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2004

Disability and Equity in Education

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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Review Of General Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Classroom And Instructional Accommodations For Students With Disabilities, Jennifer Askue-Collins Dec 2004

A Review Of General Education Teachers' Perceptions Of Classroom And Instructional Accommodations For Students With Disabilities, Jennifer Askue-Collins

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The primary purpose of this study was to find out whether general education teachers believe that accommodations for students with special needs help those students succeed. Secondarily, this study seeks to find whether general educators find accommodations to be practical (feasible for general classroom use and fair to students without disabilities) in promoting success for all students. This review will discuss special education laws, service models for special education, and how accommodations fit into these parameters. The researcher created an online survey for K-5 general educators in Virginia's Region 8 to complete. From the responses it was found that ...


Reducing The Stereotypic Behavior Of Individuals With Mental Retardation Using Response Cost Within Applied Behavior Analysis, Crystal Holmes Dec 2004

Reducing The Stereotypic Behavior Of Individuals With Mental Retardation Using Response Cost Within Applied Behavior Analysis, Crystal Holmes

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The focus of this study is to demonstrate that using response cost through applied behavior analysis is an effective treatment for reducing the stereotypic behaviors of individuals with mental retardation. McEntee and Saunders (1997) conducted a study in which response cost was used as an intervention within applied behavior analysis successfully to reduce the stereotypic behaviors in four male individuals with severe or profound mental retardation. An attempt was made to replicate this study and provide further research on the effects of response cost through applied behavior analysis on the stereotypic behaviors of individuals with mental retardation. There were three ...


Pica: A Review Of Recent Assessment And Treatment Procedures Nov 2004

Pica: A Review Of Recent Assessment And Treatment Procedures

John J. Wheeler

The phenomenon of pica has been described within the literature in many ways, from a socially acceptable practice to a life threatening behavior. Recent prevalence rates of pica indicate relatively low occurrence of this phenomenon that makes it difficult to easily identify trends in practices related to pica. Recent literature on pica (1990 to 2002) indicate a trend toward use of more reinforcement based procedures and less use of more intrusive procedures such as overcorrection, time-out and restraint as was reported in the literature prior to 1990. Most recent studies of pica appear to have an underlying basis in behavior ...


Institute Brief: Making Experiential Education Accessible For Students With Disabilities, Cynthia Zafft, Sara Sezun, Melanie Jordan Nov 2004

Institute Brief: Making Experiential Education Accessible For Students With Disabilities, Cynthia Zafft, Sara Sezun, Melanie Jordan

The Institute Brief Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

College students with disabilities enter with less work experience and have a harder time finding jobs than their nondisabled peers. Experiential education-- mentoring, internships, job shadowing, and so on-- can create a bridge to graduation and employment. However, that requires college professionals to consider access issues for all students. A new Institute Brief provides basic disability awareness information, suggests ways to create welcoming career offices, and offers ideas to increase access to experiential education.


Post Literacy And Continuing Education For Vocational Training: Administering Adult Education Programs, Teaching Adults And Helping Them Learn, John A. Henschke Edd Oct 2004

Post Literacy And Continuing Education For Vocational Training: Administering Adult Education Programs, Teaching Adults And Helping Them Learn, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


Dance For The Ages: Inclusive Rhythmic Movement And Dance For Children And Adults, Kimberly J. Sawtelle Sep 2004

Dance For The Ages: Inclusive Rhythmic Movement And Dance For Children And Adults, Kimberly J. Sawtelle

Kimberly J. Sawtelle

Sponsored by The University of Maine Center for Community Inclusion and Disability Studies and VSA Arts of Maine, this workshop will demystify the art of teaching any kind of dance to people with and without disabilities. AXIS teaching artists will share philosophy, approach, and specific exercises through demonstration and dialogue. Participants will work to adapt AXIS’ concepts into their own teaching practice. This workshop was coordinated by Kimberly J. Sawtelle. Flyer Layout and Design by Kimberly J. Sawtelle.


Technological Inequality In Education, Matthew Kleiman, Joan Rudel Weinreich Sep 2004

Technological Inequality In Education, Matthew Kleiman, Joan Rudel Weinreich

Essays in Education

This paper investigates the technological divide: that gulf that develops between rich and poor school-age children, and how they gain access to and utilize either effectively or not the wealth of information technology promises to provide. Inequality of educational opportunity has existed since the very first schools in the United States, when men like Horace Mann tried to level the information playing field with the common school and common library.


