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2004

Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

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Articles 1 - 30 of 89

Full-Text Articles in Education

Factors Which Affect The Attitudes Of Teachers Of English Language Learners Enrolled In Mainstream Classrooms, Gail Ingrid Hirschfield Dec 2004

Factors Which Affect The Attitudes Of Teachers Of English Language Learners Enrolled In Mainstream Classrooms, Gail Ingrid Hirschfield

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

Increased immigration to the United States over the past fifty years has led to a dramatic increase in enrollment of language minority students in schools throughout the United States. Federal and state laws mandate that public schools accommodate the unique needs of these linguistically and culturally diverse students. English language learners (ELLS) require academic and affective support from their teachers when they are included in mainstream classrooms.

Teachers' attitudes toward their students have been shown to be a predictor of student success. Teachers with positive attitudes are more likely to have received training and are also able to modify their ...


Underrepresented Doctoral Students: The Cultural And Institutional Barriers That Hinder Their Ability To Graduate, Nancy Greer-Williams Dec 2004

Underrepresented Doctoral Students: The Cultural And Institutional Barriers That Hinder Their Ability To Graduate, Nancy Greer-Williams

Dissertations

African American, Hispanic/Latino, and American Indian doctoral students continue to have attrition rates substantially higher than their White counterparts (Lovitts, 2001). Attrition was defined as the act of weakening or exhausting by constant harassment, abuse, or attack (Merriam-Webster, 2004). Research todate on this topic has focused on causes and barriers that can be attributed to mainstream groups, not on particular cultural barriers that may adversely affectdoctoral persistence among underrepresented groups. This study collected the lived experiences of these students at three separate university settings and turned them into conceptualized statements in an effort to understand the meaning of their ...


Struggling With Declining Diversity In Professional Programs, Sandra Squires, Melodee Landis Nov 2004

Struggling With Declining Diversity In Professional Programs, Sandra Squires, Melodee Landis

Special Education and Communication Disorders Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

In 2001, women faculty began a study of minority enrollment in UNO's College of Education. They'll overview their demographic analysis, review of the literature, interviews, collaborative efforts with Latino and Native American community agencies and other struggles as white women trying to address the decline of diversity in their institution.


What Factors Contribute To The Success Of African American Women In Science And Mathematics: Do Teaching Techniques Matter, Sheryl Mcglamery Nov 2004

What Factors Contribute To The Success Of African American Women In Science And Mathematics: Do Teaching Techniques Matter, Sheryl Mcglamery

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

The session content will focus on the author's research about effective teaching techniques that engage and assist African American women (and others) in succeeding in science and mathematics courses. Several case studies will highlight the effective practice focus of this session.


Lies My Teacher Told Me, Franklin Titus Thompson Nov 2004

Lies My Teacher Told Me, Franklin Titus Thompson

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

“We believe it is the duty of both policy makers and educators to identify qualified minority youth and place them in channels that ensure success.” The ultimate objective of any college minority recruitment and retention effort should be to train and cultivate qualified students of color for leadership in their community, as well as the general society. The existence of special problems and conditions within certain communities is well documented. Although the success of university-community collaboration efforts varies from one community to the next, most college officials nonetheless find themselves calling for greater representation and participation.This workshop will present ...


Relationships Between Non-Linguistic Variables In Second Language Acquisition And The Attained English Language Proficiency Of Taiwanese University Students, Chihming Hsieh Nov 2004

Relationships Between Non-Linguistic Variables In Second Language Acquisition And The Attained English Language Proficiency Of Taiwanese University Students, Chihming Hsieh

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

Second language acquisition (SLA) research, the study of how people learn to communicate in a language other than their native language, encompasses a broad range of questions from a wide variety of perspectives. One of the most widely recognized facts about SLA was that some individuals are more successful in learning a second language than are others (Gass & Selinker, 2001). Students with the same initial linguistic abilities, who receive the same education, even in the same institution, often do not achieve the same linguistic competency levels at program completion (Dornyei, 1998). This phenomenon cannot be explained purely by linguistic factors ...


