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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott Aug 1994

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women tend to hold a smaller population within the fields of science and mathematics than men. This is believed to be largely due to gender bias coming from family, school, and society. The areas of math and science are largely considered to be male-oriented, and female students consider the fields to be largely unavailable to them. This master thesis addresses this topic by surveying a large number of high school math students, and interviewing school faculty.

A large suburban school district in Rochester, NY was used for this research. The study included 285 male students and 343 female students in ...


A Historical Look At "The Journal Of The National Association For Bilingual Education", Christine Jennie Mitchell Aug 1994

A Historical Look At "The Journal Of The National Association For Bilingual Education", Christine Jennie Mitchell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper examines the history of The Journal of the National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE), beginning with its first editor—Alma Flor Ada. It traces the shifting focus of the journal’s articles during each of its editorial eras, noting the changes between heavily politically-focused editors/eras and those focusing on issues such as evaluation and assessment, and psycho-social linguistics. The author provides a brief description of each editor’s tenure, noting their editorial philosophy as well as their major contributions to the journal. The author concludes that the journal’s continuing focus on evaluation/assessment and political articles ...


The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik Aug 1994

The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of the correlation (high, medium, or low) between reading comprehension and writing attitudes of fifth grade students. There were 56 fifth grade students enrolled in an urban, public New York elementary school. The students were in an intense writing program for the school year to prepare them for the Writing PEP Test to be administered at the end of that school year.

The researcher compiled a list of reading comprehension scores obtained from each student's fourth grade Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) Test. During the twentieth week of school ...


The Effect Of The Use Of Computers On Writing In A Second Grade Classroom, Kevin L. Manning Aug 1994

The Effect Of The Use Of Computers On Writing In A Second Grade Classroom, Kevin L. Manning

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate the effect of the use of the computer on the quality of second grade students' writing.

Twenty-five second grade students from a rural, public elementary school district in western New York participated in this study. The study consisted of a collection of two separate writing samples taken from the students. One was done on the computer while the other one was done by pencil and paper.

It was a counterbalance design in that twelve of the students did the first writing sample on the computer, while the other thirteen students did the first writing ...


Parent Responses To Children’S Oral Reading Miscues During At-Home Reading Experiences, Sandra Lee Hise Aug 1994

Parent Responses To Children’S Oral Reading Miscues During At-Home Reading Experiences, Sandra Lee Hise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Two hundred twenty-five miscues made by fifteen children reading to their parents were categorized according to miscue type and parent response. Results indicate a strong parental reliance upon supplying words or providing decoding instruction when their children miscue while reading orally. This is in response to a large number of miscues made by the children in sounding out a word or hesitating when approaching a word. Miscue-response pairings were also considered according to the response's emphasis on decoding or obtaining meaning from the story. One third of the 212 miscue-response pairs that could be used toward answering this question ...


What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle Aug 1994

What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the types of interactions three-, four-, and five-year-olds had with books in a preschool classroom library corner. This study took place in a rural cooperative preschool program consisting of 21 students.

Questions addressed were:

  1. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was actually spent interacting with books?
  2. What Interactions did students have with books in the library corner?
  3. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was spent on each type of interaction with books?

The data were collected over 32 classroom observation periods. Each observation took place during center time which was ...


Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler Aug 1994

Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover if second grade students having a unilateral dominance will be academically higher in reading than their bilaterally dominant, or mixed laterally dominant classroom peers. Two separate t-tests were used to test the research questions presented in this study: a) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of the bilateral dominant group on a standardized reading achievement test? b) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of ...


The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst Aug 1994

The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to expand on previously-limited investigations into the use of information theory as a Spanish language assessment technique, within an English-speaking setting, by providing a larger data base and employing a wider variety of reading passages. A further purpose was to attempt the development of a Spanish reading proficiency test that could be used in the classroom to provide a broad picture of a student's ability to comprehend reading material at or near his/her level of language learning. At no time was this study an attempt to analyze specific strengths or weaknesses in ...


