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Motivating Urban Middle School Math Students While Considering Their Attitudes And Perceptions, Benjamin F. Harper Iii Dec 2004

Motivating Urban Middle School Math Students While Considering Their Attitudes And Perceptions, Benjamin F. Harper Iii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This final project reflects the research of an urban middle school mathematics teacher to improve the motivation and performance of his eighth grade students using a variety of proven techniques, including eliciting positive attitudes and perceptions toward mathematics and the educational process. The study of attribution theory and the use of rewards and incentives can be useful when trying to elicit positive attitudes and perceptions from students. Teaching in an urban setting presents many challenges, but it is the challenge that motivates and makes it an exciting place to teach.

The research section is followed by a series of sixteen ...


The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule Aug 2004

The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated how prekindergarten affects students' language arts and social achievement. It targeted one first grade classroom as a case study in an urban elementary school in Western New York. In this classroom, the researcher collected writing samples, observed social skills, and collected Reading Excellence Act Scores. The scores of students that attended prekindergarten were compared to those students that attended preschool and Head Start. Also, kindergarten and first grade teachers were surveyed to determine the teachers' perceptions of prekindergarten. An informal interview was done with the current prekindergarten teacher in the urban elementary school as well. Overall, the ...


Factors Affecting Retention Of Students In Grades K-2, Amy Katherine Pace Jun 2004

Factors Affecting Retention Of Students In Grades K-2, Amy Katherine Pace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked to investigate two things regarding student retention in grade. The first being the factors that influence retention and the second being the effectiveness of the practice. First, the researcher looked to see what factors influence student retention between kindergarten and third grade. This was investigated by using the cumulative folders of students currently in grades three and four. Their cumulative folders were used in order to find out if the student was retained and the reasons that were indicated for the retention. This data was compiled and put into a questionnaire to be completed by the first ...


Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons Jun 2004

Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the factors that influence the academic performance of learning disabled students in an urban science classroom. The research focused on a group of six learning disabled sixth grade students. Student self-perceptions, levels of motivation, and locus of control served as the primary concentrations of the research study. Data was collected using an Academic Performance Questionnaire, weekly performance reflections, Studying Reflections, weekly observations, and student interviews. Findings indicate that LD students maintain a high overall self-concept despite inconsistent perceptions of their performance from week to week. LD students display less motivation than their unclassified peers, as evidenced by ...


Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich May 2004

Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers' attitudes of successful versus unsuccessful inclusion. All subjects were general and special education fourth and fifth grade teachers in an elementary suburban school district. One instrument was used for data collection in this research, which consisted of a survey with a rating scale and a written interview to gather teachers' attitudes. The planned analysis was conducted using SPSS (Noonan, 2003, version 12.0) in order to gather descriptive statistics (including mean, percentages, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics, using a paired sample T Test to determine whether a statistically significant difference existed between teachers' attitudes and ...


Least Restrictive Environment For Students With Disabilities, Kristin Talada May 2004

Least Restrictive Environment For Students With Disabilities, Kristin Talada

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As the number of students with disabilities in our classroom today grows, it is important to make sure we, as educators, do as much as possible to accommodate our students. Therefore, my research question is: Can fourth grade students with identified disabilities obtain the same level of academic achievement in the general education classroom with consultant services as compared to a pull-out program in the resource room? In order to answer this question, I reviewed literature, and obtained data through an observation checklist. The observational checklist was based on five specific academic behaviors shown in the general education classroom as ...


Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf May 2004

Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As teachers, it is our job to educate each and every one of our students. It is important to take into consideration the composition of your classroom when teaching your students. Teachers need to be aware of individual needs and teach accordingly. Some teachers might find this difficult because they do not know how to teach in an inclusive environment. What are successful collaborative and inclusive practices for both general and special educators to use in a general education inclusive classroom with primary and intermediate age students? This is the question that will be partially answered in this paper. Two ...


