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2004

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Enhancing Science Literacy Through Implementation Of Writing-To-Learn Strategies: Exploratory Studies In High School Biology , Liesl Marie Hohenshell Jan 2004

Enhancing Science Literacy Through Implementation Of Writing-To-Learn Strategies: Exploratory Studies In High School Biology , Liesl Marie Hohenshell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Some evidence of benefits from writing-to-learn techniques exists; however, more research is needed describing the instructional context used to support learning through writing and the quality of learning that results from particular tasks. This dissertation includes three papers, building on past research linking inquiry, social negotiation, and writing strategies to enhance scientific literacy skills of high school biology students. The interactive constructivist position informed the pedagogical approach for two empirical, classroom-based studies utilizing mixed methods to identify quantitative differences in learning outcomes and students' perceptions of writing tasks. The first paper reports students with planned writing activities communicated biotechnology content ...


Constructing Instructor-Student And Student-Student Authority Relationships In Technical Writing Classrooms , Terri Ann Fredrick Jan 2004

Constructing Instructor-Student And Student-Student Authority Relationships In Technical Writing Classrooms , Terri Ann Fredrick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The technical writing classroom, where instructors come from English while most students have expertise in science and technical fields, creates a complicated dynamic of authority. Despite these complications, little technical communication research addresses classroom authority. Composition provides considerably more discussion of classroom authority but is often predicated on the belief that (1) authority rests solely with instructors, and (2) such authority is inherently negative, particularly for students.;Drawing on classroom observations and the work of composition scholars and post-structural theorists, this dissertation argues that classroom authority is best understood as a series of negotiated relationships between instructor and students and ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga Jan 2004

The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of adolescent autonomy, parental academic involvement and parental academic expectations as they link gender, age, ethnicity, and immigrant generation to adolescent academic performance. A selected sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data set (Add Health) was used to examine these relationships specifically for Latino/as with comparisons drawn to White, African American, and Asian adolescents. Special emphasis was also placed on gender differences for each ethnic/racial group. The outcome variable of adolescent academic performance was assessed using the adolescent's reported grade point average (GPA). The ...


Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis Jan 2004

Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This action research case study focuses on faculty development and finding better ways to educate the faculty in modeling technology in their classroom and in their curriculum. Three School of Education faculty members and the Director of Instructional Technology Services at a small, Midwestern, liberal-arts university teamed together using participatory action research to study their practice with hopes of coming to an understanding of ways to remove some barriers to technology literacy and pedagogical issues. Three articles suitable for publication make up the body of the study. Article one is a review of literature in the field of faculty development ...


Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp Jan 2004

Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The state of Iowa is currently faced with many budget difficulties. Due to the fact that education accounts for nearly half of all state appropriations and property taxes paid in the state, ways of decreasing educational costs may contribute to relieving the current fiscal stress. The aim of this paper is to develop a model from past analyses to test for the presence of economies of scale in Iowa School districts. The results reveal average benefits from a cross section of Iowa school districts that may be realized through administrative consolidation of districts with fewer than 600 students. It is ...


Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk Jan 2004

Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Between 1925 and 1958 home economics education at Iowa State College included a special laboratory experience for senior students. They lived in home management houses designed with modern appliances and furnishings that allowed them to "practice" the homemaking skills learned during the previous three years of classroom study. This six-week stay included turns with cooking, cleaning, budgeting, entertaining, and child care. It was also during these years that the university brought infants into the homes to live for a one-year period. These infants, orphans from the state of Iowa, became the responsibility of the young women in the homes. With ...


The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko Jan 2004

The Cross-Cultural Component In Teaching Business English To Native Russian Speakers, Maria Loukianenko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis project is designed to conduct a cross-cultural analysis of rhetorical patterns in Russian and American business correspondence. The study reviews the literature on previous findings in international business communication presented by both linguists and international management and marketing theorists. A special focus is on Hofstede's theory of cultural dimensions (power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and individualism/collectivism). The study adapts his theory for the linguistic and rhetorical analysis of the American and Russian business letters. As a part of the research, a preliminary framework is set up that allows the comparison of the data in terms of the ...


Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee Jan 2004

Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The interactive nature of the Internet is the key to building a relationship with customers. Interactivity is primarily suited for increasing consumers' satisfaction with a business relationship. Mass customization web sites incorporate a high level of interactivity in the site design. This study was conducted due to the lack of research examining mass customization and satisfaction.;The expectancy disconfirmation model of satisfaction was used as the framework to examine consumer satisfaction. Among the interactivity characteristics, the concept of choice was applied to develop Internet mass customization shopping sites.;The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate consumer satisfaction with ...


Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar Jan 2004

Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the National Science Standards, science educators have been calling for the inclusion of inquiry-based approaches in science classrooms as a reform for science instruction. Teachers' reluctance to implement inquiry-based approaches may be attributed to the different interpretations of the underpinning theory. Any efforts to help teachers implement effective teaching approaches, therefore, should not target merely additive skills; rather, such efforts should foster fundamental changes of beliefs, knowledge, and habits of practice that teachers deeply hold.;This study is a part of a bigger project known as the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) Partnership Professional Development Project, conducted at Iowa ...


Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson Jan 2004

Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the last decade, research universities have been called upon to reform undergraduate education (Boyer Commission, 1998). Faculty members are key participants in undergraduate education improvement efforts, such as learning communities. Although it has been suggested that learning communities have far-reaching potential for influencing faculty renewal and development, relatively little is known about their impact on participating faculty. This study examined mid-career faculty members' involvement in learning communities to discover outcomes of their participation and to explore the degree to which the construct of vitality can appropriately describe and illuminate their experiences in learning communities. The theoretical framework and methodology ...


Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan Jan 2004

Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation are threefold: first, to examine a model of how socioeconomic status, parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and adolescents' self-esteem might be causally related; second, to examine whether or not the proposed model is structurally invariant across gender and grade; and third, to determine whether family income, paternal and maternal education, and paternal and maternal occupational prestige make unique contributions to nurturant and punitive parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and self-esteem. Structural equation results showed that socioeconomic status has a significant and positive effect on nurturant parenting and on adolescents' academic achievement, which, in turn, affect adolescent self-esteem ...


Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel Jan 2004

Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Business enterprises are being challenged to confront change where there is impact on the enterprise due to some radical, financial, and/or organizational adjustment (significant change). By utilizing both a quantitative and qualitative research methodology and focusing on a single case study dealing with a Decision Support System (significant change), the critical success factors of previous research are confirmed, and two additional critical factors are revealed: (1) Flexible curriculum---the need for a comprehensive action plan, and (2) Perception of Personal Gain---the need to present a clear understanding addressing the aspirations of those involved and affected by the change initiative.;Learning ...


A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher Jan 2004

A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study examined a cohort of preservice teachers who participated in an innovative engineering course as a major component of their teacher preparation program. This course, used engineering as a context to teach science and technology concepts. The purpose of this case study was to describe the experiences and reactions of a cohort of preservice teachers enrolled in this engineering course. In addition, this study sought to gain a deeper understanding of how preservice teachers described and reported learning in this constructivist based engineering course. Data sources from this study included: classroom observations and interactions, field observations and notes ...


Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim Jan 2004

Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among perceived quality, sacrifices, and risks of product and service as antecedents of the value of Internet apparel shopping, as well as satisfaction and behavioral outcomes as consequences of the value of Internet apparel shopping. To examine the relationships among these variables, the quality-value-satisfaction model (Cronin, Brady, & Hult, 2000) was adopted and expanded.;This study employed both qualitative and quantitative approaches to examine the phenomenon of Internet apparel shopping. For scale and treatment stimuli development, two focus interviews were conducted using female college-aged consumers. For the model testing, an experimental design with two treatment levels ...


Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby Jan 2004

Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify emerging technology issues which American K--12 public school boards of education should consider. This study invoked a process for identifying current and emerging technology issues that were germane to board policy development. A Delphi technique was chosen as the method to engage a 14-member judgment panel from across the country in a Web-based review of issues associated with a continued rise in access and use of communication and information technologies as well as new and emerging technologies. Panel members rated the importance of identified issues with respect to whether there was merit ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis Jan 2004

The Impact Of Multilingualism & Language Learning Experiences On An Immigrant Woman's Identity: A Case Study, Dessislava Georgieva Bekrieva-Grannis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Following the interpretive qualitative approach, the present study strives to give voice to an immigrant woman by telling her story about the development of her identity as a multilingual learner of English. Using multiple methods of data collection (in-depth interviews, informal observations, documents, artifact, member checks, and peer debriefings), this research attempts to shed light on how an immigrant woman makes sense out of her social world through the languages she uses, their function in her life, the meanings she assigns to each and the role of learning languages on her multilingual identity. Some SLA investigators have argued that because ...


Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert Jan 2004

Literature And The Development Of Oral Fluency: A Study Using Poetry And Children's Literature In Adult Esl Instruction, Ketty Ruth Reppert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The place of literature in language teaching has long been debated. This study investigates the use of poetry and children's literature written in verse as materials for helping advanced adult learners of English as a second or foreign language develop oral fluency skills. Fifteen native Chinese-speaking graduate students or professionals associated with ISU participated in the study. Speech samples were taken before and after a two-week treatment period. Participants were randomly assigned to one of the three treatment groups: a children's literature group, and adult literature group, and a control group. During the treatment period, each of the ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman Jan 2004

Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Assessment is becoming a key component of Engineering Colleges and Departments. As more institutions prepare for either their first, or second, ABET accreditation under the EC2000 Criterion, that criterion becomes entrenched, and the need for assessing programs increases. The EC2000 Criterion was developed to move Engineering Programs in directions outlined by education reformers, industry and government. Within institutions, the idea of and need for assessment is growing;Assessment is not the only trend at institutions. Many Colleges and Universities are introducing learning communities as a means to retain students, and create academic clusters within departments. How departments implement learning communities ...


