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2002

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Of Notetaking To Listening Comprehension In The English Placement Test, Qian Xie Jan 2002

The Relationship Of Notetaking To Listening Comprehension In The English Placement Test, Qian Xie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The thesis is a validation study of the English Placement Test at Iowa State University, which explores the relationship of note taking to test performance. The researcher adopts both qualitative and quantitative approaches to analyzing the quality of lecture notes in relation to second language academic listening comprehension. Subjects are forty international college students who took the English Placement Test in January 2002 and their notes from the English Placement Test are assessed on three aspects that include structure, information units and note taking strategies. Correlation analysis and item analysis are conducted to investigate the relationship of the quality of ...


The Influence On Outcomes Of Esl Students' Performance Strategies On A Call Listening Comprehension Activity, Chui Kian Kon Jan 2002

The Influence On Outcomes Of Esl Students' Performance Strategies On A Call Listening Comprehension Activity, Chui Kian Kon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In light of technological advances, listening activities are increasingly being offered online, and with increasing authenticity in terms of how the tasks reflect activities beyond the classroom setting. Specifically, this study investigates the effectiveness of a CALL listening comprehension activity using an online videotaped academic lecture to promote incidental vocabulary acquisition and listening comprehension. The tasks consist of partial dictation pretest, posttest and delayed posttest, and ten multiple-choice listening comprehension questions respectively. The academic lecture is also part of an ESL Listening course. Thus, it is important that, firstly, we evaluate the effectiveness of the CALL activity for vocabulary acquisition ...


From Chatting To Confidence: A Case Study Of The Impact Of Online Chatting On International Teaching Assistants' Willingness To Communicate, Confidence Level And Fluency In Oral Communication, Lily Ko-Li Compton Jan 2002

From Chatting To Confidence: A Case Study Of The Impact Of Online Chatting On International Teaching Assistants' Willingness To Communicate, Confidence Level And Fluency In Oral Communication, Lily Ko-Li Compton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Motivational Aspects Of Concordance Activities: The Impact Of Call In The Classroom, Michael Scott Conner Jan 2002

Motivational Aspects Of Concordance Activities: The Impact Of Call In The Classroom, Michael Scott Conner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Academic Achievement Vs. Athletic Triumph : A Study Of The Goal Aspirations Of African American Male Student-Athletes At A Large Midwestern University, Donnell Lamont Bivens Jan 2002

Academic Achievement Vs. Athletic Triumph : A Study Of The Goal Aspirations Of African American Male Student-Athletes At A Large Midwestern University, Donnell Lamont Bivens

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the goal aspirations of African-American, male student athletes participating in college football and/or basketball at large, Mid-western institution. The study focused on issues such as: 1) their perceptions of opportunities related to their futures; 2) identities, 3) cultural isolation, and 4) the academic counseling services provided by the Athletic department. The research foreshadowed that there is a relationship between black, male student- athletes and factors such as: perceptions of opportunities, identity, cultural isolation, and academic counseling which plays an instrumental role in their educational attainment. The study also argues that a ...


Identifying Competencies For Effective Osteopathic Physicians In The 21st Century , Shirley A. Walrod Jan 2002

Identifying Competencies For Effective Osteopathic Physicians In The 21st Century , Shirley A. Walrod

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Osteopathic medicine, founded in 1874, is currently taught at 19 colleges of osteopathic medicine in the United States accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA). Over the past half-century, there have been few changes in osteopathic medical curriculum. As a result of new responsibilities of the primary care practitioner and changes in the physician-patient role because of managed care and social and economic issues, demands for reform in medical education have increased. Innovations in technology for teaching and learning as well as diagnosis and treatment have demanded significant changes in education and practice. New research-based knowledge has also added considerably ...


Virtual Learning From The Iowa High School Student Perspective , Lance Alan Wilhelm Jan 2002

Virtual Learning From The Iowa High School Student Perspective , Lance Alan Wilhelm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Virtual learning is expanding rapidly at the high school level, but little is understood about the high school student perspective in virtual classes. This dissertation consists of three articles that examine that subject. The first article is a review of the literature, which indicates that there are concerns about virtual learning from the student, teacher, and institutional perspectives.;The second article describes a case study approach to gaining a richer understanding of the student experience in a virtual class. This particular case focused on two seniors taking a science course from another high school via two-way interactive video. This experience ...


