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Full-Text Articles in Education

Participation And Learning In Community Organizations: A Theoretical Framework, Hleziphi Naomie Nyanungo Sep 2006

Participation And Learning In Community Organizations: A Theoretical Framework, Hleziphi Naomie Nyanungo

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper describes a theoretical framework for examining the behavior of community organizations as social actors that shape the participation and learning of their members. The voices of adult educators are among the many scholars and activists calling for local residents to come together to collectively define and address their community concerns. Accompanying the call for participation in collective action is the assumption that through participation, individuals learn to be empowered citizens. Learning in communities is a major focus in adult education (Cunningham, 1996; Hamilton & Cunningham, 1989). However, much of this focus is on the behavior of individuals and less on the behavior of community organizations as sites and vehicles that shape the process and content of learning in the context of communities. In community theory and community development literature, scholars have been primarily concerned with the behavior of individuals or entire communities, but not on the behavior of the community organization, qua organization. Studies on community change generally treat community organizations as tools for change (Bridger, 1992; Gaventa, 1980; Neme, 1997) and not as social actors whose behavior shape the nature of ...


What Do You Do When The Law Doesn’T Work? Adult Educators’ Role In Fighting Workplace Discrimination, Ann Brooks, Tamara Clunis Sep 2006

What Do You Do When The Law Doesn’T Work? Adult Educators’ Role In Fighting Workplace Discrimination, Ann Brooks, Tamara Clunis

Adult Education Research Conference

An analysis of research suggests that ethnic/racial group members lack informal access to developmental opportunities in the workplace. Legal scholars critique Title VII law as ineffective in current organizations. Research shows the work of adult educators is critical in fighting discrimination in the absence of effective legal protection.


Critical Adult Learning Of Immigrant Workers: A Social Network Perspective, Moosung Lee Sep 2006

Critical Adult Learning Of Immigrant Workers: A Social Network Perspective, Moosung Lee

Adult Education Research Conference

Why does one immigrant worker get involved in critical learning whereas another does not? This study attempted to answer the question by revealing how social ties of immigrant workers play a key role in mediating critical learning to a particular political attitude. The results of the study suggested that immigrant workers who showed a resistant political attitude, which is linked to the process of critical learning, tended to have more social ties and occupy more important socio-structural positions in their network than other peer workers.


Novice Physician-Scientists’ Learning In Communities Of Practice, Min-Fen Wang, Lori L. Bakken Sep 2006

Novice Physician-Scientists’ Learning In Communities Of Practice, Min-Fen Wang, Lori L. Bakken

Adult Education Research Conference

This study drew from sociocultural theory to understand novice physician-scientists’ (PSs) clinical research learning experience in the workplaces. The findings suggest that there are various forms of research participation marginalized in the PS-communities. The structural dimension of workplace learning context, such as gender, culture, power, and access needs more attention.


A Holistic Conceptualization Of Adult Learning And Its Critiques Of Selected Concepts And Theories, Baiyin Yang Sep 2006

A Holistic Conceptualization Of Adult Learning And Its Critiques Of Selected Concepts And Theories, Baiyin Yang

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper critically evaluates several contemporary concepts and theories of adult learning. Most of existing adult learning theories and conceptualizations tend to narrowly define knowledge and learning. Holistic learning theory provides an integrative framework that can be used adequately explain many propositions of major contemporary theories and concepts of adult learning.


Establishing A Lifelong Learning System By Developing Higher Vocational Education: A Case Of China, Jie Xiong Sep 2006

Establishing A Lifelong Learning System By Developing Higher Vocational Education: A Case Of China, Jie Xiong

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper reveals that higher vocational education (HVE) is playing a key role for establishing a lifelong learning system in China. Discussions are based on the theory that higher education is at the core to build a lifelong learning system with a focus on the concept of vertical integration.


