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1994

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Institution
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Full-Text Articles in Education

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Language Extinction And The Status Of North American Indian Languages , Phoebe Robins Hunter Jan 1994

Language Extinction And The Status Of North American Indian Languages , Phoebe Robins Hunter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Interaction Of Perception, Production And Spelling On The Vowel Performance Of Esl Students , Philip Norman Bungum Jan 1994

The Interaction Of Perception, Production And Spelling On The Vowel Performance Of Esl Students , Philip Norman Bungum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono Jan 1994

The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


Utilization Of Academic Support Programs By African Students , Robson Mushambi Jan 1994

Utilization Of Academic Support Programs By African Students , Robson Mushambi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the utilization of academic support programs by African students at Iowa State University. The subjects were 75 African students from 42 countries who were enrolled at Iowa State University during Spring of 1987 to Spring of 1988. The students surveyed were approximately 56.0% of total African students enrolled. New students were not included in the study. Students who participated were enrolled in the following colleges: Agriculture, Business Administration, Design, Education, Engineering, Family and Consumer Sciences, and Science and Humanities;The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not the utilization of academic support programs ...


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz Jan 1994

Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation had two purposes. First, the study was designed to confirm the factor structure of the Health Belief Model Inventory (HBMI) among employees of a medical center. Second, a causal model was developed and tested using HBMI components to predict exercise behavior;Data were collected from 511 employees of a regional medical center. Analysis of the data included (1) confirmatory factor analysis of the proposed model including benefits, barriers, susceptibility, social influences, cues to action, and perceived physical ability. (2) structural equation modeling of the relationship between these factors and exercise behavior;Confirmatory factor analysis of the HBMI revealed ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Jan 1994

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Communicative Competence Of Puerto Ricans In English Terms Of Address, Molly Jane Lohnes Jan 1994

Communicative Competence Of Puerto Ricans In English Terms Of Address, Molly Jane Lohnes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Some Syntactically Related Reading Strategies And Esl Readers' Reading Rate, Ni Hou Jan 1994

The Relationship Between Some Syntactically Related Reading Strategies And Esl Readers' Reading Rate, Ni Hou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Experiences Of Women Leading In An All-Women's Residence Hall: A Qualitative Study, Becki Sue Elkins Nesheim Jan 1994

The Experiences Of Women Leading In An All-Women's Residence Hall: A Qualitative Study, Becki Sue Elkins Nesheim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Secondary And Postsecondary School Teachers' And Administrators' Attitudes Toward Tech-Prep Programs , Liang-Chih Huang Jan 1994

A Comparison Of Secondary And Postsecondary School Teachers' And Administrators' Attitudes Toward Tech-Prep Programs , Liang-Chih Huang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The tech-prep program is a educational initiative to improve the quality of instruction and employment potential of students. It also represents a trend in educational reform with strategies for articulation and integration between secondary and postsecondary schools or from school to the workplace. The purpose of this study was to compare and obtain a better understanding of attitudes toward tech-prep programs between secondary and postsecondary school tech-prep teachers and administrators. The relationship among the curriculum and the administration of tech-prep programs and several demographic variables: educational level; years of teaching/administrative experience; and the number of in-service training activities attended ...


The Threat Matrix: A Qualitative Study Of An Instructional Design Process , Robert Oren Kelly Jan 1994

The Threat Matrix: A Qualitative Study Of An Instructional Design Process , Robert Oren Kelly

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The two goals for this study relate to the identification of essential instructional design elements contained in a computer-based lesson. The first goal was to identify and verify, through the use of qualitative analysis, key decisions that were made during the process of instructional design to create an extensive hypermedia, computer-based lesson. Second, the verified key decisions were presented and described in a generalized manner so that they could be used to address any type of computer-based lesson regardless of its content;The computer-based lesson developed for this study was called the Threat Matrix: A Computer-Based Lesson (TMCBL). It was ...


