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2004

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden Jan 2004

Examining Esl Students' Vocabulary Retention In An On-Line Environment Using The Mental Effort Hypothesis, Jennifer Anne Oden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The advent of computer-assisted language learning (CALL) materials has revolutionized teaching as increasing numbers of educators realize the power of the medium. With the proliferation of these materials comes a need for developers to make informed choices about the materials they create. In studies using traditional print materials, researchers have discovered the importance of glossing difficult vocabulary words; however, the method of glossing varies greatly. More research is needed to inform the decisions educators make about the types of glosses to offer. The research questions shaping this study are: 1) Does a multiple-choice option that requires students to expend mental ...


A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg Jan 2004

A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have identified a decline in the number of candidates sitting for the national nursing home administrator licensing exam (NAB, 2003), while other studies have recognized a decline in the number of students enrolling and completing nursing home administrator educational programs (McGinnis, 2003). This occurrence is directly in conflict with the burgeoning aging population and the anticipated 200--300% increase in nursing home use that is expected by the year 2030.;Iowa's largest nursing home administrator education program is the Health Care Administration program at Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) and serves approximately 38 students each semester. DMACC ...


Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson Jan 2004

Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the last decade, research universities have been called upon to reform undergraduate education (Boyer Commission, 1998). Faculty members are key participants in undergraduate education improvement efforts, such as learning communities. Although it has been suggested that learning communities have far-reaching potential for influencing faculty renewal and development, relatively little is known about their impact on participating faculty. This study examined mid-career faculty members' involvement in learning communities to discover outcomes of their participation and to explore the degree to which the construct of vitality can appropriately describe and illuminate their experiences in learning communities. The theoretical framework and methodology ...


Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel Jan 2004

Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Business enterprises are being challenged to confront change where there is impact on the enterprise due to some radical, financial, and/or organizational adjustment (significant change). By utilizing both a quantitative and qualitative research methodology and focusing on a single case study dealing with a Decision Support System (significant change), the critical success factors of previous research are confirmed, and two additional critical factors are revealed: (1) Flexible curriculum---the need for a comprehensive action plan, and (2) Perception of Personal Gain---the need to present a clear understanding addressing the aspirations of those involved and affected by the change initiative.;Learning ...


A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher Jan 2004

A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study examined a cohort of preservice teachers who participated in an innovative engineering course as a major component of their teacher preparation program. This course, used engineering as a context to teach science and technology concepts. The purpose of this case study was to describe the experiences and reactions of a cohort of preservice teachers enrolled in this engineering course. In addition, this study sought to gain a deeper understanding of how preservice teachers described and reported learning in this constructivist based engineering course. Data sources from this study included: classroom observations and interactions, field observations and notes ...


Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk Jan 2004

Playing House: The Role Of Home Management Houses In The Training Of Scientific Homemakers At Iowa State College, 1925-1958, Megan Elizabeth Birk

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Between 1925 and 1958 home economics education at Iowa State College included a special laboratory experience for senior students. They lived in home management houses designed with modern appliances and furnishings that allowed them to "practice" the homemaking skills learned during the previous three years of classroom study. This six-week stay included turns with cooking, cleaning, budgeting, entertaining, and child care. It was also during these years that the university brought infants into the homes to live for a one-year period. These infants, orphans from the state of Iowa, became the responsibility of the young women in the homes. With ...


Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent Jan 2004

Attitudes Of Native And Nonnative Speakers Of English Toward Various Regional And Social U.S. English Accents, Stacey R. Dent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner Jan 2004

Comparison Of Students' Opinions Toward Experiential Learning In Two Undergraduate Agricultural Capstone Courses Designed With Contrasting Delivery Techniques , Charles Russell Steiner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine similarities and differences in students' perceptions towards learning in two senior-level farm management experientially based capstone courses, similar in content, but vastly different in delivery and teaching methods. A secondary purpose was to determine if there was a favorable means for teaching farm business management concepts to young adult learners.;The objectives of the study were: (1) To examine selected demographic characteristics of the students enrolled in these two experientially-based capstone courses. (2) To determine the effectiveness of these two capstone courses using Crunkilton's criteria. (3) To identify the effectiveness of ...


Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman Jan 2004

Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Assessment is becoming a key component of Engineering Colleges and Departments. As more institutions prepare for either their first, or second, ABET accreditation under the EC2000 Criterion, that criterion becomes entrenched, and the need for assessing programs increases. The EC2000 Criterion was developed to move Engineering Programs in directions outlined by education reformers, industry and government. Within institutions, the idea of and need for assessment is growing;Assessment is not the only trend at institutions. Many Colleges and Universities are introducing learning communities as a means to retain students, and create academic clusters within departments. How departments implement learning communities ...


Assessment Of The Personal And Professional Attributes Of Educators Who Utilize Service-Learning , Hina Shantilal Patel Jan 2004

Assessment Of The Personal And Professional Attributes Of Educators Who Utilize Service-Learning , Hina Shantilal Patel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study provides evidence for the differences in personality between educators who do and do not utilize the pedagogy of service-learning. Two major scales, the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale constructed by Tschannen-Moran and Hoy and the Self-Report Altruism Scale constructed by Rushton, Chrisjohn and Fekken were administered to a total of 128 higher education professors, 58 of whom integrate community service into the curriculum.;A major finding was that service-learning educators scored significantly higher than non-service-learning educators on the OSTES. Analysis of the individual questions conveys that service-learning educators believe they play a greater role in the design, implementation ...


Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz Jan 2004

Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the outdoor play environment provided for preschool children in an inclusive early care and education center. This qualitative examination sought to determine what children and teachers do when they are outside and how the indoor and outdoor curricula are integrated. Supports and barriers for a quality outdoor play environment were identified. In addition, opportunities for development of self-determination in the outdoor environment were studied. This research sought to determine the opportunities children are provided to make choices, practice overcoming challenges, and develop friendships during outdoor play and learning.;The importance of an ...


The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 2004

The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The importance of the school administrator to the success of educational technology initiatives is well documented in the literature. During the last twenty years numerous recommendations have been released concerning the roles a school administrator should fill to increase the success rate of a technology initiative. These culminated with the publication of the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS-A) by the International Society for Technology in Education in 2001. This case study describes the actual roles and actions taken by an exemplary school administrator during the technology implementation process, provides a comparison to literature and the NETS-A, and discusses ...


Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan Jan 2004

Relationships Among Socio-Economic Status, Parenting, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem In Early And Middle Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study , Chiu-Hui Lan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation are threefold: first, to examine a model of how socioeconomic status, parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and adolescents' self-esteem might be causally related; second, to examine whether or not the proposed model is structurally invariant across gender and grade; and third, to determine whether family income, paternal and maternal education, and paternal and maternal occupational prestige make unique contributions to nurturant and punitive parenting, adolescents' academic achievement, and self-esteem. Structural equation results showed that socioeconomic status has a significant and positive effect on nurturant parenting and on adolescents' academic achievement, which, in turn, affect adolescent self-esteem ...


Parenting And Child Care In Rural Environments , Delora Jespersen Hade Jan 2004

Parenting And Child Care In Rural Environments , Delora Jespersen Hade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify parental beliefs, attitudes and values, parental perceptions of ideal child care, and decisions parents make about child care as described by rural, low-income parents in central Iowa. Data were gathered using information from three focus group interviews involving ten Early Head Start families. Parents were asked to describe their parenting beliefs and identify ideal child care and how they make decisions about child care. Focus group transcriptions were used to complete content analysis. The results were fitted to an ecological model describing levels and themes of influence these rural, low-income parents experienced ...


Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang Jan 2004

Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation centers around research and development on faculty preparation for integration of technology for teacher education. Chapter 1 is the general introduction in which the background and the significance of the research topics are addressed. Chapter 2, Chapter 3, and Chapter 4 consist of three published or publishable papers. Chapter 5 is the general conclusion. Chapter 2 summarizes the literature related to one-on-one technology mentoring programs in higher education and K--12 institutions nation wide, and identifies themes contributing to a successful mentoring program. Chapter 3 describes the pedagogical shift of an exemplary technology-using teacher educator through her eight-year journey ...