A Program Evaluation Of A Living-Learning Housing Option At A Large Midwestern University , Sharon Smith Thompson Jan 2002

A Program Evaluation Of A Living-Learning Housing Option At A Large Midwestern University , Sharon Smith Thompson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the impact of a living-learning housing option on residents' academic behavior, cognitions (i.e., academic self-efficacy and attributions for academic outcomes), achievement, retention at the university, and level of satisfaction with their living environment. Residents of Maple, the program hall, were compared to residents of Larch, a non-program hall that was similar to Maple in size and location. Background and outcome data were obtained through official university records, as well as through questionnaires completed by residents of both halls at the beginning of the fall semester and toward the end of the spring semester.;The results ...


Relationships Among Learning Community Participation, Student Self-Efficacy, Confidence, Outcome Expectations, And Commitment , Karen Ann Zunkel Jan 2002

Relationships Among Learning Community Participation, Student Self-Efficacy, Confidence, Outcome Expectations, And Commitment , Karen Ann Zunkel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study brings together research on learning communities and student self-efficacy, confidence, outcome expectations, and commitment. Participation in learning communities has been proven to increase retention rates and success. Similarly, high levels of self-efficacy, confidence, and outcome expectations are correlated with increased retention rates and success. 356 students enrolled in the undeclared engineering orientation course were surveyed at the beginning of fall semester. Of these students, 130 completed a follow-up survey at the end of spring semester. About half of the students completing the initial survey were enrolled in a course-clustered Undeclared Engineering Learning Community, which was comprised of an ...


Impact Of The Smoother Sailing Elementary School Counseling Program: A Meta-Analysis , Mariann H. Bryant Culver Jan 2002

Impact Of The Smoother Sailing Elementary School Counseling Program: A Meta-Analysis , Mariann H. Bryant Culver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a series of papers that explored the effectiveness of Smoother Sailing, an elementary (K--5) comprehensive, developmental counseling program. Meta-analytical methods are used with field data collected from 1988 to 2001. Various effect size statistics are matched with the diverse types of research findings.;The first paper examines the role of the elementary school counselor. The Smoother Sailing program recommends that time the school counselor spends in the counseling role be divided equally into thirds among classroom guidance, small group counseling, and individual counseling including consulting with parents, teachers, or community members. Results confirm a consistent counselor role ...


Apparel Shopping Behaviors Among Korean Female Tourists , Jung Choi Jan 2002

Apparel Shopping Behaviors Among Korean Female Tourists , Jung Choi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to develop profiles of apparel shopping behaviors among Korean female tourists in the U.S. More specifically, the objectives were to (1) inductively generate distinguishable variables for clothing benefits, clothing involvement, and shopping behavior of Korean female tourists, (2) identify clusters of Korean female tourists with common benefits, involvement, and behavior, and (3) examine the profiles for potential differences in travel motivations, tourism activities, travel planning styles, and cultural values.;A self-administered questionnaire was developed based on the results of background interviews and previously existing instruments. The instrument was completed by a convenience sample of Korean ...


Issues Regarding Sustainable Agriculture As Perceived By Upper Level Undergraduate Students Involved In A Student Managed Farm At Iowa State University , Awoke Desta Dollisso Jan 2002

Issues Regarding Sustainable Agriculture As Perceived By Upper Level Undergraduate Students Involved In A Student Managed Farm At Iowa State University , Awoke Desta Dollisso

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of agriculture students regarding sustainable agriculture practices, issues related to sustainable agriculture and learning/teaching processes. These students were enrolled in a capstone course that involved managing a 2000-acre operation. Fifty-seven students participated in this census study. Participants completed a survey questionnaire and a select group of students answered questions in a focus group interview.;The participants in this study perceived that the sustainable agriculture movement promotes environmental concerns about farming more than economic concerns. The participants were mildly interested in learning more about practicing sustainable agriculture practices and how ...


