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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Education

What Large-Scale, Survey Research Tells Us About Teacher Effects On Student Achievement: Insights From The Prospectus Study Of Elementary Schools, Brian Rowan, Richard Correnti, Robert J. Miller Nov 2002

What Large-Scale, Survey Research Tells Us About Teacher Effects On Student Achievement: Insights From The Prospectus Study Of Elementary Schools, Brian Rowan, Richard Correnti, Robert J. Miller

CPRE Research Reports

This report is about conceptual and methodological issues that arise when educational researchers use data from large-scale, survey research studies to investigate teacher effects on student achievement. In the report, we illustrate these issues by reporting on a series of analyses we conducted using data from Prospects: The Congressionally Mandated Study of Educational Opportunity. This large-scale, survey research effort gathered a rich store of data on instructional processes and student achievement in a large sample of U.S. elementary schools during the early 1990s as part of the federal government's evaluation of the Title I program. We use data ...


The Varieties Of Knowledge And Skill-Based Pay Design: A Comparison Of Seven New Pay Systems For K-12 Teachers, Anthony Milanowski Oct 2002

The Varieties Of Knowledge And Skill-Based Pay Design: A Comparison Of Seven New Pay Systems For K-12 Teachers, Anthony Milanowski

CPRE Research Reports

A number of lines of research (e.g., National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, 1996; Slavin & Fashola, 1998; Wright, Horn, & Sanders, 1997; Bembry, Jordan, Gomez, Anderson, & Mendro, 1998; Ferguson & Ladd, 1996) have identified teacher instructional capacity as a key variable in the success of educational reforms in improving student achievement. Since 2000, the Consortium for Policy Research in Education has been studying a new form of teacher compensation that may have the potential to support improvements in the capacity of teachers to deliver instruction that would enable all children to achieve to high academic standards, as well as to respond to the growing public ...


A Review Of The Research On Charter Schools, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisler Jun 2002

A Review Of The Research On Charter Schools, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisler

CPRE Research Reports

The major research areas over the last decade have focused largely on assessing how the implementation of charter schools compares with the original theory. This review examines whether charter schools are autonomous, innovative, accountable, and equitable. The review looks at existing evidence about outcomes of students enrolled in charter schools and the broader effects of charter schools on public education. The review provides a foundation for future work that will examine in greater depth the role charter schools may play in educational reform.


Using Timss To Inform Policy And Practice At The Local Level, Deborah Nelson May 2002

Using Timss To Inform Policy And Practice At The Local Level, Deborah Nelson

CPRE Policy Briefs

The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)-1995 and its successor, TIMSS-1999, provide education researchers, policymakers, and practitioners with rich, comparative data designed to help better understand the performance of educational systems. As such, TIMSS is a valuable tool in current efforts to improve mathematics and science instruction and to educate students in the United States to global standards of excellence. What can we learn from this ambitious and unprecedented international effort to provide meaningful, useful data for the reform of mathematics and science instruction? It is important to reflect on this question as we assess the promise and ...


Mayoral Influences, New Regimes, And Public School Governance, Michael W. Kirst May 2002

Mayoral Influences, New Regimes, And Public School Governance, Michael W. Kirst

CPRE Research Reports

In recent years, a spate of cities -- including Boston, Chicago, and Cleveland -- have shifted governance structures to give more control to mayors in the hope that such changes would ultimately lead to improved school quality and student achievement, as well as to diminished scandal and turmoil in the school systems. A closer look at these instances, however, shows that these governance changes have to be understood within the broader context of a particular city, and the particular frustration and challenges that led to the willingness to alter the top levels of educational control. The ways in which mayors have become ...


