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2004

Old Dominion University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effects Of On-Site Reading Clinical Tutoring On Children's Performance, Abha Gupta Sep 2004

Effects Of On-Site Reading Clinical Tutoring On Children's Performance, Abha Gupta

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

This research was conducted to study the effects of field-based clinical tutoring on struggling readers. Struggling readers from two grade levels, 3rd and 5th were randomly divided into two groups. One group received individualized tutoring in reading for a semester from apprentice reading clinicians (graduate students in Reading Program) and the other group did not. There were 13 sessions of one hour each per week. The reading performance of students in the two groups was compared on the two available measures in the school, (1) letter grade and (2) STAR results (a computerized diagnostic reading assessment program). Observational and anecdotal ...


The Effects Of An Autobiographical Dialogue Journaling Activity On Student Teachers' Levels Of Cultural Sensitivity And Reflective Skills, Wanda G. Lastrapes Apr 2004

The Effects Of An Autobiographical Dialogue Journaling Activity On Student Teachers' Levels Of Cultural Sensitivity And Reflective Skills, Wanda G. Lastrapes

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a researcher-designed autobiographical dialogue journaling activity on student teachers' levels of cultural sensitivity and levels of reflection. Written feedback from the university supervisors and cooperating teachers was analyzed to identify differences and similarities in the structure and focus of their responses.

Data was collected from 30 student teachers assigned to urban elementary field placements following a six-week structured journaling activity. Student teachers were randomly assigned to one of three journaling conditions: autobiographical dialogue journaling with their cooperating teacher, autobiographical dialogue journaling with their university supervisor, or the traditional student ...


A Comparative Study Of American-Born Chinese And Non American-Born Chinese Students' Language Learning Motivation, Language Acquisition, And Ethnic Identity Development In Chinese Language Schools, Sarah C. Tsai Apr 2004

A Comparative Study Of American-Born Chinese And Non American-Born Chinese Students' Language Learning Motivation, Language Acquisition, And Ethnic Identity Development In Chinese Language Schools, Sarah C. Tsai

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This dissertation is a non-experimental comparative and correlational study. It compares the three variables of language learning motivation, language acquisition, and ethnic identity between American-Born Chinese (ABC) and Adopted Chinese students (Non-ABC) at Association of Chinese language schools on the East Coast of the United States. One hundred and eighty-two ABC and 70 non-ABC students enrolled in Chinese language classes in the fall semester of 2004 participated in this study. Additionally, this study identifies the teaching categories that are most commonly applied in the Chinese language school classroom.

The data were collected through a survey method. The research instruments used ...


An Examination Of Relationships Of Reading And Writing Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Standardized Placement Test Scores, And Diverse Community College Students' Perceptions Of Those Relationships, Ann Woolford-Singh Apr 2004

An Examination Of Relationships Of Reading And Writing Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Standardized Placement Test Scores, And Diverse Community College Students' Perceptions Of Those Relationships, Ann Woolford-Singh

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Social cognitive theory explains the role that one's level of confidence plays in the accomplishment of a specific task. According to Bandura (1982, 1995), self-efficacy beliefs should align with performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among reading/writing self-efficacy beliefs and reading/writing standardized placement test scores of diverse community college freshmen. Additionally, this study sought to understand the sources of these students' reading/writing self-efficacy beliefs through the descriptions of experiences they feel have influenced those beliefs.

There were three major research questions: (1) What is the strength of the relationships among reading ...


Culture Of Growth: Teacher Collaboration For The Empowerment Of All Students, Kamilla Bahbahani Apr 2004

Culture Of Growth: Teacher Collaboration For The Empowerment Of All Students, Kamilla Bahbahani

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

This dissertation documents an in-depth year long qualitative case study of three elementary school teachers to address the following research question: what characterizes, and what are the major influences on, an integrated, constructivist-oriented approach to elementary math instruction? The researcher, working collaboratively with the teachers, used a combination of interviews, observations, journaling, and informal discourse to learn about what they want to do in their classes, the various pressures they feel for performance and student learning, the forces they balance in making their instructional choices, and the ways in which they make instructional choices and change their approaches over time ...