Paula Rothenberg: And Justice For All: Social Justice Teaching And A Curriculum Of Inclusion (2004), Paula S. Rothenberg Nov 2004

Paula Rothenberg: And Justice For All: Social Justice Teaching And A Curriculum Of Inclusion (2004), Paula S. Rothenberg

Multimedia Works

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of An International Student And An Immigrant Student: Experiences With Second Language Writing, W. Jason Stegemoller Nov 2004

A Comparison Of An International Student And An Immigrant Student: Experiences With Second Language Writing, W. Jason Stegemoller

Faculty Publications

This study is a comparison of an immigrant student and international student’s experiences with L2 writing acquisition. The study examines a teacher of a basic writing course at a community college in the US and two of the students in the class. The students are one female Korean student who attended high school in Korea, and one male Korean student who attended high school in the US. To explore these issues, this study utilized a modified version of analytic induction and a combination of qualitative methods. The findings indicate that some differences exist between the two students. Some of ...


Shap'n & Shak'n Institutions Of Color, Peter Szto Nov 2004

Shap'n & Shak'n Institutions Of Color, Peter Szto

Social Work Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of institutional racism for higher education. The paper outlines a critique of the race construct as a strategy to advance campus diversity and multicultural learning. The critique provides conceptual clarity and organizing strategies to advance antiracism within institutions.


Flarr Pages #39: Perceptions Of Foreign Language Education In The Rural High School, Mara M. Gust Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #39: Perceptions Of Foreign Language Education In The Rural High School, Mara M. Gust

FLARR Pages

This study was conducted by the foreign language instructor of a rural school district in Northwestern Minnesota. The population of the high school (grades nine through twelve) is 144 students. The racial composition of the district is nearly 100% white. The district is classified as "low-income" with 41.3% of the district's children qualifying for free or reduced hot lunch. Of the most recent three classes, an average of 39% of graduates planned to attend a four-year college, 37% planned to attend a two-year college, and 24% planned to enter the work force. This study evolved from the observation ...


Flarr Pages #35: Let Your Fingers Do The Talking, Andre Lebugle Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #35: Let Your Fingers Do The Talking, Andre Lebugle

FLARR Pages

There are gestures and facial expressions that replace words and are immediately understood by natives of each country. The same signs may exist in another culture and have different meanings. Although these cultural traits are very simple, they must be performed very accurately; otherwise they are as meaningless as a mispronounced word.


Flarr Pages #38: Spanish: Me Llamo O Me Yamo? Survival Of The Phoneme /L/ (Ll) In Andean Countries, Jacqueline Alvarez Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #38: Spanish: Me Llamo O Me Yamo? Survival Of The Phoneme /L/ (Ll) In Andean Countries, Jacqueline Alvarez

FLARR Pages

No abstract provided.


Flarr Pages #37: Spanish: Me Llamo O Me Yamo? Survival Of Phoneme /L/ (Ll) In Andean Countries, Jacqueline Alvarez Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #37: Spanish: Me Llamo O Me Yamo? Survival Of Phoneme /L/ (Ll) In Andean Countries, Jacqueline Alvarez

FLARR Pages

The phoneme /1/ (as calle=street, apellido=last name, Have= key or caballo= horse) has disappeared in many zones of Spanish America to give place to the "yeismo", a linguistic phenomenon characterized by the predominance of the /y/ over other phonemes like /1/. Because of this, the word calle is pronounced caye, apellido=apeyido, Ilave=yave and caballo=cabayo.


Flarr Pages #40: Foreign Language In The Rural High Schools (Continued), Mara M. Gust Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #40: Foreign Language In The Rural High Schools (Continued), Mara M. Gust

FLARR Pages

No abstract provided.


Flarr Pages #36: Tomfoolery: Humor In The Classroom, Thomas C. Turner Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #36: Tomfoolery: Humor In The Classroom, Thomas C. Turner

FLARR Pages

It is traumatic for some college students to leave their parents, to say those final goodbyes. But we suspect that even more than parents student miss ... their pets! Below are two exercises, the first on preterites and imperfects (see drawings on back of page) and the second on comparisons.


Flarr Pages #41: Foreign Language In The Rural High Schools, Mara M. Gust Oct 2004

Flarr Pages #41: Foreign Language In The Rural High Schools, Mara M. Gust

FLARR Pages

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Identity In Language Acquisition: A Cross- Generational Perspective., Darlene Annette Snider Oct 2004

The Role Of Identity In Language Acquisition: A Cross- Generational Perspective., Darlene Annette Snider

MA TESOL Collection

In this paper I will reflect on the role of identity as it relates to second language acquisition. My hypothesis is that second language acquisition can be slowed or even halted when students cannot adapt to the culture of the language they are studying. Student’s facing cultural conflict tend to distance themselves from the community thereby creating barriers in the learning process. This hypothesis is based upon my own experience as a third generation Canadian. I believe the effective classroom will work to reduce cultural conflict by affirming the learner’s cultural identity and sense of self as they ...