Literacy Assessment Practices (Lap) In Selected Developing Countries: Analytic Review Of Four Lap Country Case Studies, Daniel A. Wagner Apr 2002

Literacy Assessment Practices (Lap) In Selected Developing Countries: Analytic Review Of Four Lap Country Case Studies, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The present paper provides an analytic review of four country case studies that were prepared for the Literacy Assessment Practices (LAP) project, undertaken jointly by the International Literacy Institute (ILI) and UNESCO, in collaboration with UIS and UIE. This report attempts to provide a summary of key issues, as well as to identify lessons learned and areas that are in need of further investigation. Examples are drawn from the four cases in the light of the present context of the field of adult literacy, and various conclusions and new directions are drawn from this material. Overall, in the context for ...


Implementation Of The America's Choice Literacy Workshops, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Susan M. Poglinco, Amy J. Bach Apr 2002

Implementation Of The America's Choice Literacy Workshops, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Susan M. Poglinco, Amy J. Bach

CPRE Research Reports

Fostering literacy is at the heart of the America’s Choice Comprehensive School Reform Design. Strong reading and writing skills are viewed as cornerstones of successful student performance in all subject areas. The readers and writers workshops, which together we call the literacy workshops, play a central role in moving all children toward high standards of performance. The workshops are designed to provide students with a rich immersion into the numerous skills and habits necessary to become fluent readers and writers. The structures of the literacy workshops are intended to facilitate teachers’ analyses of student skills (as represented by their ...


A Decade Of Charter Schools: From Theory To Practice, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisher Apr 2002

A Decade Of Charter Schools: From Theory To Practice, Katrina Bulkley, Jennifer Fisher

CPRE Policy Briefs

The number of schools operating under charter school laws has soared over the last decade, from a small number operating in just a few states to more than 2,300 schools serving over 575,000 students in 34 states and the District of Columbia. More than half of these schools are concentrated in a few states — Arizona has over 400 charter schools, and California, Florida, Michigan, and Texas each has more than 150.

Charter schools are relatively autonomous schools of choice that operate under a charter or contract issued by a public entity such as a local school board, public ...


An Analysis Of The Effects Of Children Achieving On Student Achievement In Philadelphia Elementary Schools, Erin Tighe, Aubrey Wang, Ellen Foley Feb 2002

An Analysis Of The Effects Of Children Achieving On Student Achievement In Philadelphia Elementary Schools, Erin Tighe, Aubrey Wang, Ellen Foley

CPRE Research Reports

Philadelphia’s Children Achieving was a sweeping systemic reform initiative. Systemic reform eschews a school-byschool approach to reform and relies on coherent policy, improved coordination of resources and services, content and performance standards, decentralization of decision-making, and accountability mechanisms to transform entire school systems. Led by a dynamic superintendent and central office personnel, Children Achieving was the first attempt by an urban district to test systemic reform in practice.

In 1996, the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) at the University of Pennsylvania and its partner, Research for Action (RFA), were charged by the Children Achieving Challenge with the ...


Subject-Matter Content: How Does It Assist The Interactional And Linguistic Needs Of Classroom Language Learners?, Teresa Pica Jan 2002

Subject-Matter Content: How Does It Assist The Interactional And Linguistic Needs Of Classroom Language Learners?, Teresa Pica

GSE Publications

This study focused on the role of subject-matter content in second language (L2) learning. It sought to identify ways in which teachers modified classroom interaction about subject-matter content in order to assist the input, feedback, and production needs of L2 learners, and to promote their attention to developmentally difficult relationships of L2 form and meaning that they had not fully acquired. Data were collected from 6 preacademic English L2 classes, whose content consisted of thematic units on film and literature. Each class was composed of 10-15 high intermediate English L2 students and their teachers. Analysis of the data focused on ...


Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2002

Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

An important responsibility of metropolitan university leaders is to provide compelling evidence that their institutions have the ability to change and to articulate how much change has occurred. This paper examines how institutions can develop that capacity and determine the extent to which institutions are different. It defines transformation, describes types of evidence, presents a framework for determining evidence, suggests strategies for collecting evidence, and identifies challenges to determining progress.