Instructional Supervision Of Student Teachers In Agricultural Education , Carrie Ann Fritz Jan 2002

Instructional Supervision Of Student Teachers In Agricultural Education , Carrie Ann Fritz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The principal purpose of this dissertation was to explore supervision in agricultural education settings. The dissertation was divided into three specific papers that focused on some aspect of the supervisory process. The first paper presented the Escalation model for the supervision of agricultural instruction. The model is a growth continuum that consists of three levels. The supervisory models included in each level are placed along a continuum of structure and reward and risk. As the supervisor matures in the supervisory process, it is proposed that the model of supervision used should change. As their professional maturity increases and as the ...


Follow-Up Evaluation Of The Agriculture Minority Summer Research Internship Program , Nicole Lynn Gale Jan 2002

Follow-Up Evaluation Of The Agriculture Minority Summer Research Internship Program , Nicole Lynn Gale

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the world becomes more diverse, campus and communities must provide opportunities and conditions conducive to learning for all students of color. Iowa State University is attempting to increase awareness about agriculture-related areas among minority high school and undergraduate students. The College of Agriculture has sponsored an Agriculture Minority Summer Research Program (AMSRIP) each summer since 1994. Students utilize experiential learning skills working under the guidance of faculty mentors to conduct research in agriculture-related areas.;The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the experiences students received while attending the Iowa State University Agriculture Minority Summer ...


Older Female (55+) Consumers' Apparel Shopping And Life Satisfaction: An Application Of Activity Theory , Hyun-Mee Joung Jan 2002

Older Female (55+) Consumers' Apparel Shopping And Life Satisfaction: An Application Of Activity Theory , Hyun-Mee Joung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to explore older female consumers' social activities, apparel shopping orientations, apparel shopping activities, and life satisfaction. The objectives of this study were to determine whether or not differences existed between older female consumers aged 55--64 and those aged over 65 and between urban and rural consumers in activities, apparel shopping orientations, and apparel shopping activities. In addition, this study suggested a nomological model based on the literature to guide the examination of relationships among older female consumers' characteristics, activities, apparel shopping orientations, apparel shopping activities, and life satisfaction.;The population of interest was older female consumers ...


Comparison Of The Fashion Adopted By Young Women In The United States And South Korea In The 1970s , Eundeok Kim Jan 2002

Comparison Of The Fashion Adopted By Young Women In The United States And South Korea In The 1970s , Eundeok Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is first, to describe the fashion adopted by young women within two different cultures---the United States and Korea---in the 1970s; second, to analyze qualitatively the differences and similarities of the fashion in the two cultures, and third, interpret the reasons for the similarities and differences in historical, cultural, and socio-psychological contexts.;This study adopted a qualitative approach. The procedures were as followings: First, examining magazines and compiling a stimulus set to use during interviews, second preliminary interviews, third sample selection, fourth, data collection, and finally data analysis. For data collection, in-depth interviews with open-ended questions ...


An Analysis Of Perceptions Toward Governance And Working Relationships Among Iowa School Board Members, Single-District Superintendents, And Shared-District Superintendents , Steven Lynn Oberg Jan 2002

An Analysis Of Perceptions Toward Governance And Working Relationships Among Iowa School Board Members, Single-District Superintendents, And Shared-District Superintendents , Steven Lynn Oberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Conflict between superintendents and school boards existed in the early 1800s and continues to exist today. This adversarial conflict in the working relationship results when one of the parties exceeds the other's subjective boundary as it pertains to involvement in the governance process and working relationship. The study examined six hypotheses regarding the perceived degree of involvement of Iowa single superintendents, shared superintendents, and those superintendents' school board members.;The study was designed to determine whether or not school board members perceived their superintendent differently if the superintendent was a shared superintendent rather than a single superintendent. The study ...


Development And Testing Of A Compendium Of Model Strategies For Performance Improvement Of Classified Personnel Of K-12 Schools , Cassandra S. Turner Jan 2002

Development And Testing Of A Compendium Of Model Strategies For Performance Improvement Of Classified Personnel Of K-12 Schools , Cassandra S. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Effective evaluation and strategies regarding employee performance development have been linked to the endeavors regarding the school improvement reform. Implementing improvement efforts adapted from business and corporations, school organizations are beginning to recognize the integral relationship between an employee's performance and the effectiveness of the educational process. However, there has been scant attention devoted to the improvement and enhancement of educational classified/support personnel.;The purposes of this study were to develop and critique the quality and feasibility of a collection of improvement strategies regarding selected subgroups of classified employees from two districts, Camp Verde (AZ) Unified School District ...


