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Full-Text Articles in Education

Developing On-Line Tools To Support Learners In Problem-Solving Activities, Gwyn Brickell, B. Harper, Brian Ferry Dec 2002

Developing On-Line Tools To Support Learners In Problem-Solving Activities, Gwyn Brickell, B. Harper, Brian Ferry

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

In recent years, research has focused on understanding how learners can benefit from tools that can assist in the development of informal reasoning skills when constructing arguments in collaborative learning with web-based learning environments. A common approach taken by each of these systems is to use support mechanisms (scaffolding) to facilitate student learning through the development of improved reasoning and argumentation skills. The authors of this paper have been developing computer-based learning environments for the past ten years, and have developed several award winning CD-ROM packages that feature a range of cognitive tools designed to assist learning. The development of ...


Implementing Generic Learning Designs Based Upon Quality Ict Exemplars, J. Hedberg, R. Oliver, Barry Harper, Sandra Wills, S. Agostinho Dec 2002

Implementing Generic Learning Designs Based Upon Quality Ict Exemplars, J. Hedberg, R. Oliver, Barry Harper, Sandra Wills, S. Agostinho

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Within the context of an AUTC funded Project: Information and Communication Technologies and Their Role in Flexible Learning, this paper presents an analysis of learning designs using ICTs and how this grounded approach might be a more useful structure to design effective learning environments. The project has developed generic or reusable frameworks for technology-enhanced high quality learning experiences in higher education and this paper will present several examples, of the original design and how the key elements were selected and developed for use by others. As this project is currently developing these generic exemplars of learning designs, the final presentation ...


Using On-Line Discussion To Develop Preservice Teacher Understanding Of Classroom Management, Brian Ferry, J. Kiggins, G. Hoban Dec 2002

Using On-Line Discussion To Develop Preservice Teacher Understanding Of Classroom Management, Brian Ferry, J. Kiggins, G. Hoban

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes how a knowledge building community (KBC) of preservice teachers used an on-line discussion forum to develop knowledge about the role of the teacher in modern schools. It traces their initial use of the technology and follows the evolution of its use over a three-year period describing the role of the students and university lecturers in facilitating discussion. The paper then focuses on how members of the KBC used an on-line discussion forum to reflect on and share learning experiences as they developed classroom management strategies.


"Measure Your Belly": New Zealand Children's Constructions Of Health And Fitness, L. Burrows, Jan Wright, J. Jungersen-Smith Jan 2002

"Measure Your Belly": New Zealand Children's Constructions Of Health And Fitness, L. Burrows, Jan Wright, J. Jungersen-Smith

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The expansion of health as a concept, repeated expressions of nation-wide concerns about young people’s health and the accompanying information explosion about health and fitness have worked together to support versions of physical education that explicitly address health issues. The conflation of health with physical education is not however unproblematic. In this paper we explore some of the consequences of the relationship between health, fitness and physical activity through an examination of the students’ responses to questions relating to health and fitness in the New Zealand National Education Monitoring Project. We demonstrate that the children responding to the NEMP ...


Creating New Learning Environments Off Campus In The Faculty Of Arts: What Impact On Teaching And Learning On Campus?, Geraldine Lefoe, Rebecca M. Albury Jan 2002

Creating New Learning Environments Off Campus In The Faculty Of Arts: What Impact On Teaching And Learning On Campus?, Geraldine Lefoe, Rebecca M. Albury

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

For a university in regional Australia, a new degree program on offer to a remote campus and access centres, provided a supportive environment for faculty to trial new teaching and learning methods, specifically making use of learning management system (WebCT) for aspects of communication and content. This paper examines the impact this had on the faculty, in particular at the increased usage of ICT in subjects on offer on campus and also examines other issues which were identified as problematic by faculty as they embraced innovative methods of teaching and learning.