A Different Definition Of “Boob-Tube”: What Dr. Catherine Gale, Of The Avengers, Taught Women, Robin Redmon Wright Aug 2006

A Different Definition Of “Boob-Tube”: What Dr. Catherine Gale, Of The Avengers, Taught Women, Robin Redmon Wright

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper summarizes a qualitative research project exploring the impact of the first feminist television character, Cathy Gale, of the 1962-64 British television program, The Avengers. Contemporaneous British women viewers reveal how Gale’s character helped them reject traditional roles, incorporate the character’s strengths, and seek out other feminist role models.


D Intellectual Resistance As Impetus For Lifelong Learning For Social Justice, Kristopher Wells Aug 2006

D Intellectual Resistance As Impetus For Lifelong Learning For Social Justice, Kristopher Wells

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper employs critical social learning perspectives to investigate the themes of emotional resilience, intellectual resistance, and lifelong learning evident in the experiences of three gay male young adults whom I situate as activist-educators. I discuss how these young adults integrate emotional labour and social learning into resistance work to create counterpublics, which lay challenge to exclusionary heteronormative educational spaces.


The Value Of Immigrant Parents, The Power Of Effective Adult Education: Fueling Viable Parent Involvement Through School-Based Adult Esl Classes, Robin A. Waterman Aug 2006

The Value Of Immigrant Parents, The Power Of Effective Adult Education: Fueling Viable Parent Involvement Through School-Based Adult Esl Classes, Robin A. Waterman

Adult Education Research Conference

This quasi-experimental study compares school-based adult ESL classes intentionally focused on parent involvement with those that are not. It addresses the need for empirical research of adult ESL instruction that integrates the most compelling goal of vast numbers of adult ESL students: supporting their children’s school success.


How Adults Learn About Multicultural Diversity Through Participating In The Arts, Sherre Wesley Aug 2006

How Adults Learn About Multicultural Diversity Through Participating In The Arts, Sherre Wesley

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper explores the ways in which participating in the arts – through creating, attending or organizing – helps adults learn about multicultural diversity. Learning methods, environments, and key experiences are discussed.


Measuring Social Capital In Adult Education Projects, Jeff Zacharakis Aug 2006

Measuring Social Capital In Adult Education Projects, Jeff Zacharakis

Adult Education Research Conference

This theoretical research analyzes the measurement of social capital in adult education and community development projects that seek to strengthen democratic processes and develop local leadership. It analyzes two different methodologies—in depth interviews and Web-based questionnaires—used to measure social capital.


Adult Education, Assessment And The Beginnings Of The Ged, Amy D. Rose Aug 2006

Adult Education, Assessment And The Beginnings Of The Ged, Amy D. Rose

Adult Education Research Conference

This study examines the development and implementation of the General Educational Development (GED) examination in the United States. It examines the ways that the GED was initially conceptualized and how the notion of equivalence was popularized.


A Majestic Burden: Discovering The Untold Stories Of Congressional Black Caucus (Cbc) Women And Learning Through Narrative Analysis8, Elice E. Rogers Aug 2006

A Majestic Burden: Discovering The Untold Stories Of Congressional Black Caucus (Cbc) Women And Learning Through Narrative Analysis8, Elice E. Rogers

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this completed research investigation is to articulate three of four final research findings as part of a larger study that investigated diverse leadership among an under-represented group and to extend current research on African American women political leaders.


Deconstructing Heterosexual Privilege With New Science Metaphors, Tonette S. Rocco, Suzanne J. Gallagher Aug 2006

Deconstructing Heterosexual Privilege With New Science Metaphors, Tonette S. Rocco, Suzanne J. Gallagher

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of the paper is to deconstruct heterosexual privilege in adult education through exploring metaphors in quantum physics and ecology. Binary heterosexist boundaries are re-envisioned and alternative adult learning and education processes are suggested.