An Examination Of Fourth Grade Students’ Perceptions Of Writing, Jill A. Davies Jul 1994

An Examination Of Fourth Grade Students’ Perceptions Of Writing, Jill A. Davies

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine fourth graders' perceptions of writing. Twenty- six fourth grade students were individually interviewed. The interview consisted of a series of ten questions eliciting the student's thoughts and ideas concerning writing. Each interview was tape recorded, and the responses were analyzed. The researcher found that female students tended to view writing more positively than males. A number of factors, including past experiences, feelings, interests, and previous writing opportunities, influenced the students' perceptions of writing. Environment also contributed to students’ perceptions.

Students are more eager to write when they have a sense of personal involvement ...


An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Written And Oral Performances On The Spanish Proficiency Exam, Patricia A. Robitaille Jun 1994

An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Written And Oral Performances On The Spanish Proficiency Exam, Patricia A. Robitaille

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between written performance and oral performance on the Spanish Proficiency Exam which is administered to candidates in the Bilingual Multicultural Program at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Due to the sequence of the exams, the researcher is interested in determining if students are more successful in the oral part if they have been successful in the written part. Factors that might account for differential levels of performance shown by the test scores are described and suggestions on the implementation of the testing procedure are proposed.


A Case Study: An Investigation On Influences Affecting The Reading Levels Of Bilingual Students, Enildo D. Avila May 1994

A Case Study: An Investigation On Influences Affecting The Reading Levels Of Bilingual Students, Enildo D. Avila

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the reading of native Spanish-speaking Hispanic students, focusing on any influences or factors that might impede their ability to gain competence in their target language—English. It focuses on eight students from a middle school in Rochester, NY. Four students scoring in the lower half of the Pupil Evaluation Program (PEP) test and four students scoring in the upper half were selected for examination. Each student participated in a personal interview to determine whether there are any influences that impact them in the affective domain. The study reveals four primary concerns that may impact student success, including ...


A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski May 1994

A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The present study examined the effects of a reader-response instructional program on reading comprehension and reading attitude, with fifth-grade students. It involved a comparison of a reader-response instructional group with n=23 students and a traditional reading instructional group with n=24 students. Each instructional group was subdivided into high, middle, and low level reading ability. Attitude toward reading and reading comprehension were measured before and after a six week instructional period for both groups. The results failed to establish any significant differences between teaching approaches for either reading attitude or reading comprehension. There was a significant increase in attitude ...


An Investigation Of Racial Attitudes Among White Pre-Service Teachers, Diantha B. Joiner May 1994

An Investigation Of Racial Attitudes Among White Pre-Service Teachers, Diantha B. Joiner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine White American prospective teachers' racial attitudes about African Americans. In the age of multiculturalism, it is important to address the issue of racism and racial attitudes among educators. Racism continues to influence many aspects of American society, particularly education. Though the face of racism has changed from its blatant forms, it is now manifested in more subtle forms, and has thus been named "new" racism. This study investigated the level of "new" racism among White American prospective teachers enrolled in a teacher education program. Jacobson's "New" Racism Scale was used to ...


Kindergarten Teachers’ And Parents’ Perceptions Of What Characteristics A Child Should Have To Be Ready For Kindergarten, Holly Jean R. Nachbar May 1994

Kindergarten Teachers’ And Parents’ Perceptions Of What Characteristics A Child Should Have To Be Ready For Kindergarten, Holly Jean R. Nachbar

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to investigate the perceptions of both kindergarten teachers and parents of kindergartners as to what characteristics are important for a child to have in order to be ready for kindergarten.

Twenty-one teachers and thirty-two parents anonymously recorded their perceptions on questionnaires distributed by Rochester area elementary schools. The questionnaire also asked where these characteristics were thought to have been initially developed, and what one single characteristic they believed to be the most important. In addition, the parent questionnaire asked if the child had attended day care or preschool and for how long. Responses were separated and ...


The Effects Of Multi-Age Grouping And Single-Grade Grouping On The Self-Concept Of Second Grade Children, Kristen S. Malone May 1994

The Effects Of Multi-Age Grouping And Single-Grade Grouping On The Self-Concept Of Second Grade Children, Kristen S. Malone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of multi-age grouping on the self-concept of second grade children. This study involved forty-eight second grade students attending a public, inner city, early childhood center, grades pre-k through three.

