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Full-Text Articles in Education

Evaluation Of The University Of Canberra Programme For Advanced Literacy Development Scaffolding Literacy Programme With Indigenous Children In School, John Cresswell, Catherine Underwood, Graeme Withers, Isabelle Adams Dec 2002

Evaluation Of The University Of Canberra Programme For Advanced Literacy Development Scaffolding Literacy Programme With Indigenous Children In School, John Cresswell, Catherine Underwood, Graeme Withers, Isabelle Adams

Indigenous Education Research

This evaluation was created from the records of interviews with the principals and teachers and others involved in the Scaffolding Literacy Programme and is, therefore, a summary document of all the data collected by the three researchers at ACER and the sub-contractor in Western Australia, with an interpretation of the observations in terms of the guidelines set out in the contract.


The Estimation Of Polytomous Item Response Models With Many Dimensions, Nikolai Volodin, Ray J. Adams Dec 2002

The Estimation Of Polytomous Item Response Models With Many Dimensions, Nikolai Volodin, Ray J. Adams

Assessment and Reporting

Identification conditions and an improved estimation method for a D-dimensional mixed coefficients multinomial logit model are discussed. This model is a generalisation of the Adams and Wilson (1997) random coefficients multinomial logit and it can be used to fit multdimensional forms of a wide range of Rasch measurement models. The computational demands of the numerical integration required in fitting such models have limited previous implementations to three and perhaps four-dimensional problems (Glas, 1992; Adams, Wilson and Wang, 1997). This paper illustrates a Monte Carlo integration method that permits the estimation of models with much higher dimensionality. The example in ...


Lsay Cohort Report The Year 9 Class Of 1998 In 2001: Education, Employment And Interests, Sheldon Rothman Nov 2002

Lsay Cohort Report The Year 9 Class Of 1998 In 2001: Education, Employment And Interests, Sheldon Rothman

LSAY Cohort Reports

This is the third in a series of annual reports on the activities of the Year 9 class of 1998 in the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) project during the previous year. It provides details of the experiences of the cohort in 2001 and, when used with previous Cohort Reports for 1999 and 2000, can be used to monitor annual changes within the cohort.


Achievement In Literacy And Numeracy By Australian 14 Year-Olds, 1975-1998, Sheldon Rothman Nov 2002

Achievement In Literacy And Numeracy By Australian 14 Year-Olds, 1975-1998, Sheldon Rothman

LSAY Research Reports

This LSAY research report examines student achievement scores on tests of reading comprehension and mathematics from five studies conducted between 1975 and 1998. The data are from five studies involving young people in Australian schools: the Australian Studies in School Performance in 1975, the Australian Studies of Student Performance in 1980, the 1989 Youth in Transition study and the 1995 and 1998 Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth studies. The report examines literacy and numeracy trends for all students and for smaller groups of students, with results reported by gender, language background, socioeconomic status and location. Multivariate analyses examine how influences ...


Vocational Education And Training : Participation, Achievement And Pathways., Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer) Sep 2002

Vocational Education And Training : Participation, Achievement And Pathways., Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer)

LSAY Briefing Reports

This paper looks at some of the findings from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) on participation in vocational education and training (VET) in schools programs, pathways that are associated with these programs, and ways in which students who do not complete Year 12 can be helped by VET courses beyond the school.


Becoming An Adult : Leaving Home, Relationships And Home Ownership Among Australian Youth, Kylie Hillman, Gary Marks Sep 2002

Becoming An Adult : Leaving Home, Relationships And Home Ownership Among Australian Youth, Kylie Hillman, Gary Marks

LSAY Research Reports

Most studies on the transition from school implicitly assume that adulthood is reached upon gaining full-time work. This report focuses on other aspects of adulthood: moving out of home, establishing a relationship, and buying a house. The report documents the incidence of these events over time and analyses their relationship with social background, demographic and labour market factors. The study uses data from the four Youth in Transition cohorts born in 1961, 1965, 1970 and 1975. [Author abstract]


Education Helping To Build Social Capital : The British Experience, Estelle Morris Aug 2002

Education Helping To Build Social Capital : The British Experience, Estelle Morris

APC Monographs

The author, a former secondary teacher, now Secretary of State for Education and Skills in the UK government, reflects on the necessity to share ideas about education internationally.