A Comparative Evaluation Of Physical Activity In Home School And Public School Children , Jodee Ann Schaben Jan 2004

A Comparative Evaluation Of Physical Activity In Home School And Public School Children , Jodee Ann Schaben

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on children's physical activity indicates that children may not be getting sufficient amounts of physical activity. Much of the research has utilized samples from public schools but little research has been done on the growing population of home school children. This series of studies examines the relationship among the psychosocial correlates of physical activity (Attraction to PA, Perceived Competence, and Parental Influence) between home school and public school children, and their levels and patterns of physical activity. Trends were found for the psychosocial correlates of physical activity, with public school children scoring higher on all three measures than ...


The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall Jan 2004

The Middle-Class African American Home: Its Objects And Their Meanings , Carol Lynnette Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the sense of self middle-class African American families convey in their homes, how they express themselves and construct their identities through objects in their homes, including textile-related objects, and the meanings these objects hold for them. This phenomenon was explored through a constructivist, interpretive paradigm approach.;Data was collected from nine married couples in the form of long interviews that were audiotaped, videotapes and photographs of their homes and objects within them. The data were interpreted using case study and grounded theory approaches that allowed the researcher to understand the meanings of ...


Longitudinal Relations Of Maternal Supportiveness And Child Task-Approach Behavior To Early Cognitive Development Of Children With Developmental Risks , Hyun-Joo Jeon Jan 2004

Longitudinal Relations Of Maternal Supportiveness And Child Task-Approach Behavior To Early Cognitive Development Of Children With Developmental Risks , Hyun-Joo Jeon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of study was to investigate the longitudinal relations among maternal supportiveness, child task-approach behavior, and cognitive development for children with developmental risks. The participants (N = 400) in this study were a subset of the National Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. The current study used structural equation modeling analyses including growth-curve models.;Findings are that maternal supportiveness was moderately stable from the time the children were 14 to 36 months of age, but stability of child task-approach behavior was weak between 14 and 24 months of age. Child task-approach behavior became stronger as children grew older. Earlier ...


The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson Jan 2004

The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study investigated the strategies, challenges, and leadership requirements for sustaining technology innovations in Iowa State University's (ISU's) teacher education program (TEP). In 1999, ISU's TEP was granted 1.4 million dollars to renew pedagogy and practice in teacher education with technology. A qualitative case study approach was used to describe and analyze the process of sustaining technology innovations in teacher education. Activity Theory Framework (ATF) and Rogers Diffusion of Innovation Theory (R'DIT) were complementary theoretical lenses used to analyze this case study. Thirteen participants from five constituencies supporting teacher education were interviewed. Interview data ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga Jan 2004

The Influence Of Individual Characteristics And Parenting Behaviors On Adolescent Academic Performance , Keren M. Zuniga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of adolescent autonomy, parental academic involvement and parental academic expectations as they link gender, age, ethnicity, and immigrant generation to adolescent academic performance. A selected sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data set (Add Health) was used to examine these relationships specifically for Latino/as with comparisons drawn to White, African American, and Asian adolescents. Special emphasis was also placed on gender differences for each ethnic/racial group. The outcome variable of adolescent academic performance was assessed using the adolescent's reported grade point average (GPA). The ...


Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar Jan 2004

Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the National Science Standards, science educators have been calling for the inclusion of inquiry-based approaches in science classrooms as a reform for science instruction. Teachers' reluctance to implement inquiry-based approaches may be attributed to the different interpretations of the underpinning theory. Any efforts to help teachers implement effective teaching approaches, therefore, should not target merely additive skills; rather, such efforts should foster fundamental changes of beliefs, knowledge, and habits of practice that teachers deeply hold.;This study is a part of a bigger project known as the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) Partnership Professional Development Project, conducted at Iowa ...


Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell Jan 2004

Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative case study examined the experiences of three preservice teachers who enrolled in a teacher preparation program that was conceived and implemented through a collaborative effort between a college, a K--12 school, and a regional education agency. Specifically, this study uncovered the perceptions of the preservice teachers as they were mentored by a classroom teacher throughout the program's three-year extensive field experiences, and the perceptions of mentoring by the classroom teacher. The findings point to the strong benefits of extended and extensive field experiences in K--12 classrooms for preservice teachers. The extended field experiences provided a multi-tiered framework ...


