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Full-Text Articles in Education

Student Task Persistence In The Third International Mathematics And Science Study: A Major Source Of Achievement Differences At The National, Classroom, And Student Levels, Erling E. Boe, Henry May, Robert Boruch Dec 2002

Student Task Persistence In The Third International Mathematics And Science Study: A Major Source Of Achievement Differences At The National, Classroom, And Student Levels, Erling E. Boe, Henry May, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

Since the release of results from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 1996, scholars have recognized that the central importance of TIMSS lies in its contribution to a better understanding of factors that are responsible for cross-national differences in average student achievement. Among many such factors may be differences in student ability and motivation to perform the task of completing the TIMSS achievement tests in math and science. In fact, national differences in math and science achievement scores may be determined more by differences in student test-taking ability and motivation than by . differences in student knowledge of ...


Second Language Learners' Theories On The Use Of English Articles: An Analysis Of The Metalinguistic Knowledge Used By Japanese Students In Acquiring The English Article System., Yuko Goto Butler Sep 2002

Second Language Learners' Theories On The Use Of English Articles: An Analysis Of The Metalinguistic Knowledge Used By Japanese Students In Acquiring The English Article System., Yuko Goto Butler

GSE Publications

Although it is well known that many second language (L2) learners have trouble using articles “properly,” the primary causes of their difficulties remain unclear. This study addresses this problem by examining the metalinguistic knowledge of the English article system that learners employ when selecting articles in a given situation. By doing this, the present study attempts to better understand the process of “making sense” of the English article system by learners who are at different stages in their interlanguage development. Eighty Japanese college students with varying levels of English proficiency participated in this study. Immediately after completing a fill-in-thearticle test ...


Retaining African Americans In Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms For Retaining Students, Faculty, And Administrators (Review), Laura W. Perna Sep 2002

Retaining African Americans In Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms For Retaining Students, Faculty, And Administrators (Review), Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education is a timely and novel approach to a critical topic. Edited by Lee Jones, associate dean for academic affairs and instruction in the College of Education and associate professor in Educational Leadership at Florida State University, the volume contains 14 chapters, a preface, a conclusion, and two personal reflections that describe issues related to the retention of African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly white colleges and universities. “Written about African Americans, by African Americans” (p. xii), this book is recommended by a white woman for higher education administrators, faculty, researchers, and policymakers ...


Biliteracy And Schooling For Multilingual Populations, Nancy H. Hornberger Jun 2002

Biliteracy And Schooling For Multilingual Populations, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger Mar 2002

Multilingual Language Policies And The Continua Of Biliteracy: An Ecological Approach, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

The one language-one nation ideology of language policy and national identity is no longer the only available one worldwide (if it ever was). Multilingual language policies which recognize ethnic and linguistic pluralism as resources for nation-building are increasingly in evidence. These policies, many of which envision implementation through bilingual intercultural education, open up new worlds of possibility for oppressed indigenous and immigrant languages and their speakers, transforming former homogenizing and assimilationist policy discourses into discourses about diversity and emancipation. This paper uses the metaphor of ecology of language to explore the ideologies underlying multilingual language policies, and the continua of ...


Predictors Of National Differences In Mathematics And Science Achievement: Data From Timss For Eighth Grade Students, Erling E. Boe, Henry May, Gema Barkanic, Robert Boruch Feb 2002

Predictors Of National Differences In Mathematics And Science Achievement: Data From Timss For Eighth Grade Students, Erling E. Boe, Henry May, Gema Barkanic, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

There is widespread belief that national economic productivity is related to student performance in mathematics and science. With the advent in the 1960s of international surveys of student achievement in math and science, cross-national comparisons have become possible and nations have aspired to become "world class" in this respect. A major national policy issue in the U.S. and elsewhere is to identify and implement actions to attain and maintain a high level of student achievement in math and science in international comparisons.

The math and science project reported here was designed to capitalize on the potential for cross-national research ...


Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2002

Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

An important responsibility of metropolitan university leaders is to provide compelling evidence that their institutions have the ability to change and to articulate how much change has occurred. This paper examines how institutions can develop that capacity and determine the extent to which institutions are different. It defines transformation, describes types of evidence, presents a framework for determining evidence, suggests strategies for collecting evidence, and identifies challenges to determining progress.


Financing Higher Education At Selective Private Institutions: Implications For College Access And Choice, Laura W. Perna Jan 2002

Financing Higher Education At Selective Private Institutions: Implications For College Access And Choice, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This essay draws upon the final report of the National Commission on the Cost of Higher Education (1998), Ehrenberg (2000), and King (1999) to explore (a) the cost of higher education at selective private colleges and universities, (b) public concern about the rising costs of higher education, and (c) the shift in financial aid policy from access to affordability. It also discusses implications for selective private institutions, the broader goals of access and choice, and higher education professionals.


Subject-Matter Content: How Does It Assist The Interactional And Linguistic Needs Of Classroom Language Learners?, Teresa Pica Jan 2002

Subject-Matter Content: How Does It Assist The Interactional And Linguistic Needs Of Classroom Language Learners?, Teresa Pica

GSE Publications

This study focused on the role of subject-matter content in second language (L2) learning. It sought to identify ways in which teachers modified classroom interaction about subject-matter content in order to assist the input, feedback, and production needs of L2 learners, and to promote their attention to developmentally difficult relationships of L2 form and meaning that they had not fully acquired. Data were collected from 6 preacademic English L2 classes, whose content consisted of thematic units on film and literature. Each class was composed of 10-15 high intermediate English L2 students and their teachers. Analysis of the data focused on ...


A Validation Study Of The Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale With Urban Hispanic And African American Preschool Children, Marcelo Castro, Julia Laraine Mendez, John Fantuzzo Jan 2002

A Validation Study Of The Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale With Urban Hispanic And African American Preschool Children, Marcelo Castro, Julia Laraine Mendez, John Fantuzzo

GSE Publications

The development of culturally and linguistically appropriate measurement is necessary to enable accurate assessment of preschool children’s interpersonal competence and behavioral difficulties. This need is most pressing for children from Hispanic backgrounds, who currently represent the fastest growing population of U.S. children. The present study investigated the psychometric properties of a Spanish and English version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS; Fantuzzo et al., 1995) when employed with Spanish- and English-speaking teachers and students in an urban, Southeastern community. Psychometrically sound structures were obtained with the Spanish translation of the PIPPS in support of the three ...