Instructional Technology Experiences Of Student Teachers: A Case Study Of Participants In The Stat Internship Program, Lee B. Vartanian Apr 2004

Instructional Technology Experiences Of Student Teachers: A Case Study Of Participants In The Stat Internship Program, Lee B. Vartanian

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Studies

The internship experience is an important link between preservice training and inservice teaching. The STAT Internship Program is an alternative internship program that emphasizes the use of instructional technology. A case study of seven participants in the STAT Internship Program was chosen to investigate five research questions. The research questions explored five broad areas: (1) the technology applications interns used, (2) issues that arose from their use of technology, (3) intern attitudes towards technology, (4) the influence of preservice training on intern use of technology, and (5) shared experiences with technology.

The study yielded a full description of the interns ...


The Relationship Between Learner Responsibility And Performance Of Students Enrolled In Career And Technical Education Core Curriculum Courses, Linda B. Mills Jan 2004

The Relationship Between Learner Responsibility And Performance Of Students Enrolled In Career And Technical Education Core Curriculum Courses, Linda B. Mills

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide this study the following hypotheses were established: 1. Students who take responsibility for their academic outcomes will out perform those students who do not in Marketing Education courses; 2. Female students will take more responsibility for their academic outcomes and will outscore males in the same Marketing Education courses.


Impact Of Kindergarten Format On First-Grade Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening Assessments, Gail W. Ricks Jan 2004

Impact Of Kindergarten Format On First-Grade Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening Assessments, Gail W. Ricks

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem, the following hypothesis was developed: 1. Students that attended full-day kindergarten programs will outperform those students that attend half-day kindergarten on the fall first-grade Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS).


The Success Rate Of Military Students In The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Preparation Class, Margaret A. Russo Jan 2004

The Success Rate Of Military Students In The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Preparation Class, Margaret A. Russo

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To determine the solution to this problem, the following hypothesis was established: 1. Military students who had taken the two week, 54-hour ASVAB Preparation Class had a better rate of success than those who exceeded the two week 54-hour class and finished using the self-paced format.


The Effectiveness Of The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard Work Control Course For Inclusion Into The Navy-Wide Work Control Refresher Course, Russell E. Shiplet Jan 2004

The Effectiveness Of The Puget Sound Naval Shipyard Work Control Course For Inclusion Into The Navy-Wide Work Control Refresher Course, Russell E. Shiplet

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine the overall effectiveness of the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard Work Control course for use in creating a Work Control Refresher course for the U.S. Navy.


Motivators For Enrolling Children In Preschool And Child Care Programs: A Difference Between Latino And Non-Latino Parents, Barbara Andre Jan 2004

Motivators For Enrolling Children In Preschool And Child Care Programs: A Difference Between Latino And Non-Latino Parents, Barbara Andre

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of this study were to answer the following questions: 1. Is there a difference in the reasons why parents enroll children in daycare and preschool programs between Latino and non-Latino parents? 2. Is program cost a primary factor for both groups of parents? 3. Do both groups put equal emphasis on the development of social skills as a reason for enrollment? 4. Do both groups use friends and relatives for childcare more than they use daycare and preschool programs? 5. Is there a difference in value placed upon educating children at an early age between Latino and non-Latino ...


Social Interaction And Reading Achievement Among Children In Poverty, Kendra M. Boykin Jan 2004

Social Interaction And Reading Achievement Among Children In Poverty, Kendra M. Boykin

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant difference in the reading achievement of children in a Title I school between children with high social interaction and those with low social interaction after school.


Ability To Cope With The Increased Costs Of Complying With The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002, Debra B. Cline Jan 2004

Ability To Cope With The Increased Costs Of Complying With The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002, Debra B. Cline

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact on small businesses and the ability to cope with the increased costs of complying with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.


The Types Of Computer Technology Skills Needed By Graduates Of The Information Systems Technology Program, Thomas Czerwinski Jan 2004

The Types Of Computer Technology Skills Needed By Graduates Of The Information Systems Technology Program, Thomas Czerwinski

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide the solution to this problem, the following research goals were established: 1. The researcher will identify computer skills required of entry-level technicians at Canon I.T.S.; 2. The researcher will identify the types of computer technology courses offered in the IST program at Paul D. Camp Community College; 3. The researcher will align the Canon competency needs with Paul D. Camp Community College Information Systems Technology courses.


The Equipment Needs Of The Standards For Technological Literacy, Julian B. Duffey Jan 2004

The Equipment Needs Of The Standards For Technological Literacy, Julian B. Duffey

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

These goals were analyzed to produce a standard equipment list for CATTS to recommend for implementation in participating states. It sought to: 1. Determine the equipment needs for elementary education programs implementing the Standards for Technological Literacy; 2. Determine the equipment needs for middle school education programs implementing the Standards for Technological Literacy; 3. Determine the equipment needs for high school education programs implementing the Standard for Technological Literacy.