The Dilemmas Of African-American Men From Historically Black Colleges And Universities In Completing Doctoral Degrees From Predominately White Institutions, Jeffrey Shears, Chance Lewis, Rich Furman Sep 2004

The Dilemmas Of African-American Men From Historically Black Colleges And Universities In Completing Doctoral Degrees From Predominately White Institutions, Jeffrey Shears, Chance Lewis, Rich Furman

Essays in Education

This paper examines the experiences of two African-American men in their pursuit of doctoral degrees from predominantly white institutions. It presents an overview of other studies that discuss the unique challenges experienced by African American students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs at these institutions. It also includes a case study that describes the struggles and difficulties of these two men, who completed their undergraduate degrees from two separate Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and completed their Ph.D. programs in separate Predominately White Institutions (PWI’s). The authors share their thoughts on the factors they felt were instrumental to ...


Factors Affecting School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists’ Use Of Language Assessment Practices With Bilingual Children, Lena Gloria Caesar Aug 2004

Factors Affecting School-Based Speech-Language Pathologists’ Use Of Language Assessment Practices With Bilingual Children, Lena Gloria Caesar

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the assessment procedures and practices of school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) employed in the state of Michigan. A survey method was used to gather information from 409 SLPs regarding the assessment procedures used for assessing both their bilingual students, as well as their monolingual English-speaking students. The survey also gathered information regarding perceptions about language proficiency, professional training, and bilingual assessment products. In order to analyze factors related to their use of recommended practices, the study investigated the relationship between selected demographic, caseload, and work-setting variables, and the type of bilingual assessment methods ...


Can Professional Development Programs Help Close The Achievement Gap?, C. Jayne Brahler Jul 2004

Can Professional Development Programs Help Close The Achievement Gap?, C. Jayne Brahler

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

This paper explores the question of whether it is possible to design professional development programs for teachers that can significantly improve student test results and reduce the achievement gap for students.

The Dayton (Ohio) Foundation and the Montgomery County (Ohio) Educational Service Center, sponsors of The Miami Valley Teacher/Leadership Academy, answer this question with a resounding yes. Recent results indicate that the academy's two-year program, designed to provide professional development to help improve student test scores, not only succeeded in significantly improving the student proficiency mean score, but also considerably reduced the achievement gap for participating students.

This ...


Early Head Start Identifying And Serving Children With Disabilities, Carla A. Peterson, Shavaun Wall, Helen A. Raikes, Ellen E. Kisker, Mark E. Swanson, Judith Jerald, Jane B. Atwater, Wei Qiao Jul 2004

Early Head Start Identifying And Serving Children With Disabilities, Carla A. Peterson, Shavaun Wall, Helen A. Raikes, Ellen E. Kisker, Mark E. Swanson, Judith Jerald, Jane B. Atwater, Wei Qiao

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Early Head Start (EHS) is a comprehensive, two-generation program that provides services to low-income families with children under the age of 3 years. As part of their mandate, staff members of EHS programs collaborate with other service providers in their local communities, including Part C and childcare providers. The incidence of disabilities among low-income children was tracked as part of the EHS Research and Evaluation Project. The incidence of indicators of disabilities (or potential disabilities) was extremely high (87%) among these very young children living in poverty; however, only 99 participating families (4.7% of the sample) received Part C ...


Adult Learning Theory And High School Students, John A. Henschke Edd Jun 2004

Adult Learning Theory And High School Students, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


Financing A Constitutional Education: Views From The Bench, Anna Lukemeyer Jun 2004

Financing A Constitutional Education: Views From The Bench, Anna Lukemeyer

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

In the United States, education reformers have long been troubled by the differences in money and resources available to different school districts and by the resulting differences in the educational opportunities that these districts can offer their students. These disparities are due, at least in part, to the fact that school districts in many states rely on local property tax revenues for a significant portion of their budgets and that local districts often vary dramatically in property wealth per pupil. State aid systems, even when they are designed to equalize the resources available to different school districts, rarely do so ...


A Study Of The Relationships Between Oral Comprehension And Silent Reading Comprehension, Christine M. Menold May 2004

A Study Of The Relationships Between Oral Comprehension And Silent Reading Comprehension, Christine M. Menold

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to compare the relationship between the comprehension levels of a student's silent reading level to their oral comprehension level when a passage is read to them. It will also address the theory that reading is a visual symbol system superimposed on auditory language. Theorists state that reading is a symbol system twice removed from the realities which they represent. This statement implies a developmental progression as described by Myklebust. That is, the child first integrates nonverbal experience directly. Next he acquires auditory, then later a visual verbal system which represents both the experience ...