Challenges To Multiculturalism, Jorge Capetillo-Ponce Sep 2004

Challenges To Multiculturalism, Jorge Capetillo-Ponce

New England Journal of Public Policy

An anti-bilingual education referendum was offered to citizens of Massachusetts in November of 2002. The referendum read, in part, “The current state law providing for transitional bilingual education in public schools will be replaced with a law requiring that, with limited exceptions, all public school children must be taught English by being taught all subjects in English and being placed in English language classrooms.” The University of Massachusetts Gaston Institute analyzed the results of that referendum, here reported on by Jorge Capetillo-Ponce.


Is It Simply A New Language Or Is It A Learning Problem?, Lynda M. Warner Sep 2004

Is It Simply A New Language Or Is It A Learning Problem?, Lynda M. Warner

Master of Education Program Theses

English Language Learners (ELLs) have been over-identified for placement into special education classes for more than 20 years. Causes include a lack of precisely defined constructs for disabilities, funding methods used by states, failure to follow federal legislation, weak prereferral systems to special education in schools, a huge influx of non-English speaking students to the classroom, and a lack of training amongst teachers. Correctly identifying ELLs who also need special education is difficult, but teachers can safeguard against improper identification by taking into account the social, educational, cultural, and language aspects of students' special circumstances, i.e., the needs of ...


Language & Leadership: Exploring The Relationship Between Critical Theories And The Hegemonic Construction Of Student Achievement, Marva S. Mcclean Dr. Aug 2004

Language & Leadership: Exploring The Relationship Between Critical Theories And The Hegemonic Construction Of Student Achievement, Marva S. Mcclean Dr.

Marva S McClean Dr.

This paper applies the principles of critical literacy and critical discourse analysis to interrogate the relationship between student achievement and hegemonic discourses within the field of education. This paper offers a set of practical recommendations on how educators can apply critical discourse analysis to arrive at more adequate solutions to the vexing problem of the achievement gap.


Effects Of Foreign Language Learning In Elementary School On Students' Future Educational And Career Choices, Amy Weiss Narea Jun 2004

Effects Of Foreign Language Learning In Elementary School On Students' Future Educational And Career Choices, Amy Weiss Narea

College of Education Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between learning a foreign language in elementary school and students' future educational and career choices. Adult alumni of two urban public magnet schools were surveyed about Foreign Language in Elementary School (FLES) experiences, about high school and college foreign language learning experiences, and about their employment experience. The data from the alumni of a foreign language magnet school (FLES) were analyzed with respect to the relationship between the amount and types of elementary foreign language learning experiences on subsequent academic and occupational choices, as well as in comparison to respondents ...


Why We Need More Aboriginal Adults Working With Aboriginal Students, Damien Howard Jun 2004

Why We Need More Aboriginal Adults Working With Aboriginal Students, Damien Howard

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

The culturally shaped communicative context of classrooms has been documented to be an important influence on social and educational outcomes for Indigenous students. There is increasing evidence that it may be a critical factor in the outcomes of Indigenous students with conductive hearing loss (CHL) during their school years. This article describes research that explores social and educational disadvantage associated with conductive hearing loss in two remote schools with wholly Indigenous class groups taught in English by non-indigenous teachers.


The Effects Of An Autobiographical Dialogue Journaling Activity On Student Teachers' Levels Of Cultural Sensitivity And Reflective Skills, Wanda G. Lastrapes Apr 2004

The Effects Of An Autobiographical Dialogue Journaling Activity On Student Teachers' Levels Of Cultural Sensitivity And Reflective Skills, Wanda G. Lastrapes

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a researcher-designed autobiographical dialogue journaling activity on student teachers' levels of cultural sensitivity and levels of reflection. Written feedback from the university supervisors and cooperating teachers was analyzed to identify differences and similarities in the structure and focus of their responses.