The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 2004

The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The importance of the school administrator to the success of educational technology initiatives is well documented in the literature. During the last twenty years numerous recommendations have been released concerning the roles a school administrator should fill to increase the success rate of a technology initiative. These culminated with the publication of the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS-A) by the International Society for Technology in Education in 2001. This case study describes the actual roles and actions taken by an exemplary school administrator during the technology implementation process, provides a comparison to literature and the NETS-A, and discusses ...


Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair Jan 2004

Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey of 261 students at Des Moines Area Community College-Boone Campus was conducted to examine self-esteem in relation to perceptions of role models, emotional support, academic adjustment, and academic success. Symbolic interactionism and the looking-glass self formed the conceptual basis of the research. Factor and Cronbach's alpha analyses tended to confirm internal validity and reliability of the constructs, respectively.;Hypothesis testing revealed some significant (p ≤ .05) relationships. Pearson's product moment correlation linked student self-esteem and social perceptions. Self-esteem was higher when the students: had a support person, saw the support person or role model as similar to ...


Assessment Of The Personal And Professional Attributes Of Educators Who Utilize Service-Learning , Hina Shantilal Patel Jan 2004

Assessment Of The Personal And Professional Attributes Of Educators Who Utilize Service-Learning , Hina Shantilal Patel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study provides evidence for the differences in personality between educators who do and do not utilize the pedagogy of service-learning. Two major scales, the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale constructed by Tschannen-Moran and Hoy and the Self-Report Altruism Scale constructed by Rushton, Chrisjohn and Fekken were administered to a total of 128 higher education professors, 58 of whom integrate community service into the curriculum.;A major finding was that service-learning educators scored significantly higher than non-service-learning educators on the OSTES. Analysis of the individual questions conveys that service-learning educators believe they play a greater role in the design, implementation ...


Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin Jan 2004

Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored residential learning community peer mentor role construction/enactment and the learning outcomes that resulted from their participation in this role. Nineteen residential learning community peer mentors participated in focus groups and discussed their experiences as peer mentors. Three categories of mentors were explored: solo mentors (mentors in programs with only one live-in mentor), paired mentors (mentors in programs with two live-in mentors, typically living on different floors), and grouped mentors (mentors in programs with three or more live-in mentors, living on different floors). Using social learning theory (Bandura, 1977) and student involvement theory (Astin, 1984) as theoretical ...


Faculty's And Students' Perspectives On Establishing On-Line Collaborative Community Within A Distance Education Graduate Course , Rhea Renee Walker Jan 2004

Faculty's And Students' Perspectives On Establishing On-Line Collaborative Community Within A Distance Education Graduate Course , Rhea Renee Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this case study, teaching and learning practices in a technology-mediated distance education course were examined. These interactions were examined at the classroom level by using a descriptive tool, activity theory. This framework was used to describe the complex pedagogical, social, and technological issues that affected human activity in this experimental distance education course. Along with describing this setting, activity theory was used to identify emerging contradictions among interacting activity systems. These systems included the interactions among faculty and students.;Faculty members in the study encountered challenges to their pedagogy as they attempted to form a collaborative community between the ...


Distance Education From The Inside Out: Experiences Grounded In The Real World Contexts Of Participants , Sherry June Washburn Jan 2004

Distance Education From The Inside Out: Experiences Grounded In The Real World Contexts Of Participants , Sherry June Washburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In order to understand the distance education learning experience of those individual and collective participants (remote site students, origination site students, and faculty), using Bronfenbrenner's human bioecological theory as a base, I sought answers to the question "What impact does a distance learning environment have on both students and faculty?" Methods I used to gather data included small group interviews and individual in-depth interviews with both students and faculty. The data I received was anecdotal, personal experience data from the participants. I analyzed the data using qualitative methods, specifically Tesch's Steps for Developing an Organizing System for Unstructured ...


A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg Jan 2004

A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have identified a decline in the number of candidates sitting for the national nursing home administrator licensing exam (NAB, 2003), while other studies have recognized a decline in the number of students enrolling and completing nursing home administrator educational programs (McGinnis, 2003). This occurrence is directly in conflict with the burgeoning aging population and the anticipated 200--300% increase in nursing home use that is expected by the year 2030.;Iowa's largest nursing home administrator education program is the Health Care Administration program at Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) and serves approximately 38 students each semester. DMACC ...


Variables Influencing The Use Of Institutional Outcomes Assessment Results In Institutional Decision-Making: An Attitudinal Survey Of Chief Academic Officers From Public Two-Year Institutions In The North Central Region , Janet Lynn Woldt Jan 2004

Variables Influencing The Use Of Institutional Outcomes Assessment Results In Institutional Decision-Making: An Attitudinal Survey Of Chief Academic Officers From Public Two-Year Institutions In The North Central Region , Janet Lynn Woldt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Successfully completing the assessment process and using the resulting findings to inform institutional decision-making processes is one of the most difficult, least understood, and least researched phases of the assessment process. Difficult though it may be, closing the loop, as it is commonly called, is necessary for improvement to occur. Accreditation agencies recognize the importance of closing the loop and now mandate that institutions document how the results of the assessment process are being used for institutional improvement. This exploratory study sought to identify which areas of institutional decision-making the results of the assessment process are being used in the ...