Work-Related Stress Factors Affecting The Community College Dean , Linda L. Wild Jan 2002

Work-Related Stress Factors Affecting The Community College Dean , Linda L. Wild

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Community college deans support and guide the educational efforts of the community college. This middle manager, charged with productive interaction among students, faculty, and administration, is faced regularly with complex decisions. Furthermore, the dean is challenged today with reduced resources, expanded demands from students, and increased accountability from governing bodies and constituencies. Community college deans are under great stress as they strive to meet the mission of the community college and guide the institution into the future.;Due to the complexity and multiple pressures of the position, it is important to identify the causes of stress for the deans. If ...


How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny Jan 2002

How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Ten dual-earner adoptive couples within the initial 18 months of their special-needs adoptive placement were interviewed regarding how they organize their family and work lives to provide consistent care for their adoptive child. The analysis identified six major content domains: (a) non-adoption-specific family challenges; (b) adoption-specific family challenges; (c) extent of social support for adoptive couples; (d) experiences that helped in the adoption adjustment; (e) sharing family responsibilities; (f) adoptive parents' management of their work contexts. The latter two domains are most closely related to the primary research question. In terms of sharing family responsibilities, several themes were identified: (a ...


Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell Jan 2002

Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nursing students enter the community college setting with multiple and different roles, and continue to fulfill the responsibilities associated with those roles. This descriptive study attempted to assess the nursing students' understanding of their roles, and the barriers and resources they encountered as they fulfilled their roles or delegated the responsibilities associated with those roles to family and friends. Interviews were conducted with six community college nursing students filling the roles of parent, partner, worker, and student. Roles are discussed as well as role conflict and barriers to role fulfillment, and responsibility delegation is explored. In addition, the importance of ...


Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish Jan 2002

Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Critical thinking is an expected learning outcome for baccalaureate nursing students. Previous studies regarding critical thinking have shown mixed results related to growth over time in critical thinking abilities, and a lack of consensus among nurse educators regarding the definition of critical thinking. Also, in the past, NLNAC has been the sole accreditor of baccalaureate nursing programs; therefore, no previous studies have related aspects of critical thinking to accreditation affiliation.;The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of definitions of critical thinking and the use of critical thinking measurement tools with accreditation affiliation in baccalaureate nursing programs ...


Public School Secretaries: Hearts Of Gold, Voices Of Reason , Pamela Sue Nystrom Jan 2002

Public School Secretaries: Hearts Of Gold, Voices Of Reason , Pamela Sue Nystrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Social scientists have referred to secretaries as invisible and government agencies have described the job classification as non-regulated. One segment of this job classification, public school secretary, could very well be described as nonexistent. However, anyone who has ever visited a public school has probably met the school secretary. She has been described as the woman in the principal's office and frequently has been charged with running the school. Yet, as a group, these public school employees have been ignored by the leaders in educational research and policy study.;In this study I reached out to the school secretaries ...


Webs Of Support And Engaged Accountability: Weaving Community And Making Meaning Of Learning And Teaching In An Information Age , M. Kayt Sunwood Jan 2002

Webs Of Support And Engaged Accountability: Weaving Community And Making Meaning Of Learning And Teaching In An Information Age , M. Kayt Sunwood

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores political, social, economic, cultural, pedagogical, and technological challenges facing education and educators in the 21 st century. The tensions surrounding educational communication technologies and the debate over the capacity or incapacity of these technologies to facilitate human connection, rather than disconnection, reverberate through each chapter. The first chapter provides a general introduction to the three articles that follow and the fifth chapter provides a general conclusion for the dissertation. The second chapter interrogates definitions and conceptions of community, culture, and communications, and explores the possibilities of creating supportive communities for educators online through computer-mediated communication (CMC). The ...