2010, The Kbc Odyssey, Kbc Structures For Knowledge Fusion (Relationships) In Teacher Education, Julie Kiggins Jan 2002

2010, The Kbc Odyssey, Kbc Structures For Knowledge Fusion (Relationships) In Teacher Education, Julie Kiggins

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores the experiences of preservice teachers as they embarked upon an alternative model of teacher education known as the Knowledge Building Community Project (KBC) at the University of Wollongong. The KBC Project was initiated as a response to research that suggested preservice teachers needed more experience with the day-to-day operation of schools, and how the daily work of teachers related to the culture of schools and classrooms. A series of revisions now means that the KBC model is underpinned by four outcomes to support knowledge fusion: (i) Community Collaboration, (ii) Taking responsibility for own learning, (iii) Professional problem ...


The Contribution Of 3d Environments To Conceptual Understanding, Barney Dalgarno, John Hedberg, Barry Harper Jan 2002

The Contribution Of 3d Environments To Conceptual Understanding, Barney Dalgarno, John Hedberg, Barry Harper

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores the potential learning benefits of 3D Learning Environments (3DLEs). It presents definitions of key terms and analyses the learner-computer interactions facilitated by 3DLEs, in order to identifj! the unique characteristics of such environments It is argued that the most important potential contribution of 3DLEs to conceptual understanding is through facilitation of spatial knowledge development. The effectiveness of3DLEsfor spatial learning is discussed, drml'ing on7iterature from a range ofdisciplines. Aspects ofa research agenda are identified including exploration of the characteristics of 3DLEs that are most important for spatial learning along with issues in designing appropriate lem71ing tasks.


Ensuring High Quality Thinking And Scaffolding Learning In An Online World, John Hedberg Jan 2002

Ensuring High Quality Thinking And Scaffolding Learning In An Online World, John Hedberg

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper will review some qualities of effective technology-based learning resources and how they can support conceptual professional development and scaffold thinking through the use ofcognitive tools. It will also explore factors that are important to professional development, as teachers participate in online learning networks and communities. It will demonstrate examples ofeffective design that must be present to ensure that participants learn in meaningful and motivating ways.


Year 3 Children's Understanding Of Fractions: Are We Making Progress?, Mohan Chinnappan, Mike Lawson Jan 2002

Year 3 Children's Understanding Of Fractions: Are We Making Progress?, Mohan Chinnappan, Mike Lawson

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The aim of the study reported here was to examine the quality of understandings developed by young children in the area of fractions and decimals. Analysis of data showed that the existence of great disparity in Year 3 children's knowledge base of fractions. We discuss these results in light of levels of competence that are expected in K-6 curriculum documents and with reference to past research on students' knowledge of fractions. The results of this small study raise doubts about the progress being made in the teaching of fractions.


Modelling Of Multiplicative Structures In A B10b Program, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 2002

Modelling Of Multiplicative Structures In A B10b Program, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Multiplication is a key operation in arithmetic. Teachers utilize a range of resources to help children make sense of the conceptual basis of this operation. Despite this, many children experience difficulty in solving multiplicative problems. In recent times, teachers and teacher educators have tumed to ICT-based resources in order to provide a more effective learning environment in which to explore multiplication. While this change in teaching strategy has received considerable support, it is based on the assumption that teachers who are already in practice and those who are being trained to become teachers draw on a well-developed knowledge of the ...


A Problem-Based Schema Analysis In Algebra, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 2002

A Problem-Based Schema Analysis In Algebra, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The development of students' algebraic understanding is generally accepted to be one of the major goals of K-12 mathematics teaching. In this paper I attempt to examine this understanding by characterising a group of high school students' algebraic knowledge and patterns of use of that knowledge during the solution of selected problems. Results show that these students tended to show acceptable levels of proficiency with problems that involve substitution of values for variables, and simplification of equations. However, students experienced difficulties with the solution of equations and the interpretation of variables both in symbolic and graphical modes. These results are ...