Student Engagement With School : Individual And School-Level Influences, Sue Fullarton Jul 2002

Student Engagement With School : Individual And School-Level Influences, Sue Fullarton

LSAY Research Reports

In this report, which examines the engagement of young people with school, engagement is defined through Finn's taxonomy of engagement or participatory behaviours, which examines students' level of participation in the extracurricular activities offered to them by their schools. Major findings from the investigation show that between-school differences account for almost 9% of the variation in students engagement levels; the overall level of student engagement in the school was a strong predictor of student-level engagement; gender, parents' educational level, student perceptions of school climate, self-concept of ability and intrinsic motivation were all found to have an effect on individual ...


Strengthening The Profession? A Comparison Of Recent Reforms In The Uk And The Usa, Lawrence Ingvarson Jul 2002

Strengthening The Profession? A Comparison Of Recent Reforms In The Uk And The Usa, Lawrence Ingvarson

Teaching Standards and Teacher Evaluation

Educational policy makers in many countries recognise the need to focus their policies more directly on factors affecting the quality of teachers. Common to these policies are attempts to reform teachers' pay systems and career paths to place greater value on teachers' work and give stronger incentives for professional development. Investing in effective modes of on going professional learning is regarded increasingly as one of the most effective means of improving student learning outcomes. This article examines two approaches to reforming the teaching profession, one from the UK, the other in the USA. In the case of the UK, the ...


Education Participation And Outcomes By Geographic Location, Roger Jones Jun 2002

Education Participation And Outcomes By Geographic Location, Roger Jones

LSAY Research Reports

This project has two related aims: to assess the viability of using the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) study data for national reporting of outcomes by geographic location; and to investigate, using LSAY data, the variations in education participation and outcomes by geographic location. While the analyses generally show no statistically significant disadvantage associated with living in a remote area, the small sample size and the small number of schools from which remote area students are selected in the LSAY caution against concluding that there is no disadvantage. [Executive summary, ed]


Codebook: The Lsay 1998 Year 9 Sample Wave 4 (2001) Technical Report No. 26, Kylie Hillman Jun 2002

Codebook: The Lsay 1998 Year 9 Sample Wave 4 (2001) Technical Report No. 26, Kylie Hillman

LSAY Technical Reports

The 1998 Year 9 Cohort (Y98) In 1998, a nationally representative sample of approximately 14,000 Year 9 students was selected to form the second cohort of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. The sample was constructed by randomly selecting two Year 9 classes from a sample of schools designed to represent state and sector. Reading and numeracy tests were administered to students in their schools to provide information on early school achievement for use in later analyses of educational and labour market participation. Students also completed a background questionnaire about their educational and vocational plans and attitudes to school ...


Acer Enews 05 May 2002, Acer May 2002

Acer Enews 05 May 2002, Acer

ACER eNews Archive

No abstract provided.


Development Of A National Standards Framework For The Teaching Profession, Lawrence Ingvarson May 2002

Development Of A National Standards Framework For The Teaching Profession, Lawrence Ingvarson

Teaching Standards and Teacher Evaluation

This paper was prepared for the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment and Training Taskforce on Teacher Quality & Educational Leadership. The brief for the paper was to 'Develop an issues paper to provide a basis for discussion and, where possible, propose options. The paper covers the following broad areas: definitions and purposes for standards (the meaning of standards, rationale for teaching standards, purposes for teaching standards: mapping the territory); defining performance-based teaching standards (professional principles; content standards; evidential standards ; performance standards; how are standards structured?); teaching standards: whose responsibility?; a national standards framework: issues and areas for action (accreditation of teacher education; content and qualification standards; performance-based assessments for registration; performance-based professional certification; stance).


Constructing And Using Educational Performance Indicators, Ken Rowe, Denise Lievesley Apr 2002

Constructing And Using Educational Performance Indicators, Ken Rowe, Denise Lievesley

Student Learning Processes

Within the context of a growing international movement toward the adoption of ‘outcomes-based’ modes of educational provision and governance, this paper focuses on the context, nature, purpose and construction of educational performance indicators. Key issues related to types and sources of indicators, essential features of useful indicators, constructing and using performance indicators to advantage, and key elements of Education Management Information Systems (EMIS) are presented and discussed.


The Designed And Achieved Sample Of The 1998 Lsay Sample Technical Paper No. 16, Michael Long, Nicole Fleming Feb 2002

The Designed And Achieved Sample Of The 1998 Lsay Sample Technical Paper No. 16, Michael Long, Nicole Fleming

LSAY Technical Reports

The design was intended to provide a national stratified sample of Year 9 students which would permit a sample of some 10,000 young people to be interviewed by phone in late 2000. The major stratum considered in the design was State of schooling. Students from smaller states were to be over-sampled and, correspondingly, students from larger states were under-sampled. However, in the 1998 sample, the over-sampling of the smaller states and the territories was undertaken at a lower rate than for the 1995 sample. There were two reasons for this: 1. Continued over-sampling of schools in the smaller states ...