An Examination Of The Perceptions Of The Importance And Effectiveness Of Delivery Of The North Central Association Program Functions To Iowa Schools , Joyce Hintzen Judas Jan 1994

An Examination Of The Perceptions Of The Importance And Effectiveness Of Delivery Of The North Central Association Program Functions To Iowa Schools , Joyce Hintzen Judas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purposes of this study were to determine among Iowa schools the mean levels of importance and effectiveness of delivery of the four NCA program functions, value of NCA membership to the communities, preferred format for evaluation, intent of individuals to continue NCA membership; and to determine whether relationships exist between the above factors and selected demographic role factors;All Iowa NCA member schools and a stratified random sample of Iowa NCA non-member schools were surveyed by mail. The survey included questions related to demographic role factors and a five-point Likert-type scale on NCA benefits were grouped into four NCA program ...


Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie Jan 1994

Social Stress, Social Support, Locus Of Control And Depression Among Middle And High School-Aged Population , Nasser M. Al-Mehaizie

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The data from a randomly selected sample of 545 middle and high school-aged adolescents across the state of Iowa were studied to examine the means through which social stress is associated with depressive symptoms. Social stress is assumed to be socially determined by unjust social distributions of power and resources that place certain individuals and groups under greatest social pressure and give rise to situations that limit their access to already limited resources, obstruct alternative behavior options, and create unjustified interpersonal tension. Four variables were used to measure social stress: (1) lack of job opportunities, (2) competition in school, (3 ...


Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle Jan 1994

Business Women's Appearance Management, Career Development And Sexual Harassment , Patricia Anne Kimle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent changes in women's business dress presented an opportunity to explore the social meanings conveyed by dress in a specific context. Combining qualitative methods of observation with interpretive and grounded theory analyses, this study contributes to our understanding of dress. The applicability of various theories of product symbolism and social behavior to women's business dress was explored;The purpose of this study was to examine meanings of the perceived ideal image and actual image for women in business. It explored women's experiences with and feelings about the use of dress as part of their development as professionals ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


"Frankenstein" Meets "Emile": Philosophical Hermeneutics, "Women's Ways Of Knowing", And The Educational Experience , Stan Malless Jan 1994

"Frankenstein" Meets "Emile": Philosophical Hermeneutics, "Women's Ways Of Knowing", And The Educational Experience , Stan Malless

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation is an elaboration of the general thesis that the educational experience is hermeneutical and, specifically, that the educational experience is, in fact, a continuous reconstruction of the complementary reciprocation between the ontology of philosophical hermeneutics and the epistemology of Women's Ways of Knowing. The philosophical hermeneutics referred to is that developed by Hans-Georg Gadamer, and the epistemology is that described by Mary Belenky et al in their study of the cognitive development of women, Women's Ways of Knowing. This hermeneutical approach to education offers a plausible alternative to modern educational theory and practice which is, essentially ...


Vertical Leadership Team Training For Effective Schools: An Iowa Case Study , Irene Mckinney Jan 1994

Vertical Leadership Team Training For Effective Schools: An Iowa Case Study , Irene Mckinney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was threefold. It described a vertical leadership team training project for the effective schools program, defined the combination of the training components needed to facilitate rapid school change via vertical leadership teams, and determined the status of school effectiveness across the state of Iowa. This effective schools study targeted rural, small, poor schools rather than the usual big city, inner city, poor, minority effective schools study. A review of school improvement literature from Coleman (1966) to Calwelti (1994) as well as the continuing decline in achievement of American students when compared to other industrialized nations ...


Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Practices Concerning Parent Involvement In The Educational Process , Tersie Udeme Ndon Jan 1994

Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers' Attitudes And Practices Concerning Parent Involvement In The Educational Process , Tersie Udeme Ndon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to assess junior and senior high school family and consumer sciences teachers' attitudes and practices concerning parent involvement in the educational process. Several specific objectives and variables of interest, including attitudes, practices, efficacy, and perceived level of support from colleagues for parent involvement were assessed. Using a mailed questionnaire titled, "School-Home Partnerships Survey," the study surveyed 168 teachers randomly selected from a list of 682 junior and senior high school family and consumer sciences teachers, obtained from the Iowa Department of Education;Methods of data analyses consisted of descriptive and inferential statistics, including path ...


Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans Jan 1994

Undergraduate Experiences With And Attitudes Toward International Teaching Assistants , Barbara Sweeney Plakans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the mid-1980s, controversy has surrounded the issue of undergraduate instruction at large research universities by teaching assistants who are not native speakers of English and who have received their undergraduate training outside the United States. Despite administrative endorsement of the importance of diversity on campus, the interaction between undergraduates and teaching assistants from abroad (now commonly called "international teaching assistants" or "ITAs") is a strained one, often threatened by misunderstandings and miscommunication;The current study used a survey, Questionnaire about International Teaching Assistants (QUITA), developed by Fox (1991), to collect background information about undergraduate students; inquire about their depth ...


The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga Jan 1994

The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consumer demand theory has long dominated the study of household consumption behavior. This theory, however, incorporates only the effects of prices and income on consumer demand, with tastes as given. In addition, most previous empirical studies have been applying this theory to aggregate data and to an incomplete household expenditure/demand system;This study draws attention to the use of household characteristics in household demand analysis. The main goal of this study is to estimate a complete, theoretically plausible system of household demand to investigate the impact of household characteristics on household consumption behavior in the province of Central Java ...


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


Teacher Beliefs And Classroom Practices Regarding A Curriculum That Is Multicultural And Antibias , Valerie Jarvis Samuels Jan 1994

Teacher Beliefs And Classroom Practices Regarding A Curriculum That Is Multicultural And Antibias , Valerie Jarvis Samuels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Census information and demographic predictions indicate that by the year 2000 one of three Americans will be a person of color. This changing cultural composition has fueled educators to restructure education for children. Specifically, numerous early childhood educators have embraced the notion of weaving a more cultural and antibias perspective into existing curricula for young children. To gain an understanding of early childhood education as it relates to multicultural and antibias sensitivity according to teachers' perceptions and classroom practices, this dissertation aims to (1) examine strands of literature under the auspices of early childhood education as it relates to education ...


Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen Jan 1994

Evaluation Of Two-Way Interactive Television For Community College Instruction: Development Of An Instrument And Assessment Of Student Attitudes , Christine Knupp Sorensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is organized in three sections. The first section includes a review of the literature related to distance education covering (1) the history and definition of distance education, (2) a review of evaluation instruments used to assess student perceptions and attitudes, and (3) a summary of research findings in five areas of distance education: student motivation, student persistence, student achievement, student satisfaction, and comparisons of students in distance and traditional education settings. The focus of the literature review is on distance education using telecommunications technologies;Second, an article describing the development of an evaluation instrument for use in an ...


A Qualitative Analysis And Evaluation Of Iowa State's Esl Writing Program: The English 101 Series, Rachel M. Wolford Jan 1994

A Qualitative Analysis And Evaluation Of Iowa State's Esl Writing Program: The English 101 Series, Rachel M. Wolford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to analyze and evaluate Iowa State's English 101 series of classes through qualitative research consisting primarily of interviews with TESL faculty pedagogically and administratively involved with the program, teaching assistants who carry out the program's instructional goals and students who are recipients of the instruction. The research will analyze strengths and weaknesses of the program, and suggest how the program may be improved.


Student Sketching And The Teaching Of English As A Second Language: An Integrated Approach, Maria Magnabosco Shahidi Jan 1994

Student Sketching And The Teaching Of English As A Second Language: An Integrated Approach, Maria Magnabosco Shahidi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Field-Specific Knowledge And Language Proficiency In Speaking Test Scores, Olga G. Simonova Jan 1994

The Relationship Between Field-Specific Knowledge And Language Proficiency In Speaking Test Scores, Olga G. Simonova

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research question of this thesis was suggested by Prof Lyle Bachman at the AAAL Annual Meeting in Atlanta, during the discussion of conference paper "Testing Spoken English Ability in an Agribusiness Context" presented by Dan Douglas and the present author. This paper described the developed test of ability to speak English about agriculture -- AGSPEAK, and self-evaluation instruments, theoretical background, analysis of results and considerations for the future development. The analysis of the AGSPEAK and self-assessment results suggested that there is a strong relationship between overall test performance and perceptions of ability to comprehend agriculture lectures and discuss agricultural issues ...