Developing Informal Reasoning Skills In Ill-Structured Environment: A Case Study Into Problem-Solving Strategies, Gwyn Brickell, Brian Ferry, Barry Harper Jan 2002

Developing Informal Reasoning Skills In Ill-Structured Environment: A Case Study Into Problem-Solving Strategies, Gwyn Brickell, Brian Ferry, Barry Harper

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The issue of teaching broad-based thinking processes, rather than more contentspecific skills, continues with the emphasis on the development ofcognitive skills through the use of investigation, reflection and analysis, synthesis and evaluation to generate or refine knowledge. Such skills are more widely associated with the more complex ('higher order') learning strategies proposed by Bloom (1956) where thinking takes place in the upper levels of the cognitive processing hierarchy. It has been suggested by Jonassen (2000) that the development of these 'higher order' cognitive skills can be achieved through problem solving in environments that present tasks in ill-structured domains. Researchers experimenting ...


Developing A Peer Learning Community Through The Use Of Cmc, Brian Ferry, Alison S.W. Yeung Jan 2002

Developing A Peer Learning Community Through The Use Of Cmc, Brian Ferry, Alison S.W. Yeung

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This study investigated computer-mediated communication (CMC) to facilitate the construction of learning community. The formation of learning community, which involves students working together to solve ill-structured problems and putting applying knowledge and experience to heuristic teaching. "Peer Learning" broadly includes cooperative and collaborative learning, and which involves learners working together for achieving specific learning goals. We report on the building of a peer learning approach through the use of CMC enhances flexible learning and fosters initiative and interactivity of the learners towards their learning. The findings showed that the contemporary computer-mediated communication (CMC) technology not only supports learning activities, it ...


From Face-To-Face Teaching To Online Distance Education Classes: Some Challenges And Surprise, Jan Turbill Jan 2002

From Face-To-Face Teaching To Online Distance Education Classes: Some Challenges And Surprise, Jan Turbill

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Many educators in higher education are now delivering their courses online. For some however this move was initially a reluctant one as it was difficult to perceive how their face-to-face classes could be successfully transported into the online medium. This paper describes the journey of one academic who took on the challenge ofdeveloping a knowledge building online distance education community. It describes the model used to guide this process and reports on the interaction that occurred. The challenges and surprises are described.


Integrating Technology To Enhance Teaching And Learning In Physical And Health Education: An Activehealth Framework, Gregg S. Rowland, Douglas Hearne, Lori Lockyer, Philip J. Pearson Jan 2002

Integrating Technology To Enhance Teaching And Learning In Physical And Health Education: An Activehealth Framework, Gregg S. Rowland, Douglas Hearne, Lori Lockyer, Philip J. Pearson

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

In an era of limited resources across educational sectors, academics associated with faculties of education are under increasing pressure to find innovative ways to support their teaching and research activities - activities with which collaboration and interaction with pre-service teachers, practicing teachers and fellow academics is crucial. As such, developing a sustained community that involves such representative members is paramount for academics. A team at the University of Wollongong has initiated this concept through research and development of the ActiveHealth learning community for physical and health educators. Whilst it is envisaged that such a project will take time to establish, a ...


Developing Evaluation Frameworks For Assessing Quality Ict-Based Learning In Higher Education, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, Shirley Agostinho Jan 2002

Developing Evaluation Frameworks For Assessing Quality Ict-Based Learning In Higher Education, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, Shirley Agostinho

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes the evaluation of high quality learning designs which are being selected for possible redevelopment in a National Project funded by the Australian University Teaching Committee (AUTC). The project focuses on “Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Their Role in Flexible Learning” and is evaluating over 50 projects with a view to developing a range of software tools, templates and/or guidelines based on those that are de emed to be effective ICT - based learning projects. The approach is unique in that it tries to pinpoint the key attributes of ICT-based projects that make them suitable for application ...


Formalising The Descriptions Of Learning Designs, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills, Shirley Agostinho Jan 2002

Formalising The Descriptions Of Learning Designs, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills, Shirley Agostinho

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes an activity being undertaken by researchers involved in the AUTC funded Project: Information and Communication Technologies and Their Role in Flexible Learning. The project is seeking to investigate and develop generic and reusable frameworks for the provision of technology-enhanced high quality learning experiences in higher education. To achieve this, the researchers have been exploring ways to formalise generic descriptions of some learning designs that foster knowledge construction and problem solving. This paper provides a summary of the work that has been undertaken and describes the generic descriptions that have been developed in this process.