Data was collected from 30 student teachers assigned to urban elementary field placements following a six-week structured journaling activity. Student teachers were randomly assigned to one of three journaling conditions: autobiographical dialogue journaling with their cooperating teacher, autobiographical dialogue journaling with their university supervisor, or the traditional student ...


A Comparative Study Of American-Born Chinese And Non American-Born Chinese Students' Language Learning Motivation, Language Acquisition, And Ethnic Identity Development In Chinese Language Schools, Sarah C. Tsai Apr 2004

A Comparative Study Of American-Born Chinese And Non American-Born Chinese Students' Language Learning Motivation, Language Acquisition, And Ethnic Identity Development In Chinese Language Schools, Sarah C. Tsai

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

This dissertation is a non-experimental comparative and correlational study. It compares the three variables of language learning motivation, language acquisition, and ethnic identity between American-Born Chinese (ABC) and Adopted Chinese students (Non-ABC) at Association of Chinese language schools on the East Coast of the United States. One hundred and eighty-two ABC and 70 non-ABC students enrolled in Chinese language classes in the fall semester of 2004 participated in this study. Additionally, this study identifies the teaching categories that are most commonly applied in the Chinese language school classroom.

The data were collected through a survey method. The research instruments used ...


Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina Apr 2004

Quechua Language Shift, Maintenance, And Revitalization In The Andes: The Case For Language Planning, Nancy H. Hornberger, Serafin M. Coronel-Molina

GSE Publications

Although Quechua is spoken by eight to twelve million people across six South American countries, by most measures, Quechua is an endangered language. This article provides an overview of the current situation of Quechua language shift, maintenance, and revitalization, and makes a case for the importance of language planning for the survival and development of the language. We use Fishman’s notion of physical/demographic, social, and cultural dislocations as an organizing rubric for discussing Quechua’s current situation (Fishman 1991: 55–65), and the typology of status, corpus, and acquisition planning to discuss the role of language planning in ...


Safeguarding The Rights Of English Language Learners (Ells): A Teacher Training Curriculum For Teachers And Their Students, Robert Macmillan, L. Silveira Mar 2004

Safeguarding The Rights Of English Language Learners (Ells): A Teacher Training Curriculum For Teachers And Their Students, Robert Macmillan, L. Silveira

Robert C. MacMillan

No abstract provided.


Confrontations With Culture: Working With The Received Category 'English Learner.', Leena Her Jan 2004

Confrontations With Culture: Working With The Received Category 'English Learner.', Leena Her

Leena N. Her

No abstract is currently available.


Doing Research That Makes A Difference, Edlyn Vallejo, Bensimon M. Bensimon, Georgia Bauman, Donald E. Polkinghorne Jan 2004

Doing Research That Makes A Difference, Edlyn Vallejo, Bensimon M. Bensimon, Georgia Bauman, Donald E. Polkinghorne

Edlyn V. Peña

This paper describes the "practitioner-as-researcher" model of research, an alternative methodology that is intended to bring about institutional change. We developed this approach through the Diversity Scorecard project in which we work with teams of practitioners to examine institutional data disaggregated by ethnicity in order to identify inequities in educational outcomes. The practitioners, themselves, conduct the research on their own campuses to discover areas of inequities. This, in turn, impacts their practices and motivation to bring about systemic institutional change.


The Debate On Literacy Teaching, From Phonetics To Whole Language, Through The Lens Of Critical Pedagogy, Roberto E. Bahruth, Haggith Gor Ziv Jan 2004

The Debate On Literacy Teaching, From Phonetics To Whole Language, Through The Lens Of Critical Pedagogy, Roberto E. Bahruth, Haggith Gor Ziv

Literacy, Language, and Culture Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


"Like Everybody Else": Equalizing Educational Opportunity For English Language Learners, Jenelle Reeves Jan 2004

"Like Everybody Else": Equalizing Educational Opportunity For English Language Learners, Jenelle Reeves

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

Equal educational opportunity for all students has long been a goal of public education in the United States. Realizing equality of educational opportunity for English language learners (ELLs), however, has proven to be a difficult task. This article examines 1 high school community's perception of educational opportunity and its approach to equalizing it. The findings reveal a community-wide endorsement of a policy of equal treatment for equalizing educational opportunity. This policy of difference blindness, however, was found to produce inequities for ELLs in at least 2 ways: restricted access to course content and inaccurate assessment and grading. Although teacher ...