Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Jan 1994

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans Jan 1994

Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the mid-1980s, controversy has surrounded the issue of undergraduate instruction at large research universities by teaching assistants who are not native speakers of English and who have received their undergraduate training outside the United States. Despite administrative endorsement of the importance of diversity on campus, the interaction between undergraduates and teaching assistants from abroad (now commonly called "international teaching assistants" or "ITAs") is a strained one, often threatened by misunderstandings and miscommunication;The current study used a survey, Questionnaire about International Teaching Assistants (QUITA), developed by Fox (1991), to collect background information about undergraduate students; inquire about their depth ...


Outcomes Of Workplace Literacy Training In A Midwest Industrial Center , Esther Marina Ledesma Jan 1994

Outcomes Of Workplace Literacy Training In A Midwest Industrial Center , Esther Marina Ledesma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of a workplace literacy (pre-apprenticeship) training program on workers' goal attainment, job performance, and personal life. In addition, the study examined the impact of the training on employees' work-related attitudes including job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and job involvement. Two major questions were of concern: 1) whether workplace literacy training affects attitudes related to an individual's personal life and their work, and 2) the extent to which the program benefited the organization for which the trainees work;A survey was administered to 60 workers who completed the workplace literacy program ...


Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen Jan 1994

Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is organized in three sections. The first section includes a review of the literature related to distance education covering (1) the history and definition of distance education, (2) a review of evaluation instruments used to assess student perceptions and attitudes, and (3) a summary of research findings in five areas of distance education: student motivation, student persistence, student achievement, student satisfaction, and comparisons of students in distance and traditional education settings. The focus of the literature review is on distance education using telecommunications technologies;Second, an article describing the development of an evaluation instrument for use in an ...


Satisfaction With College Outcomes And Career Services: A Study Of Students Enrolled At Public 2-Year And 4-Year Institutions In The Midwest , Luanne M. Ahrens Jan 1994

Satisfaction With College Outcomes And Career Services: A Study Of Students Enrolled At Public 2-Year And 4-Year Institutions In The Midwest , Luanne M. Ahrens

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine student perception of the importance of attaining skills and to measure college satisfaction as students were about to graduate or leave their current public college. The study utilized American College Testing's (ACT) World-of-Work Map and College Outcomes Survey instrument;Participants in this study, 4,421 college students at 36 public 2- and 4-year institutions in 13 Midwestern states, rated the perceived importance of attaining 26 skills, expressed their level of satisfaction with 39 aspects of college life and identified their occupational choice. In addition, descriptive information was gathered including lifetime educational ...


An Examination Of Rural Iowa Secondary School Principals' Self-Efficacy And Other Related Factors For Meeting The Needs Of Students At Risk Of School Failure , Vera Lynette Banks Lang Jan 1994

An Examination Of Rural Iowa Secondary School Principals' Self-Efficacy And Other Related Factors For Meeting The Needs Of Students At Risk Of School Failure , Vera Lynette Banks Lang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to examine participating rural Iowa secondary school principals' perceived self-efficacy for meeting the needs of at-risk students. Specifically, the study examined the following factors: the principals' levels of preparedness, self-efficacy, problem acceptance, student potential orientation, responsibility acceptance, and willingness to change to meet the needs of at-risk students; the relationship between selected demographic characteristics and the factors; and the factors associated with principals' willingness to change to meet the needs of at-risk students. Two hundred ninety-two principals from rural schools responded to a questionnaire. The majority of the respondents were males over 41 ...


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Vertical Leadership Team Training For Effective Schools: An Iowa Case Study , Irene Mckinney Jan 1994

Vertical Leadership Team Training For Effective Schools: An Iowa Case Study , Irene Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was threefold. It described a vertical leadership team training project for the effective schools program, defined the combination of the training components needed to facilitate rapid school change via vertical leadership teams, and determined the status of school effectiveness across the state of Iowa. This effective schools study targeted rural, small, poor schools rather than the usual big city, inner city, poor, minority effective schools study. A review of school improvement literature from Coleman (1966) to Calwelti (1994) as well as the continuing decline in achievement of American students when compared to other industrialized nations ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


The Experiences Of Women Leading In An All-Women's Residence Hall: A Qualitative Study, Becki Sue Elkins Nesheim Jan 1994

The Experiences Of Women Leading In An All-Women's Residence Hall: A Qualitative Study, Becki Sue Elkins Nesheim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Transformative Experiences And The Search For Meaning Among Adult Full-Time Undergraduate Returning Students , Wilber Michael Rapier Jan 1994

Transformative Experiences And The Search For Meaning Among Adult Full-Time Undergraduate Returning Students , Wilber Michael Rapier

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine why adult students who are 25 years of age or older return to colleges and universities at this time in their lives. In examining this relationship, the study was also designed to provide some insight into whether adults who enter college are acting on previously experienced transformations, or whether they are viewing college as a medium for their transformation. Most previously published research on returning adult students has focused primarily on the reasons that adults give for returning, but few of these studies have attempted to explain the link between education and ...