Physical Activity In The Lives Of Young Women And Men: Embodied Identies, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn, David C. Macdonald Jan 2002

Physical Activity In The Lives Of Young Women And Men: Embodied Identies, Jan Wright, Gabrielle O'Flynn, David C. Macdonald

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complex and diverse positions particular young women and men take up in relation to the moral imperatives of the healthism discourse. We do this through a discussion of the ways in which they talk about their own and others’ bodies, in the context of a number of in-depth interviews conducted with them over the course of a year. These interviews were conducted as the major component of a longitudinal qualitative study, funded by the Australian Research Council, which investigates the place and meaning of physical activity and physical culture in young ...


A Tool To Evaluate The Potential For An Ict-Based Learning Design To Foster "High-Quality Learning", Shirley Agostinho, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills Jan 2002

A Tool To Evaluate The Potential For An Ict-Based Learning Design To Foster "High-Quality Learning", Shirley Agostinho, Ron Oliver, Barry Harper, John Hedberg, Sandra Wills

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

With the aim to facilitate sharing and uptake of high quality ICT-based learning designs amongst academics in higher education, the Australian Universities Teaching Committee funded project: Information and Communication Technologies (lCTs) and Their Role in Flexible Learning examined a number of existing high quality, ICT-based learning implementations to determine if the learning designs employed can be re-disseminated in the form of reusable guidelines, templates, and/or software tools. An evaluation instrument was developed to analyse the degree to which the learning designs have potential to foster high quality learning. This paper focuses on this instrument by describing how it was ...


Understanding And Exploring The Relationships Of A Knowledge Building Community In Teacher Education, Julie Kiggins Jan 2002

Understanding And Exploring The Relationships Of A Knowledge Building Community In Teacher Education, Julie Kiggins

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores the relationships ofpreservice teachers as they embarked upon an alternative model of teacher education known as the Knowledge Building Community Project (KBC) at the University of Wollongong. The KBC Project was initiated as a response to research that suggested preservice teachers needed more experience with the day-to-day operation of schools, and how the daily work of teachers related to the culture of schools and classrooms. A series ofrevisions since the Project's inception now means that the KBC model is underpinned by four outcomes to support student learning: (i) Community collaboration, (ii) Taking responsibility for own learning ...


Moving Out: The Impact On The Self And Other Related Variables For People With Mild Intellectual Disabilities, Roselyn M. Dixon, H Marsh, Rhonda Craven Jan 2002

Moving Out: The Impact On The Self And Other Related Variables For People With Mild Intellectual Disabilities, Roselyn M. Dixon, H Marsh, Rhonda Craven

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Social competence and affective development (self-concept, self-esteem and locus of control) of people with intellectual disability has been widely valued as a desirable goal and is frequently seen as the crucial variable in the attainment of full integration into the community.


Health Claims Policy, Heather Yeatman Jan 2002

Health Claims Policy, Heather Yeatman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at The 2nd Omega Workshop, 30 September 2002, Adelaide, Australia.


Relative Risk Of Hiv Infection Among Young Men And Women In A South African Township, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Brian G. Williams, Catherine Campbell Jan 2002

Relative Risk Of Hiv Infection Among Young Men And Women In A South African Township, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Brian G. Williams, Catherine Campbell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The prevalence of HIV infection in Africa is substantially higher among young women than it is among young men. Biological explanations of this difference have been presented but there has been little exploration of social factors. In this paper we use data from Carletonville, South Africa to explore various social explanations for greater female infection rates. This paper reports on data from a random sample of 507 people between 13 and 24 years old. Subjects were tested for HIV, as well as other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and answered a behavioural questionnaire. The age-prevalence of HIV infection differs between men ...


