Educational Development: A Critical Perspective On The Ied Model, Iffat Farah, Barbara Jaworski

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Creating A Critical Mass: The Visiting Teacher Programme, Bernadett L. Dean Jan 2006

Creating A Critical Mass: The Visiting Teacher Programme, Bernadett L. Dean

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


The Teaching Of Research In A Teacher Education Programme, Iffat Farah, Nelofer Halai Jan 2006

The Teaching Of Research In A Teacher Education Programme, Iffat Farah, Nelofer Halai

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


The Establishment Of Aga Khan University-Institute For Educational Development, Sadrudin Pardhan, Dennish Thiessen Jan 2006

The Establishment Of Aga Khan University-Institute For Educational Development, Sadrudin Pardhan, Dennish Thiessen

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Ied And The University Partnership: The Oxford Experience, Richard Pring Jan 2006

Ied And The University Partnership: The Oxford Experience, Richard Pring

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Problems Of Teachers' Re-Entry In Schools After In-Service Education, Razia F. Mohammed Jan 2006

Problems Of Teachers' Re-Entry In Schools After In-Service Education, Razia F. Mohammed

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Affecting Schools Through A Health Education Initiative, Tashmin Kassam-Khamis, Sadia Muzzafar Bhutta Jan 2006

Affecting Schools Through A Health Education Initiative, Tashmin Kassam-Khamis, Sadia Muzzafar Bhutta

Book Chapters

No abstract provided.