The Relationship Of High School Mathematics Standard Test Scores And Illustration And Design Technology Courses, Richard R. Dyer Jan 2004

The Relationship Of High School Mathematics Standard Test Scores And Illustration And Design Technology Courses, Richard R. Dyer

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide the solution of this problem, the following hypotheses were developed: 1. Students who have taken illustration and design technology courses test better on their mathematics SOL tests than students that did not take technology courses; 2. Students who have not passed the mathematics SOL tests will do better on their retake examinations if they take an illustration and design course.


Do Distance Learning Students Taking Business And Technology Courses At Olympic College Achieve The Same Grade Point Averages As On-Campus Students In The Same Courses, Steven J. Ericson Jan 2004

Do Distance Learning Students Taking Business And Technology Courses At Olympic College Achieve The Same Grade Point Averages As On-Campus Students In The Same Courses, Steven J. Ericson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide this problem, the following hypothesis was established: 1. There will be no significant difference in the GPAs of online and on-campus students in the same Business and Technology courses at Olympic College.


Determination Of Why Students Enrolled In Bluefield Regional Medical Center School Of Medical Technology Cannot Receive Government Financial Assistance, James E. Gibberson Jan 2004

Determination Of Why Students Enrolled In Bluefield Regional Medical Center School Of Medical Technology Cannot Receive Government Financial Assistance, James E. Gibberson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals established to guide this study were as follows: 1. Determine why students cannot receive government financial assistance while performing their clinical training at Bluefield Regional Medical Center Laboratory; 2. Determine other means in which students may obtain financial assistance in order to pay for their clinical education at Bluefield Regional Medical Center; 3. Determine how can the institutions, Bluefield Regional Medical Center, Bluefield State College and Bluefield College, work together to form a system of financial assistance for students if government financial assistance is not available.


Determining If Students At Northumberland High School Who Choose Ged Or Other Alternative Programs Are Successfully Prepared For Employment, Sandra Green Jan 2004

Determining If Students At Northumberland High School Who Choose Ged Or Other Alternative Programs Are Successfully Prepared For Employment, Sandra Green

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were established to guide this research: 1. Identify reasons students choose other programs to regular high school education; 2. Investigate programs that are available for students as alternatives to high school graduation; 3. Determine if assistance is being offered within the high school before students dropout of school; 4. Assess if students are properly prepared for work opportunities through investigating alternative education programs.


Effects Of Note Taking On Student Grades, Amy K. Keenan Jan 2004

Effects Of Note Taking On Student Grades, Amy K. Keenan

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To guide a solution to this problem, the following hypothesis was established: Students in OTS 220, the Fashion Industry, who received a copy of the PowerPoint lectures for a specific unit of instruction from the instructor will earn higher grades on exams than when they received a basic fill in the blank note taking guide.


Collaborative Strategies That Would Minimize Interruption In Work Output In A Human Resources Development Department During An Acquisition, Crystal E. Lilly Jan 2004

Collaborative Strategies That Would Minimize Interruption In Work Output In A Human Resources Development Department During An Acquisition, Crystal E. Lilly

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to identify collaborative strategies that would minimize interruption in work output in a Human Resources Development department during an acquisition.


Does Participation In The Academic Continuance Experience For Success Program Increase Academic Achievement And Persistence Of Students Readmitted From Suspension, Norlisa Mayes Jan 2004

Does Participation In The Academic Continuance Experience For Success Program Increase Academic Achievement And Persistence Of Students Readmitted From Suspension, Norlisa Mayes

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine if participation in an intervention program improved academic achievement and retention of at-risk college students at Old Dominion University.


Dietary Supplements And Sports Performance: Introduction And Vitamins, Melvin H. Williams Jan 2004

Dietary Supplements And Sports Performance: Introduction And Vitamins, Melvin H. Williams

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Sports success is dependent primarily on genetic endowment in athletes with morphologic, psychologic, physiologic and metabolic traits specific to performance characteristics vital to their sport. Such genetically-endowed athletes must also receive optimal training to increase physical power, enhance mental strength, and provide a mechanical advantage. However, athletes often attempt to go beyond training and use substances and techniques, often referred to as ergogenics, in attempts to gain a competitive advantage. Pharmacological agents, such as anabolic steroids and amphetamines, have been used in the past, but such practices by athletes have led to the establishment of anti-doping legislation and effective testing ...