Central American Immigrant Women's Perceptions Of Adult Learning: A Qualitative Inquiry , Ana Guisela Chupina Jan 2004

Central American Immigrant Women's Perceptions Of Adult Learning: A Qualitative Inquiry , Ana Guisela Chupina

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this inquiry was to explore how Central American immigrant women experienced and gave meaning to the phenomenon of adult learning in the Midwestern United States. Data collection followed Seidman's (1998) model for in-depth phenomenological interviewing, which combined interviews informed by the methodologies of life story and phenomenology. Three in-depth interviews were conducted with five Central American immigrant women living in a Midwestern metropolitan area. These interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were crafted into first-person narratives that captured the participants' life stories of learning. The transcripts were also inductively analyzed through a process that ...


Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby Jan 2004

Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify emerging technology issues which American K--12 public school boards of education should consider. This study invoked a process for identifying current and emerging technology issues that were germane to board policy development. A Delphi technique was chosen as the method to engage a 14-member judgment panel from across the country in a Web-based review of issues associated with a continued rise in access and use of communication and information technologies as well as new and emerging technologies. Panel members rated the importance of identified issues with respect to whether there was merit ...


Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim Jan 2004

Effects Of Perceived Merchandise Quality And Service Quality On Consumer Shopping Behavior In The Internet Apparel Retailing Environment , Jihyun Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships among perceived quality, sacrifices, and risks of product and service as antecedents of the value of Internet apparel shopping, as well as satisfaction and behavioral outcomes as consequences of the value of Internet apparel shopping. To examine the relationships among these variables, the quality-value-satisfaction model (Cronin, Brady, & Hult, 2000) was adopted and expanded.;This study employed both qualitative and quantitative approaches to examine the phenomenon of Internet apparel shopping. For scale and treatment stimuli development, two focus interviews were conducted using female college-aged consumers. For the model testing, an experimental design with two treatment levels ...


Measuring The Impact Of Higher Education On Student Development Regarding Racial Attitudes And Support For Race-Based Policy , Timothy Donald Levonyan Radloff Jan 2004

Measuring The Impact Of Higher Education On Student Development Regarding Racial Attitudes And Support For Race-Based Policy , Timothy Donald Levonyan Radloff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the educational effect of diversity course graduation requirements on undergraduate students' racial attitudes and support for race-based policy at a predominantly White Midwest university. The present research utilized social structural variables as well as classical and contemporary measures of prejudice and racism to analyze undergraduate students' racial attitudes toward African Americans and support for race-based policy. An 85-question survey on the Internet was administered to undergraduate students at two different time periods during the 2000--01 academic year employing two different data collection techniques. Undergraduate students were contacted in their classes and asked ...


Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt Jan 2004

Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hospitality management and dietetics students, employers, and futurists have indicated that leadership skills, abilities, and qualities are important for success. Educators have stressed the importance of developing leadership skills and behaviors in students. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess self-reported leadership behaviors and practices of hospitality management and dietetics undergraduate students.;Leadership questionnaires, including the Student Leadership Practices Inventory developed by Posner and Brodsky, were mailed to program directors at eight universities. A total of 345 hospitality management students' questionnaires and 283 dietetics students' questionnaires were returned and analyzed. Four focus groups were conducted with hospitality management ...


Constructing Instructor-Student And Student-Student Authority Relationships In Technical Writing Classrooms , Terri Ann Fredrick Jan 2004

Constructing Instructor-Student And Student-Student Authority Relationships In Technical Writing Classrooms , Terri Ann Fredrick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The technical writing classroom, where instructors come from English while most students have expertise in science and technical fields, creates a complicated dynamic of authority. Despite these complications, little technical communication research addresses classroom authority. Composition provides considerably more discussion of classroom authority but is often predicated on the belief that (1) authority rests solely with instructors, and (2) such authority is inherently negative, particularly for students.;Drawing on classroom observations and the work of composition scholars and post-structural theorists, this dissertation argues that classroom authority is best understood as a series of negotiated relationships between instructor and students and ...