Developing Communicative Competence: Methodological Considerations For Conducting Qualitative Research With Spanish-Speaking Adult Learners, Esther Prins, Ana Guisela Chupina Aug 2006

Developing Communicative Competence: Methodological Considerations For Conducting Qualitative Research With Spanish-Speaking Adult Learners, Esther Prins, Ana Guisela Chupina

Adult Education Research Conference

This article analyzes how we responded to socio-linguistic challenges in our research with Spanish-speaking adults in the U.S. and El Salvador. Our respective racial/ethnic identities, first language, and insider or outsider status created distinctive challenges and communicative strategies. We argue that cross-cultural researchers must recognize socio-linguistic variation within groups and develop communicative competence.


The Power Of One: Engagement As The Key To Highly Effective Clinical Instruction, Dan Pratt, Ric Arseneau Aug 2006

The Power Of One: Engagement As The Key To Highly Effective Clinical Instruction, Dan Pratt, Ric Arseneau

Adult Education Research Conference

Twenty-two medical students and forty-one clinical faculty speculated on the results of an unusual study. Their speculations resulted in fourteen factors and six propositions that describe the nature of highly effective clinical teaching.


The Nature And Archaic Origins Of Lifelong Learning Processes: The Relevance Of Anthropology To Adult Education, Donovan Plumb Aug 2006

The Nature And Archaic Origins Of Lifelong Learning Processes: The Relevance Of Anthropology To Adult Education, Donovan Plumb

Adult Education Research Conference

Contemporary anthropology is developing key perspectives on human learning that are very relevant for the theories and practices of adult education. This paper explores the work of Merlin Donald, Donald Mithen, Michael Tomasello and Tim Ingold to show how current thinking in anthropology challenges the cognitivist bias that currently dominates our field.


Community Economic Development Strategic Planning For Rural Communities: A Case Study Of Successful Programs, John Preissing Aug 2006

Community Economic Development Strategic Planning For Rural Communities: A Case Study Of Successful Programs, John Preissing

Adult Education Research Conference

This is an empirical case study which examines the extent to which extension-led community economic development strategic planning (CEDSP) programs in rural communities have been effective and why.


Integrating The ‘Other’ In Adult Education Curriculum: The Case Of An Indian Tradition, Linda Ziegahn, Beloo Mehra Aug 2006

Integrating The ‘Other’ In Adult Education Curriculum: The Case Of An Indian Tradition, Linda Ziegahn, Beloo Mehra

Adult Education Research Conference

In order to truly globalize the field of adult education, a de-centering of Euro-centric frameworks is needed as we simultaneously integrate non-Western knowledge systems in curricular offerings and theoretical development. This paper explores selected aspects of the philosophy and discipline of Integral Yoga, and presents an example of a curriculum innovation.


Activist Forest Monks, Environmental Adult Education And The Construction Of Civil Society In Thailand, Pierre Walter Aug 2006

Activist Forest Monks, Environmental Adult Education And The Construction Of Civil Society In Thailand, Pierre Walter

Adult Education Research Conference

Situated at the intersection of adult learning in social movements, the construction of civil society, and environmental adult education, the grassroots movement of Buddhist “forest monks” in Thailand has much to teach us. This paper charts the movement’s history, philosophy, and practice in the construction of Thai civil society.


The Third Way To Adult Education, Judith Walker Aug 2006

The Third Way To Adult Education, Judith Walker

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper examines how Third Way politics play out in policy discourse in adult education in Canada and New Zealand. It then places these findings in the larger context of the debates on “second modernity.”


Mapping Cognitive Engagement In Adult Literacy Classrooms, Thomas Valentine, Judy Milton, Anastasiya A. Lipnevich, Harold Beder Aug 2006

Mapping Cognitive Engagement In Adult Literacy Classrooms, Thomas Valentine, Judy Milton, Anastasiya A. Lipnevich, Harold Beder

Adult Education Research Conference

Using exploratory factor analysis to examine self-reported survey data from adult learners, this study identified three factors of cognitive engagement in the adult literacy classroom: program involvement, focus, and independent effort. A model that demonstrates the impact of independent effort on gains in reading test scores was developed using multivariate analysis.