The Impact Of An Urban Outreach Teaching Project: Developing Cultural Competence, Carol H. Ott, Lynn H. Doyle Jan 2004

The Impact Of An Urban Outreach Teaching Project: Developing Cultural Competence, Carol H. Ott, Lynn H. Doyle

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to explore the development of cultural competence in a group of university nursing students in the context of an interactive substance abuse prevention project attached to a health promotion course with 414 racially diverse high school students. The project provided opportunities for contact, interaction, and reflection. A descriptive approach was utilized to elicit the meaning attached to the experience. Data included written content from an exit survey, field notes from onsite debriefings, transcriptions of a focus group interview, and an analysis of theoretical papers. Findings indicate that when university students participate in an urban ...


An Integration Of Pc Hardware & Software In Teaching Engineering Technology Courses, Steve Hsiung, Richard Jones Jan 2004

An Integration Of Pc Hardware & Software In Teaching Engineering Technology Courses, Steve Hsiung, Richard Jones

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

As technology advances, the price of a PC drops dramatically. This trend has resulted in PCs that are complex, powerful, and very affordable. Today's PC is a popular and essential tool in teaching software programming course(s) in C, C++, Visual Basic, or Java, running commercial software supporting courses in circuit simulation/design or circuit board layout, and acting as a workstation to gain access to the Internet or LAN networks. In most Engineering Technology curricula there is a limited amount of linkage between those PC applications. The actual effort to merge the hard-gained knowledge of hardware & software concepts ...


Project-Based Freshmen Engineering Courses In Civil Engineering Technology, Vernon W. Lewis Jr., Carol L. Considine Jan 2004

Project-Based Freshmen Engineering Courses In Civil Engineering Technology, Vernon W. Lewis Jr., Carol L. Considine

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Old Dominion University (ODU) has developed two fundamental courses for freshmen engineering students. The first course introduces the fundamentals of the practice of engineering including innovation, creativity, design and manufacturing, commercialization, teaming skills, environmental impact, and ethics. The second course is an exploration of engineering and engineering technology disciplines with an emphasis on projects. The purpose of these courses is to engage the students in the application of engineering early in their course of study with the hope that their interest will be reinforced and the likelihood of their being retained as students will increase. The courses are divided into ...


The Curriculum Content Of Master's Level Fashion Merchandising Programs Throughout The United States, Christine Aulicino Jan 2004

The Curriculum Content Of Master's Level Fashion Merchandising Programs Throughout The United States, Christine Aulicino

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following objectives were established to answer this problem: 1. Identify the schools offering master's degrees in fashion merchandising; 2. Identify the courses offered within master's programs at the different schools; 3. Identify the requirements needed for students to graduate from schools with fashion merchandising master's programs; 4. Determine the mission of graduate programs in fashion merchandising; 5. Determine specific courses needed to be offered by Old Dominion University in order to produce a respected graduate fashion merchandising program.


A Relationship Between The Number Of Nontraditional Students Attending Athens Technical College, Elbert County Campus And The Unemployment Rate, Dennis Bryant Jan 2004

A Relationship Between The Number Of Nontraditional Students Attending Athens Technical College, Elbert County Campus And The Unemployment Rate, Dennis Bryant

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study will answer three important questions: 1. Why are nontraditional students returning to school? 2. How long is the length of time between when the student last attended school and when they returned to school? 3. Do the nontraditional students' plans include attending another college or university after they leave ATCE?


The Effects Of Reading Readiness And Student Achievement In The Primary Grades Through The Use Of Phonemic Awareness, Curtis A. S. Campbell Jan 2004

The Effects Of Reading Readiness And Student Achievement In The Primary Grades Through The Use Of Phonemic Awareness, Curtis A. S. Campbell

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of the study was to determine the effects that reading readiness, such as phonemic awareness, alphabet knowledge, concept of word, and letter-sound knowledge, and the relationship it has on student achievement on the Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS) Test on a kindergarten class at Deep Creek Central Elementary School in Chesapeake.


Does Excessive Absence From Class Lead To Lower Levels Of Academic Achievement, Janet L. Faison Jan 2004

Does Excessive Absence From Class Lead To Lower Levels Of Academic Achievement, Janet L. Faison

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Based on this problem, the following hypothesis has been proposed: 1. Students who have higher records of absenteeism (absent four times or more during a given semester) will have lower academic achievement levels (GPA) while attending community college.