Student Voices: The Residential Business Learning Community Experience , Diann Lynn Burright Jan 2002

Student Voices: The Residential Business Learning Community Experience , Diann Lynn Burright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The College of Business at Iowa State University (ISU) implemented learning communities (LCs) in the fall of 1995. This program has since evolved to include residential LCs beginning in the fall of 1999. Since much of the data collected on LCs (at ISU and elsewhere) is quantitative in nature, there seemed to be a gap in explaining and identifying the community building aspect of the LC experience, and its affect on student learning. This study set out to discover those tangible, underlying elements and factors that the residential business LC students found beneficial to their community building and learning, as ...


Parent-Infant/Toddler Interactions And Early Literacy Skills , Beverly June Dodici Jan 2002

Parent-Infant/Toddler Interactions And Early Literacy Skills , Beverly June Dodici

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the relationship between parent-infant/toddler interactions and early literacy skills for families living in low-income households. Twenty-seven families participated in this longitudinal study. Videotapes of parent-infant/toddler interactions participating in "simulated" daily experiences were made when the child was 14-, 24-, and 36-months-old. These tapes were coded on a scale rating child language, parent language, emotional tone, joint attention, parental guidance, and parental responsivity, all behaviors that have been related previously to later skill development in children. These parent-infant/toddler scores were then compared with early literacy skills, measured the spring prior to kindergarten entry. Parent-infant ...


The Impact Of Learning Community Enrollment On First-Generation Students' First-Year Academic Achievement And Retention Rates , Kurt Martenae Earnest Jan 2002

The Impact Of Learning Community Enrollment On First-Generation Students' First-Year Academic Achievement And Retention Rates , Kurt Martenae Earnest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study assessed the extent to which enrollment in learning communities predicted the first-year GPAs and retention rates of first-generation students enrolled at Iowa State University. First-year first- and second-generation students who lived in the residence halls during the first-semester of enrollment were divided into two cohorts based on year of enrollment (1999 n = 370 and 2000 n = 347). Using the statistical methods of analysis of variance and logistic regression, models were tested to determine the impact of learning community enrollment on first-year GPA. Analysis revealed that learning community enrollment had little ability to predict the academic achievement or the ...


Ethical Practice In The Work Lives Of Iowa Public High School Principals , Deborah Hellman Hunter Jan 2002

Ethical Practice In The Work Lives Of Iowa Public High School Principals , Deborah Hellman Hunter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated how high school principals make meaning of the ethical issues they face. Sixteen Iowa public high school principals were selected by gender and district size. Each participated in a one-hour face-to-face interview with the researcher who had five years of building-level administrative experience at the middle and secondary level.;Narratives were analyzed identifying major categories of educational beliefs and values, ethical issues, and ethical dilemmas. Kidder's Resolution Principals of Ends-based Thinking, Rule-based Thinking, and Care-based Thinking were evident as participants balanced personal and professional ethics and described decisions made. Which principles were used most often and ...


Arrested Emotional Development: Male College Students' Experiences With A Campus Judicial Process , Randall Blaine Ludeman Jan 2002

Arrested Emotional Development: Male College Students' Experiences With A Campus Judicial Process , Randall Blaine Ludeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Men are often criticized for not knowing or expressing their feelings. Consequences of this lack of emotional awareness and expression for men include loneliness, isolation, alienation, physical illness, aggression and violence. Having an awareness of and the ability to express and manage emotions has been purported to be a foundational developmental tasks for young adult males.;This inquiry focused on men's emotional experience as a part of a campus judicial process. The conceptual framework guiding this qualitative inquiry included critical postmodernism and feminist theory, which were weaved into a praxis-oriented methodology that included a dialectical process of emancipatory theory ...


Ferpa: An Investigation Of Faculty Knowledge Levels And Organization Practices At Three Land-Grant Universities, Ann Maycunich Jan 2002

Ferpa: An Investigation Of Faculty Knowledge Levels And Organization Practices At Three Land-Grant Universities, Ann Maycunich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine faculty member understanding of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. FERPA, also known as the Buckley Amendment, protects students' rights to privacy. Data was collected from a random sample of 390 faculty members at three land-grant universities. Frequencies, percentages, and Chi-square were used to measure perceptions of faculty member knowledge levels of the law, the providers of FERPA information and means by which this information was communicated, and respondent opinions regarding who should provide them with FERPA information and how. Major findings of the study were: 1. Nearly half of responding ...