Twenty-three of the subjects were students from a single grade second grade classroom. Twenty-five of the subjects were students in a first/second grade multi-age classroom. Forty-eight second grade subjects are students in either a single-grade grouping or a multi-age grouping. In the seventh month of second grade, the self-concept of each of the forty-eight students was assessed using the Child ...


Reading As Prewriting: The Effect Of The Use Of Literature On Writing, Audrey Armani May 1994

Reading As Prewriting: The Effect Of The Use Of Literature On Writing, Audrey Armani

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the use of literature on the quality of students' writing.


Using Reading Skills As A Predictor Of Success On The Fourth Grade S-Pet Test, Francis J. Fiore Jr. May 1994

Using Reading Skills As A Predictor Of Success On The Fourth Grade S-Pet Test, Francis J. Fiore Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the following study, the Program Evaluation Test in Science (S-PET) scores for students in the fourth grade at PS #44 within the Rochester city School District, were compared to their scores on the Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) test. The tests are administered to all fourth grade students every May.

Two groups of students were included: the first group was composed of those fourth grade students who took the S-PET test in May 1992. The second group was made up of the fourth grade students who took the S-PET test in May 1993. These same students also took the ...


The Effects Of Homogeneous And Heterogeneous Grouping Methods On Student Reading Attitudes, Jennifer Tracey Oddo May 1994

The Effects Of Homogeneous And Heterogeneous Grouping Methods On Student Reading Attitudes, Jennifer Tracey Oddo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading attitude scores of students in homogeneous reading groups to the reading attitude scores of students in heterogeneous reading groups. The subjects were forty-six fourth grade students who attended two schools in the same suburban school district located in Western New York. One school in the district began heterogeneously grouping students for reading instruction during this 1993-1994 school year. The other school in the district homogeneously grouped students for reading instruction for many years. Each student tested spent at least one quarter (eight weeks) in a homogeneous or in a heterogeneous ...


Is The Standardized Test Score An Accurate Predictor Of Academic Performance?, Barbara E. Johnson Mar 1994

Is The Standardized Test Score An Accurate Predictor Of Academic Performance?, Barbara E. Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the third grade Pupil Evaluation Program Test or the Otis Lennon School Ability Index or both were valid predictors of future academic performance as evidenced by high grade point averages, high eleventh grade English Regents exam grades and high SAT and ACT Reading scores. Ninety-one graduates of 1993 who attended school in a suburb of Rochester, New York were identified. All had taken the Pupil Evaluation Program Test in the third grade and the Otis Lennon School

Ability Index in grade ten. They had remained at the designated school continuously from ...


An Investigation Of Emergent Readers’ Hypotheses-Making About Print In Environmental Messages, Karen Lentz-Durrick Feb 1994

An Investigation Of Emergent Readers’ Hypotheses-Making About Print In Environmental Messages, Karen Lentz-Durrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, the researcher investigated the hypothesis generating process that emergent readers apply when encountering environmental messages. A debate has arisen concerning the transition period when emergent readers begin to see the significance of print around them. The step from reading messages using all cues to reliance only on print was first seen as a natural occurrence, but recent research has been unable to prove or disprove this. Using familiar, unfamiliar, correct and altered logos and labels the researcher questioned preschoolers about the stimuli's meanings and what part of the stimuli gave them that information. The researcher then ...


Parental Involvement And Children's Attitudes Toward Reading, Jodi L. Durham Jan 1994

Parental Involvement And Children's Attitudes Toward Reading, Jodi L. Durham

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following thesis studied Parental Involvement and Children's Attitudes Toward Reading. The researcher found numerous studies dealing with parental involvement and children's attitudes toward reading although very few dealt with the use of a reading program designed to go home.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between parents' involvement in a home/school reading program and the attitude their child has toward reading. The question was: How is parents' involvement in a home/school reading program related to children's attitude toward reading?

The subjects of this study were twenty five-year-old kindergartners attending a ...