Special Education Students' Perceptions Of Inclusion Versus Pull-Out Placements, Jennifer L. Shaw May 2004

Special Education Students' Perceptions Of Inclusion Versus Pull-Out Placements, Jennifer L. Shaw

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of special education students toward their placement in inclusion and/or pull-out resource settings. Inclusion and pull-out special education students were interviewed individually regarding their perceptions of the academic and social ramifications of their respective placements. Fourth and fifth grade students (N = 15) currently enrolled in inclusion or pull-out settings from a suburban middle class elementary school were interviewed. The data collected from this phenomenological study was analyzed in order to create broad statements that may be generalized to a more extensive population. This study demonstrated that the majority of ...


An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of The Pow Plus Tree And Cops Writing Strategies, Deborah A. Mclaughlin May 2004

An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of The Pow Plus Tree And Cops Writing Strategies, Deborah A. Mclaughlin

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of using the Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD) approach to teach Plan, Organize your notes, and Write (POW) plus Topic Sentence, Reasons, Explain your reasons, and Ending (TREE) to write a well-written opinion essay. Also, the SRSD approach will be used to teach Capitalization, Organization, Punctuation, and Spelling (COPS), an editing strategy. Harris, Graham, and Mason (2002) note that writing is a highly complex, demanding process. The purpose of writing is to communicate a message. Writers need a strategy or plan to communicate ideas clearly. To be successful and productive at ...


What Is The Effectiveness Of The Sra Direct Guided Reading In Promoting Phonological Awareness Skills, Linda A. Ewing May 2004

What Is The Effectiveness Of The Sra Direct Guided Reading In Promoting Phonological Awareness Skills, Linda A. Ewing

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the SRA Direct Guided Reading program in promoting phonological awareness skills in multiply disabled Kindergarten and first grade students. The effectiveness of this program was measured by a pre-assessment test from the SRA program and Mastery Tests spaced throughout the program.

The subjects for this study consisted of seven students from a diverse social and economic background all placed in the same multiply disabled classroom, because they were so severely disabled that this placement was considered the least restrictive environment. The teacher was experienced in the use of this ...


Collaboration: Perspectives From Parents And Teachers, Noelle J. Ciriello May 2004

Collaboration: Perspectives From Parents And Teachers, Noelle J. Ciriello

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Based on observations of interactions between parents and teachers, the researcher developed the question, what are the perceptions of parents, general education teachers and the special education consultant teacher at a small suburban school, part of a school district in Western New York, on the success or failure of the levels of collaboration? The participants were comprised of parents of fourth and fifth grade students. About twenty-one percent of this population included parents of students with disabilities. Participants also included teachers of fourth or fifth grade. After reviewing the data, the researcher concluded that teachers feel that they possess the ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


Effects Of Trained Peer Tutors On Academic Learning Time-Physical Education Of Persons With Visual Impairments, Brian Wiskochil Apr 2004

Effects Of Trained Peer Tutors On Academic Learning Time-Physical Education Of Persons With Visual Impairments, Brian Wiskochil

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Children with disabilities are often far behind their peers in motor skills, and physical development, and therefore require equal, and in many cases greater time spent in physical activity than their peers. However, the actual time spent in Academic Learning Time-Physical Education (ALT-PE) is often much shorter for disabled children. This study was designed to determine the effect same-aged peer tutors have on the ALT-PE of visually impaired students. Four participants between the ages of nine and sixteen were included in the study. Two were completely blind, and two were capable of very limited vision. An initial period of ALT-PE ...


Race And The Metropolitan Origins Of Postsecondary Access To Four Year Colleges: The Case Of Greater Boston, Joseph B. Berger, Suzanne M. Smith, Stephen P. Coelen Apr 2004

Race And The Metropolitan Origins Of Postsecondary Access To Four Year Colleges: The Case Of Greater Boston, Joseph B. Berger, Suzanne M. Smith, Stephen P. Coelen

Center for International Education Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey Apr 2004

Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The question this research explores is: Do general and special education teacher biases and the socioeconomic status (through knowledge of free and reduced lunches) of students with mild disabilities affect the placement in intermediate special education programs? This study will attempt to more closely examine the relationship between students who receive free or reduced lunches and their placement in special education programs. The major benefit of this study is that the findings will hopefully create awareness and reduce any harmful biases. One urban district, one suburban district, and one rural district were examined by looking at District Report Cards. In ...