The Educational Philosophy Of Luis Emilio Recabarren And Its Influence On The Chilean Working Class And Its Class Struggle Strategies, María Alicia Vetter Aug 2006

The Educational Philosophy Of Luis Emilio Recabarren And Its Influence On The Chilean Working Class And Its Class Struggle Strategies, María Alicia Vetter

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper documents the major class struggles of the Chilean working class during the “Nitrate Era”. It highlights the leadership of Luis Emilio Recabarren, who understood working-class education as a strategy for power.


The Role Of Self-Directed Learning In Older Adults’ Health Care, Janet S. Valente Aug 2006

The Role Of Self-Directed Learning In Older Adults’ Health Care, Janet S. Valente

Adult Education Research Conference

This descriptive study expands the understanding of the impact of self-directed learning (SDL) on older adults’ health care. Findings reveal motivating and controlling factors that influence learners, identifies a SDL process specific to health care, offers insights into the perceptions older adults’ hold, and barriers they encounter.


Periphery Of Practice: Chinese Immigrant Women Navigating The Canadian Labour Market, Hongxia Shan Aug 2006

Periphery Of Practice: Chinese Immigrant Women Navigating The Canadian Labour Market, Hongxia Shan

Adult Education Research Conference

This paper proposes periphery of practice as a conceptual lens to examine the learning experiences engaged by Chinese immigrant women navigating the Canadian labour market.


Intersecting The Academy: Legitimizing Applied & Professional Studies At The Post-Graduate Level, Laura Servage Aug 2006

Intersecting The Academy: Legitimizing Applied & Professional Studies At The Post-Graduate Level, Laura Servage

Adult Education Research Conference

Given an increasing demand for continuing professional education at the graduate level, what is the appropriate role of the university? Applied graduate degree programs, in the interests of CPE for working adult students, may be perceived as a threat to the hegemony of the traditional academy, or as a new opportunity for the university to “serve.”


Knowledge Production At The Cutting Edge?: A Content Analysis Of Aerc Papers From 1995-2005, Lisa Troy Aug 2006

Knowledge Production At The Cutting Edge?: A Content Analysis Of Aerc Papers From 1995-2005, Lisa Troy

Adult Education Research Conference

Adult Education Research Conference presentations are analyzed from 1995 through 2005 for content and authorship gender. This analysis compares findings from this time period with findings from the 1970’s and the late 1980’s.


Adult Students And Adult Literacy Practitioners Disconnected: Differing Perspectives Of Adult Students’ Needs, Lesley E. Tomaszewski Aug 2006

Adult Students And Adult Literacy Practitioners Disconnected: Differing Perspectives Of Adult Students’ Needs, Lesley E. Tomaszewski

Adult Education Research Conference

Adult Education Research Conference presentations are analyzed from 1995 through 2005 for content and authorship gender. This analysis compares findings from this time period with findings from the 1970’s and the late 1980’s.


(Re)Discovering Self Women's Construction Of Identities: Socio-Cultural View, E. V. Swai Aug 2006

(Re)Discovering Self Women's Construction Of Identities: Socio-Cultural View, E. V. Swai

Adult Education Research Conference

Through an analysis of how women participate in constructing their identities, this paper interrogates the notions of construction of identity (womanhood identity) as a learning activity among women in Lukani Tanzania. Current dominant theoretical framework in adult education and feminist literature have typically positioned African women as “unknowers” and marginalized in the process of knowledge construction and learning-a link thoroughly constructed both by positivists and poststructural theorists who have called attention to African women’s limitation in participating in learning and development.


Another Look At A Historical Foundation Of Hrd: F.R. Roethlisberger’S Foreman, Julia Storberg-Walker, Laura Bierema Aug 2006

Another Look At A Historical Foundation Of Hrd: F.R. Roethlisberger’S Foreman, Julia Storberg-Walker, Laura Bierema

Adult Education Research Conference

F.R. Roethlisberger has been recognized as the ”father” of the human relations period of management. Historically, this period was seen as a move towards more humanism in the workplace. This manuscript presents a poststructural analysis of a classic management text from this period. Findings and implications for HRD are presented.