Factors Related To The Academic Success Of Community College Agricultural Students Who Transfer To Four-Year Institutions , Daniel Warren Brown Jan 1994

Factors Related To The Academic Success Of Community College Agricultural Students Who Transfer To Four-Year Institutions , Daniel Warren Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to answer questions as to whether community college Associate of Applied Science (AAS) degree students transfer and, if so, whether they are successful academically;Based on the overall transfer rate, it appears that vocational educational programs in agriculture at Iowa's community colleges are meeting their primary mission of school to work;For this study five hypotheses were formulated to determine whether there was a relationship between when the decision was made to transfer by AAS agricultural community college students and their performance and progress in the four-year institution;Two questionnaires were developed to collect the ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue Jan 1994

Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to design an instrument that would secure student feedback concerning their perceptions regarding their school, teachers, and themselves as learners, and determine if these perceptions and their critical thinking ability were associated with their attendance, gender, academic achievement (Iowa Test of Educational Development), and academic status (grade point average). Sixty-five students in a ninth grade class at Mason City High School in Mason City, Iowa were voluntary participants;The procedure followed four major steps: (1) Selecting the critical thinking test and items for the student feedback questionnaire. (2) Gathering the student ratings from the ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz Jan 1994

Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation had two purposes. First, the study was designed to confirm the factor structure of the Health Belief Model Inventory (HBMI) among employees of a medical center. Second, a causal model was developed and tested using HBMI components to predict exercise behavior;Data were collected from 511 employees of a regional medical center. Analysis of the data included (1) confirmatory factor analysis of the proposed model including benefits, barriers, susceptibility, social influences, cues to action, and perceived physical ability. (2) structural equation modeling of the relationship between these factors and exercise behavior;Confirmatory factor analysis of the HBMI revealed ...


An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Personal Growth And Development Course On The Self-Esteem Levels Of College Students At A Selected Institution , Carmen Taylor Tillery Jan 1994

An Evaluation Of The Effects Of A Personal Growth And Development Course On The Self-Esteem Levels Of College Students At A Selected Institution , Carmen Taylor Tillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a positive change in levels of self-esteem for students who completed a Personal Growth and Development course at Purdue University. The study also examined if there was a greater change in levels of self-esteem for students enrolled in a Personal Growth and Development course compared to students enrolled in an Educational Psychology course;The 102 respondents were fall 1993 enrollees of two selected courses at Purdue University. The instrument employed in the study was the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), a 100 item Likert inventory. A 100% response rate ...


Identifying Differences In Testing Attitudes, Practices, And Concerns Of Teachers In Outcome- And Nonoutcome-Based Elementary Schools , Janet F. Rope Jan 1994

Identifying Differences In Testing Attitudes, Practices, And Concerns Of Teachers In Outcome- And Nonoutcome-Based Elementary Schools , Janet F. Rope

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine whether implementation of the outcome-based education (OBE) model was accompanied by a shift in teacher attitudes, practices, and concerns about student assessment. A total of 96 Iowa elementary school teachers in grades one through five volunteered to participate in this study about classroom assessment. Sixty-six teachers in outcome-based schools and 30 teachers in nonoutcome-based schools completed the 20-item questionnaire. In particular, it tried to verify teachers' attitudes about assessment-related decisions, the level of use of six different types of assessment instruments, and the primary concerns of teachers about each test type. The study also attempted ...


"Frankenstein" Meets "Emile": Philosophical Hermeneutics, "Women's Ways Of Knowing", And The Educational Experience , Stan Malless Jan 1994

"Frankenstein" Meets "Emile": Philosophical Hermeneutics, "Women's Ways Of Knowing", And The Educational Experience , Stan Malless

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation is an elaboration of the general thesis that the educational experience is hermeneutical and, specifically, that the educational experience is, in fact, a continuous reconstruction of the complementary reciprocation between the ontology of philosophical hermeneutics and the epistemology of Women's Ways of Knowing. The philosophical hermeneutics referred to is that developed by Hans-Georg Gadamer, and the epistemology is that described by Mary Belenky et al in their study of the cognitive development of women, Women's Ways of Knowing. This hermeneutical approach to education offers a plausible alternative to modern educational theory and practice which is, essentially ...


An Investigation Of Selected Variables As Predictors Of Success On The Speak And Teach Tests , Rosa Branca Luna Freire Fagundes Jan 1994

An Investigation Of Selected Variables As Predictors Of Success On The Speak And Teach Tests , Rosa Branca Luna Freire Fagundes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to identify a pool of discriminating variables to be used as predictors of success on the SPEAK and TEACH tests, which are tests given to prospective international teaching assistants at Iowa State University. Data were collected from four-hundred randomly selected subjects. Two sets of variables were individually investigated: background variables (sex, first language, TOEFL score, last degree completed, number of months residing in the U.S., average amount of time speaking English, and previous teaching experience) and operational variables (pronunciation, fluency, cultural ability, communication skills, interaction skills, raters' overall impression, and student-questioners' overall ...


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...