Special Education Needs Across The Pre-School Period, Pam Sammons, Rebecca Smees, Brenda Taggart, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Karen Elliot Jan 2002

Special Education Needs Across The Pre-School Period, Pam Sammons, Rebecca Smees, Brenda Taggart, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Karen Elliot

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Early Years Transitions and Special Educational Needs (EYTSEN) project builds on the work of the Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) project, a major longitudinal study of a national sample of young children’s progress and development through pre-school and into primary school until the end of Key Stage 1 (age 3+ to 7 years) (Sylva et al., 1999).1 Both the EPPE and EYTSEN research studies are funded by the DfES. The EYTSEN study explores evidence of possible special educational needs (SEN) amongst pre-school children. It uses a range of information to identify children who may be ‘at ...


Characteristics Of Pre-School Environments In Northern Ireland: An Analysis Of Observational Data, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathleen Mcsherry, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Sofia Guimares Jan 2002

Characteristics Of Pre-School Environments In Northern Ireland: An Analysis Of Observational Data, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathleen Mcsherry, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Sofia Guimares

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres. Both qualitative and quantitative methods (including multilevel modelling) are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 7 years of age. In addition to the effects of preschool experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's development of individual and family characteristics ...


Pre-School Experience And Social/Behavioural Development At The Start Of Primary School, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Gail Currie Jan 2002

Pre-School Experience And Social/Behavioural Development At The Start Of Primary School, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Gail Currie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres. Both qualitative and quantitative methods (including multilevel modelling) are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 7 years of age. In addition to the effects of preschool experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's development of individual and family characteristics ...


Pre-School Experience And Cognitive Development At The Start Of Primary School, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Christopher Shields Jan 2002

Pre-School Experience And Cognitive Development At The Start Of Primary School, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Christopher Shields

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed between the ages of 3 and 7 years. Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres. Both qualitative and quantitative methods (including multilevel modelling) are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 7 years of age. In addition to the effects of preschool experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's development of individual and family characteristics ...


Environmental Factors Associated With Adults' Participation In Physical Activity: A Review, Nancy Humpel, Neville Owen, Eva Leslie Jan 2002

Environmental Factors Associated With Adults' Participation In Physical Activity: A Review, Nancy Humpel, Neville Owen, Eva Leslie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Promoting physical activity is a public health priority, and changes in the environmental contexts of adults’ activity choices are believed to be crucial. However, of the factors associated with physical activity, environmental influences are among the least understood. Method: Using journal scans and computerized literature database searches, we identified 19 quantitative studies that assessed the relationships with physical activity behavior of perceived and objectively determined physical environment attributes. Findings were categorized into those examining five categories: accessibility of facilities, opportunities for activity, weather, safety, and aesthetic attributes. Results: Accessibility, opportunities, and aesthetic attributes had significant associations with physical activity ...


Maternity Care Needs Of Refugee And Asylum-Seeking Women: A Summary Of Research By Patricia Kennedy And Jo Murphy- Lawless, Patricia Kennedy, Jo Murphy-Lawless Jan 2002

Maternity Care Needs Of Refugee And Asylum-Seeking Women: A Summary Of Research By Patricia Kennedy And Jo Murphy- Lawless, Patricia Kennedy, Jo Murphy-Lawless

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This extended study, with both quantitative and qualitative elements, was designed and carried out in 1999-2000 to collect baseline data on refugee women's experiences, expressed needs and perspectives of the existing care services in order to inform the development of relevant maternity care policies for this vulnerable group and to plan models of best practice for the future.


Pressure Points: School Executive And Educational Change, Stephen Dinham, Catherine Scott Jan 2002

Pressure Points: School Executive And Educational Change, Stephen Dinham, Catherine Scott

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Recent international research has demonstrated a relationship between physical health and occupational status/level of appointment: people who hold higher level positions enjoy better physical health on average than those in lower positions. Researchers have speculated that this may be in part due to the lower levels of control exercised over pace and timetabling of work by those occupying lower positions. Poorer physical health is thus mediated by lower levels of mental wellbeing.

Worldwide, many working in school education have experienced ‘control’ being taken away from them by rapid and constant educational change imposed from ‘the outside’. The pace and ...