Australian 14-Year-Olds’ Civic Knowledge And Attitudes, And How Teachers And Schools Might Improve Them, Suzanne Mellor Jan 2002

Australian 14-Year-Olds’ Civic Knowledge And Attitudes, And How Teachers And Schools Might Improve Them, Suzanne Mellor

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

This paper describes the Australian content for the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Civic Education Study and the conduct of the IEA in Australia. The IEA concept of civil knowledge and attitudes towards the civics knowledge of Australian students is discussed. Some general trends and influences identified in the meta data are considered. The author discusses the value of comparing student responses and activities across like countries and considers what the data shows about the total civic knowledge of Australian students and the extent of their civil engagement.


Information And Communication Technologies In Classrooms : Perspectives From An International Study, John Ainley, Diana Banks, Marianne Fleming Jan 2002

Information And Communication Technologies In Classrooms : Perspectives From An International Study, John Ainley, Diana Banks, Marianne Fleming

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

Many countries have envisaged a significant role for information and communications technologies (ICT) in their education systems. For example, in Australia one of the goals in the declaration of the Ministerial Council on Education, Training and Youth Affairs on national goals for schooling stated that students should be confident, creative and productive users of new technologies and understand the impact of those technologies on society. A national action plan, Learning in an Online World, has set three priority areas for development making available connections of sufficient bandwidth to allow schools to integrate online services into curriculum practice; providing effective pre-service ...


Retrieving Information, Interpreting, Reflecting, And Then... : Using The Result Of Pisa Reading Literacy., Juliette Mendelovits Jan 2002

Retrieving Information, Interpreting, Reflecting, And Then... : Using The Result Of Pisa Reading Literacy., Juliette Mendelovits

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

This paper discusses the results achieved by Australia in the initial report on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). The German reaction to a low score for German students is described. Three responses to PISA reading literacy results in Australia are described. These include: pragmatic use of the PISA reading literacy results at a national level; retrieving information from the international study and using it to create a benchmark for reading literacy for fifteen year-olds in Australia; and, using what has been learnt about reading literacy to question, evaluate and perhaps modify the way that reading literacy is taught ...


Pisa From Australia's Perspective, Jan Lokan Jan 2002

Pisa From Australia's Perspective, Jan Lokan

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

This paper discusses the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey and the Australian teenagers that took part with students from thirty-one other countries. The paper describes the background to PISA, an initiative of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) keen to have measures of outputs from compulsory level schooling to accompany regularly collected country-level data on educational context and investment in education of human and monetary resources. The author describes the goals and features of PISA, its scope, Australian representatives and, school and background factors.


Learning From International Studies Of Teaching : The Timss-R Video Study., James Hiebert, Hilary Hollingsworth Jan 2002

Learning From International Studies Of Teaching : The Timss-R Video Study., James Hiebert, Hilary Hollingsworth

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

This paper discusses the Third International Mathematics and Science Study - Repeat (TIMSS-R) Video Study. In addition to the broad goal of describing mathematics teaching in seven countries including a number of countries with records of high achievement, the study had the following research objectives: to develop objective, observational measures of classroom instruction to serve as appropriate quantitative indicators of teaching practice in each country; to compare teaching practice and identify similar or different lessons; and to describe patterns of teaching practice for each country.


Providing World-Class School Education (Conference Proceedings), Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer) Jan 2002

Providing World-Class School Education (Conference Proceedings), Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer)

2002 - Providing World-Class School Education

International achievement studies are capable of identifying international best practice in school education and providing decision makers at all levels—from policy maker to system manager to school leader to classroom teacher—with information that may be useful in their own efforts to improve student learning outcomes. These studies assist us in answering such questions as: What is ‘world-class’ education? and What characterises outstanding educational provision?


Closing The Gap Between Research And Practice : Foundations For The Acquisition Of Literacy., Molly De Lemos Jan 2002

Closing The Gap Between Research And Practice : Foundations For The Acquisition Of Literacy., Molly De Lemos

Literacy and Numeracy

Over the years two main approaches have emerged in the teaching and learning of reading and writing. One is the 'whole language' approach; the other concentrates more on instruction in phonics. This paper focuses on the theoretical assumptions underlying these two approaches to the teaching of literacy, and the studies which have been undertaken, in the international arena, to find out how children progress, from their earliest educational years, in attaining both initial reading skills and lifelong literacy.