Can General Education' Teachers And Inclusive Teachers Collaborate And Teach Effectively For The Services Of Their Students With Disabilities?, Shanna Delores Rae May 2004

Can General Education' Teachers And Inclusive Teachers Collaborate And Teach Effectively For The Services Of Their Students With Disabilities?, Shanna Delores Rae

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper describes a study conducted in a suburban school district. A focus group session was established and consisted of four participants. Two participants are certified special education teachers; the other two participants are certified general education teachers. The researcher and one observer conducted the research. During the focus group session, the four educators discussed five questions amongst each other. The researcher asked the questions and wrote down the responses. The observer wrote down the responses as well to ensure accurate analysis of the responses. The research questions focused on collaboration efforts between general and special education teachers, and how ...


Benefits Of Assistive Technology Within The Inclusive Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Natalie Erin Bruzee May 2004

Benefits Of Assistive Technology Within The Inclusive Classroom For Students With Disabilities, Natalie Erin Bruzee

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As the number of students with disabilities in our classrooms grow, it is important to make sure we as educators do as much as possible.to 􀈶commodate our students with disabilities. The 1997 reauthorization of Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) extends this mandate by requiring Individualized Education Plan (IEP) teams to consider assistive technology. Do students with disabilities in inclusive classrooms benefit from using assistive technology at appropriate times in the classroom? In order to answer this question, I reviewed articles and distributed an anonymous questionnaire to inclusive education teachers in a suburban school district. All questions had to do ...


What Are The Most Evident Characteristics Of Giftedness That Students With Disabilities Portray To Their Classroom Teachers?, Jonathan Thomas Goosey May 2004

What Are The Most Evident Characteristics Of Giftedness That Students With Disabilities Portray To Their Classroom Teachers?, Jonathan Thomas Goosey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the most evident characteristics of giftedness that students with disabilities display to their classroom teachers. This is based on the hypothesis that the perceptions that teachers have of students with disabilities is predominately negative and causes teachers to overlook strengths and possible giftedness in those students. Participants in this study are all Caucasian, female, elementary school teachers that currently educate students with disabilities in upstate New York. For each student that they were responsible for educating, participants completed a checklist containing both positively and negatively worded characteristics. These checklists were collected and analyzed.

Results from the data ...


Teachers' Attitudes On How Medication Affects Students' Success, Anna Kogan May 2004

Teachers' Attitudes On How Medication Affects Students' Success, Anna Kogan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A study was conducted to find out if elementary students in inclusive classrooms associated with disabilities and students with problems in learning, processing and communicating information that receive medication are as academically and socially successful as students who do not receive medication. All subjects (N = 34) that participated in the study were students and teachers in a suburban elementary school, grades kindergarten through second. Data was collected using an anonymous, unpublished questionnaire, as well as from published comments on report cards from spring of 2003. All the questions asked addressed teachers' opinions and knowledge about academic and social performance, as ...


Collaboration: Perspectives From Parents And Teachers, Noelle J. Ciriello May 2004

Collaboration: Perspectives From Parents And Teachers, Noelle J. Ciriello

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Based on observations of interactions between parents and teachers, the researcher developed the question, what are the perceptions of parents, general education teachers and the special education consultant teacher at a small suburban school, part of a school district in Western New York, on the success or failure of the levels of collaboration? The participants were comprised of parents of fourth and fifth grade students. About twenty-one percent of this population included parents of students with disabilities. Participants also included teachers of fourth or fifth grade. After reviewing the data, the researcher concluded that teachers feel that they possess the ...


How Children Learn To Spell In First Grade, Jennifer Tudisco May 2004

How Children Learn To Spell In First Grade, Jennifer Tudisco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated how first grade children learn to spell. It targeted first grade students in an urban elementary school in Western New York who are learning to spell. The researcher examined the influences that affect a student's ability to learn, the characteristics of spellers, and the strategies that teachers and students use to help them with spelling, whether teaching or learning. Data was collected through the analysis of writing samples, observation checklists, and early literacy assessments, interviews with students, questionnaires for to parents, and surveys given to first grade teachers.