Race And The Metropolitan Origins Of Postsecondary Access To Four Year Colleges: The Case Of Greater Boston, Joseph B. Berger, Suzanne M. Smith, Stephen P. Coelen Apr 2004

Race And The Metropolitan Origins Of Postsecondary Access To Four Year Colleges: The Case Of Greater Boston, Joseph B. Berger, Suzanne M. Smith, Stephen P. Coelen

Joseph B. Berger

No abstract provided.


A Desperate Grab For Free Rehab: Unilateral Placements Under Idea For Students With Drug And Alcohol Addictions, David S. Doty Mar 2004

A Desperate Grab For Free Rehab: Unilateral Placements Under Idea For Students With Drug And Alcohol Addictions, David S. Doty

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Tools For Inclusion: Moving On To High School: A Tip Sheet For Parents Of Children On Individualized Education Plans, Linda Freeman Mar 2004

Tools For Inclusion: Moving On To High School: A Tip Sheet For Parents Of Children On Individualized Education Plans, Linda Freeman

Tools for Inclusion Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

Time spent in school is probably the single greatest feature of a young person's life. So it only makes sense for parents to make sure their sons and daughters get what they need from school. Even though families don't have much influence over how schools structure courses, there are things they can do to make the most of what schools have to offer. This tip sheet is based on the experiences of students with disabilities in public schools and their families.


Thinking About Andragogy: The International Foundation For Its Research, Theory And Practice Linkage In Adult Education And Human Resource Development, John A. Henschke Edd Mar 2004

Thinking About Andragogy: The International Foundation For Its Research, Theory And Practice Linkage In Adult Education And Human Resource Development, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

More than 50 major works published in English from national and international sources on Andragogy are presented here, in order to provide a clear and understandable, international foundation for the linkage between the research, theory and practice of andragogy, and its application to HRD. The six themes provided a foundation for the linkage: Evolution of the term; historical antecedents shaping the concept; comparison of American and European understanding; popularizing of American concept; practical application; and theory, research, and definition.


High School Exit Exams Meet Idea—An Examination Of The History, Legal Ramifications, And Implications For Local School Administrators And Teachers, Jennifer R. Rowe Mar 2004

High School Exit Exams Meet Idea—An Examination Of The History, Legal Ramifications, And Implications For Local School Administrators And Teachers, Jennifer R. Rowe

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (Idea): Current Funding Trends, Richard N. Apling Feb 2004

Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (Idea): Current Funding Trends, Richard N. Apling

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


Implementation Of Self-Determination Activities And Student Participation In Ieps, Christine Mason, Sharon Field, Shlomo Sawilowsky Jan 2004

Implementation Of Self-Determination Activities And Student Participation In Ieps, Christine Mason, Sharon Field, Shlomo Sawilowsky

Center for Self-Determination and Transition

The Council for Exceptional Children conducted an online Web survey to obtain information on the instructional practices and attitudes of educators as they relate to self-determination and student involvement in the individualized education program (IEP) process. We obtained 523 usable responses from teachers, administrators, and related services professionals. Although respondents highly valued both student involvement in IEPs and self-determination skills, only 8% were satisfied with the approach they were using to teach self-determination. Only 34% were satisfied with the level of student involvement in IEP meetings. Implications include the need for longitudinal research and technical assistance, targeting administrators, general educators ...


Speech-Language Pathologists' Opinions On Communication Disorders And Violence, Dixie Sanger, Barbara J. Moore-Brown, Judith Montgomery, Susan Hellerich Jan 2004

Speech-Language Pathologists' Opinions On Communication Disorders And Violence, Dixie Sanger, Barbara J. Moore-Brown, Judith Montgomery, Susan Hellerich

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: This study investigated the opinions of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their role, education, and training in serving students with communication disorders who have been involved in violence.

Method: A survey consisting of 26 items was given to 598 SLPs from eight states representing geographic regions of the United States.

Results: Participants acknowledged that violence is an increasing concern. They also recognized the valuable role they have in planning prevention programs and serving on multidisciplinary teams. In contrast, SLPs' opinions suggested that they did not feel well trained to deal with violence, nor did they feel that the role of ...