Leading And Managing For High Performance, John West-Burnham Jan 2002

Leading And Managing For High Performance, John West-Burnham

APC Monographs

This paper explores some of the changing perceptions of leadership in education. It focuses in particular on the issue of 'performance', which is at the heart of much educational reform.


Acer 2001-2002 Annual Report, Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer) Jan 2002

Acer 2001-2002 Annual Report, Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer)

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Boys In School And Society, John Cresswell, Ken Rowe, Graeme Withers Jan 2002

Boys In School And Society, John Cresswell, Ken Rowe, Graeme Withers

Gender Issues

In the past decade there has been a growing perception in Australia that girls have become more successful pursuing their educational goals than boys - especially in educational outcomes relating to literacy. In addition there is evidence from a range of studies that boys regard their school experience less favourably than girls and are less strongly engaged in the work of schools. This paper focuses on students' achievement and attitudes to school, and the influences that shape different outcomes for boys and girls. Areas of difference discussed include literacy, year 12 performance, mathematics, proficiency with computers, educational participation, and social development ...


Mathematics And Science Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students In Australia, Susan Zammit, Alla Routitsky, Lisa Greenwood Jan 2002

Mathematics And Science Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students In Australia, Susan Zammit, Alla Routitsky, Lisa Greenwood

TIMSS Australia Monograph Series

The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1998 assessed the mathematics and science achievement of students in their second year at high school. Testing for the study was carried out in 38 countries in 1998–99.1 Extensive information was collected from students, teachers and school principals about the context of mathematics and science teaching and learning. Among the countries participating in TIMSS 1998, 26 countries, including Australia, also participated in TIMSS 1994. It was therefore possible to report on any significant changes between the two studies. Two reports, TIMSS 1999 International Mathematics Report and International Science Report were ...


Citizenship And Democracy : Australian Students' Knowledge And Beliefs : The Iea Civic Education Study Of Fourteen Year Olds, Suzanne Mellor, Kerry Kennedy, Lisa Greenwood Jan 2002

Citizenship And Democracy : Australian Students' Knowledge And Beliefs : The Iea Civic Education Study Of Fourteen Year Olds, Suzanne Mellor, Kerry Kennedy, Lisa Greenwood

Civics and Citizenship Assessment

This Civic Education Study was carried out in two phases by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). Phase 1 examined the contexts and meaning of civic education in 24 countries. In Phase 2, nationally representative samples of nearly 90,000 students in the usual grade for 14 year olds in 28 countries were surveyed on topics ranging from their knowledge of fundamental democratic principles and skills in interpreting political information to their attitudes toward government and willingness to participate in civic activity. This Australian national report analyses and interprets the Australian data collected.


The Apc Summer Institute, 2002 : Reconfiguring Schooling For The 21st Century, Brian Caldwell, Bruce Wilson, Bert Van Halen, Gabrielle Leigh Jan 2002

The Apc Summer Institute, 2002 : Reconfiguring Schooling For The 21st Century, Brian Caldwell, Bruce Wilson, Bert Van Halen, Gabrielle Leigh

APC Monographs

The APC Summer held in January 2001 aimed to provide: a two-day intensive program that linked theory and practice in a chosen area relevant to school leaders in their day to day work; an opportunity for practising school leaders to develop an operational framework to be applied to strategy planning or to the management of key projects in their school; a big picture framework in which school leaders can contextualise their work; and a series of exemplary practices whose underlying principles can be adapted for use in other settings.


Rural And Urban Differences In Australian Education., Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer) Jan 2002

Rural And Urban Differences In Australian Education., Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer)

LSAY Briefing Reports

Whether or not students' educational performance is influenced by where they live is an important issue for educators and policy makers. This paper reports findings from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) into the influence of students' location on several outcomes: achievement in literacy and numeracy; tertiary entrance scores; subject choice in Year 12; participation in Year 12 and higher education; participation in vocational education and training; and transitions from education to work.


Neighbourhood Effects And Community Spillovers In The Australian Youth Labour Market, Dan Andrews, Colin Green, John Mangan Jan 2002

Neighbourhood Effects And Community Spillovers In The Australian Youth Labour Market, Dan Andrews, Colin Green, John Mangan

LSAY Research Reports

Neighbourhood effects refer to the situation whereby residential location impacts on the social outcomes of individuals, above and beyond what would be expected from their personal and family characteristics. A number of theories of neighbourhood effects exist. These can be broadly classified as theories of collective socialisation theories; contagion-based or 'epidemic' theories; and information network theories. Existing Australian research has focused mainly on the impact of neighbourhoods on youth education decisions. In contrast, this study models the probability of unemployment as a function of personal characteristics, family structure and neighbourhood composition. [Executive summary, ed]