Children learn to spell in stages and use ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


Collaboration Of Parents And School Team Members To Increase Students With Disabilities' Overall Success., Megan Catherine Holly May 2004

Collaboration Of Parents And School Team Members To Increase Students With Disabilities' Overall Success., Megan Catherine Holly

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the collaboration of parents and school team members to increase students with disabilities' overall success. The subjects chosen to participate are from Albion Elementary School, consisting of ten students, five teachers and three parents. Each participant completed a yes/no checklist containing question regarding behavior charts, communication, backpacks and homework. These checklists were collected and analyzed. Results from the data collected indicate that students do not have the same viewpoint as parents and educators regarding their backpacks being checked after school. These findings lay a foundation for future research to further explore students, parents and educators perceptions ...


Perceptions Of Parents, Preschool Teachers, And Kindergarten Teachers Regarding School Readiness, Erin Marie Reding May 2004

Perceptions Of Parents, Preschool Teachers, And Kindergarten Teachers Regarding School Readiness, Erin Marie Reding

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following project encompasses the term school readiness. School readiness is fully examined using definitions, research studies, and a survey compiled from one suburban school district. This study is similar to a study done by Welch and White (1999).The survey used was created from questions in their study. This study had similar results to that of Welch and White (1999).

The project consists of four parts including an introduction, a literature review, of 25 related articles and studies, the methodology and data analysis of the survey used, and finally a discussion about school readiness and the results of the ...


Fanning The Flames: Interpretations And Reactions To Mccarthyism, Charles Martelle May 2004

Fanning The Flames: Interpretations And Reactions To Mccarthyism, Charles Martelle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project will examine the meaning of “McCarthyism” and the ways in which writers have portrayed Joseph McCarthy and the era named for him. It will start with the initial effect on the United States, in the 1950s and throughout the Cold War. Contemporary scholarly interpretations will look at what effect the era had on academic freedom, how much of a threat Communism actually was, and how it shaped foreign and domestic policy.

The second section of the paper will delve deeper into the issues on a local level as it uses over 200 editorials and letters to the editor ...


Wait Time- Is True Science Understanding Worth The Wait?, Kathleen E. Kennedy May 2004

Wait Time- Is True Science Understanding Worth The Wait?, Kathleen E. Kennedy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science can be defined as a way of knowing about the natural world. From the time they are born, humans have a natural curiosity about everything they observe. Teachers need to foster this desire in their students as well as provide them with a vehicle in which they can discover the natural world. For this reason, teachers should help students develop an understanding of the definition of inquiry as well as the skills necessary to use inquiry in the science classroom. One tool that can be used is Wait-time. Wait-time can be defined as the periods of silence that follow ...


So Why Do We Need To Know This? An Analytical Review Of Education Reform Literature Throughout The 20th Century Focusing On The Purpose Of Education, John Joseph Akers May 2004

So Why Do We Need To Know This? An Analytical Review Of Education Reform Literature Throughout The 20th Century Focusing On The Purpose Of Education, John Joseph Akers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When we hear the expression "education reform" we naturally assume the speaker is concerned with making schools better. But better how? What problems or difficulties are to be solved or addressed? Can they be solved or adequately addressed? What is the purpose of public education in today's society? Who should decide this and how? The purpose of this thesis project review is to deepen understanding of the major positions taken on the above issues by sampling some of the most influential, and often controversial, educators, social critics, and philosophers of the 20th century. The project is not intended ...


Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey Apr 2004

Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The question this research explores is: Do general and special education teacher biases and the socioeconomic status (through knowledge of free and reduced lunches) of students with mild disabilities affect the placement in intermediate special education programs? This study will attempt to more closely examine the relationship between students who receive free or reduced lunches and their placement in special education programs. The major benefit of this study is that the findings will hopefully create awareness and reduce any harmful biases. One urban district, one suburban district, and one rural district were examined by looking at District Report Cards. In ...